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num. Apparatus and libraries to the value of $220,000 are at the disposal of the students. The museum contains $107,000 worth of property. The students come from 84 Kansas counties and from every walk of life, the largest number, of course, being from farms. Almost one-half of them are self-supporting. The annual income is less than that of the universities of Iowa, Nebraska, Missouri, Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, California, or any other similar institutions. The instruction afforded those seeking the bachelor degrees is as thorough and as liberal as that within the reach of undergraduates of any American school.

The rapid increase in attendance during recent years has made it difficult for the university to keep pace with the demands of the students. The board of regents makes a very earnest petition for the building of a chemistry hall. It appears that the building now used for that department affords laboratory facilities for 45 students, and seating capacity in the lecture room for 75, while 400 students seek the advantages of the department, of whom 200 are in the freshman class alone, and can scarcely find standing room when they come before the professor. It is urged that the basement of the building which has been pressed into service is exceedingly unhealthful. They point to the fact that other state universities all have much larger buildings for this department, and urge that it has become an impossibility to afford even the most ordinary facilities for the students who wish to pursue the work of this department under the present conditions. If the legislature decides to erect this building, it is the intention to devote the present diminutive chemistry building to the school of pharmacy, which at present appears to be in a rather unsettled condition as to house room.

The school of electrical engineering has become one of the most important branches of the institution, and has rapidly outgrown the diminutive apartments accorded to it. A hundred students are crowded into a workshop in the boiler house, which is really needed for heating purposes. The regents suggest that this department is one of the most practical, and that a shop should be provided in which the students shall have reasonable facilities for practical work.

Again, it appears from reports at hand that the museum collection, which ranks among the first possessed by any American college, and in some respects ranks as the first, has become so large that it is simply stored like baled hay in its present quarters. The property, although accumulated at slight expense, seems to have a great value, and in its present quarters the state might lose by fire or other accident five times the value that would be required to erect a building suitable for the purposes of the museum.

The time has evidently been reached when larger quarters for the department of chemistry, at least, and probably for the workshop of the school of electrical engineering, have become absolute necessities. I commend the requests of the regents for more room to the

serious and thoughtful consideration of the legislature. The University of Kansas was founded with the purpose of giving the youth of the state a liberal education at home. The idea was that our children are as much entitled to educational advantages as those of communities in which wealthier parents are able to give their chil dren better advantages than we could secure. Only intelligent citizens can maintain a republic, and I believe it is still a settled principle of the commonwealth of Kansas that her people shall be as well prepared for the duties of citizenship as those of any state in the union.

Agricultural College.

This institution has a faculty of 24 members, and an attendance of 647 students, two-thirds of whom are young men. The students come from 72 counties in Kansas, and most of them are from farms. The average age is a little less than 21. The income last year was $73,656.37. The Agricultural College has an endowment fund of $500,000, which is invested in bonds bearing interest at from 5 to 10 per cent. Three-fifths of this money are invested in municipal bonds which bear 6 per cent. interest. The properties of the institution are valued at $401,000, of which $238,000 is the value of the grounds and buildings.

The report of the regents of this institution makes the statement that the chemical laboratory, which has been there for 20 years, is outgrown and offers no such facilities as are needed. The regents suggest that more room is needed for an experimental station and for laboratory work in physics, and that a building could be erected for about $40,000 which would serve this purpose. The regents also suggest the need of greater funds for various purposes which are detailed in their report.

April 5, 1895, the residence of the president of the college, built by the state in 1885, was set on fire by lightning and completely destroyed. The sum of $5,000 is requested for the rebuilding of this residence. The regents, for the fourth time, request a proper sum for the establishment of a dairy school. It is estimated that $7,500 would equip such a department. The large sums already invested in this excellent institution are of themselves sufficient inducement for further investments to maintain what has been accomplished and to secure the good results that we hope for in the future.

The experimental stations have been continued during the last year. Twelve bulletins and two annual reports have been issued, giving the details of these experiments. They have been devoted to the feeding of stock, the growing of crops, irrigation, and similar subjects. The experiments in irrigation at Garden City are not reported as being successful. The farmers' institutes, under the auspices of the college, have been conducted in some 50 counties, and the report indicates that they have been interesting and successful.

The Agricultural College stands with the University and Normal School at the head of our system of public education. Its present needs and its future possibilities should receive careful and liberal consideration. Our schools must not be allowed to recede, but must continue to grow, develop, and keep pace with the state.

State Normal School.

The state normal school has a corps of 27 instructors, an attendance of 1,550 students, and a library of 13,000 books. This institution has an income of $38,200, of which, for the year ending June 30, 1896, $4,146.89 were received as from the model department, special classes, and irregular students. One hundred and eighty-five children are instructed in the model department, which is utilized for training purposes. Ninety counties are represented at the institution. During the last 10 years 11,018 pupils have attended the state normal school, coming from 94 counties. Last year there were students from 12 other states and territories. Two-thirds of the present attendants are ladies. At the commencement of 1896, 100 students graduated. About 80 per cent. of the graduates of recent classes have gone into the teacher's work, and about 8 per cent. are doing advanced work preparatory to teaching more advanced students. The attendance is greater than ever before. Nearly onehalf of the students now in attendance had teachers' certificates when they entered. About one-fourth of these certificates were those of the first grade. Two hundred of the attendants last year were graduates of high schools, academies, and colleges. The class which graduated in 1896 averaged over 26 years of age and nearly five years' teaching experience. A few of them had already graduated from other colleges, and were prepared to do higher work.

This institution has an endowment fund of about $270,000, buildings and grounds valued at $170,000, and furniture, laboratories and libraries to the value of $30,000. About $600 per annum is paid as mileage to Kansas students coming from a radius outside of 100 miles, and there are about 200 of these. The board of regents favors a continuance of this system. The interest on the endowment fund is somewhat rapidly decreasing. For the year ending June 30, 1893, the income from interest was $16, 807.25, while for the year ending June 30, 1896, it was but $14,300.

The board of regents urges that the law providing for the recogni tion of State Normal School diplomas for cities of the first and second classes be made so specific that there could be no question in the minds of any one as to their legality as teachers' certificates. It occurs to me that the state owes it to itself to see that this is done. If, after all the money expended, the graduates of the institution are not fitted to teach any of our common schools, the institution is a failure. We know that our State Normal ranks high among similar institutions, that its students are as efficient, its curriculum as lib

eral, its instructors as proficient, as any of its rivals; therefore, its diplomas should be as good, at least, as the certificates issued by the county board of examination.

The board of regents asks that certain improvements and additional room be furnished. Under the head of educational institutions, I recommend that it would better serve the interests of the people to establish an auxiliary normal school in some other portion of the state rather than to erect more extensive buildings at Emporia. As to other improvements in the way of apparatus and libraries, the institution should be efficiently and thoroughly supported. This school was founded to train young men and young women to go out among the rising generation of Kansas, and keep them in touch with the highest developments of our modern civilization. The state of Kansas cannot afford to abandon the high ideals she has established, and towards which the State Normal School is a most potent instrument.

School for Deaf and Dumb.

The report of the superintendent of this worthy institution shows that the average attendance of pupils since the last report has been 225, with a total enrollment of 240. During the year 1895, sickness interfered in a great measure with the success of the school, but in 1896 improvements are noted in the general health, and to-day I believe it is in excellent condition. In 1896 a careful clinical examina tion of the ears of the pupils was made to ascertain whether their hearing could be benefited by modern science. This examination, however, was barren of results and gave no hope for the recovering of hearing by the pupils. Hence, for years, or until their education is completed, they will be under our supervision. When I speak of our educational institutions, I mean all of our institutions of learning, which include this at Olathe and the one at Kansas City, Kas. Here, as at the latter place, are taught trades, so that the child when it graduates is well equipped to go out and compete with those who have been more fortunate. It is a gratifying fact that at last this institution has been supplied with pure water of an inexhaustible supply. This will add greatly to the health of the inmates and provide an adequate fire protection for the buildings. Certain wants are spoken of in the report which I believe will bear your investigation, and any money appropriated for the necessities of this institution will meet with my approval.

School for the Blind.

An erroneous idea appears to prevail throughout the state in regard to this most worthy institution. By many it is regarded as a charitable institution. This is not true. It is an educational institution, similar to our University, Normal School, or Agricultural College. Within its walls education is offered to and life made brighter and happier for those who have been bereft of their sight. Many of the children there are as intelligent and bright as those

who attend our other institutions. Not alone are they educated, but taught many things which will be beneficial to them in afterlife. Many trades are taught to these pupils, and they are so schooled that they can successfully compete with their more fortunate fellow-beings. There is nothing that should appeal to our sense of humanity more than these children, and I would recommend that their wants be fully investigated and that the improvements demanded by the superintendent receive careful consideration. Strange as it may seem, many of those children are nearly self-supporting, and with judicious investment by the state of a small amount of additional cash each year, in order to increase its facilities, it will be not only a credit to our humanity and citizenship, but will turn out a class of citizens fully equipped for the battle of life in many of its avocations. Your committees will no doubt visit this institution during your session, and I hope that due observation will be given to the conditions, so that any irregularities or aught that stands in the way of a complete success of the institution and its objects and the welfare of the pupils may be removed.

The Penitentiary.

The penitentiary contained 891 prisoners June 30, 1896. Of these, 17 were women. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1896, the expenditures of the institution were $151,600.29, the earnings $148,916.50. The report of the warden, board of directors and officials contains an exhaustive treatise on the expenditures and necessities of the institution. But few realize the magnitude of this institution or the careful attention which it should receive from the legislature in order to keep it abreast of institutions of the same kind in sister states. At times in our history this has been a self-supporting institution. At other times it has been considerable of a burden to the taxpayers of the state. Like all other institutions where manual labor is performed, the state prison at Lansing makes the best showing when times are good and money plenty, and the worst during hard times.

The output of coal from the penitentiary has been its principal source of revenue, yet there is a sentiment in portions of the state against utilizing this coal except for state institutions. In another portion of this message certain recommendations are made in regard to the surplus after the state institutions are supplied. This, in my judgment, at this time is as far as we can go on the line of correcting the placing of coal mined by convict labor in competition with free labor. If it could be so arranged that, instead of producing so much coal, other manufactories could be established which would not compete with the free labor of the state, it would be better than our present system. To place a man in enforced idleness would increase his cost of maintenance to the taxpayers of the state, and while his efforts may in a measure work a hardship on men engaged in that industry, yet the cost of maintaining him in idleness would

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