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rates provided in the third section of the act of eleventh August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-six, entitled “ An act to provide for carrying into effect 1856, ch. 87.
the first article of the treaty between the United States and her Majesty
the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the Ante, p. 42.
fifteenth day of June, eighteen hundred and forty-six.” Consuls-general, For salaries of consuls-general at Quebec, Calcutta, Alexandria, Simoda, consuls, &c.
Havana, Constantinople, Frankfort-on-the-Main; consuls at Liverpool,
thousand, seven hundred and fifty dollars. Interpreters in
For interpreters to the consulates in China, four thousand five hundred
dollars. Loss by ex
For estimated loss by exchange on drafts of consuls, and interpreters, change. for salary, forty-five thousand dollars.
For the preservation of the archives of the several consulates of the United States and the commercial agencies, eleven thousand nine hundred dollars.
For office rent for those consuls-general, consuls, and commercial agents, who are not allowed to trade, not to exceed ten per centum on the amount of their compensation, as fixed by the act of eighteenth August, eighteen
hundred and fifty-six, twenty-three thousand five hundred dollars. Act of 1856, ch.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the seventh section of " An 127, $ 7, respect- act to regulate the Diplomatic and Consular Systems of the United ing consular pu- States," approved eighteenth August, eighteen hundred and fifty-six be pils repealed.
and the same is hereby repealed. Ante, p. 55.
APPROVED, February 7, 1857.
Feb. 16, 1857. CHAP. XLV.-An Act making Appropriations for the Support of the Military Academy
for the Year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-eight. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be
and the same are hereby appropriated, out of any money in the treasury Appropriation. not otherwise appropriated for the support of the Military Academy, for
the year ending the thirtieth of June, eighteen hundred and fifty-eight.
For pay of officers, instructors, cadets, and musicians, ninety-one thousand one hundred and six dollars.
For commutation of subsistence, two thousand and forty-four dollars.
ments, fuel and apparatus, forage, postage, stationery, transportation, printing, clerks, miscellaneous and incidental expenses, and departments of instruction, thirty-five thousand two hundred and seventy-five dollars.
For gradual increase and expense of library, one thousand five hundred dollars.
For expenses of the board of visitors, three thousand dollars.
For forage for artillery and cavalry horses, eight thousand six hundred and forty dollars.
For supplying horses for cavalry and artillery practice, one thousand dollars.
For furniture for hospital for cadets, two hundred and fifty dollars.
For purchase of bell, and mounting the same with the clock on one of the public buildings, eight hundred dollars.
To procure the balistic apparatus for gun pendulum, five hundred dollars.
For repairs to officers' quarters, five hundred dollars.
For extension of water pipes and increase of reservoir, two thousand dollars.
For targets and batteries for artillery exercise, two hundred dollars.
For gas pipes, gasometers, and retorts, seven thousand five hundred dollars.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed at the Military Academy, in addition to the professors authorized by the existing Spanish to be
appointed. laws, a professor of Spanish, at a salary of two thousand dollars per
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the compensation of the Pay of master master of the sword be fifteen hundred dollars per annum with fuel and of the sword. quarters.
APPROVED, February 16, 1857.
CHAP. XLVI.-An Act to incorporate the Columbian Institution for the Instruction of the Feb. 16, 1857. Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind.
1858, ch. 59. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Post, p. 293. States of America in Congress assembled, That Byron Sunderland, J. C. McGuire, David A. Hall, and George W. Riggs, of Washington city, William Edes, and Judson Mitchell, of Georgetown, and Amos Kendall and William Stickney, of the county of Washington, and such persons as may hereafter be associated with them, by contributions for the instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind, are hereby created a body politic and corporate under the name of the “ Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, and the Blind,” to have perpetual succession and be capable to take, hold and enjoy lands, tenements, heredita-. General power. ments and personal property, to use a common seal, and the same to alter at pleasure: Provided, That no real or personal property shall be held by said corporation, except such as may be necessary to the maintenance and efficient management of said institution.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Institution shall be managed as provided for in its present Constitution, and such additional regulations as may from time to time be found necessary ; but as soon as sufficient contributions shall have been paid in to authorize an election according to the provisions of said Constitution, the provisional officers therein named shall give notice of a general meeting to the contributors for the election of officers, and the officers elected at such general meeting shall hold their offices for one year and until their successors shall be elected as in said Constitution provided : Provided, That said Constitution may be altered in the manner therein provided, but not in such manner as to
VOL. XI. PUB.-21
Election of officers.
violate the Constitution or any law of the United States or of the District
of Columbia. Report of per Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the sons deaf and Justices of the Peace in the several wards of the cities of Washington dumb in the District.
and Georgetown and of the county of Washington, to ascertain the names and residences of all Deaf and Dumb and Blind persons within their respective wards and districts; who of them are of a teachable age, and also who of them are in indigent circumstances, and report the same to
the President of the Institution hereby incorporated. United States SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That whenever the Secretary of to pay for main the Interior shall be satisfied by evidence produced by the President of tion of deat and the Institution hereby incorporated, that any Deaf and Dumb or Blind dumb residents person of teachable age properly belonging to this District, is in indigent of the District.
circumstances and cannot command the means to secure an education, it shall be his duty to authorize the said person to enter the said Institution for instruction, and to pay for his maintenance and tuition therein at the rate of one hundred and fifty dollars per annum, for such Deaf and Dumb pupil, and at the rate of one hundred and fifty dollars per annum for such Blind pupil, papable quarterly out of the Treasury of the United
States. Persons not res Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for said ident may be re- Institution to receive and instruct Deaf and Dumb and Blind persons ceived and instructed. from any of the States and Territories of the United States on such
terms as may be agreed upon by themselves, their parents, guardians, or
trustees, and the proper authorities of said Institution. Annual report. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the
President and directors of said Institution to report to the Secretary of the Interior the condition of said Institution on the first day of July in each year, embracing in said report the number of pupils of each description received and discharged during the preceding year, and the number remaining in the Institution ; also the branches of knowledge and industry taught and the progress made therein ; also a statement showing the receipts of the Institution and from what sources, and its disburse ments and for what objects.
APPROVED, February 16, 1857.
Feb. 17, 1857. Chap. L.-An Act for the Construction of a Wagon Road from Fort Kearney via the South
Pass of the Rocky Mountains and Great Salt Lake Valley, to the eustern Portion of the
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Appropriation States of America in Congress assembled, That the sum of three hunfor a wagon road dred thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, be and from Fort Kear, the same is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the treasury
not to .
otherwise appropriated, for the construction of a wagon road from Fort Kearney, in the Territory of Nebraska, via the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains, to the eastern boundary of the State of California near Honey Lake, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to contracts to be made by him—said road to connect with and form an extension of the road already authorized from Fort
Ridgely to the aforesaid South Pass. Also from EI SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the sum of two hundred thouPaso to Fort sand dollars, or as much thereof as may be necessary, be and the same Yuma.
is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the construction of a wagon road from El Paso, on the Rio Grande, to Fort Yuma, at the mouth of the Gila River, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to contracts to be made by him.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That a sum of fifty thousand dollars
Also from Fort Defiance to the Colorado.
be and the same is hereby appropriated out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the construction of a wagon road from Fort Defiance in the Territory of New Mexico, to the Colorado River, near the mouth of the Mohava River.
APPROVED, February 17, 1857.
CHAP. LV.-An Act to increase the Pay of the Officers of the Army.
Feb. 21, 1857. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Pay of army States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the com- officers increased. mencement of the present fiscal year, the pay of each commissioned officer of the army, including military storekeepers, shall be increased twenty dollars per month, and that the commutation price of officers' subsistence Commutation
price for rations. shall be thirty cents per ration.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of War be Additional pay authorized, on the recommendation of the council of administration, to may be extended
to chaplains at extend the additional pay herein provided to any person serving as chaplain, at any post of the army.
APPROVED, February 21, 1857.
Said coins to
Chap. LVI.-An Act relating to Foreign Coins and to the Coinage of Cents at the Mint Feb. 21, 1857.
of the United States. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the pieces commonly Spanish and known as the quarter, eighth, and sixteenth of the Spanish pillar dollar, are to be received and of the Mexican dollar, shall be receivable at the treasury of the for by United Uniteil States, and its several offices, and at the several post-offices and States. land-offices, at the rates of valuation following,—that is to say, the fourth of a dollar, or piece of two reals, at twenty cents; the eighth of a dollar, or piece of one real, at ten cents ; and the sixteenth of a dollar, or half real, at five cents.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said coins, when so received, shall not again be paid out, or put in circulation, but shall be bo recoined. recoined at the mint. And it shall be the duty of the director of the mint, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, to prescribe such regulations as may be necessary and proper, to secure their transmission to the mint for recoinage, and the return or distribution of the proceeds thereof, when deemed expedient, and to prescribe such forms of account as may be appropriate and applicable to the circumstances : Provided, That the expenses incident to such transmission or distribution, and of recoinage, shall be charged against the account of silver profit and loss, and the net profits, if any, shall be paid from time to time into the treasury of the United States.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all former acts authorizing the currency of foreign gold or silver coins, and declaring the same a legal making foreign
coins a currency tender in payment for debts, are hereby repealed; but it shall be the duty
or legal tender of the director of the mint to cause assays to be made, from time to time, repealed. of such foreign coins as may be known to our commerce, to determine Assays of fortheir average weight, fineness, and value, and to embrace in his annual eign coins to be
made, and anreport a statement of the results thereof.
nually reported. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passage of
Weight and this act, the standard weight of the cent coined at the mint shall be seventy-composition of two grains, or three twentieths of one ounce troy, with no greater devia- cerits. tion than four grains in each piece; and said cent shall be composed of eighty-eight per centum of copper and twelve per centum of nickel, of such shape and device as may be fixed by the director of the mint, with the approbation of the Secretary of the Treasury; and the coinage of the half cent shall cease.
Purchase of ma- Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the treasurer of the mint, terials therefor. under the instruction of the Secretary of the Treasury, shall, from time
to time, purchase from the bullion fund of the mint the materials necessary for the coinage of such cent piece, and transfer the same to the proper operative officers of the mint to be manufactured and returned in coin.
And the laws in force relating to the mint and the coinage of the precious extended to such metals, and in regard to the sale and distribution of the copper coins,
shall, so far as applicable, be extended to the coinage herein provided for: Provided, That the net profits of said coinage, ascertained in like manner as is prescribed in the second section of this act, shall be transferred to
the treasury of the United States. Such cents may
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful to pay out be paid out and the said cent at the mint in exchange for any of the gold and silver coins transmitted, &c.
of the United States, and also in exchange for the former copper coins issued : and it shall be lawful to transmit parcels of the said cents, from time to time, to the assistant treasurers, depositaries, and other officers of the United States, under general regulations proposed by the director of
the mint, and approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, for exchange To be paid out as aforesaid. And it shall also be lawful for the space of two years from for certain coins the passage of this act and no longer, to pay out at the mint the cents at old rate for aforesaid for the fractional parts of the dollar hereinbefore named, at
their nominal value of twenty-five, twelve-and-a-half and six-and-a1859, ch. 80, 2. quarter cents, respectively. Post, p. 422. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That hereafter the director of the of director of the mint shall make his annual report to the Secretary of the Treasury, up mint to be made to the thirtieth of June in each year, so that the same may appear in his up to June 30.
annual report to Congress on the finances.
APPROVED, February 21, 1857.
Terms of Court.
Feb. 21, 1857.
CHAP. LVII.-An Act to divide the State of Texas into two Judicial Districts.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Texas divided States of America in Congress assembled, That the State of Texas be into two judicial and the same is hereby divided into two judicial districts, in the following
manner, to wit: All the territory of the State of Texas embraced in the counties of Newton, Jasper, Jefferson, Orange, Tyler, Polk, Liberty, Galveston, Harris, Montgomery, Austin, Fort Bend, Brazoria, Colorado, Wharton, Matagorda, Lavacca, Jackson, Calhoun, Dewitt, Victoria, Goliad, Refugio, San Patricio, Nueces, Cameron, Starr, Webb, and Hidalgo, as they existed in eighteen hundred and fifty-two, shall compose one district, to be called the eastern district of Texas; and all the remaining part of the territory of the said State shall compose another district, to be called the western district of Texas.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be held in each year four terms of the district court of the eastern district of Texas, two of which terms shall be begun and held at Galveston on the first Mondays in December and May, respectively; and the other two shall be begun and held at Brownsville on the first Mondays of March and October, respectively; and four terms of the district court of the western district of Texas shall be held in each year, two of which terms shall be begun and held at Austin on the first Mondays of January and June, respectively; and the other two shall be begun and held at Tyler on the first Mondays of March and November, respectively; and the said courts are hereby authorized to hold adjourned terms when the business of the said courts shall, in the opinion of the judge or judges, require it.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all suits and proceedings of suits and process. whatever name or nature pending in the district court of Texas, at any
of the places at which terms of the said courts were enjoined to be held, and which said places may be within the eastern district of Texas, shall be