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roses; it seems as if Flora had here established || of which are clothed with marble and gold; it is her residence. It is terminated on one side by of a round form, and completely built of marble; the Caille de la Reina, which means the Queen's from the top to the bottom there are tablets of street, or waik, and is the most pleasant and the this material, on which the tombs are placed; in most frequented promenade of Aranjuez; and these there are drawers, containing the ashes of on the other side by the Tage. On the banks of those that are deceased. The princes have also this river, in the garden, a little harbour has been here a sepulchre. formed, which gives one the idea of a sea-port. After having explored every part of the conThere are fortifications, cannons, a great number | vent, we resumed our journey, and the following of sailors, a powder magazine, some frigates || night slept at St. Ildephonso. This place is situtwenty feet in length, and two superb barges ated in a valley surrounded by mountains of a belonging to the royal family. When the tolerable height; the country contains a great King an! Queen take the air in these barges, deal of wood, and many rural walks. The effect they are followed by several frigates, brilliantly of this wild and rural scene, contrasted with the illuminated, and filled with musicians and well-gardens, is very striking. The palace is rather dressed sailors.

handsome, and the garden is quite in the French Circumstances occurred which obliged us to style; there are some wonderfully fine cascades, return to Madrid three weeks sooner than the || that are even reckoned superior to those of Ver. court, and, to my great regret, prevented our sailles, because they are more limpid. The town witnessing this water excursion. The court are is but small, and contains about five or six thou. very partial to Aranjuez, and not without reason, sand inhabitants. There is here a considerable for I think it the wonder of Spain. We re glass manufactory; we saw some glass melted and mained three weeks at Madrid, and on the fourth prepared; there is a looking-glass that was melted of July set off on our return to France. My in the presence of the Count of A, of an uncle and his family escorted us as far as the astonishing size. The court is not partial to Escurial, which is about twenty-three miles from La Grange, which surprizes me, as it seems a Madrid. There we dined, and visited the con delightful summer residence. From hence we vent, which is the only thing worth notice, as took the road of Aranda, which is detestable, there is no palace. The King has his apartments and entered the high road at Burgos. The cain the cloisters, and the noblemen have houses thedral at Burgos is very curious by its antiquity in the village. The Escurial is horridly situated, and magnificence. We also saw a bronze statue in the midst of rocks and sands, consequently 1 of Charles III. which is erected in the centre of it is frightfully dreary, as there are neither views the public square. After having traversed the nor walks. The convent is immense, and very mountains and rocks of Paucorvo, which are magnificent; Philip II. erected it in honour of awfully tremendous, we arrived at Victoria, St. Lawrence, because he had madea vow to found where we witnessed the most ridiculous spectacle a convent at Escurial, if he gained the battle of St. I called a nobilio; which is an amusement the Quintin, and that it was fought on St. Lawrence's || people have of playing with, and being pursued day. It is reported to be very wealthy; it con by calves, tains an immense number of paintings of the At last, after having traversed Biscay, which most exquisite beauty. The apartments of the in that season had a very picturesque appearance, library are not very fime, but they possess many we arrived safely at Bayonne, on the 14th of July.. valuable manuscripts. The church is handsome. From Bayonne we took the road of the disnal There is also in this convent a place called the hot-wells, where I have endeavoured to accelerate Pantheon, where the kings and Queens of Spain the time of my departure by writing this, and are interred. We descended the vault, the walls playing on the guitar.

E. R.


MADAME HELVETIUS was born in 1719, in his hand, and married her, after he had resigned Lorraine, at the castle of her father, the Count || his place of farmer-general. of Ligneville. M. Helvetius became acquainted Madame Helvetius loved him passionately; with her at the house of Madame de Graffigny, she loved him all his life. They had two daughters, so well known by her Perurian Letters. He was who were afterwards married. She resided a smitten with her beauty, and with her dignity in || long time on the estate of her husband. Her supporting her slender fortune. He offered her habitual employment then was to visit the poor No. XVI. Vol. II.


and the sick, accompanied by a surgeon, and a Whether from the abundance of her sentiments, sister of the Hospital of Charity.

or from the frankness natural to gond people, We know that Helvetius was persecuted for she told every thing that came into her head; his book De l’Esprit. A person high in office she was celebrated for her ingenuousness, wrote to his wife to engage her to obtain from Although she knew nothing, and did not rethe philosopher a disgraceful retraction. She fect upon any thing she said, she always pleased, rejected his proposal like a coorageous woman, and sometimes instructed; her house was always resolved to leave her country, if necessary, ra- filled with dis inguished nien; Laroche, Cabanis, ther than persuade him to act against his con and Gallois, closed her eyes; Dr. Franklin came science.

every day to see her; the Abbé Moreliet, during A lady of fashion said, speaking of Madame ten years, passed three days in the week with Helve ius and of her husband : “ Those people her; M. Turgot loved her greatly; Champfort, do not pronounce the words-my husband, my one of the most celebrated modero men of genius, wife, my children, as other people do."

took extreme pleasure in her conversation. FreAfer her husband's death, the estate which ! quently in the midst of profound discussions to had been the scene of her benefactions passing which she appeared to pay no attention, she into other hands, she removed to Autenil, a ut ered exclimations and words from the heart, litile village near Paris, with an income of which shewed her own good principles, puzzled about a thousand pounds sterling. She then sophis ry, and at once established the question resolved to retire from the world, and to establish on its true basis. as agreeable a residence as her moderate revenue would allow. She was no longer rich enough !o the woman who loved most; she felt her happiseek for pleasures from home, but she found she ness, she was continually boasting of it, and even was more than rich enough to offer pleasures at a few days before her death she exclaimed, “bea home; she renounced a numerous acquaintance, | hold my friends." and attached herself to her friends.

Her last words were addressed to Cabanis, whe She bestowed her bounty very liberally on was kissing and pressing her already cold hands, animals; to render a sensible being more happy I calling her his good mother. She answered, “I was in her a want; her house was become am always so for the last ten years an assemblage of petty She died in her eightieth year, at Auteuil, on republics of animals, of which she was the the 12th of August, 1800. Providence. On seeing her converse with her She was buried in her garden." You do not dogs, her cais, and her birds, one would have know,” said she one day when she was walking thought she had some particular kind of intel- | in it with Bonaparte, “how much happiness lectual intercourse with them, as was really the may be found on three acres of land." case between her kindness and their gratitude. Those who inherit this garden may say, on When she talked about their eagerness, their recollecting her who delighted in it, the friends caresses, and their expressions of love for her, who there so frequent y conversed with her, and one night have fancied La Fontaine was speak the great men who visited her," You do not ing, perhaps with an additional charm ; for he know with how many sweet and melancholy painted the character of animals, she painted memorials three acres may be peopled," whatever was good in their souls.

She was the happiest of women, for she was



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We shall give a specimen of her epistolary | to terminate! Oh! a little longer time! I want talen's, which may be understood by the English to Mumble the Duke of Savoy, to crush the reader, by quoting some passages selected at ran Prince of Orange; another moment!-No, you dom from her Letters.

shall not have a single moment more, not one." After having given an account of the sudden “The libériy which Death takes to interrupt death of M. de Louvois, she says:-"He is then Fortune, ought to console one for not being of no more; that powerful and haughiy minister | the number of the happy; death appears then whose self occupied so much space, and was the less bitter.” centre of so many things! How many interests “ Long sickness wears out grief, and long con to disintricate, intrigues to follow, negotiations tinued hopes wear out joy."

* Leave the human mind to itself, it will soon truth must be told. Madame de Sevigné, nota find its little comforts; it has a fancy to become withstanding her wit and good sense, was liable rontented."

to all the follies of her rank, and of the age in “ The shadow is not taken for the body at the which she lived. She was enraptured and long run; we must be in order to appear. The proud of her high birth even to puerility, and full world does not remain long unjust in its deci- of admiration at the genealogy of the house from sions."

which she descended; and she fancied all Europe " Death appears so terrible to me, that I hate would feel interested in the history of her family life more for leading us to death, than for the which was then compiling. She was, as almost thorns with which itself is filled "

all the French were, intoxicated with the gian. “I find the conditions of life grievous enough; deur of Lewis XIV. The King spoke to her one it appears as if we were dragged against our will evening at St. Cyr, after the represeniation of to the fatal point of old age: we perceive it;Racine's play of Esther, by the young ladies who there we are, and we would wish not to advance were educated there; her vanity on this occasion a step farther in this road to infirmities, pains, was shewn with a childish delight. The passage loss of memory, and disfigurations which are in her letter is curious:" The King addressed teady to assail us. But we hear a voice which himself to me, and said, 'Madam, I am ure you calls to us,-ye must march on, or if ye will not must have been satisfied.' 1, without being ye must die; which is another extremity that is alarmerl, replied : “Sire, I am charmed; what I repugnant to our nature."

feel cannot be expressed by words.' The King “I was observing a clock, and pleasing myself then said to me, « Racine has much wit.' I in thinking; thus we are when we wish the answerel, Sire, he has certainly a great deal, hand to advance; in the mean time it revolves but truly those young ladies have likewise great without nur seeing the motion, and every thing talents; they enter into the subject as if they attsins to its end.”

had never done any thing else' 'Ah! as 10 To express the diminishing credit and power of that matter,' rejoined he, it is very true;' then a minister, she said :-“ His star turns pale;" his Majesty retired, and leit me the object of which is a happy and brilliant figure, without envy. The Prince and Princess then spoke a affectation

few words to me, and Madame de Maintenon Her style is seldom simple, but always natural; another word; I answered them all, for I was in which appears from a pleasing negligence, and a luck." striking rapidity. In one of her letters she says: Here the woman of sense and talent, is eclipsed "I could write till to-morrow; my thoughts, for a moment by the gossip. One evening my pen, my ink, all fly.”

Lewis XIV. danced a ininuet with Madame de “I have been received with open arins by Sevigné. After it was concluded she said to her Madame de G, and with so much gladness, cousin, Count de Bussy : :-" It must be owned tenderness, and gratitude, that it appeared to me we have a great King.” “Oh! without doubt, that I was not come soon enough, nor far enough cousin,” replied the Count, “ what he has just .f."

been doing is really heroical!” It must be owned, It may be looked upon as invidious to remark that of all human follies, there are none more ang defects in such an amiable woman, but the || fuolish than those of vanity.



Count -, a man of courage, genius, and selves more and more in the forest, notwithstandfortune, was once 'ravelling through a tract of the ing all their endeavours to find their way out. Spessart Forest in Germany. He had just reached At length they beheld a distant, glimmering the thickest and least frequented part of this light. The Count considered this as a sign of a lonely district. A single domestic was his only human habitation; his servant concluded it to be attendant; the season was cold, the day short || a ghost. The one expected to find a cottage and gloomy. Neither the Count nor his servant where he might obtin shelter, the other was had ever been in this country before. It was apprehensive lest they should the next moment therefore no wonder that, when it began to grow be plunged into a bog. The one was pleased, duk, they lost their road, and involved them- | the other was terrified. The servant proposed to



pass the night under the next tree; the Count of the yard; the gate is locked. To see whether laughed at him and made towards the light. The that was open was my first thought.” more courageous of the two was, as usual, in the “ Bravo! and to leave me in the lurch, your right; for on their arrival they found it to be a second. Well, if nothing else can be done, I public house. No sooner had they knocked, must take my precautions like a prudent man, and than the door was opened; they were promised | defend myself like a brave one. Adopt what every possible accommodation for the night, and measures you please, while I, for my part, shall the Count was shewn into an apartment more consider what is to be done." decent than could have been expected in such a The servant was now obliged, though much situation.

against his will, to return to the stable. The The satisfaction of our traveller was not of long Count placed his chair in the corner exactly opduration. He was walking to and fro in his room, | posite the door, a table before him prevented the waiting for his repast, when his servant entered. too near approach of any person in front, and the In his looks, in his erect hair, in the trembling of wall covered him in the rear. Before him, on the his limbs, in short, in his whole appearance, he table, he laid two loaded pistols and beside him a was a living personification of terror.

drawn cutlass. The following dialogue succeeded :

His supper was soon afterwards brought, but "Can any one overhear us, Sir?”

the Count had scarcely any appetite. Some sur“ How can I tell ? But what is the matter prize was expressed at the manner in which the with you ?"

table was placed and the appearance of the wea“Ah! Sir, we are children of death-verily pons, but the Count coldly replied, that was his and truly children of death."

way in houses of public entertainment. He was “ Like all the rest of mankind I should ima- informed that his bed in the adjoining room was

ready, but he answered that he was not going to “O! no, no !-Now, this very night we have bed just yet. At length he was left by himself. got into a den of murderers.”

It was not long, however, before the door of “ Are you romancing ?"- asked the Count, his apartment suddenly opened, and six or seven at the same time seizing with commendable pre- men entered. They were all dressed like game. caution, a pistol which he had carelessly laid upon keepers with guns hanging at their backs, and The table., “What have you got into your head ? large pouches by their sides;-fellows tall, robust, Some fancy I suppose like that which took you and of savage aspect. The Count grasped his on the way hither!"

pistols; but they saluted him with much civility, “ Would to heaven it were! But I only tell and seated themselves at a table in the other corner what my own eyes have seen.”

of the room, where they began to drink and sing, “ Your eyes! Tell me then immediately what He who entered first, and who, from his dress and you have seen without any of your interruptions behaviour seemed to be their chief, instead of joinor foolish stories."

ing his companions, kept walking to and fro, “They had given me too little hay for our sometimes approaching very near to the Count horses. I looked about in every corner for more, and looking stedfastly in his face. and found another stable with a truss lying in it. The situation of our traveller was certainly not I was going to take it away, when I perceived be the most agreeable. He expected an attack every hind it a door that was not fastened. Where moment and was at a loss to conceive why it was must this go to ? and why is it concealed in this so long deferred. Still his presence of mind did manner? thought I. I peeped in first, and at not forsake him. At length the man whom he length crept into the place; but, good God! how took for the leader, coming closer and closer to my blood was chilled at the sight!”

his table and once appearing as though he would “ Of what?"

stoop over it, the Count plinly told hiin, he must “Of weapons of all sorts, cutlasses, pistols and request him not to come too'near. guns; great heaps of clothes, and blood upon al “And why so?" most all of them.”

“ Because every thing does not seem to be The Count was somewhat startled. “Blood !" quite right in this place. Any one therefore, he repeated within himself, taking a contempla- || who approaches too near me shall most certainly tive turn or two in the room, and again asked receive the contents of my pistol.” his servant, whether he was sure his eyes had not “Would that be of much use here? Are not deceived him. He then ordered him to lead themy people provided with fire-arms ? And what horses as quickly and as softly as possible out of could one do against so many?” the stable.

“ Sell his life dearly, at least.” “Ah! Sir,” replied the man, “out of the “ Do you take us then to be murderers or robe table they may be got easily enough, but not out bers?"

“That is not the question now. Every one enough. You know what situation I was in dur. has a right to think what he pleases. Sufice iting the last war; and you know also 1 hope, that that I declare this pistol shall dispatch the first || I acquitted myself well in it. One thing only that lifts a hand against me."

I could not do, and that was, to unite the courtier The stranger smiled, continued to walk about, with the soldier. On this account my Colonel and soon stooped again over the table.

was never fond of me, though he employed me “ Upon my soul, Sir, I shall keep my word ;" on every occasion that required courage and intelexclaimed the Count, applying his finger to the ligence. Peace came, and our corps was disbandcock of his pistol.

ed. The treatment of the privates, who were “ And is it possible, Count,” said the other compelled to become Colonists, is a country to abruptly laughing, and in a different tone,"is which they were utter strangers, was severe, it possible that you do not know me? At any though necessary. The measures adopted with rate I am glad to find that your heart is in the respect to the officers appeared more equitable, right place.”

but were the very reverse. We were promised The astonishment of the traveller at this address | employment. This promise was kept with few, is not to be described. He looked more aiten and with those few, God knows in what manner. tively at the face of the adventurer, and recog- || My fate was particularly hard. My colonel, who nized in him one of his most intimate college had no farther occasion for me, now began to friends, who had afterwards been a Captain in the shew in good earnest that he was my, during the Bavarian succession war;-a I never possessed any fortune, still less had I man of tried courage and unspotted reputation, | acquired one by plunder. To flatter and tocringe who, at the conclusion of the war, suddenly dis- for promotion I was unable. I waited for some appeared, so that nobody knew what had become tiine, till I could wait no longer; for I had not of him.

more than a couple of friends whose purse sup“For God's sake!” exclaimed the Count, !| ported me. They were by no means rich, and "how happens it that I find you in this condition: appeared in the sequel to suffer inconvenience How could you—.” The presence of the from the advances they made me. I perceived it, others, who had by this time surrounded the table, and could no longer endure to be burdensome to caused the Count to suppress the remainder of his them. I now applied to every one that was styled question, the intent of which their leader was not war minister-general, counsellor of war, or by any at a loss to divine. He invited the Count to ac ritle of a similar description. At the two first company him to an apartment which the land- || visits they gave me hopes, he third time I was lord kept for his sole use in the most private cor

denied. Ah, Count! to what scoundrels of ner of the house. Our traveller, who perceived || chamberlains have I often in vain given a good that he was already completely in his power and word, on what vile shoe-blacks have I spent my had been inspired with additional confidence by last shilling! Both, alas! in vain! I had 110 the scene which had just occurred, passed through || prospect of employment and my pay. But I the midst of the robbers, but still armed with both am silent on that subject. his pistols, and followed his friend.

“ Under these circumstances my resolution was They went first up stairs, then down. At the resolution of despair. France, as you know, length they reached the above mentioned room, had already taken a part in the disturbances in and the Captain in the most friendly manner the English Colonies. My intention was to go shook hands with the Count. “Now,” cried he, to Strasburg and there to seek employment.

now give vent to your surprize at finding me in Should I prove unsuccessful in this application, this character. You are sure of not being over thought I, we will see whether the new world is heard, and still less of receiving any injury. It is more favourably inclined towards me than the old. but two evident what kind of people you are

has sufficient of war, and of deserts but too among, and who is their leader. But rely upon it, | many; in the one I will attenipt to retrieve my I am still what I always was. And that they, || fortune, and should this last anchor fail, in the who certainly violate the laws of society and

other will I terminate my niiery. I sold ai! honour with regard to many others, have behaved, that I had, paid what deb:s I could, kept my plan and still conduct themselves better towards me, a profound secret and departed. The lightness than what is called the honourable class of men, of my purse obliged me to travel on foot. I cane is equally certain."

to this Spessart Forest, where I lost my way, as “ I burn with impatience to hear your history you probably have done. Five sturdy fellows and to learn the occasion of your present course sudilenly rushed from behind a tbicket; two of of life.”

them clapped their pistols to my breast, and in a “O! the one is short, and the other, though menacing tone, demanded iny money.

I felt not perfectly voluntary, is, however natural calınly for it; but in the iwinkling of an ese,

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