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to promote the interests of real religion, or the welfare of men, This Writer, however, thinks otherwise; but while he pleads with fome spirit for these tenets, he expresses himself with candour and charity towards those who differ from him.
But after all, speculation and controversy are the bane of true piery, and whatever is valuable as to our best interests. If revelation is to be our guide, would it not be the wisdom of Christians, where that has not expressly decided, to keep to its expredions, and leave every one to his own sense upon those points which are not fully and clearly declared ? Art. 58. Candid Thoughts on the late Application of some Protestant
Diffenting Ministers to Parliament, for abolishing the Subscription required of them by the Toleration A&t. By an Orthodox Diffenter. 8vo. 6 d. Goldsmith.
The Author of these thoughts is one of those Disenters who were dissatisfied with the bill which lately passed the House of Commons for an alteration of the Toleration Ac; and he is heartily glad that it was rejected by the House of Lords. To this he is influenced by his zeal for the Trinitarian and Calvinistical Articles of the Church of England. The conduct of the diffenting committee he by no means approves; and, among other objections to it, he finds great fault with the testimonial required by the bill. He disclaims, however, all principles of intolerance, and proposes his own scheme of relief, which is as follows ;
• Let the present mode of qualification, as required by the A& of Toleracion, remain in full force, for the benefit of those who choose to distinguish themselves by their regard to the doctrinal articles of the church of England ; as also for the benefit of those who may find it difficult to obtain a certificate under the hands of three regular approved ministers, so that they may be heltered under the wings of the law,- This being done,- let there be a petition to legislature, that a clause may be added to the Toleration Act, answerable to the tenor of the prayer made for relief.'
This the Author' thinks will be doing justice to every party, and that, had it been at first adopted, it might have produced the best consequences; but whether his plan is the most eligible and practi, cable one that may be thought of, is a question which may admit of much doubt and debate. Art. 59, Remarks on the Poffcript to the Case of the Dillentin
Ministers; by Israel Mauduit ; in a Letter to that Gentleman : Being a fulf and faithful Representation of the Proceedings of those Ministers, as to the late Application to Parliament. By a firm Friend to Truth, Liberty, and Charity. 8vo. 6d. Bladon.
These remarks so entirely relate to what happened at the private meetings of the Dissenting Clergy, that it is impollible for us to form a proper judgment concerning them ; nor can the subject be interesting to the generality of our Readers. We must leave it, therefore, to persons who are better acquainted than we are with the transactions to which it refers, to determine how far the Author hath supported the great character he gives of himself, as a firm friend to truth, liberty, and charity. We cannot, however, help intimating
our suspicion, that some of his brethren will not be equally disposed to pay him so high a compliment. Art 60. Sermons on various Subjects, by the late John Far
quhar, M. A. Miniter at Nigg, carefully corrected from the Author's Manuscrip', by George Campbell, D. D. Principal of Marihall College, and Alexander Gerard, D. D. Professor of Divinity in Kings Culge, Aberdeen.
2 Vols. 55. Dilly. 1772.
After so respectable a recommendation as that which we see announced in the title-page of the posthumous discourses now before us, we have nothing to add but that we entirelý agree with the learned Editors in their opinion, that ' in these sermons a good judge will be at no lofs to discern, in the Preacher, an eminent clearness of apprehension, a correctness of talle, a lively imagination, and a delicate sensibility to all the finest feelings of which human nature is fufceptible'
wherein you take notice of an advertisement I fent to the St. James's Chronicle, respecting a Sermon of Dr. Doddridge's being inferted in Mr. Whitefield's Works; I beg leave to send you Tomre farther account of the matter:
• Before Mr. Whitefield's death I discovered the Sermon, with his name prefixed to it, and made some enquiry about it.
• It seems Mir. Whitefield had preached from Luke x. 42, on Ken· nington Common ; some booksellers imagining Dr. Doddridge's Ser. mon would fell better in Mr. Whitefields name, published it as a Sermon he had preached such a day; and Mr. Whitefield thinking that some persons would read it as the Sermon of a Churchman, who mnight not attend to it as coming from a Dissenter, connived at the fraud, and sufiered it to go in his name.
• But how Dr. ***, the Editor, or Dr. **, the Cors rector of the Press could be so ignorant as not to discover whom it belonged 10, I am üniazed, as the Sermon is so well known, and has been told in so many different shapes.
Yours, dug. 15, 1772.
A. M.' Another Letter, on the foregoing subject, has been addreffed to the Proprietor of the Review; but as the Writer (though he profeffes himself to be the Editor of Mr. Whitefield's Works) is extremely impertinent, and proceeds, likewise, on a capital mistake with regard to the Author of Art. 34, in our last Number, we hall, at present, take no farther notice of it.
When GENTLEMEN have any remarks to offer, and have discovered any mistake or oversight in our performance, they will exprefs themselves in the terms of civility; and we thall always receive their candid obfervations with refpectul acknowledgment: but petulance, and ill manners, we hall ever treat with the contempt which they de crve.
ART. I. A Tour to London ; or, new Observations on England and its
Inhabitants. By M. Grosley, F. R. S. Member of the Royal Aca-
excited to hear in what terms they are spoken of by a foreign writer, especially a writer of Mons. Grofley's eminence, who has in former publications discovered both ability and erudition, and whole observations on Italy * have recommended him to us as a respectable Author. In that work he appeared as a philosopher and a man of taste, as well as learning; yet possibly an Italian might have many and just objections against the accounts which he has given of that country. In like manner, divesting ourselves, as far as we are able, of national prejudice, we cannot but regard his remarks on England and its inhabitants, as very imperfect, and often astonishingly erroneous. We are not, however, to wonder that many mistakes Thould occur in a work of this kind.
Beside that partiality which obtains with the natives of every country in favour of those objects and customs to which they have been inured from their infancy, and which the philosopher will find it very difficult, if not impracticable, totally to eradicate : beside this, we must obferve, that Mons. Grofley did not continue in England a sufficient time to collect his materials, or form his opinions and strictures with that deliberation and precision which are requisite in order to make a fair and judicious report of the state and manners of a people. It might sometimes happen to him, as it has happened to other
Vid. Rev. vol. xli. two articles. Yol. XLVII,
strangers (especially as he was unacquainted with our language) that an accidental circumstance in any particular place or company, might be mistaken for the common course of things: and as he frequently found it necessary to apply to other persons for instruction and an explication of several particulars, the information he received might be false or misunderstood. His learning is certainly displayed in this work by several pertinent quotations and ingenious applications of many paisages from the best Latin authors, and he also discovers, as the TranNator observes, ' a knowledge of history and jurisprudence, joined to that of the ancient usages of France and England ;' but his description of the present itate of the English is in many respects greatly defective : and though he is much superior to any thing like illiberal abuse, and bestows sometimes his encomiums
upon this country and its inhabitants, even in the comparison with his own, yet there are instances in which he betrays bis national attachment and partiality.
Mons. Groley's method of distributing his materials, in these volumes, is similar to that which he used in his Observations on Italy, and we think it a very ayreeable one : he classes them under a great number of distinct heads, such as, Police, People, Public Diverfins, Houfes, Poor, Public Walks, National Pride, Commerce, &c. &c. but it is hardly to be expected that, among such a variety of divifions, fome articles fhould not occasionally interfere with others; and some of our Author's remarks will perhaps appear trifling, particularly when they relate to the common occupations of the English, and their manner of living; yet thele particulars it is natural, and nccessary, for a traveller to observe, as they are always interesting to the inhabitants of other countries.
We now proceed to lay before our Readers a few extracts from this work, with some occasional observations upon them.
Speaking of the Thames, he jully complains that fo fine a river should not be thewn to advantage, instead of attempting which, he says, human industry seems to exert itself only to destroy and conceal it. Even the bridges, he remarks (meaning those of London and Westminster) have no prospect of the river, except through a ballurade of stone, with a rail of modillions three feet high, very mafly, and faitened close to each other; the whole terminated by a very heavy cornice, and forining a pile of building about ten feet' in height. The reason, our Author says, which some align (and which he appears to credit) for this confinement of the river, 'is, the natural bent of the English, and in particular of the people of London, to suicide. However, he observes, that the architect of the new bridge at Blackfriars, has thought it adviseable to enclose it only with a single rail, and that high enough to lean upon; that is to say, he uses the same method with the Londoners, as those have recourse to with children, who think that the best method to cure them of liquorishness is, to leave comfits and sweetmeats at their difcretion. The comparison that this will give occafion to, must make the railing of the other bridges appear as ridiculous as it is in fact. If the people of London do not abuse this conveniency, perhaps the number of the drowned will not exceed that of the usual contingencies one year with another. These remarks of our Author, suppofing him serious, fufficiently expose their own abfurdity : Is there the leait probability that the confideration here mentioned had any influence in directing the form of the bridges, or the disposition of other buildings or grounds about the river? Instances of suicide, in . most nations, are indeed but too frequent : but the Writer's infinuation of its being a very common practice in England, above all other countries, is ungenerous and unjust. On what flight grounds he sometimes builds his conclusions the Reader may learn by the obfervations he makes in another part of this work respecting the same subject, viz. “ That it is impoßible to prevent this mischief, I am convinced, says he, by the shocking sight of twenty fulls, which were found in the bed of the Thames, where they were digging the foundation for the first piles of the new bridge. The architect, as they were found, ranged them in order, in a yard at the head of the bridge. He shewed me one, of a blacker hue than the rest, which was found by the labourers when they had dug ten foot under ground. To form a judgment of the whole channel of the Thames from this specimen, it should be strewed with such spoils of humanity, that is to say, with monuments of the eternal disposition of the English to suicide, even, if we place among these monuments, those of the several engagements that have been fought in the metro. polis.' How very uncandid and futile are these reflections! Since it is highly probable, as particularly appears from the state of one of the kulls here mentioned, that they had lain there a considerable number of years, and wrecks and accidents will sufficiently account for the discovery, without having recourse to any other supposition. Navigable rivers in any part of the world, on which a trade is carried on, in any degree like that which flourites on the Thames, might furnish our Traveller with many subjects for the same charge of suicide by drowning.
Under the article Comhats, we find the following passage :
"The police allows men to revenge upon the spot an insult which they have not given occasion to. I once saw in Parliament-Itreet one of the low fellows that infelt the foot-paths of that neighbourhood fall foul of a gentleman who was pafing by, give him the most opprobrious language, and even lift up his hand to strike him : the gentleman thereupon applied his cane so violently to the skull of the aggreffor that he fell to the ground infenfible, and the gentleman very quietly walked on. I was given to understand, that the infalt which he had received was entirely unprovoked, and that he would have had no prosecution to fear even if he had killed the man.'
We are often told how much more strict and regular the French police is than that of England, and this may poflibly be the case, because their form of government is of an arbitrary and