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until properly exchanged, and all arms, am- impressions of the writing were made. munition, and supplies to be delivered up as wrote very rapidly, and did not pause until he captured property.
had finished the sentence ending with “ofLee nodded an assent, and said :
ficers appointed by me to receive them." Then “ Those are about the conditions which I he looked towards Lee, and his eyes seemed to expected would be proposed.”
be resting on the handsome sword which hung
at that officer's side. He said afterwards that this set him to thinking that it would be an unnecessary humiliation to require the officers to surrender their swords, and a great hardship to deprive them of their personal baggage and horses, and after a short pause he wrote the sentence: “This will not embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage.” When he had finished the letter he called Colonel (afterwards General) Parker, one of the military secretaries on the staff, to his side and looked it over with him and directed him as they went along to interline six or seven words and to strike out the word “their," which had been repeated. When this had been done, he hand
ed the book to General General Grant then continued:
Lee and asked him to read over the letter. It “Yes, I think our correspondence indica- was as follows: ted pretty clearly the action that would be taken at our meeting; and I hope it may lead
“ APPOMATTOX Court HOUSE, VIRGINIA, to a general suspension of hostilities and be the
“ April 9th, 1865. means of preventing any further loss of life.”
“GENERAL R. E. LEE, Commanding C. S. A.
“GENERAL: In accordance with the substance of my Lee inclined his head as indicating his ac- letter to you of the 8th inst., I propose to receive the surcord with this wish, and General Grant then render of the Army of Northern Virginia on the followwent on to talk at some length in a very pleas- ing terms, to wit: Rolls of all the officers and men to be ant vein about the prospects of peace. Lee was
made in duplicate, one copy to be given to an officer to
be designated by me, the other to be retained by such evidently anxious to proceed to thę formal officer or officers as you may designate. The officers work of the surrender, and he brought the sub- to give their individual paroles not to take up arms ject up again by saying :
against the Government of the United States, until pro“I presume, General Grant, we have both perly [exchanged], and each company or regimental
commander to sign a like parole for the men of their carefully considered the proper steps to be commands. The arms, artillery, and public property taken, and I would suggest that you commit to be parked, and stacked, and turned over to the offito writing the terms you have proposed, so
cers appointed by me to receive them. This will not that they may be formally acted upon."
embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private
horses or baggage. This done, each officer and man “Very well,” replied General Grant, “ I will be allowed to return to his home, not to be diswill write them out.” And calling for his mani- turbed by the United States authorities so long as they fold order-book, he opened it on the table be observe their paroles, and the laws in force where they fore him and proceeded to write the terms.
“Very respectfully, The leaves had been so prepared that three
“U. S. GRANT, LIEUT.-GENERAL."
Lee took it and laid it on the table beside doubtless the condition mentioned to which him, while he drew from his pocket a pair of he particularly alluded when he looked tosteel-rimmed spectacles and wiped the glasses wards General Grant as he finished reading carefully with his handkerchief. Then he crossed and said with some degree of warmth in his his legs, adjusted the spectacles very slowly manner : “ This will have a very happy effect and deliberately, took up the draft of the letter, upon my army." and proceeded to read it attentively. It con- General Grant then said : “ Unless you have sisted of two pages. When he reached the top some suggestions to make in regard to the form line of the second page, he looked up, and said in which I have stated the terms, I will have to General Grant: "After the words“ until prop- a copy of the letter made in ink and sign it.” erly,' the word exchanged' seems to be omit- “ There is one thing I would like to mented. You doubtless intended to use that word.” tion,” Lee replied after a short pause. “The
“Why, yes," said Grant; “I thought I had cavalrymen and artillerists own their own put in the word . exchanged.'
horses in our army. Its organization in this “I presumed it had been omitted inadver- respect differs from that of the United States.” tently," continued Lee, and with your per- This expression attracted the notice of our mission I will mark where it should be inserted.” officers pre nt, as showing how firmly the “Certainly," Grant replied.
conviction was grounded in his mind that we Lee felt in his pocket as if searching for a were two distinct countries. He continued : pencil, but did not seem to be able to find “I would like to understand whether these one. Seeing this and happening to be stand- men will be permitted to retain their horses ? " ing close to him, I handed him my pencil. “ You will find that the terms as written do He took it, and laying the paper on the table not allow this,” General Grant replied; “only noted the interlineation. During the rest of the officers are permitted to take their private the interview he kept twirling this pencil in property.” his fingers and occasionally tapping the top Lee read over the second page of the letof the table with it. When he handed it back ter again, and then said: it was carefully treasured by me as a memento “No, I see the terms do not allow it; that of the occasion. When Lee came to the sen- is clear." His face showed plainly that he tence about the officers' side-arms, private was quite anxious to have this concession horses and baggage, he showed for the first made, and Grant said very promptly and withtime during the reading of the letter a slight out giving Lee time to make a direct request: change of countenance, and was evidently “Well, the subject is quite new to me. Of touched by this act of generosity. It was course I did not know that any private sol
diers owned their animals, but I think this the paper, it was found we had the only supwill be the last battle of the war -- I sincerely ply of that important ingredient in the recipe
hope so — and that the surrender of this army for surrendering an army, so we gave a few will be followed soon by that of all the others, pages to the colonel. The letter when comand I take it that most of the men in the pleted read as follows: ranks are small farmers, and as the country
“HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN has been so raided by the two armies, it is
“VIRGINIA, April 9th, 1865. doubtful whether they will be able to put in a “GENERAL: I received your letter of this date concrop to carry themselves and their families taining the terms of the surrender of the Army of through the next winter without the aid of substantially the same as those expressed in your let,
Northern Virginia as proposed by you. As they are the horses they are now riding, and I will ar- ter of the 8th inst., they are accepted. I will proceed range it in this way. I will not change the to designate the proper officers to carry the stipula
R. E. LEE, GENERAL. terms as now written, but I will instruct the offi- tions into effect.
“ LIEUT.-GEN. U. S. GRANT." cers I shall appoint to receive the paroles to let all the men who claim to own a horse or mule While the letters were being copied, Gentake the animals home with them to work their eral Grant introduced the general officers who little farms.” (This expression has been quoted had entered, and each member of the staff, to in various forms and has been the subject of General Lee. The general shook hands with some dispute. I give the exact words used.) General Seth Williams, who had been his ad
Lee now looked greatly relieved, and though jutant when Lee was superintendent at West anything but a demonstrative man, he gave Point, some years before the war, and gave every evidence of his appreciation of this con- his hand to some of the other officers who had cession, and said, “ This will have the best extended theirs, but to most of those who were possible effect upon the men. It will be very introduced he merely bowed in a dignified and gratifying and will do much towards conciliat- formal manner. He did not exhibit the slighting our people.” He handed the draft of the est change of features during this ceremony terms back to General Grant, who called Col- until Colonel Parker of our staff was presented onel Bowers of the staff to him and directed to him. Parker was a full-blooded Indian, him to make a copy in ink. Bowers was a lit- and the reigning Chief of the Six Nations. tle nervous, and he turned the matter over to When General Lee saw his swarthy features Colonel (afterwards General) Parker, whose he looked at him with an evident stare of surhandwriting presented a better appearance prise, and his eyes rested on him for several than that of any one else on the staff. Parker seconds. What was passing in his mind probsat down to write at the table which stood ably no one ever knew, but the natural suragainst the rear side of the room. Wilbur mise was that he at first mistook Parker for a McLean's domestic resources in the way of ink negro, and was struck with astonishment to now became the subject of a searching inves- find that the commander of the Union armies tigation, but it was found that the contents of had one of that race on his personal staff. the conical-shaped stoneware inkstand which Lee did not utter a word while the introhe produced appeared to be participating in ductions were going on,except to Seth Williams, the general breaking up and had disappeared. with whom he talked quite cordially. Williams Colonel Marshall now came to the rescue, and at one time referred in rather jocose a manner pulled out of his pocket a small box-wood ink- to a circumstance which occurred during their stand, which was put at Parker's service, so former service together, as if he wanted to say that, after all, we had to fall back upon the re- something in a good-natured way to break up sources of the enemy in furnishing the stage the frigidity of the conversation, but Lee was “properties” for the final scene in the mem- in no mood for pleasantries, and he did not unorable military drama.
bend, or even relax the fixed sternness of his Lee in the mean time had directed Colonel features. His only response to the allusion was Marshall to draw up for his signature a letter a slight inclination of the head. General Lee of acceptance of the terms of surrender. Col- now took the initiative again in leading the cononel Marshall wrote out a draft of such a let- versation back into business channels. He said: ter, making it quite formal, beginning with “I “ I have a thousand or more of your men have the honor to reply to your communica- as prisoners, General Grant, a number of them tion, etc.” General Lee took it, and after read- officers whom we have required to march along ing it over very carefully, directed that these with us for several days. I shall be glad to formal expressions be stricken out and that the send them into your lines as soon as it can be letter be otherwise shortened. He afterwards arranged, for I have no provisions for them. went over it again and seemed to change some I have, indeed, nothing for my own men. They words, and then told the colonel to make a have been living for the last few days princifinal copy in ink. When it came to providing pally upon parched corn, and we are badly in
GENERAL LEE'S RETURN TO HIS LINES AFTER THE SURRENDER - THE LAST APPEARANCE AMONG HIS TROOPS.
(DRAWN BY W. L. SHEPPARD.) In his “Memoirs of Robert E. Lee" (J. M. Stoddart & Co.), rode slowly along the lines hundreds of his devoted veterans General A. L. Long says of this scene: “When, after his inter pressed around the noble chief, trying to take his hand, touch his view with Grant, General Lee again appeared, a shout of welcome person, or even lay a hand upon his horse, thus exhibiting for instinctively ran through the army. But instantly recollecting him their great affection. The general then, with head bare and the sad occasion that brought him before them, their shouts tears flowing freely down his manly cheeks, bade adieu to the sank into silence, every hat was raised, and the bronzed faces of army. In a few words he told the brave men who had been so the thousands of grim warriors were bathed with tears. As he true in arms to return to their homes and become worthy citizens."
need of both rations and forage. I telegraphed from all the data that could be obtained, and to Lynchburg, directing several train loads of judging it to be about 25,000 at this time, he rations to be sent on by rail from there, and said: when they arrive I should be glad to have the “Suppose I send over 25,000 rations, do present wants of my men supplied from them." you think that will be a sufficient supply ?”
At this remark, all eyes turned towards “I think it will be ample,” remarked Lee, and Sheridan, for he had captured these trains with added, with considerable earnestness of manhis cavalry the night before, near Appomattox ner," and it will be a great relief, I assure you." Station. General Grant replied:
General Grant now turned to his chief com“ I should like to have our men sent within missary, Colonel (afterwards General) Morgan, our lines as soon as possible. I will take steps who was present, and directed him to arrange at once to have your army supplied with ra- for issuing the rations. The number of men tions, but I am sorry we have no forage for the surrendered was over 28,000. As to General animals. We have had to depend upon the coun- Grant's supplies, he had ordered the army on try for our supply of forage. Of about how many starting out to carry twelve days' rations. This men does your present force consist ? was the twelfth and last day of the campaign.
“ Indeed, I am not able to say,” Lee an- General Grant's eye now fell upon Lee's swered after a slight pause. My losses in sword again, and it seemed to remind him killed and wounded have been exceedingly of the absence of his own, and, by way of exheavy, and, besides, there have been many planation, he said to Lee: stragglers and some deserters. All my reports "" I started out from my camp several days ago and public papers, and, indeed, my own pri- without my sword, and as I have not seen my vate letters, had to be destroyed on the march, headquarters baggage since, I have been riding to prevent them from falling into the hands of about without any side-arms. I have generally your people. Many companies are entirely worn a sword, however, as little as possible, only without officers, and I have not seen any re. during the actual operations of a campaign.” turns for several days; so that I have no means “I am in the habit of wearing mine most of ascertaining our present strength."
of the time,” remarked Lee ;“ I wear it invariGeneral Grant had taken great pains to have ably when I am among my troops, moving a daily estimate made of the enemy's forces about through the army.
General Sheridan now stepped up to Gen- war is over, the rebels are our countrymen eral Lee and said that when he discovered again, and the best sign of rejoicing after the some of the Confederate troops in motion victory will be to abstain from all demonstraduring the morning, which seemed to be à tions in the field.” violation of the truce, he had sent him (Lee) Mr. McLean had been charging about in a couple of notes protesting against this act, a manner which indicated that the excitement and as he had not had time to copy them he was shaking his system to its nervous center, would like to have them long enough to make but his real trials did not begin until the decopies. Lee took the notes out of the breast- parture of the chief actors in the surrender. pocket of his coat and handed them to Sheri- Then the relic-hunters charged down upon dan with a few words expressive of regret that the manor-house and made various attempts the circumstance had occurred, and intimat- to jump Mr. McLean's claims to his own furing that it must have been the result of some niture. Sheridan set a good example, however, misunderstanding.
by paying the proprietor twenty dollars in After a little general conversation had been gold for the table at which Lee sat for the indulged in by those present, the two letters purpose of presenting it to Mrs. Custer, and were signed and delivered, and the parties handed it over to her dashing husband, who prepared to separate. Lee before parting asked started off for camp bearing it upon his shoulGrant to notify Meade of the surrender, fear- der, and looking like Atlas carrying the ing that fighting might break out on that front world. Ord paid forty dollars for the table at and lives be uselessly lost. This request was which Grant sat, and afterwards presented it complied with, and two Union officers were to Mrs. Grant, who modestly declined it and sent through the enemy's lines as the shortest insisted that it should be given to Mrs. Ord, route to Meade, some of Lee's officers ac- who then became its possessor. Bargains were companying them to prevent their being in- at once struck for all the articles in the room, terfered with. At a little before 4 o'clock, Gen- and it is even said that som mementos were eral Lee shook hands with General Grant, carried off in the shape of flowers and other bowed to the other officers, and with Colonel things for which no coin of the realm was Marshall left the room. One after another we ever exchanged. followed and passed out to the porch. Lee Before General Grant had proceeded far signaled to his orderly to bring up his horse, towards camp, he was reminded that he had and while the animal was being bridled the not yet announced the important event to the general stood on the lowest step and gazed Government. He dismounted by the roadside, sadly in the direction of the valley beyond sat down on a large stone, and called for pencil where his army lay - now an army of prisoners. and paper. Colonel (afterwards General) BaHe smote his hands together a number of deau handed his order-book to the general, times in an absent sort of a way; seemed not who wrote on one of the leaves the following to see the group of Union officers in the yard message, a copy of which was sent to the nearwho rose respectfully at his approach, and est telegraph station. It was dated 4:30 P. M. appeared unconscious of everything about
Hox. E. M. STANTON, SECRETARY OF WAR, WASHhim. All appreciated the sadness which overwhelmed him, and he had the personal sym- “ General Lee surrendered the Army of Northern pathy of every one who beheld him at this Virginia this afternoon on terms proposed by myself. supreme moment of trial. The approach of The accompanying additional correspondence will show
the conditions fully. his horse seemed to recall him from his reverie
“Ú. S. GRANT, LIEUT.-GENERAL.” and he at once mounted. General Grant now stepped down from the porch, and moving Upon reaching camp he seated himself in towards him, saluted him by raising his hat. front of his tent, and we all gathered around He was followed in this act of courtesy by all him, curious to hear what his first comments our officers present; Lee raised his hat respect would be upon the crowning event of his life. fully in acknowledgment, and rode off to break But our expectations were doomed to disapthe sad news to the brave fellows whom he pointment, for he appeared to have already had so long commanded.
dismissed the whole subject from his mind, and General Grant and his staff then mounted turning to General Ingalls, his first words were: and started for the headquarters camp, which“Ingalls, do you remember that old white mule in the mean time had been pitched near by. that so-and-so used to ride when we were in The news of the surrender had reached the the city of Mexico ?” “ Why, perfectly,” said Union lines and the firing of salutes began at Ingalls, who was just then in a mood to reseveral points, but the general sent orders at member the exact number of hairs in the mule's once to have them stopped, and used these tail if it would have helped to make matters words in referring to the occurrence: The agreeable. And then the general-in-chief