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Aug. 2, 1882.
The provisions of this act shall apply to every steamship or other vessel whereon emigrant passengers, or passengers other than cabin passengers, are taken on board at a port or place in the United States for conveyance to any port or place in a foreign country except foreign territory contiguous to the United States, and shall also apply to any vessel whereon such passengers are taken on board at any port or place of the United States on the Atlantic Ocean or its tributaries for conveyance to a port or place on the Pacific Ocean or its tributaries, or vice versa; and whether the voyage of said vessel is to be continuous from port to port or such passengers are to be conveyed from port to port in part by the way of any overland route through Mexico or Central America; and the said collector of customs may direct an examination of the vessel to be made by an inspector or other officer of the customs, who shall make the examination and report whether the provisions of this act have been complied with in respect to such vessel, and the said collector is authorized to withhold the clearance of such vessel until the coming in of such report; and if the said report shall show that any of the provisions of this act have not been complied with, the collector is authorized and directed to withhold the clearance of such vessel until the said provisions are complied with; and if any such vessel leaves the aforesaid port or place without having been duly cleared by the collector of customs, the master shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and may be fined not exceeding one thousand dollars, and be imprisoned not exceeding one year, and the vessel shall be liable to seizure and forfeiture.
The amount of the several fines and penalties imposed by any section of this act upon the master of any steamship or other vessel carrying or bringing emigrant passengers, or passengers other than cabin passengers, for any violation of the provisions of this act, shall be liens upon such vessel, and such vessel may be libeled therefor in any district court of the United States where such vessel shail arrive or depart.
PART X-GENERAL PILOT LAWS.
163. General pilot laws.
Until further provision is made by Congress, all pilots R. S., 4235. in the bays, inlets, rivers, harbors, and ports of the United States shall continue to be regulated in conformity with the existing laws of the States respectively wherein such pilots may be, or with such laws as the States may respectively enact for the purpose.
The master of any vessel coming into or going out of R. S., 4236. any port situate upon waters which are the boundary between two States, may employ any pilot duly licensed or authorized by the laws of either of the States bounded on such waters, to pilot the vessel to or from such port.
No regulations or provisions shall be adopted by any R. S., 4237. State which shall make any discrimination in the rate of pilotage or half pilotage between vessels sailing between the ports of one State and vessels sailing between the ports of different States, or any discrimination against vessels propelled in whole or in part by steam, or against national vessels of the United States; and all existing regulations or provisions making any such discrimination are annulled and abrogated.
No State or municipal government shall impose upon R. S., 4444. pilots of steam-vessels any obligation to procure a State or other license in addition to that issued by the United States, or any other regulation which will 'impede such pilots in the performance of the duties required by this Title [R. S., 4399-4500]; nor shall any pilot-charges be levied by any such authority upon any steamer piloted as provided by this Title; and in no case shall the fees charged for the pilotage of any steam-vessel exceed the customary or legally established rates in the State where the same is performed. Nothing in this Title shall be construed to annul or affect any regulation established by the laws of any State, requiring vessels entering or leaving a port in any such State, other than coast wise steamvessels, to take a pilot duly licensed or authorized by the laws of such State, or of a State situate upon the waters of such State.
All coast wise sea-going vessels, and vessels navigating R. S., 4401. the great lakes, shall be subject to the navigation laws of the United States, when navigating within the jurisdic
Aug. 19, 1890. tion thereof; and all vessels, propelled in whole or in part
all the rules and regulations established in pursuance of
PART XI.-TONNAGE TAX.
164. Rates of tax.
168. Light money (in exceptional
Aug. 5. 1909.
164. Rates of tax.
Nothing contained in this Title [R. S., 4131–4305] R. S., 4227. shall be deemed in anywise to impair any rights and privileges which have been or may be acquired by any foreign nation under the laws and treaties of the United States relative to the duty on tonnage of vessels, or any other duty on vessels.
A tonnage duty of two cents per ton, not to exceed in June 26, 1884. the aggregate ten cents per ton in any one year, is hereby Sec. 36. imposed at each entry on all vessels which shall be entered in any port of the United States from any foreign port or place in North America, Central America, the West India Islands, the Bahama Islands, the Bermuda Islands, or the coast of South America bordering on the Caribbean Sea, or Newfoundland, and a duty of six cents per ton, not to exceed thirty cents per ton per annum, is hereby imposed at each entry on all vessels which shall be entered in any port of the United States from any other foreign port, not, however, to include vessels in distress or not engaged in trade.
This section shall not be construed to amend or repeal section twenty-seven hundred and ninety-two of the Revised Statutes as amended by section one of chapter two hundred and twelve of the laws of nineteen hundred and eight, approved May twenty-eighth, nineteen hundred and eight, or section five of the said chapter two hundred and twelve of the laws of nineteen hundred and eight, or section twenty-seven hundred and ninety-three of the Revised Statutes.
Section forty-two hundred and thirty-two of the Revised Statutes, and sections eleven and twelve of chapter four hundred and twenty-one of the laws of eighteen hundred and eighty-six, approved June nineteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty-six, and so much of section forty-two hundred and nineteen of the Revised Statutes as conflicts with this section, are hereby repealed. 165. Exemptions from tonnage tax.
No vessel belonging to any citizen of the United States. R. S., 4220. trading from one port within the United States to another 143562°_19_12
R. S., 4221.
port within the United States, or employed in the bank, whale, or other fisheries, shall be subject to tonnage tax or duty, if such vessel be licensed, registered or enrolled.
In cases of vessels making regular daily trips between any port of the United States and any port in the Dominion of Canada, wholly upon interior waters not navigable to the ocean, no tonnage or clearance fees shall be charged against such vessel by the officers of the United States, except upon the first clearing of such vessel in
Mar. 8, 1910.
Vessels entering otherwise than by sea from a foreign port at which tonnage or light-house dues or other equivalent tax or taxes are not imposed on vessels of the United States shall be exempt from the tonnage duty of two cents per ton, not to exceed in the aggregate ten cents per ton in any one year, prescribed by section thirty-six of the Act approved August fifth, nineteen hundred and nine, entitled “An Act to provide revenue, equalize duties, and encourage the industries of the United States, and for other purposes."
165 (a). Philippine vessels. July 1, 1916. Vessels owned by citizens of the Philippine Islands
and documented as such by the government of said islands shall hereafter be exempt in ports of the United States from payment of tonnage taxes and light dues; and the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized, upon certification by the Commissioner of Navigation, to refund, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, tonnage taxes and light dues imposed upon vessels owned and documented as aforesaid entering ports of the United States since August first, nineteen hundred and fourteen : Provided, That nothing contained herein shall be construed as exempting said vessels from any taxes or dues imposed by the government of the Philippine Islands.
166. Discriminating tonnage taxes. R. 5., 4228. Upon satisfactory proof being given to the President,
by the government of any foreign nation, that no discriminating duties of tonnage or imposts are imposed or levied in the ports of such nation upon vessels wholly belonging to citizens of the United States, or upon the produce, manufactures, or merchandise imported in the same from the United States or from any foreign country, the President may issue his proclamation, declaring that the foreign discriminating duties of tonnage and impost within the United States are suspended and discontinued, so far as respects the vessels of such foreign nation, and the produce, manufactures, or merchandise imported into the United States from such foreign nation, or from any other foreign country; the suspension to take effect from the time of such notification being given to the President, and to continue so long as the reciprocal exemption of