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CABINET OFFICERS, 5TH ADMINISTRATION 1817-1825. Secretary of State. John Quincy Adams, Mass. Secretary of the Treasury. William H. Crawford, Ga. Secretaries of War. Isaac Shelby, Ky.; J. C. Calhoun, S.C. Secretaries of the Navy. Benjamin W. Crowninshield Mass.; Smith Thompson, N. Y.; Samuel L. Southard, N. J. Postmasters-General. Return J. Meigs, Jr., Ohio; John McLean, Ohio.
Attorney-General. William Wirt, Va. NATIONAL EXPENSES AND DEBT, 5TH ADMINISTRATION.
IMPORTS AND EXPORTS, 5TH ADMINISTRATION.
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, Sixth President of the United States, was born at Braintree, Mass., on the 11th of July, 1767. His character was formed under the ennobling influ ences of a cultured home, and developed amid rare social and literary advantages. The influence of his noble mother, as well as of his father, is apparent in the development of his moral and intellectual nature.
His youthful ear heard the thunder of the cannon that shook Bunker's Hill, and his eye eagerly watched the clouds of smoke as they ascended from the burning ruins of Charlestown. In his eleventh year he accompanied his father to France, and thus had rare opportunities to acquire a knowl edge of the politics, manners and language of the people.
When he had attained his fourteenth year, he was acting as his father's secretary, and, notwithstanding his youth, was recognized as an officer in that capacity by Congress.
Returning from his foreign travels, he entered Harvard College, in 1786, and graduated the following year. He then studied law for three years, and was admitted to the bar in 1790. In 1794, he was appointed Minister to the Netherlands, and in 1797 he was honored with the appointment of Minister to Portugal, which was afterward changed to the mission to Berlin. He also served his country as Ambassador to Prussia, Russia, and England.
Washington entertained a high opinion of his diplomatic abilities, and pronounced him the ablest American Minister ever sent to a foreign Court.
He also was elected to the Senate of the United States, but resigned before the close of the Senatorial term. In 1806 he was elected to the Professorship of Rhetoric and Belles-Lettres at Harvard, and was a great favorite with the friends and students of the University. He was appointed by President Monroe to the office of Secretary of State, and served in that capacity through both terms of Monroe's administration. In the next Presidential election the suffrages of the people were divided between four candidates, neither of whom received a majority of the electoral votes, and consequently the election of a President devolved upon the House of Representatives. The members of that body in performing the duty assigned them elected John Quincy Adams as the successor of President Monroe, and he was
inaugurated March 4th, 1825. His administration was some what embarrassed by the strong party spirit that had been engendered previous to his election, and his political adher ents being in a minority could not induce Congress to adopt his recommendations.
After his retirement from the Presidency he devoted his time chiefly to literary and religious researches. It is said that he translated the Psalms into English verse, and devoted much of his time to the study of the sacred Scriptures. In 1830, he was elected to the House of Representatives, and held the position until his death, which occurred on the 21st of February, 1848. He had just risen to address the Speaker of the House when he was smitten with paralysis, and fell, exclaiming, "This is the last of earth." Thus "the old man eloquent " fell at his post, and passed to his final reward.
JOHN C. CALHOUN, Vice-President, was born at Adbe ville, S. C., March 18, 1782. Died at Washington, March 31, 1850. He was among the foremost statesmen of his time, and with him originated the "State rights doctrine."
CANDIDATES FOr President AND VICE-PREs., 6th Adm For President. | From. | For Vice-Pres. | From. | Politics. Federal,
John Q. Adams, Mass.
Andrew Jackson, Tenn.
John Calhoun S. Ca. Democrat.
W. H. Crawford, Ga.
Henry Clay, Ky.
Nathaniel Macon, Ga.
POPULAR AND ELECTORAL VOTES, 6TH ADм. Twenty-four States voting. Whole number of electors, 261.
105,321 votes; Electoral votes, 84.
John Q. Adams,
W. H. Crawford,
John C. Calhoun, 182 Electoral votes ; Nathan Sanford, 30.
Nathaniel Macon, 24
"Andrew Jackson, 13.
Henry Clay, 9 "Martin Van Buren, 2. None of the candidates received the majority of the elec. toral votes for President: the choice devolved upon the house of Representatives. Adams received the vote of 13 States, Jackson 7, and Crawford 4, John Q. Adams was therefore elected President, and John C. Calhoun Vice-President.
Important Events of 6th Administration. 1825 March 4. John Q. Adams inaugurated President. Corner Stone of Bunker Hill Monument laid by Lafayette.
1826 July 4. Death of two Ex-Presidents, John Adams and Thos, Jefferson.