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regret the severance of party ties press his concurrence in this pro- who deeply regret that sever posal, and also in the wish that tho anco, not from any interested or House should abstain from enterpersonal motives, but because they ing upon topics likely to produce believe fidelity to party, the ex discussion. He proceeded to obistence of a great party, and the serve, that if he abstained from maintenance of a great party, to following Sir. R. Peel into the be powerful instruments of good defence of his Administration, he government. I shall surrender must not be supposed to have power, severely censured, I fear, either abandoned or retracted any by many honourable men, who, opinion which he had formerly ex. from no interested motives, have pressed upon it. The silence of adhered to the principles of pro- his friends and himself must not be tection, because they looked upon construed into any acquiescence in them as important to the welfare the commendations which the right and interests of the country. I shall honourable baronet had just passed leave a name execrated, I know, upon his own Government. He by every monopolist-(Loud cheers thought that Sir R. Peel had and laughter)—who, professing shown a proper deference to the honourable opinions, would main- House in thus bowing to its opitain protection for his own indi- nion, and that he had stated very vidual benefit. But it may be correctly that the present was not that I shall be sometimes remem an occasion on which he could probered with expressions of good- perly have recommended the diswill, in those places which are the solution of Parliament.' He was abodes of men whose lot it is to glad to hear him announce the labour and earn their daily brend principles on which he thought by the sweat of their brow ; in such that the Government of Ireland places, perhaps, my name may be ought to be conducted in future. remembered with expressions of Declining to follow him into many good-will, when they who inhabit of his other observations, he rethem recruit their exhausted marked, that he could not pass by strength with abundant and untaxed one of the topics of his speech food, the sweeter because no longer without expressing the deep plealeavened with a sense of injustice. sure which he (Lord Palmerston) (Loud and long-continued cheer- had received from Sir R. Peel's ing, during which Sir Robert announcement that the unfortunate Peel resumed his seat.) When the differences which had existed for cheering had subsided,

some time past between England Sir Robert Peel again rose, and and the United States had been said: “I have received a com- brought to a termination which munication from the noble lord was equally honourable to all parwhose services have been required ties. Sir R. Peel had well said by Her Majesty ; and I trust, in that the success of the great meaconformity with his wish, the sure just passed was not so much House will unanimously support due to the Whigs on one side of the motion I now make, namely, the House or to the Tories on that the House at its rising do ad the other, as to the talents, perjourn till Friday next. (Cheers.) severance, and eloquence of Rich

Lord Palmerston rose to ex ard Cobden. In the language

which he had used Sir R. Peel had and industry, and for which he paid a deserved compliment to his deserved as much or more credit honourable friend ; but the House than any predecessor in office. and the country would look be When this measure was properly yond that compliment, and would carried out it would confer the greatsee, in Mr. Cobden, not only a est benefits on the civilized world. great improver of our commercial Mr. Hume therefore regretted, code, but also a great result of that at this moment circumstances Parliamentary reform — that re should compel the right hon. baform, which was the source of Sirronet to resign the helm of power ; R. Peel's recent power, and which and he was sure that his retirehad enabled him, though he had ment was the source of regret and opposed it, to pride himself on a matter of sympathy with mil. having carried his present policy lions. ("Hear, hear!'') No one through the House of Commons. ever left power carrying with him

Mr. Hume congratulated Sir so much of the sympathy of the Robert Peel and the country on people. (“ Hear, hear!") He the successful termination of the would venture to say, that those free-trade struggle. He considered honourable gentlemen who were that Sir Robert had rendered such now opposed to him on this great a service to his country as would question, would before many years redound for ever to the honour of elapsed regret the course which his name.

When he came into they had taken, and would become office he found the country engaged converts to the system he advoin war ; and he was sure that no cated. (“ Hear, hear !”) He consolation would be greater to individually felt the greatest gratihim than that when he left office tude to Sir Robert Peel for the he left it at peace with all the manner in which he had carried world. He had also by his great out this great measure. measure afforded fair and ample Sir Robert Peel's motion was scope for the employment of capital then agreed to.

CHAPTER VI.

Formation of Lord John Russell's Administration-Programme of the

principal OfficesThe new Ministers vacate their seats, and are elected with scarcely any opposition-Debate in the House of Commons on the policy of the new GovernmentObservations of Mr. Evelyn Denison upon its construction-Mr. T. Duncombe urges Lord John Russell to make an explicit statement of the principles on which he is prepared to act-Speech of Lord John Russell in answer -Remarks of Mr. B. Osborne, Mr. B. Escott, Mr. Wakley, Mr. Newdegate, Mr. Ward, Mr. Horsman, and other MembersThe Sugar DutiesTemporary Bills for their continuance-Lord John Russell proposes Resolutions for a Permanent Settlement of the Question on the 20th of July-Details of his plan- Remarks of Mr. Goulburn, Lord George Bentinck, and Mr. Hume - The Debate is adjourned to the 27th of JulyOn the Motion that the House go into Committee on the Resolutions, Lord George Bentinck proposes an Amendment hostile to the Ministerial scheme-Speeches of Lord George Bentinck, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Robert Inglis, Lord Sandon, Mr. G. Berkeley, Sir J. Hogg, Sir Robert Peel, Sir T. Acland, Mr. P. Miles, Mr. Borthwick, the Marquis of Granby, Mr. Hume, Mr. Bernal, Mr. E. Denison, Mr. Barclay, Mr. Disraeli, and Lord John RussellThe Amendment is rejected by 265 to 135—Various Amendments on the Resolutions are proposed and withdraun- The Earl of Clarendon moves the First Reading of the Bill in the House of Lords - Lord Stanley moves that the Bill be read a first time that day three monthsLord Denman and Lord Brougham speak against the Bill on Anti-Slavery groundsThe Marquis of Lansdowne, Earl Grey, and other noble Lords support it, and the First Reading is carried without a DivisionThe Second Reading is opposed by the Bishop of Oxford, who moves an Amendment, which is seconded by the Bishop of London--The Marquis of Lansdowne vindicates the Measure, and the Bill is affirmed on a Division by 28 to 10.

A

FEW days after the pro- Administration was made known

ceedings in Parliament to the public. The distribution narrated in the last chapter, the of the principal offices of State construction of Lord J. Russell's was as follows: VOL. LXXXVIII.

[M]

NOT OF THE CABINET.

THE CABINET.

Government plan of proceeding Lord Chancellor-Lord Cottingham.

with business generally. President of the Council— Marquis of On the 20th he would state Lansdowne.

the Government plan with respect Lord Privy Seal—Earl of Minto.. Home Office-Sir George Grey.

to the Sugar Duties, and then Foreign Office - Viscount Palmerston. adjourn the consideration of it Colonial Office-Earl Grey.

for few days. As only a First Lord of the Treasury-Lord John fortnight would elapse from the

Russell.
Chancellor of the Exchequer-Mr. C.

20th till tho expiration of the Wood.

Sugar Duties, he should at the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster same time propose a short Bill, -Lord Campbell.

similar to the last Bill, for the Paymaster-General-Mr. Macaulay. Woods and Forests --- Viscount Morpeth. With respect to other Bills, Go

continuance of the Sugar Duties. Postmaster-General --Marquis of Clanricarde.

vernment intended to proceed Board of Trade-Earl of Clarendon. the present Session with the Board of Control-Sir John Hobhouse.

Poor Removal Bill, omitting the Chief Secretary for Ireland-Mr. Labouchere.

part respecting Union SettleAdmiralty-Earl of Auckland. iments, which would be postponed

till next Session for mature de

liberation, the Drainage Bill, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland—Earl of Irish Ejectment Bill, and the Irish Besborough.

Leases Bill. As to the other Bills Commander-in-Chief-Duke of Wel.

for the improvement of Ireland, lington. Master-General of the Ordnance

Mr. Labouchere would be prepared Marquis of Anglesey.

to give all necessary explanation.

Of the Bills in the House of Lords, The return of the Members of he hoped to see the Small Debts the new Administration for the Bill and the Religious Opinions seats which they had vacated by Bill passed into law this Session. the acceptance of office having Other Bills of less importance he taken place almost without op- hoped to be able to go on with. position, the House of Commons “ With respect to measures to met again for the despatch of be introduced, I will not give any business on the 16th of July. detailed notice at present. I will At the commencement of the only say, that looking to the imsitting Sir James Graham made provement of the waste lands of some observations relative to cer Ireland as a subject of the very tain Bills of the late Government, greatest importance, we shall enwhich had gone through some of deavour to introduce preparatory their stages. Certain of these Bills measures ; and if it be necessary he proposed to withdraw; others, to ask the aid of Parliament for among which was a Bill for amend

any measure of that kind, we shall ing the law relating to the removal be prepared to ask it in the preof the poor, he hoped would be sent Session ; but, at all events, taken up by the Government. we shall endeavour to make preLord John Russell expressed his paration for the introduction of a intention of proceeding with this general plan for the settlement of Bill immediately. He afterwards the waste lands of Ireland next made a short statement of the Session.”

new

man

Mr. Evelyn Denison expressed and to ascertain what were the his disapprobation of the arrange- principles on which his Government ment for proceeding in the present was formed, and what was the poSession with the Poor Removal Bill, licy which he intended to pursue ? and then proceeded to criticize the At present the House were so igconstruction of the Government. norant on that subject that nobody

Of the constitution of the new knew where to sit. According Government he entertained great to all former parliamentary usage, hopes—hopes of the good effects whenever .

was apwhich their measures were likely pointed Prime Minister, it was felt to produce in Ireland ; but the to be a part of his duty to explain Ministry appeared to labour under the principles on which he intended one great defect. It contained his Government to be conducted. many ents of power and If the noble lord had said that strength, but it wanted a just he would act on the principles of and adequate representation of the Earl Grey's Administration, or of landed interest; the great towns Lord Melbourne's Administration, were represented, and the lords he could have understood his were more than enough repre- meaning; but when the noble sented, and the Anti-Corn-Law lord talked of his principles and League was represented; but he his opinions, he puzzled him exlooked in vain for a powerful ceedingly. People asked to which parliamentary representation of of his opinions Lord John Russell the landed interest. It was true intended to adhere, and at what that the Cabinet contained Lord time those opinions were expressed? Lansdowne, a nobleman of large He had been told that Lord John possessions in England, and larger Russell had applied to Sir Robert still in Ireland ; there were also Peel to lend him three distinguished Lord Grey and Lord Morpeth ; Members of his Government ; and but the latter represented rather he now asked the noble lord whethe commercial interests of the ther he really had applied to his West Riding than the agricultu- great rival for that loan? He ral, and he had besides become had read in the Weekly Chronicle a subscriber to the League ; Earl an article to that effect very ably Grey's opinions were so extreme written, as every thing was that that it was difficult to classify proceeded from the pen of the him. Mr. Charles Wood, the new Secretary of the Admiralty (Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer, could Ward); but he did not give any not be considered an ally of the credit to the rumour until he had agricultural interest. He repeated, read it in The Times, which was that the landed interest were not now the Government organ, vice adequately represented in the new the Chronicle, superseded. When Government; and, if such a repre- he saw it publicly stated that sentation would be useful in ordi- the noble lord had applied to Sir nary times, it was peculiarly so at Robert Peel for the loan of these the time when the agricultural in- three distinguished gentlemen, and terest had received a rude shock. that he had been informed by Sir

Mr. Duncombe rose to repeat Robert Peel that he did not think the question which he had asked that they would join the new GoLord J. Russell on a former night, vernment from a fear of being ac

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