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honest gentleman, and, when his time comes, we shall be ready to doe our duties to him, as we doe to you : buit, as long as you live, we are not willing to part with you, and therfore, I pray, Madame, doe not part with us.'

• When the boore had ended his speech, he waddled ap to the Queen, without any ceremoney, tooke her by the hand, and thaked it heartily, and kist it two or three times ; then turning his backe to her, he pulled out of his pocket a fowle handkercher, and wiped the tears from his eyes, and in the same poilure as he came up he returned back to his own place againe.' This was Nature, and worth all the ceremonies which Art and Formality ever invented.

At a subsequent audience of the Queen, her Majesty asked Whitelocke how he liked the manner and proceedings at the assembly of the fates ? to which he replied, that he thought they were conducted with the greatest gravity and folemnity that he ever faw in any public affembly; that her Majesty spoke ard acted like herself; and that she was highly complimented by the feveral marhals, but, above all, by the honejl buor,

Qu. Was you so taken with his clownery? Wh. It seemed to me as pure and cleer naturall eloquence, without any forced traine, as could be expressed.

Qu. Indeed there was little else butt what was naturall, and by a well meaning nian, who is undertanding enough in his countrey way.

i Wh. Whosoever thall consider his matter, more then his forme, will find that the man underltands his buisnes ; and the garment or phrase wherwith he clothed his matter, though it was rufticke, yett the variety and plaine elegancy, and reason, could not butt affect his auditors.

. Qu. I thinke he spake from his heart.

Wh. I believe he did, and acted so too, especially when he wiped his eyes.

Qu. He showed his affection to me in that poltare, more then greater men did in their spheres.

Wh. Madame, we muit looke uppon all men to worke according to their present interest; and so I suppose dae the great men heer as well as elsewhere,

24. Heer I have had experience enough of such actings: I hall crye what they doe in other places, and content mylelfe however I Thall find it.

Wh. Your Majesty will not expect to find much difference in the humors of men, as to seeking themselves, and neglecting those 'from whom they have received favours.

Qu. It will be no otherwise then what I am armed to beare, and not to regard; butt your perticular respects I Mall alwayes reInumber with gratefullnes.

Wh. Your Majesty Mall ever find me your faithfull servant. Doe you intend, Midame, to goe from hence to Pomerland ?

Qil. My intentions are to goe presently after my resignation to che S, ae ; buit whereivever I am, you have a true friend of me..

Wh. There is no perion alive more cordially your Majesty's servarı den I am.


"Qx. I doe believe it, or else I should not have communicated to you such things as I have done.

'W'h. Your Majesty harh cherin expressed much confidence in me, which I hope thall never deceive you, however my want of abilities may not answear your Majelly's favours to me.

Qu. I have noe doubt of your faithfullnes, and you have suffic ciently manifefted your abilities. Give me leave to trouble you with the company of a gentleman, my servant, whom I purpose to fend over with you to England, to take care for those things which I defire to have from thence.

Wh. He shall be very wellcome to me and my company, and I shall give him my best affuitance for your Majesty's service.

22. I thall ihanke you for it, and commaund him to obey your directions.

*Wb. Madame, if you please to accept a fett of black English fone horses for your coach, I shall take the boldnes to send them to yoor stables; and pray your Majefty chat the matter of your horse may furnish me for my journey to Stockholme.

Qu. I doe thankfully accept your kindnes, and all mine are att your service.

Wb. I have interrupted your Majesty too long. I desired the favour of this opportunity to present my most humble thankes to your Majesty for all your noble favours to me, and my company.

Qu. I intreat your excuse for the ineanness of my presents: I could not doe therin what I desired, nor after your merit.

Wb. Madame, there is nothing of my merit to be alleadged ; butt your Majesty hath testifyed much honor to the Protector and Common-wealth, whom I serve.

Qu. England is a noble countrey, and your master is a gallang man: I desire you to assure him, on my part, of all affection and re. fped towards him.

Wb. Your Majesty may be confident of the like from his Highnes ; and your humble servant will heartily pray for your Majesty's prosperity, where ever you are.

Qu. I wish you a happy voyage and returne to your own coun. trey.'

In a few days after, the Prince fucceffor made his public entry into Upral; of the particulars of which we have here an entertaining account. This Prince shewed great marks of respect toward the English Ambassador, gave him several auciences, and even did him the honour to visit him at his house. The Swedes appeared to be very well fatisfied with their new Monarch, who was a brave and martial man, pofleffed of many talents to make a good King: and Whitelocke, according to his plain-dealing manner, did not fail to offer bis Royal Highnets his best advice for the falutary, and especially the religious, government of the kingdom. The Prince took this, as, indeed, well became him, very kindly, and promised not to be unmindful of such good counsel. C 2


And now, the business of Whitelocke's ambassy being hapo pily compleated, he took his leave of the Queen, and of her illuftrious succeflor; and set out for Stockholm, in order to take shipping there for England.

Being arrived at Stockholm, he gives a circumstantial description of that capital; and here he relates what passed at the coronation of the new King.

From Stockholm he proceeded, by sea, and had a troublefone and dangerous voyage, through the Baltic, till he arrived. at Lubec; where he was received, by the lords of that city, with the highest honours, and every mark of distinction due to a person of his character and consequence. This celebrated place is also particularly described ; as well as the country be- ' longing to it, which, with the city, comprehends a kind of free ftate : Lubec being the chief and most ancient of the hansetowns.

From Lubec, the Ambassador travelled, by land, to Hamburgh; describing, as his constant manner is, the face of the country, the state of the roads, and what kind of accommodation and entertainment he every where met with : so that to thole who love to read books of voyages and travels, this part of our Author's Journal (and it is not a small part) will prove highly entertaining

Aftor describing Hamburgh, and giving a particular account of its government, laws, and customs, with the manners of the inhabitants, and the state of trade in that famous commercial city (where he staid seven or eight days) the Ambassador proceeded on his voyage, and, landing at Gluckstadt, gives us an account also of chac town.

Arriving now in the open German Ocean, Whitelocke, with his little fieet (confifting of two frigates, with several merchantsnips under his convoy) was expored to most terrible tempests, in one of which they narrowly escaped being cast away. llere we have a well-written, and very striking description of the horrible situation of a ship aground in a storm; and from the particulars bere given, it appears that no thip was ever in greater distress, or more imminent danger, that did not actually perifh. Providentially, however (and much is here very piously urged on this memorable occasion) they got off, and, in two days after, arrived lase in the mouth of the Thames.

We shall here conclude the article in the words of the sen-' sible and pious Author of this valuable and entertaining Journal:

The fume of all was, that, for a moit difficult and daungerous oike, faithfully and successfully perforined by Whitelocke, he had Tittle thankes, and no recompence, from those who did imploy him; butt not long after was rewarded by them with an injury : they putt

him out of his office of Commissioner of the Great Seale, bicause he would not betray the rights of the people, and, contrary to his owne knowledge, and the knowledge of thofe who imposed it, exeCute an ordinance of the Protector and his Councell, as if it had bin a lawe.

* Batt, in a fucceding parlement, uppon the motion of his noble friend the Lord Broghill, Whitelocke had his arrears of his disbursements payd him, and some recompence of his faithfull service allowed unto him.

• His hopes were yet higher, and his expetation of acceptance was from a superior to all earthly powers; to wborn only the prayse is due to of all our actions and indeavours, and who will certainly reward all his servants with a recompence which will last for ever.'

* There is an Appendix to this Journal, containing the Author's Preface and Dedication, to his children, of his general wurk, entitled, “ Whitelocke's Labours remembered in the Annals of his Life, for Instruction to his Children;" aisy a number of letters and state-papers relating to his ambafly to Sweden; but we are sorry to observe the want of a proper Index; which, in a work so voluminous, and containing such a variety of particulars, seems to be peculiarly necellary.

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ART. IV. Real Improvements in Agriculture (on the Principles of A.

YOUNG, E1q;) recommended to accompany Improvements of Rents.
Iz a Letter 10 Reade Peacock, Esq; Alderman of t'untingdon. To
which is added, a Letter to Dr. Hunter, Phyfa:ian in ork, concerning
The Rickets in Sheep. By T. Comber, Rector of Buckivorth and
Morborne, Hunts. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Nicoll. 1772.

S we think it incumbent on us to pay a superior degree

of regard to such publications as are especially calculated for the benefit of our country, we shall attend more particularly to the various contents of this production, than we usually do, with respect to those pieces which come under the denomination of pamphlets.

Mr. Comber's present performance is, in fome measure, local, as it primarily relates to the particular circumstances of the lordship of —, in our Author's neighbourhood, wherein a considerable advance of rent is about to take place, amidst the loud and various complaints of the tenants; who, on such occasions, may be naturally expected to alled ye a sufficient number of grievances or hardships : fome, perhaps, with, and others without reason. And hence our learned and public-spirited Author was induced to make the important business of farming the object of his late refections; especially, says he, as I was tempted by humanity, in my late daily excursions (whieh regard to my health obliges me to make) through part of that lordship, to fix my attention on the scenes around me, and consider how far the complaints of the farmers seem well



grounded, how far the faults of either landlord or tenant may affect the honeft interests of the other, and how far those han neft interests may be reconciled.'

The most part of this valuable tract is, however, of so geneyal a nature, and of such extensive importance, that we consider it as calculated for universal observation and benefit, as well as for the emolunient of the landlord and tenants of that particular lord thip in Huntingdonshire which gave birth to it, Some of our Author's more general hints and remarks we shall, therefore, point out, for the notice of our agricultural Readers.

Mr. Comber sets out with animadverting on the particular complaints of the tenants of the lordship in question, and he gives us a number of very rational observations on--the various Sizes of farms, the proper families of farmers,—bad managers, -roads,-the poor, --contiguity of lands, -assortment of lands, -commons-rithes,-ploughing,-drainings--quantity of tilJage,--ox and horse-teams,-farmers dwelling houses, - barns, &c.--leases, --compost-hills-hay-stacks, and straw-foddering in pasture fields, -dairy farms, &c. &c. In the last-mentioned branch, speaking of the use of cow ties, he with pleasure obferves (and we, with equal pleasure repeat it, for the sake of the poor animals) that it is the conftant practice in his neighbourhood--and he wishes his tenants in the North to imitate it, -to milk their kine without ties : which, says he, evinces that the cow is an animal so docile as, very generally, to be brought to stand sufficiently still to be safely milked.' Milking, he adds,

is a natural operation, and muft, in general, be a pleasing reJief to a cow.' [It certainly is the highest relief to her, when her udder is painfully distended, through the abundance of her milk *. ] But our Author proceeds; and remarks that on this account,- he does not say solely on this account,- all animals love the young which suck them.' In any case, fays Mr. Comber, the cow, or heifer, should not be tied by the legs, but by the head or horns; least of all should she be tied by a hairy rope, as the custom is in the North. Such an one will certainly give pain to the tender legs, rub off the hair, and create wounds or fores; and instead of causing the animal to bear any other pain patiently, will render her much more impatient. Brutes, as well as men, easily take prejudices, especially from unusual pain; and a cow who will not fand quietly to be milked without one tie, will soon not stand without two, and ere long, a third must be applied to her fore legs. Thus have

If either naturally or accidentally, the udder or teats be swelled, chopped, or otherwise painful, they should be eased by emollients. If there be any incurable sorenessa che animal hould be turned to feed,'.

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