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In September of this year Congress appointed a secret committee to

import powder and lead from the West Indies, and the NonImportation Agreement was suspended for ships bringing in war

supplies. A store of ammunition was obtained when Fort Chambly was taken. Woollens found in Montreal in November clothed the American


1776. Esek Hopkins captured in the Bahamas cannon and military

stores, except powder. The king's leaden statue in New York City was melted into bullets. Powder mills were established near Philadelphia, and national

foundries and laboratories for the manufacture of arms were set up

at Carlisle, Pa., and at Springfield, Mass. Paul Jones captured the Mellish, late in the year, loaded with supplies

for Burgoyne's army. Among other things were ten thousand

suits of uniform. Two hundred pieces of artillery, small-arms, four thousand tents,

clothing for thirty thousand men, were obtained by way of the West Indies, from France, through the agency of Beaumarchais. Spain, soon after, furnished, in the same indirect way, a like sum

for the purchase of supplies. Somewhere about three hundred and fifty English vessels, worth, with

their cargoes, $5,000,000, were captured in the first year of the war. Trade sprang up with France, Spain, and Holland, by way of the

West Indies, and some trade was surreptitiously carried on even with the British West Indies, by way of the Dutch port, St. Eustatius.

1777. American agents in France received a quarterly allowance and

loan, which was applied to the purchase of arms. Two ships loaded with them were captured by the English ; a third reached the

colonies. Arms and ammunition were obtained from New Orleans, with the

countenance of the Spanish government. One thousand stand of arms, one thousand swords, and four pieces

of artillery were captured at Bennington, Vt. St. Leger's stores and baggage were captured at Fort Stanwix, N.Y.,

and artillery, arms, ammunition, and camp equipage for five thousand prisoners were taken at Saratoga.

1778. Most of the provision ships intended for Clinton were brought

into Boston, and D'Estaing sailed for the West Indies fitted out

with such provisions. By a new contract with Beaumarchais, made after the treaties with

France were signed, a supply of clothing was received, and a loan from the French court of about $500,000 was obtained, and applied to the purchase of arms and stores, the equipment of cruisers, and the payment of interest. Other heavy loans were obtained from France, and also from Spain and Holland at intervals.

1779–80. The French at Newport, R. I., bought with specie, and the

gold thus put into circulation afforded great financial relief to the New England States. New York also obtained specie by means of trade with Canada, and from purchases made by the English during the last year of their occupation of New York City.

1781. Rochambeau loaned $20,000 to Morris to enable him to make a

small specie payment to the New England troops, on their way

south under Lincoln. La Fayette used a considerable sum of money for the American

cause during the war. Captures of English supply ships and merchantmen continued to be

frequent; as, for instance, in 1779, Hopkins captured eight out of ten transports sent to Georgia by Clinton, and Whipple captured eight English merchantmen bound for England.



Short Title.

Full Title, Publisher, and Edition. Andrews' Manual of Const. Andrews' Manual of the Constitution. Van

Antwerp, Bragg & Co. 1887.
Andrew Jackson, Statesmen Series. Hough-

ton, Mifflin & Co.
Benjamin Franklin, Men of Letter Series.

Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 1887.

Benjamin Franklin, Autobiography of. Blaine's Twenty Years of Cong. Blaine's Twenty Years of Congress. The

Henry Bill Publishing Company. 1884. Bryant's Popular Hist. Bryant's Popular History of the United States.

Charles Scribner's Sons. 1881. Bancroft's U. S.

Bancroft's History of the United States.

D. Appleton & Co. 1883. Bolton's Famous Amer. States. Bolton's Famous American Statesmen. T. Y.

Crowell & Co. 1888. Cent. Magazine.

Century Magazine. Coffin's Old Times in Col. Coffin's Old Times in the Colonies. Harper

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1890. Coffin's Boys of '76.

Coffin's The Boys of '76. Harper & Bros.

Coffin's Building the Nation. Harper &

Bros. 1882.
Coffin's Drum-Beat of the Nation. Harper

& Bros. 1888.
Coffin's Freedom Triumphant. Harper &

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Coffin's Marching to Victory. Harper & Bros.

Coffin's Redeeming the Republic. Harper &

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Doyle's Eng. Col.

Doyle's English Colonies in America, 2 vols.
Henry Holt & Co. 1889.

Short Title.

Full Title, Publisher, and Edition. Emmigration and Immigration. By R. M.

Smith. Charles Scribner's Sons. Eggleston's Household U. S. Eggleston's Household History of the United

States. D. Appleton & Co. 1890. Ency. Brit.

Encyclopædia Britannica, ninth edition.

Fiske's Civil Government. Fiske's Critical Period of Fiske's Critical Period of American History. Amer. Hist.

Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 1889. Fiske's War of Independence. Fiske's The War of Independence. Hough

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Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant. C. L.

Webster & Co. 1885. Green's Shorter Hist. of Eng. Green's Shorter History of the English People,

school edition. Hildreth's U. S.

Hildreth's History of the United States.

Harper & Bros. 1886. Higginson's U. S.

Higginson's History of the United States.

Harper & Bros. 1886.

Hinsdale's Old Northwest. T. MacCoun. 1888. Isham's Fishery Question. Isham's The Fishery Question. Johnston's U. S.

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Henry Holt & Co. 1888. Johnston's U. S. Hist. and Johnston's The United States; its History Const.

and Constitution. Charles Scribner's Sons. Johnston's Amer. Politics.

Johnston's American Politics. Henry Holt

& Co. 1885. R. Johnson's War of 1812. Rossiter Johnson's War of 1812. Dodd, Mead

& Co. 1882. Lossing's Field-Book of Rev. Lossing's Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolu

tion, 2 vols. Harper & Bros. 1869. Lossing's Field-Book of 1812. Lossing's Pictorial Field-Book of the War of

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Lights of Two Centuries. Morris's Half Hours.

Morris's Half Hours with American History.

J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1887. MacCoun's Hist. Geog. Townsend MacCoun's Historical Geography of

the United States. T. MacCoun, N. Y. 1889. Macaulay's History of England.

Short Title.

Full Title, Publisher, and Edition. Montgomery's Eng. Hist. Montgomery's English History. Ginn & Co. Myers's Mod. and Med. Hist. Myer's Modern and Mediæval History. Ginn

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Macy's Our Government. Ginn & Co. 1890.
Magellan, Heroes of History Series.
My Story of the War. By Mrs. Livermore.
Moore's Pilgrims and Puritans. Ginn & Co.
Moore's From Colony to Commonwealth.

Ginn & Co.
Papers and References to accompany Lec-

tures on the Formation of the Federal
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versity of Cal. Published by the author. Parkman's Pio. of France. Parkman's Pioneers of France in the New

World. Little, Brown & Co. 1888. Parkman's Old Regime. Parkman's Old Regime in Canada. Little,

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Little, Brown & Co. 1888. Parkman's La Salle.

Parkman's La Salle and the Discovery of the

Great West. Little, Brown & Co. 1888.
Parkman's Montcalm and Wolfe. Little,

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Publications of the American Economic As-

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Palfrey's History of New England. Little,

Brown & Co. 1885. Prescott's Conq. Mex.

Prescott's Conquest of Mexico. John B.

Alden. 1886.
Questions of the Day Series. G. P. Putnam's

Stanwood's Pres. Elections. Stanwood's History of Presidential Elections.

Ticknor & Co. 1888.
Railway Tariffs and the Interstate Commerce

Law. By E. R. A. Seligman.
Washington and His Country. Washington and His Country. Irving's Life

of Washington by Fiske. Ginn & Co. 1887. Winsor's Hist. of Amer. Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of

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