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Obs. 2.--This construction is to be carefully distinguished fronu Com. plex Sentences, in which the Object Sentences are introduced by the Double Relative what. EXAMPLES.—1. “But here I stand and tell what I do know."
2. “You have done what you should be sorry for.”
3. “I can not tell what you think of this life.” Rem. 3.—Here, “what I do know” is the modified Object of “tell.”
Obs. 3.—By another construction, Auxiliary Sentences are placed after Predicates of Principal Sentences-not as Objects, but as Adjuncts of purpose, cause, &c. EXAMPLES.—1. The pupil studies that he may improve.
2. “And I am glad that he has lived thus long;
3. And ( ) glad that he has gone to his reward." Obs. 4.--Another construction makes the Auxiliary Sentence a Logició Adjunct of a Substantive. EXAMPLES. — “ It is possible that we have
is possible erred." (See “Independent Case,” and “Independent Sentence,” in place.)
REM.— What were our suspiciors ?
Hence, “that Warner had the ring” is a logical Adjunct of a picions," and in the Diagram is placed under, but not attached to, "suspicions."
Obs. 5.- Sometimes a Principal Sentence is thrown in between the arts of an Objective Sentence. EXAMPLES. -1. “Whose charms, we thought, could never fade."
2. “This explanation, I doubt not, will satisfy him."
THE OBJECTS OF PHRASES.
REM.- Action is expressed by Verbs and by Participles. Relation is expressed by Prepositions. Hence,
OBs. 1.—The Object of a Verb or a Participle is the Object of an Action, and must be in the Objective Case.
Verb in Predicate.—“He that GETTETH wisdom, LOVETH his own soul.' Infinitive Verb.--"I came to BURY Cesar, not to PRAISE him.” Participle.—"He could not avoid GIVING offense.”
Obs. 2.—The Object of a Preposition is the Object of a Relation, indicated by the Preposition, and should be in the Objective Case. EXAMPLES.-1. The time of my departure is at hand.”
2. “For me your tributary stores combine.”
Whence all but him had fled.”
4. “TAAN whom, Satan EXCEPT, none higher sat." NOTE I.—Nouns and Pronouns in the Objective Case, should have their appropriate forms. EXAMPLES.—1. “Did you but know to whom I gave the ring."
To sit with rulers of the land.” EXCEPTION 1.—Rarely the Possessive form of Nouns and Pronouns in he Objective Case is used.
EXAMPLE—John is a friend of mine. (See p. 90.)
EXCEPTION 2.-Adjunct Sentences, introduced by the Conjunctions as, before, than, till, etc., are often contracted into Adjunct Phrases—the Subjects of the Sentences becoming the Objects of Phrases, often without a corresponding change of form. (See page 172.)
OBs. —The Objects of Phrases and Sentences may be Words, Phrases or Sentences.
OBJECTS OF SENTENCES.
2. “His daring foe securely him DEFIED.”—Milton.
To mould me man ?"-Milton
Phrase Objects.—5. “We may avoid talking nonsense on these subjecta"
6. “I DOUBTED their having it.” Sentence Objects.—7. “They say, 'This shall be,' and it is.”
8. “Athens FOUND that neither art nor science oould
avail against depravity of morals.”
II. OBJECTS OF PHRASES-INFINITIVE. Word Objects.—9. “How I love to see thee,
Golden, evening sun!”
10. “I come to Bury Cesar, not to PRAISE him." Phrase Objects.—11. “He endeavored to PREVENT our being tossed about
by every wind of doctrine." 12. “ It is difficult to doubt his having seen military
service.” Senlence Objects.—13. “This goes to prove what strange creatures we are.*
14. “The Governor commands me to say, that he has
16. “Finding fault, never does any good.” Phrase Objects.—17. “By OPPOSING your going to college, your father
abridged your usefulness." Sentence Objects.—18. “The ceremonies concluded by the doctors' SAYING,
Gentlemen, we will resume our studies at seven tomorrow.'”
PREPOSITIONAL. Word Objects.—19. “There came to the beach a poor exile or Erin."
20. “You are a much greater loser than me by his
death."-Swift. 21. “The Jesuits had more interest at court than hiin."
Smollet 22. “He suffers as them that have no hope.”
Maturin's Sermons. Phruss Objects —23. “In the matter of making and receiving presen's
much discretion is required.”
With both our eyes, is easier than to think.”
Save where the Leetle wheels his droning flight."
QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW.
208.—Repeat Rule III.—Make Examples to illustrate ito
The Object of a Sentence may consist of what? ....... See Obs. 1.
What is the usual Position of the Object? 209.-Mention the Exceptions, and give Examples.
When may two or more words be Objects of the same Verb!
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 4 and 5.
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 6.
What Verbs may have direct and indirect Objects ! 210.- Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 7.
What Passive Verbs may have Objects ?
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 8.
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 9 211.- Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 10. 212.—What Verbs have no Objects .
..See Note IV
pressed, have what relative positions ?
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 3. 213.—What Phrases may be Objects of Sentences ?
Make Sentences to illustrate Obs. 1. 216.—Make a Sentence having a sentence Object.
GRAMMATICAL FALLACIES. Let the Pupil correct the following Sentences, giving the proper authority for each correction :
1. “Let none touch it but those who are clean."-Sale's Koran. 2. “None but thou, O mighty prince, caust avert the blow.” 3. “None but thou can aid us. 4. No mortal man, save he, had e'er survived to say he saw."-Scoile 5. “ We are alone; here's none but thee and I."--Shakspeare. 6. “Good Margaret, run thee into the parlor.”—Shukspeare. 7. “Ho loves he kuows uut who." -Addicorr.
RULE 4.-A Pronoun must agree with its Antecedent in Person and Number.
NOTE I.-A Pronoun should have a Singular form, (1.) When it represents one Singular Antecedent. EXAMPLE_Henry was quite well when I last saw HIM.
(2.) When it represents two or more Singular Anteceden is taken separately.
EXAMPLE.—“The oil of peppermint, or any other volatile oil, dropped on paper, will oon evaporate; no trace of it will be left.”
NOTE II.-A Pronoun should have a Plural form, (1.) When it has one Antecedent indicating Plurality. EXAMPLE. -Few.men are as wise as they might be.
(2.) When it has two or more Antecedents taken collectively.
EXAMPLE--Mary and Anna always accomplish what they undertake.
NOTE III.- The form of a Personal Pronoun sbould indicate its Person and Number.
Obs. 1.-The Pronouns I and we denote the person or persons speaking or writing—“I,” Singular—“we,” Plural. But,
Obs. 2.—“We” is used in the Singular by Editors and Emperors.
“We shall present ourself as candidate at the next
Obs 3.--Thou is 'ised in Solemn Style to denote a person addressed, EXAMPLE.—“Thou lidst weave this verdaut roof."