Imágenes de páginas

Here they

pp. 464.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.—Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
Vol. I.
BOSTON, JULY 15, 1824.

No. 7.

latitudes in which the voyage was to be The winter here was not over so as to

prosecuted, and all measures adopted which permit their departure until the first day of Journal of a Second Voyage for the Dis- might tend to hasten the successful termi- July, 1822 ; being later by several weeks

nation of the adventure. The instructions than the same season at Melville Island, covery of a North-west Passage from furnished to Capt. Parry were explicit and though Melville Island lies rather more the Atlantic to the Pacific ; performed in minute, directing him to consider the dis- than eight degrees north of Winter Island, the years 1821-22-23, in His Majesty's covery of the North-west Passage to the and though the mean corrected temperaships Fury and Hecla, under the orders Pacific as the main object that he was to ture of the two winters was, at Melville of Captain William Edward, Parry, pursue, to which all other discoveries were Island, 24° below zero, and at Winter IslŘ. N., F. R. S.

, and Commander of the to be held subordinate; and that the ascer- and only 11.7° below zero. Expedition. New York. 1824.


taining of the northern boundary of America were visited by a tribe of Esquimaux, and

was the next. He was further instructed to obtained from them some valuable geographThe name of Captain Parry must be fa- give his unremitting attention to observa- ical information. They learned that the miliar to most of our readers; his account tions with regard to the magnetic influence, coast, after running northward a short disof his first voyage was extensively circulat- and to the natural history, geography, &c. tance, turned short round to the westward ed, and his singular fitness to command of the countries which he might discover, and afterwards to the south-south-west, so such an expedition excited strong hopes as being also objects of very high import- as to come within three or four days' jourthat the voyage, the account of which is ance, with respect to which any information ney of Repulse Bay. The Esquimaux now before us, would result in the complete must prove valuable and interesting to further told them, that from the hills on discovery of the long sought-for North-science.

this westerly coast nothing was to be seen

This was conCapt. Parry left England on the 8th of but one wide extended sea. west passage. The expedition failed in this and in almost every other object of those May, 1821, reached the entrance of Hud-firmed by the recollections of some of the who planned it, evidently from no fault of son's Straits on the 18th of June follow- officers who had ascended the hills forming the commander or want of cooperation with ing, passed through the Frozen Strait of the boundary of Repulse Bay, and who had him of those under his command. The ac- Middleton, between Southampton Island seen a large sheet of water in the distance, count which he has published exhibits the and the continent, in the month of July; which they had supposed to be a lake. same modesty in the writer, the same per-coasted completely round Repulse Bay, as- From other Esquimaux, with whom they fect good sense, sound judgment, and de- certaining that it had no opening to the met in the course of their next summer's cision of character in the man, which were westward, and in the attempt to double the navigation, they learned the existence of a so obvious in his narrative of his first and cape, which forms the porth-east boundary strait tending nearly west, along the line more flattering expedition. We say more of that bay, was stopped by the commence- of coast which had been drawn by their flattering, inasmuch as it seemed to open a ment of winter at an island, called by him winter friends. This strait they discoverway direct to Behring's Straits, and left Winter Island, on the 7th of October, 1821. ed and called the “Fury and Hecla Strait;" small doubts in the minds of those best The review of what had been performed but the summer was too short and inclemqualified to judge, that the passage would thus far, we shall give in Capt. Parry's own ent to permit them to proceed far. They be feasible, if the north-eastern point words,

were stopped on the 29th of August, 1822, of this continent could be reached. It

In reviewing the events of this our first season of by an impassable barrier of ice of the forwas supposed, as Capt. Parry had conclu- navigation, and considering what progress we bad mer winter, stretching from shore to shore. sively shown that the northern coast of made towards the attainment of our main object, it The rest of the season they spent in anxAmerica lay several degrees to the south was impossible, however trifling, that progress ious watchings for this ice to open ; in indeof Lancaster Sound; as he had made great considerable satisfaction. Small as our actual ad-fatigable but vain efforts to discover a more progress up that sound; and as the only vance had been towards Behring's Strait, the ex- southerly and freer passage; in repeated obstacle to his further progress there, was tent of coast newly discovered and minutely ex- and close investigations of the course of the ice; that in the lower latitude on the plored in pursuit of our object, in the course of the the currents in the strait; and in journeys continental coast, not only

would the summer Jast eight weeks, amounted to more than two hun. over the rugged hills to look for the polar be longer allowing more time for navigation, continent of North America. This service, notdred half

This they did in fact discover,-unbut so much warmer as thoroughly to melt withstanding our constant exposure to the risks less Capt. Parry was unaccountably deceivthe ice, and allow a clear passage along the which intricate, shoal, and unknown channels, aed,—and doubted not that the strait which coast. This supposition was strengthened sea loaded with ice, and a rapid

tide concurred in they had entered communicated with it, and by the knowledge, that Hearne and M?Ken- presenting, had providentially been effected with that they were indeed upon the northern zie had both seen the northern ocean at and men; and we had now once more met with

to the ships,

coast of America, There was a continual different points, and both described it as an tolerable' security for the ensuing winter, when current setting out from under the ice, and open sea, entirely clear of ice.

obliged to relinquish further operations for the the masses which broke off from time to This last voyage was begun with the season. Above all, however, i derived the most time were carried rapidly to the eastward most favourable auspices; every thing,

sincere satisfaction from a conviction of hav. by this current, and never returned. The which the experience of the former had ing left non parte dof the coast from Repulse Bay winter commenced upon the 20th of Sep

in of doubt as to shown to be desirable to increase the com- with the continent. And as the mainland now in tember, and they were firmly enclosed in fort of the officers and men, was supplied sight from the hills extended do farther to the east- ice for ten months; another tribe of Esquiwith unbounded liberality, every precau- ward than about a N. N. E. bearing, we ventured to maux wintered near them, and attending tion taken to ensure the safety of the ships, indulge a sanguine hope of our being very near the to the wants and partaking of the labours all instruments furnished which might be north-eastem

boundary of America, and that the and sports of these people furnished them

early of the next ased in making scientific observations upon ploying our best efforts in pushing along its northem

with ample amusement. Lhe various natural phenomena of the high shores.

Capt. Parry, with the perseverance which 13


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marks his character, determined to send , looked as high as possible, in Baffin's Bay, their mothers, and the dogs, except the female ones, home his consort, and pursue his research- if not on the coast of East Greenland. The which were indulged with a part of the beds, slunk es with one ship only during the ensuing yoyage which Capt. Parry has just begun gut past us in dismay. The construction of this season, and for that purpose removed to his is destined to enter Barrows Straits, the outer apartment, being a dome formed by separate

inbabited part of the huts was similar to that of the own ship all the provisions which could be most northerly western opening from Baf- blocks of snow, laid with great regularity

and no spared from the other; but in the month of fin's Bay.

small art, each being cut into the shape requisite to July, 1823, the scurvy appeared among The scientific observations which were form a substantial arch, from seven to eight feet both officers and crew; and he was reluct- made during this second voyage, are re- high in the centre, and having no support whatever, antly compelled to return to England, served for a separate publication, with the shall not here further describe the peculiarities of

but what this principle of building supplied. I where he arrived on the 18th of the follow- exception of a few incidental remarks, prin- these curious edifices, remarking only that a cheering September.

cipally geological and botanical, and occa- ful and sufficient light was admitted to them by a Though firmly persuaded that the Strait sional notices of irregularities in the com- circular window of ice neatly fitted into the roof of the Fury and Hecla communicates di- passes, and of meteorological appearances.

of each apartment. rectly with the Northern Ocean, Capt. No general deductions can be drawn from The mercury was now ranging from 18 Parry believes that it will seldom or never these insulated facts; the only one of which to 26 degrees below zero, and so used were be navigable. We think this opinion abun- that struck us as being of importance, is, that the Esquimaux to this excess of cold, that dantly justified by the reasons which he as the aurora borealis exerts no sensible influ- it was actually necessary to their comfort. signs. He says that a westerly currentence upon an electrometer or upon the Afterwards, when the weather became a along the northern coast of America, has magnetic needle.

little milder, though the difference was not been observed by the Russian navigators The most interesting part of this work to perceptible on board the ships, they suffered and by Capt. Franklin, that this current general readers, is undoubtedly the account from the change. forces the ice to the western mouth of the of the intercourse between the voyagers

On this account they began to make fresh alterastrait, and bars up its entrance. He ex- and the Esquimaux. Of this singular peo- tions in these curious dwelling-places, either by presses however a confident hope of ulti- ple few particulars have been hitherto building the former apartments iwo or three feet mate success, and thinks the most advisa- known; few, at least, were known with higher, or adding others that they might be less ble point at which next to attempt to force exactness and certainty. Differing essen- crowded. In building a higher hut, they construct an entrance into the Polar sea, is Prince tially in appearance, character, and hab- it over, and, as it were, concentric with the old one, Regent's Inlet, discovered in his former its, "from the other aboriginal inhabit- which is then removed from within. It is curious

to consider, that, in all these alterations, the object voyage. He is now gone upon another ex- ants of America, and strictly confined in kept in view was coolness, and this in houses formpedition with this object in view; and we their location, by causes which it is difficult ed of snow ! cordially wish him success, though, we con- to understand, to the northern Arctic refess, without very sanguine hopes. We gions, or their immediate vicinity, they that when water was given the Esquimaux

It is afterwards observed in the Journal, think that the land north of the continent serve to illustrate most strongly the power to drink, they cooled it with ice to the of America approaches much nearer to the which man's physical nature can exert, in pole than has been hitherto believed, and accomodating itself to all circumstances and freezing point before it became palatable. that the space lying north-west of Melville conditions of existence. Exposed, during They eat ravenously whatever meat they Island, the farthest point attained by Capt. a large portion of the year, to an intensity can get, and seem to regard cooking as qui te Parry in his former voyage, is filled up by of cold, and surrounded by a wintry desola- ed eight or ten pounds of solid meat in a

a superfluous labour. Many of them devourlarge islands intersected by straits, some tion, which our seasons scarcely help us to wider, some narrower, of 'which perhaps imagine, they have their own comforts, and day; one Esquimaux patient, in the hospi

tal which the English established, complainfew if any are so wide as is Lancaster enjoy them so highly, that they feel the Sound at its western entrance, or so likely greatest compassion for the more southern ed bitterly of starvation, when he could to be free from the ice brought into these nations who want them. But we will de- get only about seven pounds of meat in outlets by the ascertained currents of the scribe them in Capt. Parry's words. While twenty four hours. Capt. Parry took the Polar Sea. It would occupy too long a the vessels were fixed in the ice at Winter pains to weigh and measure what one of

them consumed. space, were we to give all our reasons for Island, it was reported to Parry that some this opinion; but that on which we lay huts appeared to be erected a short dis

Lest it should be thought that this account is ermost stress, is the greater coldness of the tance from the ships. He went immediate- aggerated, I may bere state that, as a matter of cu

riosity, we one day tried how mnch a lad scarcely climate, than that of Asia and Europe in ly to visit them.

grown, would, if freely supplied, consume in the same parallels of latitude. It is a well

When it is remembered that these babitations this way. The undermentioned articles were known fact, that the sea coasts of all coun- were fully within sight of the ships, and how many weighed before being given to him; he was twenty tries are warmer than the interior in the eyes were continually on the look out among us, hours in getting through them, and certainly did same degrees of latitude; land lying in high for any thing that could afford variety or interest in not consider the quantity extraordinary. latitudes, either north or south, exerts a our present situation, our surprise may in some de

Sea-horse flesh, hard frozen . ..4 4 sensible influence upon the climate of con-gree be imagined at finding an establishment of five huts, with canoes, sledges, dogs, and above sixty

Ditto, tiguous countries lying nearer the equator. men, women, and children, as regularly, and, to all Bread and bread dust.

1 12 Thus the existence of a continent near the appearance as permanently fixed, as if they had south pole was suspected long before its occupied the same spot for the whole winter. If

Total of solids . . . 10 4 discovery, from the fact, that the tempera- the first view of the exterior of this little village The fluids were in fair proportion, viz. ture of the southern hemisphere was lower was such as to create astonishment, that feeling was in no small degree heightened, on accepting the

Rich gravy soup

1 1-4 pint. than that of the northern at the same dis-invitation soon given us, to enter these extraordin

Raw Spirits

3 wine-glasses. tance from the equator. Thus the winters ary houses, in the construction of which we ob

1 tumbler.

Water are longer, it seems, at Winter Island than served that not a single material was used but snow

1 gallon 1 pint. at Melville Island, and the difference of the and ice. After creeping through two low passages, They were selfish and ungrateful, but mean temperature much less than the dif- having each its arched door-way, we came to a not ferocions, and could easily be hired to

the ference of latitude would have led one to perfect arched dome. From this, three door-ways, do all in their power. Some of them er. expect. We lay less stress on the quanti- also arched, and of larger dimensions than the out-hibited considerable intelligence-especialty of ice, which could not have been pro- er onės, led into as many inhabited apartments, one ly a woman named Migliuk, wbom the atten. duced in an open sea, because it may be on each side, and the other facing us as we enter. tions of the voyagers entirely spoilt. With said, that the westerly current might bring ed. The interior of these presented a scene no the many evil traits of character which

. it from the eastern coast of Asia. So far, seated on the beds at the sides of the huts, each they were perpetually displaying, some therefore, from expecting to find a passage having her little fire place or lamp, with all her do- good ones were intermingled. The followfrom Hudson's Bay, we should rather have mestic utensils about her; the children crept behind ng extract may be interesting.

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lbs. oz.


4 4

Strong grog


I had always entertained great objection to tak- the sledge, till, by means of laying the whip gently amusing, yield to none published anywhere. ing any such individual from his home, on the over each dog's head, he has made them all lie This is throwing down the gauntlet, to be doubtful chance of benefiting himself, or of his do- down. He then takes care not to quit his position; sure; but we shall not pursue the battle ing any service to the public as an interpreter. so, that

should the dogs set off

, he is thrown upon until we take it up; for we do not in the My scruples on this head had hitherto been confin- the sledge, instead of being left behind by them. ed to the consideration due to the individual him- With heavy loads the dogs draw best with

one of least intend to make an odious comparison self, and to the relatives he leaves behind. In our their own people, especially a woman, walking a between our papers and those of any other present case, however, not the smallest public ad- little way ahead ; and in this case they are some nation, under pretence of reviewing Mr vantage could be derived from it; for it had long times enticed to mend their pace by holding a mit. Buckingham's Miscellanies. All we have ago become evident that we should soon know ten to the mouth, and then making a motion of cut: to do just now, is to show how peculiarly more of the Esquimaux language than any of them ting it with a knife, and throwing it on the snow, were likely to learn of English in any reasonable when the dogs mistaking it for meat, hasten for- useful his book may be bere, on the ground period of time. I was, therefore, far from desiring ward to pick

it up. The women also entice them that a far greater proportion of the best of to receive from Toolooak an answer in the affirm- from the hut in a similar manner. The rate at the national intellect and learning goes to ative, when I to-day plainly put the question to which they travel, depends, of course, on the weight the conducting and supplying of our newshim, whether he would go with me to kablaona they have to draw, and the road on which their noona (European country). Never was a more journey is performed.

When the latter is level and papers, than can be expected to go forth to decisive negative given than Toolooak gave to this very hard and smooth, constituting what in other the public in the same way in any other proposal. He eagerly repeated the word Na-o parts of North America is called "good sleighing," country. (No) half a dozen times, and then told me that if he six or seven dogs will draw from eight to ten hun- There are very few in our land who are went away his father would cry. This simple but dred weight, at the rate of seven of eight miles an by profession scholars ; few whose business irresistible appeal to parental affection, his decisive hour for several hours together, and will easily un, it is to make books, and avowedly and sysmanner of making it, and the feelings by which his der those circumstances perform a journey of fifty reply was evidently dictated, were just what could or sixty miles a day; on untrodden snow, five-and- | tematically to earn their means of subsisthave been wished. No more could be necessary twenty or thirty miles would be a good day's jour-ence by literary labour. Still we have our to convince those who witnessed it, that these peo- ney. The same number of well-fed dogs, with a fair proportion of men of original talent, and ple may justly lay equal claim with ourselves to weight of only five or six hundred

pounds (that of even of literary skill and accomplishments. these common feelings of our nature; and having the sledge included), are almost unmanageable, and But they are employed in the various proonce satisfied myself of this, I determined never will , on a smooth road, run any way they please, sessions of active life; our most

practised again to excite in Toolooak's mind another disa- at the rate of ten miles an hour. The work pergreeable sensation, by talking to him on this sub-formed by a greater number of dogs, is, however, by writers as well as our ripest scholars, are, ject.

no means in proportion to this; owing to the im- with few exceptions, to be found among The dogs used by the Esquimaux, are perfect mode already described of employing the our lawyers, our clergymen, and physicians. made by them to supply very satisfactorily strength of these sturdy creatures, and to the more But the zeal of rivalry, and the crowdthe vant of those animals which in other frequent snarling and fighting occasioned by an in- \ing of competitors, have not as yet produc

crease of numbers. countries are used for burthen or draught.

ed such a division of labour in the business

We had marked many more passages for of those whose labour is chiefly mentalThe surgeon of the Hecla dissected one of them, and found that they were wolves in insertion, some of

which, at least,

might they have not yet, in this country, so.impea domesticated state, as the vertebræ, both have given both a more just, and a more

fa- riously demanded of the professional aspirin number and structure,

corresponded ex. vourable impression of the book than those ant, a real and hearty abandonment of eveactly with the peculiar anatomy of the which we have extracted. But we must

ry thing which does not directly promise wolf. They are, however, a little smaller forbear from further quotation, assuring our him professional success, as to permit than the wild wolves which abound in those readers, that whether they do or do not feel either law, or physic, or theology, to exert regions, though very similar in appearance. regions, or in the practicability of forcing which, when pursued with no regard to

an interest in the geography of the Arctic upon the mind that contractile influence, In directing the sledge the whip acts no very essential part, the driver for this purpose using cer

a passage through the polar sea, they will collateral and more expansive studies, each tain words, as the carters do with us, to make the find this an interesting and instructive work of them almost must exert.

There are, dogs tum more to the right or left. To these a

therefore, in this great body, many who good leader attends with admirable precision, especially if his own name be repeated at the same Miscellanies selected from the Public Jour- and elegance of mind which would make

have not only the power, but the range time, looking behind over his shoulder with great nals. Published by Joseph T. Bucking them eminent as professed scholars. Such earnestness, as if listening to the directions of the driver. On a beaten track, or even where a single

ham. 2 vols. 12mo. Boston, 1822-24.

men are seldom disposed to hide their light; foot or sledge-mark is occasionally discernible, The design of this work is excellent; and he who thinks with peculiar acuteness, orithere is not the slightest trouble in guiding the dogs; is peculiarly adapted to the literary and in- ginality, or accuracy, is sure to know it, for even in the darkest night and in the heaviest tellectual condition of this country. The and almost sure to be willing that others snow-drift, there is little or no danger of their losing the road, the leader keeping his nose near the author, or rather compiler, proposes to se- should know it. The newspapers offer him ground, and directing the rest with wonderful sa. lect from our newspapers their most inter- ready opportunities; and they are often, if gacity. Where, however, there is no beaten track, esting articles, of prose or poetry, of fancy not generally, the best he can have ; bethe best driver among them makes a terribly cir- or fact, of serious or whimsical character; cause in this country there are, comparacuitous course, as all the Esquimaux roads plainly and thus rescue from the fate to which they tively speaking, but few of those weighty show; these generally occupying an extent of six miles, when with a horse and sledge the journey are borne along by the ephemeral matters journals of literature, science, and the arts, would scarcely have amounted to live. On rough about them, all such productions as have a which in Europe exist in such numbers and ground, as among hummocks of ice, the sledge permanent interest or use, and thereby de- variety, as to absorb the talent and knowlwould be frequently overturned, or altogether stop serve the security of a permanent form. edge which are here put forth in aid of the ped, if the driver did not repeatedly get off, and by This plan would be a good one, wherever newspapers. lifting or drawing it to one side, steer it clear of those accidents. At all times, indeed, except on a there are good newspapers; of course, it is It is obvious, that this state of things has smooth and well made road, he is pretty constantly particularly good here, seeing that our within it a tendency to increase. Papers, employed thus with his feet, which, together with newspapers are about the best things we by receiving valuable communications, are his never-ceasing vociferations, and frequent use of have. Doubtless, among the myriads which made both more worthy and more likely to the whip, renders the driving of one of these vehicles by no means a pleasant or easy task. When are perpetually poured forth from our pub- receive them; gentlemen, eminent for inthe driver wishes to stop the sledge, he calls out | lic presses, there are some as bad as ever tellectual power or culture, or both, find it 4 Wo, woa,” exactly as our carters do, but the at- were published, or as the wit of man could a fitting and profitable employment, to edit tention paid to this command depends altogether on easily devise. But, on the other hand, we them. In this country there are papers, his ability to enforce it. If the weight is small and have also some, which, in respect of literary common newspapers,-conducted by men the journey homeward, the dogs are not to be thus talent and skill, of original and acute specu- most distinguished as men of talent and of delayed; the driver is therefore obliged to dig his lations in politics, or even in science or the letters; and this we believe to be a fact heels into the snow to obstruct their progress; and having thus succeeded in stopping them, he stands arts, and in all the departments of litera- without example elsewhere. In other up with one leg before the foremost cross-piece of ture which are generally interesting or countries, newspapers possess neither the


power nor the value which they have here; Where Ruin makes his empire known, are continually issuing from the press, in as a means of political excitement, as an In Autumn's yellow vesture drest: this book-making age, works of elementainstrument for effecting the purposes of a

The sprightly bird, whose carol sweet,

ry instruction, adapted to the wants and

Broke on the breath of early day; party, or as an opportunity for displaying

The Summer flowers she lov'd to greet;

capacities of our children, are not neglectthe talents and extending the reputation of The bird, the flowers, oh, where are they! ed; and of these, the elements of English a writer, they fall two or three degrees be

grammar have received their full share of low the rank which they hold here; of

attention. Yearly, and we should not haz

Yet, yet, the radiance is not gone, course, men distinguished for genius or

ard much in saying monthly, are new com

Which shed a richness o'er the scene, learning, do not there conduct or supply Which emiled upon the golden dawn

pilations offered to our notice. Some, leanthe pages of a newspaper, because they can When skies were brilliant and serene- ing for support on the authority of an esfind other work equally profitable, and more Oh! still a melancholy smile

tablished name, profess to publish an abridgreputable.

Gleams upon Nature's aspect fair, ment of Murray's Grammar, with improve

To charm the eye a little while We regard the publication of these two

ments; others, with more confidence, are

Ere Ruin spreads his mantle there ! volumes in the light of an experiment; and

willing to rely on themselves, and with no

Thou desolate and dying year! as they certainly merit, we hope they will

other names than their own and the pub

Since time entwined thy vernal wreath, receive a sufficient patronage to induce a

lisher's standing in capitals on the title

How often Love hath shed the tear, regular periodical publication, that shall

page, venture their book forth upon the

And knelt beside the bed of death : preserve for aftertimes, all those articles in

How many hearts, that lightly sprung mercy of the criticising world. our newspapers, which are most worthy of When Joy was blooming but to die,

We trust we shall not be understood to preservation. Such a work would be very

Their finest chords by death unstrung, mean that all the recent publications on the useful, and we cannot doubt that it would

Have yielded life's expiring sigh.

grammar of our language are equally worthbe successful, if the selections were made And pillowed low beneath the clay,

less. We have at least an earnest in favour with suitable taste and judgment.

Have ceased to melt, to breathe, to burn, of the book, now under notice, in the repu

The proud, the gentle, and the gay, The principal fault we should find in the

tation which the author has acquired as an

Gathered unto the mouldering urnvolumes now before us, is one which most

Whilst freshly flowed the frequent tear

instructer of youth in the city of New of our readers may think no fault at all. For love bereft, affection fled,

York, and in the fact that many very reThe compiler would, we think, have added For all that were our blessings here,

spectable teachers of that city have already to the real value of his books, had he aimed The loved, the lost, the sainted dead! adopted it to the exclusision of the grammars less exclusively at selecting elegant or Thou desolate and dying year!

heretofore used in their schools. amusing compositions, and such as interest The musing spirit finds in thee

We regard Murray's octavo Grammar by the relation of extraordinary facts. We Lessons impressive and severe,

as established and admitted by the general would suggest to him, if he be induced to Of deep and stern morality;

assent of literary men to be a standard

Thou teachest how the germ of youth, publish more volumes of this kind, to insert

work on this subject; and we take pleasure

Which blooms in being's dawning day, the most valuable of the essays or specula

in knowing that this gentleman, though

Planted by Nature, reared by Truth,, tions upon subjects connected with politics, Withers like thee in dark decay.

resident in England, is not only by birth, statistics, or public economy, which are oc

but by education and feeling, an American, casionally to be found in our newspapers.

and that our country can enrol bis name

We will make one more extract; from Unless we deceive ourselves, there are

among those of her distinguished sons. We the Newburyport Herald. many such ; and also many addresses, ar

regard this as a standard book, not because guments, &c., which, if not thus secured,


we do not think it susceptible of great imwould be lost with the short-lived reposito- Come mariner, down in the deep with me, provement, but because we have as yet ries that first contain them. There are al- And hide thee under the wave;

seen nothing in print, which we believed to inost no pieces in these volumes which can For I have a bed of coral for thee,

be a very essential improvement on his sysbe considered worthless; but there is a vast And quiet and sound shall thy slumber be,


We shall take some other opportuIn a cell in the Mermaid's cave. difference between the best and the worst

nity to express our views more fully on this of them. We know not, however, that it On a pillow of pearl thine eye shall sleep, subject; at present we would only notice would have been expedient to lessen the The fishes their silent vigils shall keep

And nothing disturb thee there;

some of the points in which our author difsize of these volumes, or practicable to There shall be no grass thy grave to sweep

fers from Mr Murray. have published in them many more pieces But the silk of the Mermaid's hair.

We found nothing particularly claiming of great excellence.

our notice, till we came to the chapter on And she who is waiting with cheek so pale, The poetry is peculiarly good. We are

verb. He has ventured on an innovation

As the tempest and ocean roar; indeed surprised at finding that our newspa. And weeps when she hears the menacing gale,

here, in the second person singular of the pers could furnish so many pieces of so Or sighs to behold the mariner's sail

verbs, by omitting to vary the termination great power and beauty. Few books pub- Come whitening up to the shore

into st or est, excepting in the present tense lished in this country, have done so much. She has not long to linger for thee;

of the indicative and in the auxiliary hast, to prove the possession and the exertion of

making the three persons in all the other

Her sorrows shall soon be o'er; poetical talent among us, as these two vol. For the chords shall be broke, and the prisoner free, modes and tenses terminate alike in both

We hardly know what pieces to se. And her eye shall close, and her dreams shall be numbers. Mr Brown is a Quaker, and lect, so numerous are those which we should So sweet she will wake no more.

argues that his brethren alone use the be glad to give our readers. One of the most beautiful is from the Commercial Ad- good as these, and perhaps some that are

There are very many pieces quite as second person; wherefore their use of it

must be considered correct. Now we are vertiser of New York. We can quote but better.

perfectly ready to admit that Horace's rule a few stanzas.

is the true one in all languages :
The Institutes of English Grammar, me-

“Cadentque Thou desolate and dying year!

Quæ nunc sunt in honore vocabula, si volei usus, Emblem of transitory man,

thodically arranged; with Examples for Quem penes arbitrium est, et jus, et norma loWhose wearisome and wild career,

Parsing, Questions for Examination, Ob- quendi." Like thine, is bounded to a span :

servations for the Advanced Student, But we need not examine into the logical It seems but as a little day

False Syntax, and a Key: to which are accuracy of Mr Brown's argument, for we Since nature smiled upon thy birth, added four Appendixes. Designed for cannot admit the facts on which it rests. And Spring came forth, in fair array,

the use of Schools. By Goold Brown. The change he proposes might perhaps imTo dance upon the joyous earth.

New York. 1823. 12mo. pp. 219. Sad alteration—now, how lone,

prove our

language by making it more simHow verdureless, is Nature's breast,

AMID the multitude of publications which ple and disencumbering it of a number of

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harsh and uncouth terms. But he relies says, “The distinguishing characteristic of bourhood ; the list of characters includes a much upon his authority; now whether it this participle is, that it denotes an unfin- Southern planter, who is a very fine gentlebe good or not, we conceive that it would ished and progressive state of being, action, man, his daughter, who is a spoilt child, and not warrant him in his conclusion, because or passion; it is therefore properly denomi- altogether weak and wicked, till just at the the practice is not carried to the extent he nated the imperfect participle.” Our in- close of the book, some Yankee yeomen, supposes it to be; at least in this part of ference is, taking his own definition, that several heroes and heroines, who are our country.

it is therefore properly denominated the much like others of the same class, an We have been somewhat accustomed to present participle. Which of these in- English officer, who is just nothing, an old hear that language spoken, and we think ferences is the most logical, we should be woman, who is a little bit of a Meg Merfrom our own observation, that he has gone willing to let Mr Brown himself decide. rilies, one Indian, and some Shakers. Much farther than the facts would authorize. Had Unless he can give some better reason for beautiful scenery is beautifully described, he confined his omission of the terminal st this change, than any which suggests itself to some striking incidents well told, and some in the second person singular to the past us, we hope to see the present participle very interesting though not peculiarly oritenses, and left the future and the present restored, in his second edition, to the place ginal characters well portrayed. The of the auxiliaries as other grammarians which it has held in all grammars of all Shaker establishments are visited, and the have given them, we think this change languages, with which we are at all ac- condition, principles, habits, and, in some would be entitled to less qualified approba quainted, this one only excepted. We measure, the history of this strange sect, tion. Thou shalt and thou canst are still must do our author the justice to say, that are well illustrated. used, as we believe, by all whom even Mr this is the greatest fault, and indeed the only We find it difficult to select, for quotaBrown would call good authority. We fault of any magnitude, which we have found tion, passages which may give our readers observe that nearly all the examples which in his book ;-while its merits are of a decid- a just idea of the author's powers and manare cited in the note are of the past tense ; ed and valuable character.

To make the following extract intelwe think, quite all which ought to be admit

ligible,--and we cannot but injure its beauted. Our brethren of the rhyming race

ty by separating it from the context,-we will feel under peculiar obligations to Mr Redwood ; a Tale. In two Volumes. New will state, that Ellen Bruce, the heroine, Brown on this subject; some of whom have

York, 1824.

awakens some suspicions by certain solitary thought it necessary, in order to avoid the The literary character of this tale is high- walks, and absences from home, at hours uncouthness of these terminations, to change ly respectable, as all would expect it to be when young ladies are usually found there, from thou to you while addressing the same who are acquainted with the previous efforts and thereby gives occasion to Miss Caroperson and even in the same sentence. of the author. Common fame attributes line Raymond to scandalize a little. The Take an example from Gay.

these works—Redwood, and the New Eng- mystery is thus explained. When I thy humbler life survey'd,

land Tale-to a lady; if this be so, we can In base and sordid guise array'd, only say we think it surprising,—not that

It is five weeks to-morrow,' continued the narra

tor, since I first saw Miss Ellen; it was the very A hideous insect, vile, unclean,

their pages should exhibit much eloquence morning after young Mr Allen's funeral. I saw You dragg'd a slow and noisome train.

and bright imagination, but that the style her that morning and the next, sitting on that rock We think a violation of measure or of should be so singularly correct, and that by the elm tree yonder, ladies; she had a pencil in rhyme would be preferable to such a sole- its excellence should be so well sustained. her hand, and a big book on her lap, and a paper cism as this. But on Mr Brown's plan Indeed, the literary execution of these vol- on it; and the second morning Peggy heard her neither the one nor the other would be umes, would in no degree discredit an au

humming some songs to herself, and she crept close necessary; while the invocation in Pope's thor who had disciplined and fortified his breakfast for an end of a song. I saw the young

to her; the silly thing would any time leave her Messiah,

mind by severer studies than ladies are apt lady noticed Peggy, and then I made bold to walk “Oh Thou, my voice inspire to love, and chastened his taste by diligent up to her; and will you believe me, ladies! she Who touched Isaiah’s hallowed lips with fire," and profitable study of the classics”-and had been picturing on her paper this little but and could no longer be cited as an instance of acquired all the skill in words which few wash-tub turned up on it, and my old cow as she

the half-withered tree, and that old bench with my false grammar.

but practised writers can have. The im- stands eating her morning mess, and Peggy stroking We now come to another alteration, of agery is sometimes very beautiful and ap- her! and I could not but ask her why she did not 'which we cannot speak so favourably. The propriate, and is never offensive to good choose to draw out some of the nice houses in the participle ending in ing, which has been taste, and there are many passages of true village, with two chimnies, and a square roof to considered the present participle from time eloquence. As a tale, it is pleasing, and them, and a pretty fence to the door-yard, and the immemorial, he calls the imperfect; with certainly sufficiently interesting to carry suited her fancy better ;' and then she began talk

strait tall poplars; but she smiled and said, 'this no good reason whatever, that we can per- the attention along with it, until the whole ing to me of Peggy, and when she found she was ceive, but in despite of a great many excel- story is developed, and the persons of the quite blind, she just laid down her pencil and her lent ones. That it is an innovation, is of drama finally disposed of. But it exerts book and all, and took the child in her lap, and said, itself one objection ; for we are opposed to nothing of that witchery over the imagina-" something must be done for her;' and when sho all changes merely for the sake of change, tion of the reader, which makes him almost knows, I never saw tears so becoming; and from

said so, the tears stood in her blue eyes; and God

I or without some substantial reason for mak- mingle his personal identity with that of that time, ladies, she canie every morning and sate ing them. On this occasion our author the prominent characters, and suffer and re- here three or four hours, teaching Peggy to sew, abandons his own definition of the imper- joice with them, and look forward anxiously and learning her hymns and songs. fect tense previously given, viz. “The im- with them, to learn the destiny which time

Caroline, Caroline, do you hear that?' asked perfect tense is that which expresses what is bringing. In other words, it is a work

Mr Redwood, impetuously.

* Lord, papa, I am not deaf-certainly I hear.' took place within some period of time fully of much talent and excellent taste, but not

'Go on, good woman,' said Mr Redwood. past," and seeks in the etymology of the of high and commanding genius.

* The child's quickness, sir,' continued the aunt, word “imperfect"unfinished-an apolo- We shall make no abstract of the story; seemed a miracle to me, for, God forgive me, I gy for calling that which is now passing, for it is a little intricate, and we could not had never thought of her learning any thing. Pega the imperfect. We will add the definition in a short space, array the facts in such gy, get those bags you made, that Miss Ellen said of the present tense in our author's own form and order as to make them even in- you might sell:'

The child instantly produced the bags, which words, viz. “The present tense is that telligible to our readers; and moreover, the were made of pieces of calico very neatly sewn which expresses what is now existing or author would hardly thank us for leaving together. Caroline interrupted the story while she taking place; as somebody is coming» no curiosity for his or her readers to find bargained with the little girl for the bags, for which and leave it to be decided by his own re- pleasure in gratifying. Suffice it to say,

she paid her most munificently.

The aunt seemed more sensible of the extent of marks on this participle, while contending that the scene shifts from the banks of Miss Redwood's generosity than the child, for she for its being called the imperfect, to which Lake Champlain to Lebanon Springs, and was voluble in her thanks; and then proceeded to of the two tenses it properly belongs. He the Shaker establishments in their neigh-say that Miss Ellen, not satisfied with doing so

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