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ish from distress : for it would not be in my

The Burning Mountain. power even to scrawl a suppliant petition for

As is generally known, there is a vein of relief, having been obliged to employ the hand of another in transcribing the request which coal located above water level in the Broad I have now the honor to prefer to you.

Mountain, about seven miles from this bor

ough, and near Heckshersville, which for Condescend, sirs, to make my parents sen

twenty-one years has been on fire. The vein, sible of the injustice of an exclusive tenderness,

which contains excellent white-ash coal, is and of the necessity of distributing their care

some forty feet in thickness. The origin of and affection among all their children equally.

the fire is attributed to a couple of miners, I am, with profound respect, Sirs,

who, having some work to perform in the Your obedient servant,

drift in the depth of winter, built a fire THE LEFT HAND.

they being cold — in the gangway. The

flames destroying the prop timbers, were carFor the Schoolmaster.

ried by a strong current rapidly along the Two Ways of Telling the Same Story.

passage, and the fire communicated to the

coal. All subsequent efforts to extinguish it „ Jack and Gill went up the hill

were ineffectual. The men were cut off from To draw a pail of water; Jack fell down and broke his crown

escape, and were undoubtedly suffocated to

death. Their remains were never found. A And Gill came tumbling after.”

few days since we ascended the mountain at Two adventurous lads, one named Jack and the spot of the fire, and were much interested the other Gill, ascended a steep acclivity in in examining the effect of the fire upon the obedience to the request of their dear mother, surface. The course of it is from west to east, taking with them an important kitchen uten- and where the vein is nearest the surface, the sil, that they might bring from the pure foun

ground is, for the space of several hundred tain on the hill-top some of the sparkling wa- feet, sunken into deep pits, and while the But one of the lads had the misfortune

exhibit evidence of having been exposto so far lose the control of his understanding led to the action of intense heat, every vestige as to be precipitated headlong from the sum- of vegetation has been blasted. It is a desert mit. Sad to relate, he fractured in his fall the track in the midst of smiling fertility. The parietal bone of his cranium. His affectionate ground in some places was almost too warm brother was so overcome with fright at wit- for the hand to rest upon, while steam from nessing this sad catastrophe, that he also lost water heated by the internal fire, rose from both his self possession and his centre of

every pore. The fire has evidently extended gravity, and went down with various revolu- for several hundred yards from the place it tions and bewildering circumvolutions, in

originated, and finds vent and air to continue great speed, even against the fence at the bot- its progress, at the pits to which we have altom of the hill.

luded. A score of years has passed, but still it [A friend suggests that Gill was a girl, but burns, and will burn until further fuel is deof this we are in doubt. Perhaps some nied the devouring element. Thousands of of our readers, who have determined how tons of coal have undoubtedly been consumed, many children John Rogers, the martyr, had and thousands of tons may yet feed the fire «can decide this question.]

before it is checked. — Miners' (Pa.) Journai.




EDITOR'S DEPARTMENT. and the Woonasquetucket, which stand like a

compact line of industrial fortifications along The Physical and the Industrial Limits of the Blackstone, with Providence and Worcester Rhode Island.

at the extremeties, and which are grouped at

Fall River, and at Taunton and its vicinity. The As the study of Geography advances the at- vessels have been unladen and laden at Newport, tention of the student is directed less to the ar- Fall River, Taunton, Bristol, Warren, Provitificial and changing boundaries which separate dence, Pawtucket, Pawtuxet, Greenwich, Wickstate from state, and more to those physical pe- ford, and half a dozen other ports. culiarities which bind certain sections of territo.

Considered in another light, the industrial ry together, and determine their natural limits.

boundaries of Rhode Island appear even more Viewed in this light, Rhode Island, though extended. By means of her numerous railways more contracted in respect to her political bound- radiating into the surrounding states, a large ary than any other state of the union, swells to amount of business is drawn towards the seavery respectable dimensions, and embraces a ports of Providence and Fall River, while a region probably the most industrious in the New means of carriage is furnished for such delicate World.

articles of manufacture as jewelry and silver ware, If the straight line, which connects Point Ju- of which no small amount is produced. How dith and Seakonnet Rocks, be taken as the south- much more pleasing is the contemplation of such ern limit of the Narraganset Bay and River Sys

a beautiful industrial system, occupying a portem, we shall gain a true idea of the natural ex- tion of territory bounded by natural liinits, than tent of Rhode Island by following the shores of a little state bounded by siraight lines, and northward from those points, exploring every possessing half a bay and half a river ! little bay, and tracing every tributary stream to its very source. We shall find Mt. Hope Bay

Class Day at Brown University. and its rivers extending far into Bristol county and Plymouth county, in Massachusetts, while

It is a time-honored custom in many Amerithe Blackstone and its branches permeate the

can colleges for the senior class to observe a day, greater part of Worcester county, the heart of

near the close of their collegiate course, for class that commonwealth.

festivities. These seasons are, usually, very inBut though such be the natural limits of Rhode teresting and fraught with pleasing memories. Island, or the Narraganset System, it would be a To be elected class orator or class poet, on such fact of little importance were its physical capa- an occasion, is considered the highest honor bitities for manufactures and commerce still un- which the class can bestow. developed. How different is the case however !

Such a day was observed in this city, June 20th, Vumerous ports stud the whole margin of the by the class of '58.” navigable waters, while countless villages fill the

The literary exercises were held in Manning river valleys. If we take up our station at the Hall, which was filled with a highly intelligent ocean gateway of this great industrial system of and appreciating audience. After prayer by Rev. ports and villages, we shall behold hundreds of Dr. Sears, J. Henry Gilmore, the president of ressels entering, laden with cotton, wool, iron, the class, in a few sententious and pertinent recopper, sugar, and many other raw materials, marks, introduced Mr. Samuel T. Harris as class and anon we shall see them returning bearing orator. cotton and woolen cloths, manufactured iron and When the applause attending his appearance copper, and refined sugar. The cotton fabrics had ceased, the young orator commenced his have been woven in not less than two hundred oration, and for nearly an hour held his hearers mills, which crowd the valleys of the Pawtuxet,'in rapt attention. He announced as his subject,

The American Scholar's Relation to the Gov- * Sebastopol has yielded to a SONG," ornment." The theme was admirably suited to

was pictured with true poetic power. the occasion, being alike literary and practical,

The poet showed that his "power of songwas and was discussed throughout in a dignified and sufficient at least to enable him to thrill and scholarly manner. It evinced vigor and origin-charm his audience. He was, moreover, particality of thought combined with elegance and ularly fortunate in rendering his language and beauty of expression. The arguments by which his delivery appropriate to the character of the he inculcated loyalty to government, enforced thought which he wished to present, and whethand illustrated, as they were, by examples of

er invoking Erato or his own humbler "swallow" eminent men and scholars in ancient and in muse, seemed to throw his whole soul into the modern times, were truly philosophical ; while work. He is evidently a favorite with the imthe influences which the science of government mortal Nine. and a participation in its administration, exert

These exercises, so creditable to the speakers, upon the true patriot scholar-in developing all

were no less creditable to the instructors under his mental faculties and in securing to his liter whose guidance they were trained and fitted for ary productions permanent value — were por such exhibitions of literary attainment. trayed with great practical directness.

The afternoon was devoted to social reunions, The general delivery of the orator is graceful and in the evening the class partook of a supper, and manly, but his voice requires practice to ren

at which toast and song went round till past the der it more flexible and to secure to it greater hour when spectered ghosts are said to stalk the compass of modulation. His style, though some earth in fiendish gambols and warm their shadwhat involved and complicated, from the use of

owy forms in the midnight glare. long periodic sentences, is quite ornate. Flow

Belonging, however, to the fossil remains of ers culled from every literature, and similes bor

an earlier period we are compelled to speak of rowed from different sciences, are mingled in this part of the festivities only from report. such lavish profusion as to render his periods,

Since penning the above we have been informin the language of Milton,

ed that the oration and poem are to be printed “ Dark with excessive bright.”

by the class, that they may have the pleasure We have been informed that he intends to en- of a private perusal. ter into public life; if this be true, we bespeak for himn eminent success, and only wish that

The NATIONAL TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION will more of our educated young men, guided by sim- hold its Second Annual Meeting at Cincinnati, ilar principles, would pursue the same course, on the 11th, 12th and 13th of August, 1858. and thus impart anew to our legislative assem

The American Association for the Advancement blies, both state and national, something of that of Education will hold its Eighth Annual MeetRoman dignity which they formerly possessed. ing in November, 1858, at Albany, New York. After the oration was delivered, the class poet,

The Twenty-Eighth Annual Meeting of the Mr. John M. Hay, pronounced a very neat and American Institute of Instruction will be held at spicy poem on the “ Power of Song.It was Norwich, Conn., on the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th both sober and mirthful, abounding in well sus- of August, 1858. The introductory address will tained flights of impassioned verse and in racy be delivered by Rev. Barnas Sears, D. D., Presjokes and sparkling witticisms. The storming ident of Brown University. Addresses will also of the Malakoff — the alternate advancing and be given by Professor Foster, of Union College, retreating of the Franks, with such dreadful Schenectady, N. Y. ; Mr. Valentine, of Brookhavoc, for three successive times, till at length lyn, N. Y.; Rev.Mr. Gulliver,of Norwich, Conn.; they rise to victory, to the strains of Mar- Benj. W. Putnum, Esq., Master of the Quincy seillaise, and

School, Boston, and others,

C. B. G.

Norwich possesses unusual advantages for such School,” and we are sure any pedagogue, or a meeting. It is very convenient of access, be- "pedagogogus," or little school urchin, or one ing located on the great thoroughfare bətween who has been such will recognize the picture. New England and New York. Its hotel accom

The Ilome, a fireside monthly, published by modations are ample and of the best description. Beadle & Adams, Buffalo, N. Y. $1.50 per year. It is famous for the wealth and liberality of its The July number commences the sixth volume, citizens, and in beauty and variety of scenery it and is beautified by a delicate steel plate. It is is unsurpassed by any city in New England. a rich number. The article entitled “Napoleon The Free Academy will be an object of attrac- Bonaparte a Mythe,” is very ingenious and intion to educators. It is the finest educational

teresting. building in New England. Some of the Gram

The Ladies' Repository, devoted to Literature inar and Primary Schools are of the highest or- and Religion. Cincinnati, Ohio. Rev. D. W. der.

Clark, D. D., Editor. $2.00 per annumn. We Persons passing over the Boston and Worcester consider this one of the most substantial and and the Norwich and Worcester — and we hope valuable of all our religious journals. It is, beother — railroads to attend the meeting will re-sides, exceedingly attractive. The present numceive free return tickets.

ber has two fine steel plates, which we admire.

The Monthlies for July.

CORRECTIOX.-In “ The Deserted Mansion,”

in the June number, the last line of the first We wish we had space to notice, as they de

stanza readsserve, our monthly exchanges. Our notices must necessarily be brief, and our friends and

“ Within these ancient walls !” cotemporaries must take the will for the deed.

It was writtenThe Atlantic Monthly, which now confessedly

“ Within these ancient ruined halls !” stands at the head of the list, is the best decid. In the report of the “Annual Exhibition of edly the best-number yet issued, and when we the Providence High School," the valedictory is say that there is nothing more that could be said. reported to have been by Henry S. Latham, Jr., The Happy Home, an excellent religious mag

of the Classical Department. It should read azine for the parlor and the fireside, with steel English Department. and colored engravings. Published by C. Stone & Co., Boston.

JAMES L. STOxE.—The English and Classical Godey's Lady's Book, a capital number. Beau- Sciool which has just been opened in Foxboro tiful steel and colored engravings, wood cuts, under the charge of Mr. James L. Stone, as patterns, &c., &c. We do not see how the ingen- Principal, and N. G. Bonney as first Assistant, uity of men could make this journal more at- has, we understand, met with fine success. On tractive. This number begins a new volume. the second week of the term sixty-three scholars Arthur's Lady's Home Magazine commences a

were connected with the institution, of whom new volume with the July number, and comes

about one-third pursue the study of Latin. out with a new dress. This is an excellent issue, full of interesting matter for the ladies. They

THE WAY OF LIFE ; A religious weekly newssay the engravings, pattern plates, &c., are very paper, "advocating the interests of Young Mens' useful.

Christian Associations, and the interests of Peterson's Ladies' Magazine slso begins a new Evangelical Christianity — world wide. New volume, and has a steel engraving alone worth York. $1.50 per year, in advance. F. D. Stead, the price of the number. It is “The Village agent, Providence.


It thus becomes evident that so long as the

sum of the forces A and B is insufficient to overAnswers to Questions for Solution in the throw the mill, the introduction of the conspirFebruary Number.

ing force C, by stopping the arms, should be

avoided. 1. If in time of a gale the sails of a wind- 2. A man born on the twenty-ninth of Febmill be set facing the wind, the mill will be in rury, 1796 had but one return of his birth-day less danger of being overthrown with the arms for twelve years, that is before 1898. He had no revolving than at rest.

birth-day in 1890, for although the number Suppose the wind to be blowing from the south which expresses that year is divisible by four, it it will strike the mill itself in the same manner, is not divisible by four hundred, as must be the whether the arms be revolving or not, and will case, in order that a year completing a century tend to throw it over towards the north with may have the intercalated day. some force A. That portion of the wind which

3. Twilight and Dawn are longest at the sumstrikes the sails undergoes two resolutions. First,

mer solstice, and shortest at a period a little beit is resolved into one component, which, being fore the vernal equinox, and at another a little parallel with the surface of the sail, is lost, and after the autumnal equinox. At the time of the another, which strikes the sails at right angles. winter solstice they are longer than at any other This second is again resolved into one compo- period between the autumnal equinox and the nent, which lies parallel to the axis of rotation, vernal, but not so long as at the summer solstice. and another which lies in a plane at right angles

As we travel towards the north the length of to it. The first component of the second resolu- twilight and dawn increases, until we arrive at a tion is represented by B, and acts in the same point where there is no interval between them direction as the force A, tending along with it during the night. As we travel towards the to overthrow the mill. The second component south their length diminishes, until we reach the is the effective force of rotation, and has no ef- equatorial regions where it is shortest. At the fect on the stability of the mill so long as the time of the equinoxes the point is exactly on the arms are free to move. But if the shaft be equator. Between the vernal equinox and the clamped in any manner, and be strong enough autumnal it is a little south of the equator, and to resist the torsion, it is obvious that the mill between the autumnal and the vernal a little will itself tend to revolve around it in an east north of it. and west plane, in the same manner as a grind- To understand the causes of these facts we stone is turned by a fixed shaft passing through must conceive of two parallel planes extending it. Since, however, the base of the mill presents indefinitely into space, one the plane of the horia resistance to this revolution on account of fric-zon, the other the plane below the horizon, which tion, or some other cause, there will arise a tend-forms the lower limit of twilight. It is evident ency to a progressive rolling motion, precisely that the distance between these two planes may similar to that which the crank of a locomotive be considered fixed, since it is at all times, and produces in the driving-wheel, by means of its in every latitude determined by an arc of eighfriction with the rail. This tendency will be ei- teen degrees measured on a great circle having ther towards the east or the west, according to its center in the horizon plane, and passing the arrangement of the sails, and may be repre- through the zenith. The variation in the length sented by C acting towards the east. Although of twilight at any given period in different latithis force C may not itself overthrow the mill, it tudes depends on the different inclination of the will yet conspire with the force of A+B to pro- diurnal circles to the horizon, and on the posiduce a resultant D acting in a north-easterly di- tion of their centers, as being either above, berection, which may be sufficient to effect it.

tween, or below the two above-mentioned planes.

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