« AnteriorContinuar »
VL THE PREDICATE is the Word er Words that assert something of the
Subject. VII. THE OBJECT of a Sentence is that on which the act expressed by the Predicate terminates.
A WORD, VIII. THE SUBJECT of a Sentence may be
A PARASE, or
Make a Sentence having a Subject Phrase.
4. A Relative Pronoun.
5. An Interrogative Pronoun. 3. A Personal Pronoun. 6. An Adjective Pronoun.
Masculine Gender, XI. Nouns and PRONOUNS are of the Feminine Gender, or
Genders, Persons, and Numbers.
A PARTICIPLE, XVI. THE GRAMMATICAL PREDICATES A VERB, with An ADJECTIVE of a Sentence is
Prior Past Tense,
Prior Past Tense,
MODE, be in the
Prior Present Tense,
and XVIII. A VERB in Predicate must agree with its Subject in
Sentence or a Phrase.
Make Sentences containing Adjunct Phrases.
SINTRANSITIVE OF TRANSIT"K XXIV. A SENTENCE may be SIMPLE or COMPOUND,
PRINCIPAL or AUXILIARI XXV. An INTRANSITIVE SENTENCE has ro Object.
Der Make an Intransitive Sentence.
De Make a Transitive Sentence.
to Make a Simple Sentence. XXVIII. A COMPOUND SENTENCE has some of its Principal Parts com
Make a Compound Sentence.
eso Make a Complex Sentence, and distinguish the Principal
Sentence from the Auxiliary Sentence. XXXI. CONJUNCTIONS introduce Sentences and connect Words and
Phrases. XXXII. A PREPOSITION shows a relation of its object to the word
which its Phrase qualifies. XXXIII. AN EXCLAMATION has no dependent construction. XXXIV. A WORD OF EUPHONY is, in its office, chiefly Rhetorical.
XXXV. A Parase is a combination of Words not constituting an
entire proposition, but performing a distinct office in the structure of a Sentence or of another Phrase.
PRINCIPAL PARTS XXXVI A PHRASE consists of
ADJUNCTS. XXXVII, THE PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS of a Phrase are those words neces.
sary to its structure.
le Make s Phrase having Principal Elements only. XXXVIII. THE ADJUNCTS of a Phrase are words used to modify or
describe other words.
XL THE LEADER of a Phrase is the word used to introduce the
Phrase-generally connecting its Subsequent to the Word
which the Phrase qualifies. XLI. THE SUBSEQUENT of a Phrase is the Element which follows
the Leading Word as its Object-depending on it for
Make Phrases and distinguish the Leaders from the Subsequent
Adjective) WORDS, XLII. The ADJUNCTS may consist of
Adverbial | SENTENCES. Make Sentences having Adjective Words-Phrases
Sentences. XLIII. A PHRASE is
| TRANSITIVE or
INTRANSITIVE XLIV. A TRANSITIVE Phrase is one whose Subsequent (Infinitive
Verb or Participle) asserts an action which terminates on
IF Make a Transitive Phrase; 1. Participial—2. Infinitive. XLV. AN INTRANSITIVE Purase is one whose Subsequent is a Noun
or a Pronoun, or a Verb or a Participle having no Object.
Make an Intransitive Phrase; 1. Prepositional—2. Par. ticipial—3. Infinitive--4. Independent.
PREPOSITIONAL XLVI. A Parase is, in form,
INDEPENDENT. XLVII. A PREPOSITIONAL Purase is one that is introduced by a Prepo
sition-having a Noun, a Pronoun (Word, Phrase, or Sentence), or a Participle, for its object of relation.
Make a Prepositional Phrase. XLVIII. A PARTICIPIAL PHRASE is one that is introduced by a Participle,
being followed by an Object of an action, or by an Adjunct.
* Make a Participial Phrase. XLIX. An INFINITIVE Parase is one that is introduced by the Pi'epo.
sition to-having a Verb in the Infinitive Mode as its Object of relation.
Make an Infinitive Phrase. L AN INDEPENDENT Purise is one that is introduced by a Noun or a Pronoun--having a Participle depending on it.
Make un Inuleperulent Phrusc.
LL A PARASE is COMPOUND when it has two or more Leaders or
qualified by another Phrase.
lento Make a Complex Phrase. LIII. A Phrase is Mixed when it has one or more Transitive, and
one or more Intransitive Subsequents. e Make a Mixed Phrase.
REMARK 1.— Words combined into a Sentence, have a relation to each other—a relation which often determines their forms. The principal Modifications of words, as treated in Part II. of this work, are those of form—and these forms vary according to their relation to other words. Thus, in speaking of Frederick, I may say,
“ he assisted James.” Here “he” stands for the name of Frederick; and that forin of the Pronoun is used to denote that Frederick was the agent of the action-the Subject of the Verb. But if I say “him James assisted,” I make quite a different assertion, not because I speak of different persons or of a different act, but because I use a different modification of the word “he.”
But the form does not always determine the office of words in a Sentence. I may say, “Frederick assisted James,”
and “ James assisted Frederick." Here, although I use the same words and the same form of those words, I make two widely different assertions. The difference in the assertions in these examples is caused by the change of position of the Words Hence, the laws of AGREEMENT and ARRANGEMENT of words in the construction of Sentences.
Rem. 2.—As Diagrams are of great service in constructing Sentences, by serving as tests of the grammatical correctness of a composition, they are inserted in Part III. It is hoped that the Teacher will not fail to require the Class to write Sentences which shall contain words in every possible coudition, and in every variety of modification. Young Pepila should be required to place the Sentences in Diagrams.