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included ex-Gov. John A. Winston, right that we should part. Go yonr way, Wm. L. Yancey, Reuben Chapman,

and we will go ours.

The South leaves you

-not like Hagar, driven into the wilderness, ex-M. C., and other prominent citi- friendless and alone--but I tell Southern zens, thereupon withdrew from the men here, and, for them, I tell the North, Convention.

that, in less than sixty days, you will find a

united South standing side by side with us. Mr. Barry, of Mississippi, next an- (Prolonged and enthusiastic cheering.)" nounced the withdrawal of the entire

Mr. Mouton, of Louisiana, briefly Mississippi delegation. Mr. Glenn, announced that all the delegates from of Mississippi, stated the grounds of his State but two would withdraw such withdrawal, as follows:

from the Convention, and protested “Sir, at Cincinnati we adopted a Platform against the right of the two to act or on which we all agreed. Now answer me, cast any vote in behalf of the State. ye men of the North, of the East, of he South, and of the West, what was the con

Hon. James Simons, of South Carstruction placed upon that Platform in dif- olina, announced the withdrawal of ferent sections of the Union? You at the the delegation from that State, in a West said it meant one thing; we of the South said it meant another. Either we

communication signed by all the were right or you were right; we were thirteen members thereof, in the wrong or you were wrong.

We came here words following: to ask you which was right and which was wrong. You have maintained your position. “We, the undersigned delegates appointed You say that you cannot give us an acknowl- / by the Democratic State Convention of edgment of that right, which I tell you here South Carolina, beg leave respectfully to now, in coming time will be your only safety state that, according to the principles enunin your contests with the Black Republicans ciated in their Platforın at Columbia, the of Ohio and of the North. (Cheers.) power, either of the Federal Government or

“Why, sir, turn back to the history of your of its agent, the Territorial Government, to own leading men. There sits a distinguished abolish or legislate against property in slaves, gentleman, Hon. Charles E. Stuart, of Michi- by either direct or indirect legislation, is esgan, once a representative of one of the pecially denied; and, as the Platform adopted sovereign States of the Union in the Senate, by the Convention palpably and intentionwho then voted that Congress had the con- ally prevents any expression affirming the stitutional power to pass the Wilmot Proviso, incapacity of the Territorial Government so and to exclude Slavery from the Territories; to legislate, that they would not be acting and now, when the Supreme Court has said in good faith to their principles, or in acthat it has not that power, he comes forward cordance with the wishes of their constiand tells Mississippians that that same Con- tuents, to longer remain in this Convention, gress is impotent to protect that same spe and they hereby respectfully announce their cies of property! There sits my distin withdrawal therefrom." guished friend, the Senator from Ohio (Mr.

Mr. John Milton, of Florida, next Pugh), who, but a few nights since, told us from that stand that, if a Territorial Govern- announced the unanimous withdrawal ment totally misused their powers or abused of the delegation from that State, in a them, Congress could wipe out that Territorial Government altogether. And yet, when protest signed by five delegates, which we come here and ask him to give us pro was read by Mr. Eppes, whereof the tection in case that Territorial Government robs us of our property and strikes the star essential portion is as follows: which answers to the name of Mississippi “Florida, with her Southern sisters, is from the flag of the Union, so far as the entitled to a clear and unambiguous recogConstitution gives her protection, he tells nition of her rights in the Territories; and us, with his hand upon his heart--as Gov. this being refused, by the rejection of the Payne, of Ohio, had before done—that they majority report, we protest against receiving will part with their lives before they will the Cincinnati Platform with the interpretacknowledge the principle which we con ation that it favors the doctrine of Squatter tend for.

Sovereignty in the Territories—which doc" Gentlemen, in such a situation of things trine, in the name of the people represented in the Convention of our great party, it is by us, we repudiate."

SOUTHERN PROTESTS AND WITHDRAWALS.

315

Mr. Guy M. Bryan, of Texas, next didate; and, as this Convention has refused announced the withdrawal of the en

to recognize the principles required by the

State of Arkansas, in her popular Conventire delegation from that State. In tion first, and twice subsequently reasserted their protest against the platform by Arkansas, together with all her Southern adopted by the Convention, they de- sisters, in the report of a Platform in this

Convention; and, as we cannot serve two clared

masters, we are determined first to serve the “That it is the right of every citizen to candidate whatsoever.”

Lord our God. We cannot ballot for any take his property, of any kind, including slaves, into the common territory belonging

Mr. J. P. Johnson, on behalf of equally to all the States of the Confederacy, and to have it protected there under the that portion of the Arkansas delegaFederal Constitution. Neither Congress tion who had concluded not to leave nor a Territorial Legislature, nor any human power, has any authority, either directly or the Convention until after time had indirectly, to impair these sacred rights; been afforded for consultation, said and, they having been affirmed by the deci- he hesitated, “because he conceived sion of the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott case, we declare that it is the duty of the that the stability of the Union itself Federal Government, the common agent of was involved in the action taken here all the States, to establish such government, and enact such laws for the Territories, and by the Southern representatives." so change the same, from time to time, as The Georgia delegation here asked may be necessary to insure the protection leave to retire for consultation, which and preservation of these rights, and prevent every infringement of the same. The was granted. Messrs. Bayard and affirmation of this principle of the duty of Whiteley-Senator and RepresentaCongress to simply protect the rights of property, is nowise in conflict with the tive in Congress from Delaware heretofore established and well-recognized now retired from the Convention and principle of the Democratic Party, that joined the seceders. Mr. Saulsbury, Congress does not possess the power to legislate Slavery into the Territories, or to the other Senator, gave his reasons exclude it therefrom.

for not retiring at this time, and the ** It is sufficient to say that, if the princi- Convention adjourned for the night. ples of the Northern Democracy are properly represented by the opinion and action Next morning, May 1st, Mr. Henof the majority of the delegates from that ry L. Benning presented a notificadeclare that their principles are not only tion from twenty-six of the thirtynot ours, but, if adhered to and enforced by four delegates from Georgia, that them, will destroy this Union.”

they had decided to withdraw from the Mr. B. Burrow, of Arkansas, an

Convention-four of them in obenounced the withdrawal of three del-dience to a vote of the majority, egates from that State, for these rea- which they had opposed. sons:

Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas, now

announced the withdrawal, after due “1st. Because the numerical majority have usurped the prerogatives of the States consideration and consultation, of in setting aside the Platform made by the the remainder of the delegation from States, and have thus unsettled the basis of his State ; but Mr. F. B. Flournoy this Convention, and thereby permanently disorganized its' constitution. Its decrees, gave notice that he did not concur in therefore, become null and void.

this action. “2d. Because we were positively instructed by the Democracy of Arkansas to insist on

The formal protest and withdrawal the recognition of the equal rights of the of ten delegates from Louisiana was South in the common Territories, and protection to those rights by the Federal Gov

now presented. It states that these ernment, prior to any nomination of a can delegates act in obedience to a reso

*

*

lution passed by the Democracy of see no possible practical good to result to Louisiana in State Convention at

the country from demanding legislation upon

this theory, I am not prepared to disintegrate Baton Rouge, March 5, 1860, in the and dismember the great Democratic party

of this Union. following words:

“I would ask my friends of the South to “Resolred, That the Territories of the come up in a proper spirit, ask our Northern United States belong to the several States as friends to give us all our rights, and take off their common property, and not to indivi the ruthless restrictions which cut off the dual citizens thereof; that the Federal Con- supply of slaves from foreign lands. As a stitution recognizes property in slaves; and, matter of right and justice to the South, I as such, the owner thereof is entitled to would ask the Democracy of the North to carry his slaves into any Territory in the grant us this thing ; and I believe they have United States; to hold them there as pro the patriotism and honesty to do it, because perty; and, in case the people of the Territo- it is right in itself. I tell you, fellow-Demories, by inaction, unfriendly legislation or crats, that the African Slave-trader is the otherwise, should endanger the tenure of true Union man. (Cheers and laughter.) . I such property, or discriminate against it by tell you that the slave-trading of Virginia with holding that protection given to other is more immoral, more unchristian in every species of property in the Territories, it is possible point of view, than that African the duty of the General Government to in- Slave-trade which goes to Africa and brings terpose, by the active exertion of its consti a heathen and worthless man here, makes tutional power, to secure the rights of the him a useful man, Christianizes him, and slaveholder."

sends him and his posterity down the stream

of time to enjoy the blessings of civilization. The two remaining delegates from (Cheers and laughter.) Now, fellow-DemoLouisiana gave notice that, though crats

, so far as any public expression of the they did not personally desire to State of Virginia-has been given, they are

State of Virginia -the great Slave-trading withdraw from the Convention, they all opposed to the African Slave-trade. should be governed by the action of

“Dr. Reed, of Indiana-I am from Indiana,

and I am in favor of it. the majority of their delegation. “Mr. Gaulden-Now, gentlemen, we are Mr. W. B. Gaulden, of Georgia, told, upon high authority, that there is a

certain class of men who strain at a gnat made a speech against the course

and swallow a camel. Now, Virginia, taken by his colleagues, on the follow- which authorizes the buying of Christian ing grounds:

men, separating them from their wives and

children, from all the relations and associa“I am not in favor of breaking up this tions amid whom they have lived for years, Government upon an impracticable issue, - rolls up her eyes in holy horror when I upon a mere theory. I believe that this

would go to Africa, buy a savage, and indoctrine of protection to Slavery in the Ter-troduce him to the blessings of civilization ritories is a mere theory, a mere abstraction. and Christianity. (Cheers and laughter.) (Applause.) Practically, it can be of no “Capt. Rynders, of N. Y.-You can get consequence to the South, for the reason one or two recruits from New York to join that the infant has been strangled before it was born. (Laughter.) You have cut off “ The President.—The time of the gentlethe supply of slaves; you have crippled the man has expired. (Cries of “Go on! Go institution of Slavery in the States by your on!") unjust laws; and it is mere tolly and mad “The President stated that, if it was the ness now to ask for protection for a nonen unanimous wish of the Convention, the gentity--for a thing which is not there. We tleman could proceed. hare no slaves to carry to these Territories. “Mr. Gaulden.—Now, fellow-Democrats, We can never make another Slave State with the slave-trade in Virginia forms a mighty our present supply of slaves. But, if we and powerful reason for its opposition to could, it would not be wise; for the reason the African slave-trade, and in this remark that, if you make another Slave State from I do not intend any disrespect to my friends your new Territories with the present supply from Virginia. Virginia, the Mother of of slaves, you will be obliged to give up States and of statesmen, the Mother of Presianother State-either Maryland, Delaware, dents, I apprehend may err as well as other or Virginia-to Free Soil upon the North. mortals. I am afraid that her error in this Now, I would deal with this question, fellow- regard lies in the promptings of the almighty Democrats, as a practical one. When I can dollar. It has been my fortune to go into

with you.

FAILURE TO NOMINATE AT CHARLESTON.

317

that noble old State to buy a few darkies ; | adopted, by a vote of 141 to 112, the and I have had to pay from $1,000 to $2,000 a head, when I could go to Africa rule requiring two-thirds of a' full and buy better negroes for $50 apiece. Convention to nominate. Candidates (Great laughter.) Now, unquestionably, it were put in nomination, and, on the is to the interest of Virginia to break down the African slave-trade, when she can sell first ballot, STEPHEN A. Douglas, her negroes at $2,000. She knows that the of Illinois, received 1453 votes ; RobAfrican slave-trade would break up her monopoly, and hence her objection to it. If ert M. T. Hunter, of Virginia, 42 any of you Northern Democrats—for I have votes; James Guthrie, of Kentucky, more faith in you than I have in the carpet- 35 votes ; Andrew Johnson, of Ten

of home with me to my plantation in Georgia, nessee, 12; Daniel S. Dickinson, of but a little way from here, I will show you New York, 7; Joseph Lane, of Oresome darkies that I bought in Maryland, gon, 6; Isaac Toucey, of Connecticut, some that I bought in Virginia, some in Delaware, some in Florida, some in North 24; Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, Carolina ; and I will also show you the pure 1}; Franklin Pierce, of New HampAfrican, 'the noblest Roman of them all. shire, 1. On the next ballot, Mr. (Great laughter.) Now, fellow-Democrats, my feeble health and failing voice admonish Douglas had 147; and he continued me to bring the few remarks I have to make to gain slowly to the thirty-second, to a close. (Cries of “Go on, go on.”) I when he received 1523 votes. He am only sorry that I am not in a better condition than I am to vindicate before you to fell off on the thirty-sixth to 151.), day the words of truth, of honesty, and of which vote he continued to receive right, and to show you the gross inconsis. tencies of the South in this regard. I come

up to the fifty-seventh ballot, on from the First Congressional District of the which Guthrie received 651, HunState of Georgia. I represent the African

ter 16, Lane 14, Dickinson 4, and slave-trade interest of that section. (Applause.) I am proud of the position Ì oc Jefferson Davis 1. The Convention cupy in that respect. I believe that the (May 3d), on motion of Mr. Russell, and a true Christian (applause); and I have of Virginia, by a vote of 195 to 55, pleaded with my delegation from Georgia to adjourned, to reässemble at Baltiput this issue squarely to the Northern Democracy, and say to them, Are you pre

more on Monday, the 18th of June; pared to go back to first principles, and take recommending to the Democratic off your unconstitutional restrictions, and party of the several States whose State? Now, do this, fellow-citizens

, and delegations had withdrawn, to fill you will have peace in the country. But, so their places prior to that day. long as your Federal Legislature takes juris The seceding delegates assembled diction of this question, so long will there be war, so long will there be ill-blood, so long at St. Andrew's Hall-Senator Baywill there be strife, until this glorious Union ard, of Delaware, in the chair-and of ours shall be disrupted

and go out in blood adopted the platform reported to the laws prohibiting the African Slave-trade, the Convention by Mr. Avery, as because I believe it to be the true Union aforesaid ; and, after four days' dewhose interests are so different as the South liberations, adjourned to meet at ern and Northern States can ever stand the Richmond, Va., on the second Monshocks of fanaticism, unless they be equally day in June. The Wood delegates balanced. I believe that, by reöpening this trade, and giving us negroes to populate the from New York attended this meetTerritories, the equilibrium of the two sec- ing, but were not admitted as memtions will be maintained.”

bers. The Convention now proceeded to The regular Convention reässemballot for President, having first bled at the Front-street Theater in

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Baltimore, pursuant to adjournment. "Resoloed unanimously, That Stephen A.
Some days were spent in considering received two-thirds of all the votes given in

Douglas, of the State of Illinois, having now the credentials of contesting dele- this Convention, is hereby declared, in acgates from certain Southern States. cordance with the rules governing this body, The decisions of the Convention and rules of former Democratic National

and in accordance with the uniform customs were such as to increase the strength Conventions, the regular nominee of the of Senator Douglas. When it was

Democratic party of the United States, for

the office of President of the United States." concluded, Mr. Russell, of Virginia,

Hon. BENJAMIN FITZPATRICK, of Mr. Lander, of North Carolina, Mr. Alabama, was now nominated for Ewing, of Tennessee, Mr. Johnson, Vice-President, receiving 1984 votes of Maryland, Mr. Smith, of Califor

to 1 scattering. (He declined, two nia, Mr. Saulsbury, of Delaware, Mr. Caldwell, of Kentucky, and Mr. Clark days thereafter, and the National

Committee substituted Hon. HERof Missouri, announced the withdrawal of the whole, or of a part, of

SOHEL V. JOHNSON, of Georgia.] the delegations from their respective offered the following resolve, as an

Gov. Wickliffe, of Louisiana, now States. Gen. Cushing resigned the addition to the platform adopted at chair of the Convention, which was Charleston : immediately taken by Gov. David

Resolved, That it is in accordance with Tod, of Ohio (a Vice-President at the true interpretation of the Cincinnati Charleston), amid enthusiastic cheers. Platform, that, during the existence of the

Territorial Governments, the measure of reGen. B. F. Butler, of Massachusetts, striction, whatever it may be, imposed by the announced the determination of a Federal Constitution on the power of the majority of the delegates from his Territorial Legislatures over the subject of

the domestic relations, as the same has been, State not to participate further in its or shall hereafter be, finally determined by deliberations. He said:

the Supreme Court of the United States,

should be respected by all good citizens, and “ We have not discussed the question, Mr. enforced with promptness and fidelity by President, whether the action of the Con- every branch of the General Government." vention, in excluding certain delegates, could be any reason for withdrawal. We now put

Mr. Payne, of Ohio, moved the our withdrawal before you, upon the simple previous question, and this was also ground, among others, that there has been adopted, with but two dissenting a withdrawal in part of a majority of the States, and further (and that, perhaps, more

votes. personal to myself), upon the ground that I The Seceders' Convention, which will not sit in a Convention where the African slave-trade-which is piracy by the laws met, first at Richmond on the 11th of my country—is approvingly advocated. of June, adjourned thence to Balti(Great sensation.)”

more, and finally met at the MaryThe Convention now proceeded to land Institute on the 28th of June. vote for President; and, on the first Twenty-one States were fully or parballot, Mr. Douglas had 173}; Guth- tially represented. Hon. Caleb Cushrie 10, Breckinridge 5, and there were ing was chosen its President. Mr. 3 scattering. On the next ballot, Mr. Avery, of North Carolina, submitted Douglas had 1811, Breckinridge 74, his Charleston platform, which was Guthrie 5}; whereupon, on motion unanimously adopted. It was reof Mr. Sanford E. Church, of New solved that the next Democratic NaYork, the following resolution was tional Convention should be held at adopted :

Philadelphia.

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