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every moment, the men in their eagerness were These sink-holes are one of the peculiar feafollowing on, but the Tenth and Twenty-eighth tures of this valley, and the town of Lewisburgh were resting from sheer exhaustion.
is built in one. Immediately in rear of the battle-field was the We arrived at the town at four o'clock, where rebel commissary building, and they had tum- the Kanawha force had already arrived. Here bled out barrels of flour and provisions, with we learned that the rebels had kept on their arms, ammunition, accoutrements, clothing, etc., fight in the direction of Sweet Springs, in Monthrown away in their flight. In a short time the roe, and after passing the Green Brier had burned horses were brought up, we mounted, and the the bridge. pursuit began, and Major Gibson, with his bat. After a night's rest, took up the march for the talion, took the lead. In a few moments we White Sulphur, the Ninety-first Ohio going with came to two broken ambulances, with their con- us as far as the ford of the river. On our march, tents lying by the roadside ; here lay Major Bai- we found two camps that were burning, and were ley, of the Twenty-second; here, some wounded ; designed for winter-quarters. One was on a hill there, some dead; a little further on, a large party beyond the town, and the other hid away in the of prisoners; a little further on, another group ; ravine alongside of the turnpike. At the river in the middle of the road, a broken wagon, and a we discovered that the rebels had destroyed five large bay horse shot in the head; and a little hundred barrels of flour that were in the mills, further on, a burning caisson, with the terrified and the empty barrels were floating in the water. rebels flying and scattering through the woods, Here the Ninety-first took the road to Union, where cavalry could not pursue them, while the in Monroe, (wonder that the rebels have not road was strewn with the débris of a terror-changed the name,) and we took the road to the stricken, routed army. It was late in the day, White Sulphur. When within four miles of the and we kept up the pursuit for ten miles, until latter place, two of the poor wounded men beafter dark, when we went into camp in a field, longing to Ewing's battery came to us. One of around a “sink-hole” that afforded water for the poor fellows had lost a leg, and came on our horses, after achieving one of the most com- crutches. They were overjoyed to meet us. We plete as well as brilliant victories of the war. arrived at the Springs at ten o'clock, and released
The rebels were commanded by General the balance of the wounded, who had been woundEchols, and the forces engaged were the Twenty- ed in the Rocky Gap battle. The White Sulsecond Virginia, Colonel Patten's regiment, who phur is a beautiful spot, but now appeared lonely commanded a brigade, Fourteenth Virginia, Eigh- and desolate, with its hotels, halls, and buildings teenth, Nineteenth, Twentieth, Edgar's battalion, closed; and I felt sad and indignant both, that Derrick's battalion, four companies partisan ran. this lovely spot had been desecrated by the foul gers, one section Jackson's' battery, Chapman's breath of treason, its beauty marred by the loathbattery, Colonel Jackson's battery of four guns, some presence of the wicked conspirators, who and the militia from part of Pocahontas and Green resorted here to concoct their plans of treachery. Brier were present. Rebel killed and wounded From here we went to our Rocky Gap battlethree hundred, and over one hundred prisoners, field of August, where we made a halt, and took seven hundred stand of small arms, three pieces a survey of the ground; and after visiting the of artillery, and one stand of colors. Our loss graves of the brave and good men who repose was two officers killed and four wounded, twenty- here, we resumed the march, and halted for the nine men killed, ninety wounded, and one missing. night at Calighan's.
In this battle, as at Rocky Gap, the rebels Next morning, as the column started, a party overshot us. The battle was fought on Friday, of bushwhackers fired into the Second. One of November sixth, and on the seventh we expected the rascals was captured. We took the road to to unite with General Duffie, and now that the Warm Springs, and a detachment of the Eighth, battle was over, we were in hopes that the Kana- under Major Slack, was sent to make a reconwha forces would intercept the fugitives at Lew- noissance in the direction of Covington. During isburgh.
the march this morning, we were startled by an Saturday morning was warm and spring-like, explosion, as if a steam-boiler or mine had burst, and we took up the line of march for Lewis- and a large volume of smoke arose. One of the burgh. After our descent from the mountains, caissons of Ewing's battery, in crossing a gully, we entered the fertile valley of the Green Brier, had exploded, providentially injuring but three which expands to a breadth similar to the She- men, but scattering the contents all around, nandoah, and the same kind of geological forma- and blowing the caisson all to atoms. The accition - Saurian limestone. In coming down the dent was occasioned by a percussion-shell being mountain, we came across the brass twelve- carelessly packed. We arrived at the Jackson pound howitzer that the rebels had cast away in River road at one o'clock, and made a halt for their flight, and all along the road was the same the detachment under Major Slack to overtake rubbish as near the battle-field. Our march was us. We marched up the valley of Jackson River, slow, for we wished to save our horses. We and after night burned a rebel camp and potash passed through the town of Frankfort, and a factory. We encamped for the night at Gateshort distance from Lewisburgh we came to the wood's, and here was plenty of corn and wheat camp of the Twenty-second, screened from view for our horses; it had been snowing during the in a grove in a "sink-hole."
day, and a cold, wintry night, but there was plenty of rails for fuel, and we slept by blazing large bottom on the river, and again found an fires.
abundant supply of corn and hay for the horses, Next morning resumed the march up the Back and the boys, believing that all such forage beCreek valley. This morning a dog ran a fine longs to “Uncle Sam," especially if claimed by buck into the water at the picket-post, which rebels, have no compunctions of conscience about they secured. We burned an extensive salt- using it. petre works, and another winter encampment of Next morning a detachment of the Eighth was the rebels. Our train was fired into by a bush-sent down the North Fork, while the balance of whacker, but he was secured after receiving a the brigade started for Petersburgh. The march broken leg. Our march led us through the settle-to-day called up the recollections of the march ment where we had been bushwhacked on our the first time under Fremont, and through this former expedition, and as we had a little account | beautiful valley almost every spot was rememto settle, we “camped" there. Here we cap- bered: the road, the camps, the church at the tured a rebel lieutenant, and the boys found quite “Tract," the burned bridge all would call forth a number of deposits of apples hid away in the some remark; for then every thing was fresh and ground. Here was abundant forage for the horses novel, and we had not become hardened. and mountain-mutton for supper, and with a soft We came through the Mill Creek Valley -a bed of hay after supper, before our “ big" fires, good, loyal neighborhood, and the homes of Capwe had a luxurious night's rest.
tain Ault's “ Swamp Rangers." We now felt Next morning, at seven o'clock, we resumed that we were among friends; and from here to the march, and when we arrived at the place New-Creek there is a large proportion of Union where the road diverges to Monterey, we de- men. stroyed another winter encampment of the rebels, We arrived at Petersburgh, and enjoyed a two and the Fourteenth Pennsylvania was sent around days' rest. by that route to meet us at the point where the This morning McNeil and White, with three Crab Bottom road strikes the South Branch, hundred guerrillas, attacked a train of ninety while the rest of the brigade continued up the wagons, which were on the way from New-Creek valley to Hightown; we arrived here at noon to Petersburgh. They killed two of the guards, and halted. This is the point where the Beverly wounded five, pillaged seven wagons and burned and Staunton road descends the Alleghanies on five, and captured two hundred horses. It was the eastern side, and this gap between the double a bold, daring act; but the train was some two inountain is the source of the two branches of miles in length, and a guard of only seventy-five the James and Potomac.
men to protect it. As soon as the General got Here is another of the splendid views to be the news, he sent the Third Virginia in pursuit, met with in the mountains, and as each season if possible to overtake them ; but the rebels had has its own peculiar beauties and charms, yet for six hours' start, and with their knowledge of the grandeur, the winter scenery of the mountains country, but a slight prospect of overtaking them. cannot be surpassed, when earth's huge billows This evening we camped on the farm of Mrs. are capped with snow, and a wilderness of moun-Williams, who has a son with McNeil, and she, tains is spread out as far as the eye can reach. with her daughters, are bitter “secesh.” But
While we were at rest, word was brought that we found corn and hay in abundance, and that there was a force of rebels in camp down Crab was what our horses needed, so we used it. Bottom, so we started expecting to surprise The morning of the seventeenth we started for them, but when we arrived, we found the Ring-New-Creek, where we arrived in the afternoon, gold cavalry and a force of infantry under Colo- and where our ears were gladdened by the music nel Thoburn of the First Virginia, and they, like of the steam-whistles on the locomotives of the us, had suspected that there was a rebel force in Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. the Gap, and if we had been rebels we would It is refreshing to hear the sounds, to see have had a warm time if we had attacked them, sights, and witness the customs of civilization, for they were wide awake and drawn up in line in contrast to the semi-barbarism of Dixie that ready to receive us. We went into camp on the we have been conversant with during our camsouth side of Franklin road.
paigns. November twelfth, resumed the march, and The results of the expedition are that we have our advance broke up a party of guerrillas who inflicted a blow upon the rebellion in West-Virwere getting ready to bushwhack Thoburn at ginia, such as it has not received before since Crab Bottom. We destroyed four hundred gal- the war begun. We have made glad the hearts lons of apple brandy at one distillery, and a bar of the Union men, who are suffering under a rel at another. We came to the saltpetre works despotism worse than that inflicted in the slavethat we had destroyed in August, and that the pens of Africa. We have liberated a number rebels had begun to repair ; this we again de- of refugees who will find their way inside of our stroyed, and a contraband told us of another up lines. We have thoroughly scouted the mouna ravine ; this was also destroyed, and a guer- tains and valleys, scattered and frightened the rilla party put to flight. This was a fine warm small bands of guerrillas, destroyed all the winday, and in the clear water of the stream we no- ter-quarters that the rebels had expected to octiced fine large trout basking in the sunshine. cupy the coming winter ; know the roads, and We passed through Franklin, and camped on a the places that they have made their haunts ;
have become acquainted with valuable facts, of The battle was joined about eleven o'clock by which we were before ignorant.
our artillery firing at the enemy's battery as it And in addition to the terrible punishment came into position. This was soon ended, as he that was inflicted on the rebels at Droop Moun. was driven away by our well-directed shots. tatn, we captured two hundred horses, three The enemy now massed his whole force on our hundred cattle, five hundred sheep, brought out left and centre, consisting of about four thousand to freedom a number of contrabands, some of cavalry under Averill, and three thousand inthem waiters at the Springs; we have created a fantry under Kelley. To oppose this force, we wholesome dread of "Averill and his Yankees," had eleven hundred, of which eight hundred and caused the country to rejoice over our bril were cavalry. For four hours we contended liant success.
against these overwhelming odds. The enemy, General Averill has proved himself to be an moving his forces beyond our left, wheeled his earnest, energetic, and skilful general.
men, and thus obtained an enfilading fire. Although we were in the saddle seventeen Just at this time, our centre, which had been days, travelled three hundred miles, and suffered much weakened to reinforce the left, was atfrom the exposure of the cold winds of the tacked by a largely superior force and pressed mountains, yet I have not heard a word of com- back. General Echols, seeing it was useless to plaint, nor was there a single case of sickness contend longer, gave orders to retreat. The enthat occurred during the march that I heard of,emy, badly cut up, made only a feeble pursuit. and our horses, on the average, are in better con- Our loss was necessarily very heavy, especially dition than when we left Beverly. IRWIN. Tin killed and wounded. Major R. A. Bailey, of
the Twenty-second Virginia regiment, was woundRICHMOND WHIG ACCOUNT.
ded (reported mortally) and captured. Of ten Richmond, November 14, 1863.
officers in three companies of this same regiment A correspondent, to whom we hope to be sim- that fought on our left, but two escaped unhurt. ilarly indebted again, has furnished us with the The Twenty-third battalion suffered severely, clearest and most satisfactory particulars of the but as reports have not been handed in, no acfight in Green Brier we have yet seen: . curate information can yet be obtained.
The line defended by the Army of Western The retreat had continued but a short time, Virginia extended from Pocahontas County to when General Echols received information that the Tennessee line. Colonel William L. Jackson, the Yankees, several thousand strong, were with a small force of cavalry and a section of marching on Lewisburgh, by the Kanawha road, artillery, occupied the extreme right at or beyond to cut him off. It was now all-important to get Mill Point, in Pocahontas County-a point about our teams and artillery by Lewisburgh and forty miles from Lewisburgh, where was station across the Green Brier River, before the new ed the First brigade, commanded by Brigadier- | force could come up. This was done, and the General Echols, and Chapman's battery, with
enemy baffled, with the loss of one wagon and two regiments of Jackson's cavalry brigade and one piece of artillery, which was abandoned betwo pieces of Jackson's battery.
cause the carriage broke down. General Echols On the night of the fourth instant, General crossed the river early on the morning of the Echols received a despatch from Colonel Johnson, seventh instant, and after resting a few hours stating that the enemy was advancing in force. I continued the march toward Union, Monroe It was determined to reënforce him at once, and County. the First brigade, with Chapman's battery, with The Yankees, no doubt, supposed we would one regiment of cavalry, (the Fourteenth Vir- be easily caught, but after marching fourteen ginia.) and the two pieces of Jackson's battery, miles, and fighting four times his own number started at once for that purpose. The Sixteenth for several hours, he retreated, bringing off his Virginia cavalry was left to scout and guard the trains and artillery. roads leading from the Kanawha Valley. The Men and horses are, of course, very much excommand reached a point about fourteen miles hausted, but in a few days all will be again ready from Lewisburgh, on the fifth instant. There it to meet the enemy. was learned that Colonel Jackson had retired: No troops ever displayed more endurance and before the superior force of the enemy, and held courage. The long list of killed and wounded a position on the top of Droop Mountain, twen- will attest how desperately they fought, and the ty-eight miles from Lewisburgh.
failure of the enemy to follow them closely, how Early on the morning of the sixth the march terribly he suffered. was resumed, and Colonel Jackson's position reached about ten A.M. The enemy were making preparations for the attack. The country
Doc. 10. was so densely covered with forests that it was impossible to ascertain the force of the enemy.
FIGHTS ON THE RAPPAHANNOCK. Our position in many respects was a very strong one, but, as the enemy could easily get in
IN THE FIELD, November 9. our rear by taking a road on our right Hank, it AFTER the fight at Bristoe we followed on was necessary to detach the Twenty-sixth bat. Lee's retreating army pretty briskly, but soon talion to blockade it.
found they had too rapidly fallen back, and had
thrown too many obstacles in our way for us to the First and Twentieth Indiana, the Third overtake them. The troops were then encamped and Fifth Michigan, and the One Hundred in a kind of semi-circle, extending from Warren- and Tenth Pennsylvania, but the brunt of the ton via Auburn, to the line of railway near Cat- fight fell on the Sharp-shooters. We captured lett's Station. On the evening of the ninth in- Colonel Cleason, of the Twelfth Virginia, who stant, a General Order indicating the line of forts was in command ; one surgeon, one major, two was issued to the corps commanders, and early captains, several lieutenants, and nearly five hunon the morning of the seventh-Saturday-the dred privates. They mostly belonged to the troops fell back into column in the following or- Twelfth Virginia, Thirteenth North-Carolina, and der: the Sixth corps moved from Warrenton to Ninth Alabama, and were skirmishers selected Rappahannock Station; the Second, Third, and from Ewell's corps. We lost in killed and woundFifth corps marched by Warrenton Junction ed about thirty-five; the enemy I should think along the line of railroad by way of Bealton, the same. As Captain Maynard, Commissary of where the First corps brought up our extreme Subsistence, was giving a drink to a wounded left. I should have stated that our cavalry was rebel, he was hit by a stray ball, and died next out some days on & reconnoissance, and had as- morning. certained that the enemy occupied the forts at This and the fight at Rappahannock Station Rappahannock Station, and were also in force to must have a disheartening and demoralizing efthe south of Kelly's Ford. From Bealton the fect on the enemy. One thing is certain : they Fifth corps continued in direct line of march to did not fight with their accustomed desperate form a junction with the Sixth, while the Second bravery, and numbers of them openly expressed and Third deployed for Kelly's Ford.
their joy at being captured. Some of the officers
even stated that the "rascals did not fight, and THE FIGHT AT KELLY'S FORD.
only wanted the opportunity of deserting us." The Third corps was in the advance, and as This tells enough for the war feeling of the South. they neared the ford, they threw out strong lines It was also certain that Lee was outmaneuvred of skirmishers and sharp-shooters. General Bir- this time, for they were taken by suprise, both at ney, who was in command of the corps, advanced Kelleyville and at Rappahannock Station. two batteries and placed Randolph on the right, Just before we attacked the forts on the north near Mount Holly Church, and the Tenth Massa- side of the river, General Lee was over with Colchusetts battery on the left. Though the enemy onel Godwin, who was in command, and gave shelled us all the time while our batteries were him his instructions. He had the pleasure of getting into position, still we suffered very little. seeing from the other side his troops captured, Our position now was a strong one. A range of without the possibility of assisting them. high hills rises abruptly along the north side of the river, their wooded crest, and the little brick
THE FIGHT AT RAPPAHANNOCK STATION. church peeping out of the foliage giving them a The Rappahannock Station is protected by serpicturesque appearance. At their base runs the eral strong forts. On the north side is a strong Rappahannock, while a little way up on the south fort, two redoubts, and several rifle-pits. These side of the river are the mill and extensive con- were protected by a force of nearly two thousand cerns of Mr. Kelly, whose son is now enjoying men, and a battery of guns, in command of Col. free quarters in the Old Capitol.
onel Godwin, of the Fifty-fourth North-Carolina. Our battery now occupied a sweeping range They were part of Ewell's corps, Early's diviof the extensive plateau on the south side. Un- sion. It was about three o'clock when the head der shelter of the guns, which were vomiting of the column neared the station. A heavy line forth shot and shell on them and forcing them of skirmishers and sharp-shooters was thrown out back from the river, the working parties advanc- to cover the advance of our batteries. There is ed to lay the pontoons. The First division, com- a commanding position to the rear of the forts, manded by General Ward, was now massed, and and here Martin's and the First reserve artillery the Third brigade ordered to lead the attack. of heavy guns got into position and opened on They were commanded by Colonel de Trobriand, the foe. Just before dark the storming parties-native of Britanny, France, who has displayed the Russell's and Upton's brigades, led by General chivalrous daring of his race. The pontoons Russell in person-were formed. The Fifth were now laid, the enemy's guns were silenced, corps were now advancing on the centre, and and the attacking party rapidly advanced across threw out the Fifth division in support of the the bridge. The First United States Sharp-shoot- Sixth corps, and in order to take up a position ers, known as Berdan's Sharp-shooters, led by lower down the river, so as to cover the advance Lieutenant-Colonel Trappe, were in front. Hav- and cut off the enemy's retreat that way. ing gained the opposite bank, the Sharp-shooters, The batteries now opened fiercely and despearmed with Sharpe's rifles, deployed and charged rately on one another. Shot and shell flew like the enemy's rifle-pits, and after a brisk fire of hail across the river, sweeping through the forts musketry, the enemy, finding themselves sur- on both sides. The storming party, comprising rounded on all sides, threw down their arms and the Sixth Maine, the Fifth Wisconsin, and the surrendered.
Fourteenth New-York, now rushed on the forts, Our regiments engaged were the First United while a strong party took possession of the ponStates Sharp-shooters, the Fortieth New-York, I toon, thus cutting off the enemy's retreat and their
VOL. VIII.--Doc. 11
chance of succor. Our troops dashed into the than double the men that my own front presentpits and forts on every side, and one of the fierc-ed, but so sudden and unexpected was our moveest hand-to-hand conflicts of the war commenced. ment upon them, that the enemy seemed paraThe troops poured one fierce volley along the lyzed. After disarming them, by a rapid moveforts. The assailants actually grasped the bay- ment to the right, we succeeded in capturing onets of the defenders. As friend and foe were nearly the whole force in the pits, who were then promiscuously mingled together, the batteries on ignorant of the fate of those on the left. During both sides ceased, and the ringing cheers and the entire charge, my regiment did not fire a gun, shouts and death-groans rung above the sound carrying all at the point of the bayonet, and the of musketry. Men grappled one another in their following are the captures made by this regiment death-struggles-some fighting with their clubbed alone: muskets, others with their fists.
| One thousand two hundred prisoners, one thouThis fierce and savage conflict continued for sand two hundred small arms, one caisson, and about twenty minutes, but our supports were four stands of colors. Of the prisoners, there pouring in from every side, and the enemy, find were over one hundred commissioned officers, ing longer resistance useless, surrendered. One including five colonels, one lieutenant-colonel, wild cheer, one wild huzza, informed General and one major. Lee that we were successful, and in a few minutes. The enemy's force consisted of the First Louthe Stripes and Stars floated above the trampled isiana brigade, and a North-Carolina brigade, palmetto. Our victory was decisive, and no fewer comprising the Sixth, Seventh, and Fifty-fourth than four colonels-two of them commanding regiments. The First Louisiana brigade (most of brigades-one hundred and thirty-two officers, which fell into the hands of my regiment) was and fifteen hundred men fell into our hands, be the first command ever assigned to the late Gensides four guns, four caissons, and eight battle- eral “Stonewall” Jackson. We occupied the forflags. Lee availed himself of the darkness of the tifications during the night, advancing to near night to effect his escape.
Brandy Station yesterday. The affair was a
complete and glorious victory. REPORT OF COLONEL EDWARDS
It affords me the greatest pleasure to report HEADQUARTERS FIFTH MAINE REGIMENT ! the unwavering bravery of every officer and man November 9, 1863.
in my command, each vying with the other in GENERAL: I have the honor respectfully to the execution of various deeds—none flinching, give the following account of the late movement but pressing forward with a determined will to of this regiment:
win. Where all so nobly did their whole duty, On the morning of the seventh instant, I re- it is difficult to discriminate between them. ceived orders to move my regiment from its for- The colors captured by this regiment were mer encampment near Warrenton, in company from the following regiments, and taken by the with the corps; accordingly we took up our line officers and men whose names I take great satisof march toward the Rappahannock Station, on faction in reporting: the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. After Eighth Louisiana, captured by Lieutenant A. marching nearly fifteen miles, we discovered the S. Lyon, commanding company K. enemy occupying a strong position near the Sta- | Sixth North-Carolina, captured by James Lit. tion, intrenched within redoubts and rifle-pits. tlefield, company I. At three o'clock p.M., the Twenty-First New | Seventh North-Carolina, captured by Corporal York volunteers and my regiment were ordered | T. P. Blondell, company D. forward to the front, in line of battle. Being Fifty-fourth North Carolina, captured by Corupon an open plain, with scarcely any protection, poral T. Shackford, company A. the advance was slow and cautious. During The loss in my regiment in this engagement this advance the enemy made but little demon- was seven killed and twenty-eight wounded. stration upon us, except an occasional shell or I am, General, very respectfully, your obedi. shot. Approaching within about five hundred ent servant,
C. S. EDWARDS, yards of the enemy's rifle-pits, we were ordered
Colonel Commanding Fifth Maine Volunteers. to lie down at a point where the crest or small
Brigadier-General J. L. Hopston, elevation of ground afforded us a little protection, Adjutant-General State of Maine. which position we held until nearly seven o'clock
BOSTON JOURNAL ACCOUNT. p.m., when I received orders to move my regiment
HEADQUARTERS TurRD BRIGADE, FIRST DIVISION, I forward. The line of battle was Fifth Maine vol
Sixth Corps, November --, 1563. unteers on the right, and Twenty-First New- You may welcome a detailed account of the York volunteers on the left, the line consisting recent action at Rappahanock Ford, in which of about five hundred and fifty muskets. nder several New England regiments took a most cover of the night, we approached to within twen- prominent and glorious part. ty-five yards of the enemy in his pits, when I This brigade is composed of the Fifth Wiscongave the order to “charge." At this moment sin, commanded by Colonel T. S. Allen; the Sixth we received a terrific volley from the enemy's in- Maine, Lieutenant-Colonel B. F. Harris; the Fortyfantry, and the next, our boys had sprung into ninth Pennsylvania, Lieutenant-Colonel T. M. Hulthe rifle-pits, sweeping every thing before them. ings, and the One Hundred and Nineteenth PennThese intrenchments were occupied by more sylvania, Colonel P. C. Ellmaker-all volunteer