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overlooked or not properly appreciated by the people ; who, though their eyes are directed with a continued and fixed stare upon these gentry, and all their movements, are sometimes strangely blind to the conspicuous excellency of their characters, and the splendor and value of their services. The organ receives from the cabinet its cue or tone, which it again imparts, with a keep-time movement, to other instruments of lesser note, which form, along with it, the regiment.il music and great brass-baud of the party. The democracy, particularly the progressive branch of it, who are no less distinguished by their ear for harmony, than by the refinement and chivalric delicacy of their sentiments and manners, are unable to take even the first step in any conjuncture without a keynote from the organ, to whose directing melody they turn, move, wheel, fall back from, or march up to the polls, with the precision of the drill and the punctuality of the parade. A parade and display of the uniform character of their principles, and of their equipments forservice, (though their appoint incuts are certainly none of the best,) forms, as we need scarcely observe, an essential part of the means « Inch they employ to guide, gull, and govern the people. Those whom they cannot enlist, or drag into their ranks, they at once denounce as traitors and Tories,—lost to every sense of patriotism and decency, and

'given up to strong delusion." To what point the progress of this division of the party is tending, has never yet been iudicated, and does not seem to be very clearly understood by its members thcm

elves; though to others, it is sufficiently certain that the movement, instead of being in advance, as it is supposed to be, is only in that beaten circle, which all radicals and revolutionists have, from the beginning of time, so invariably and fatally pursued. For a reaction, or return to first principles, forms the invariable termination of their rash experiments and mad excesses ; which ever render them the final and foredoomed victims, either of the foreign despot, or of the domestic usurper. These remarks, we arc will aware, will probably mc" ""^■•lOther notice than a quiet ar "■')■: frga ilie^u//i/

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of Locofocos—a name which, though not exactly synonymous with moderation, or allied

"With every virtue under Heaven,"

is quite good enough for and no disgrace to those who bear it—as certainly none are more zealously engaged than they are in the experiment of working out, in as short a time as possible, tit important problem, which has proved the Pons Assinorum* of republican lawgivers and statesmen, for so many ages past— that of popular self-governmcni.f

As respects the management of tL«' Government Press, it will be perceived. from what has been said, that the labors <A its conductors are of a manual rather that of a mental kind, and consist chiefly in i skilful use of the brush, instead of tie pet —or in the aspersion, by a dexter' u.» flourish of the former, over every one«i comes in their way, of two certain liquid—the one composed of equal parts of ui. aquafortis, and hot water, which form- 1 truly infernal mixture, that Wsrk< ■.bums, and exulcerates wherever it h^l ■■ and rivals in malignancy and concentre:.-: venom the death-dew of the upj i or the warroo poison of Guiana. 1 i other more harmless fluid, is a mere s.r pie solution of lime in lye-Trater, (or .* as it might more properly be spe along with a certain proportion of ink toil—there being just enough of tix ll-'ingredient, to make the composition n>' or of a sufficient consistency and thick*-to answer, when well laid on, the pnrp-« in view. These preparations (to n» > pharmaceutical phrase) are i iiliisjiiri' two ample reservoirs or tanks, shaped like inkstands, and the Swiss editor has nothing more to do each day, than, brush in hand, to while-wash with the last described compound, however coarsely or awkwardly this may be done, his patrons, and each and every member of the government; and from the other witch's cauldron to black-wash, in the same wholesale and unscrupulous manner, the enemies and opponents of the party; his labors in this way being arduous and constant, but otherwise sufficiently simple ind easy of performance. Similar estabishments on a small scale, are at the wme time in operation all over the counry—both under administration editors, ind the agents and partisans of the oppoite party; so that the land is darkened nd beclouded by the fury of the political arfare constantly going on from one end f it to the other—citizen being arrayed gainst citizen, and brother against broler, in a manner truly edifying to the ncere lovers of freedom, and highly icouraging to its maligners and enemies, hough the champions on each side do >t absolutely hurl mountains at each her, in the style of Milton's warring igels, there is always enough of dirt injj in the course of a single campaign canvass, to make at least one gooded mountain, and some half-dozen hills sides, under which numerous unfortute candidates lie buried—some never to e again, while others either crawl, or t at least dug out by their friends; en after a little recollection, refreshnt and breathing, they re-engage in the itest, with unabated spirit, and undimin3d fury.

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* On tliis difficult political puzzle, the ~1>-' focos" of America are now trying lliiii talll a

n manner that certainly ~how; great ku—i» .■* of the subject, and that roust be admitted k> * truly promising; if the sketch above gives*. *> >■ use they make of the Press (the means <a«l * they mainly rely for success) be at ail Oi: lated to cunvey any idea of the prcarrea making in this ambitious, important. esting undertaking.

t 1 i those thus ambitiously engaged, woaWfc>. ■> at home, and try the experiment i_ Hunt in themselves, we should hate < hopes of their success, than their lion—loaded wit!' .-race*

lion, and stained with the bkiod of Uk tereil and plundered tteigbbors ytU in entertaining.

The ultimate effect of all this, or of the thus made of the Press,* is, as might

It may be said in extenuation of these villus and mischief-making practices of the ediL I corps, that it is not their fault that Demos,

content with his daily mess of roast and •<J, done to the bone, requires that his human

elmulil also be served up, ready carved to [innd, by his purveyors, and punctually fur?i\ hi in in this state each morning, as a sort le-dish at his breakfast table, as he is unable

to begin to eat without a inorceau of this

or dainty bit, sliced from the reputation of . unfortunate wight or other, whom it is the

of tbe editorial pack to select, hunt down, |,u*cher for his use. This duty they are

urgently required to attend to, as a diet of

be expected, to render this boasted bulwark of freedom of little real benefit to either party; for as the invention, like that of gunpowder, is equally available to the weak and the strong, and is generally used by each with equal license and want of principle, it reduces both to a level in the field of political warfare, and neither hurts the one side by its slanders, nor dignifies the other by its praise. As an enraged combatant wastes half of his blows in the air; as an overloaded gun always shoots badly; and as a mountain torrent, with all its foam and fury, only ends at last in a lake; this vaunted engine of intelligence and power—from the senseless and insane manner in which it is used and abused by those into whose hands it has fallen—serves scarcely any other effective purpose in the end, than to afford a convenient safety-valve, by which the feuds, wrath and rivalries of the different parties, find a comparatively harmless vent, in railing, disputation and scurrility; by which they spend their fury in ink, instead of bloodshed, and content themselves with speaking daggers, in place of using them—as was the more ancient and approved method, before the means was discovered of compelling people to hear what their neighbors have to say of them, and enabling both sides to " unpack their hearts with curses," and relieve themselves in that way of the bile and ill-humors which the heat of factious contention, and the unwholesome atmosphere of politics, so fatally engenders in the human system. For it is a somewhat untoward circumstance, and forms another of those serious drawbacks to the improvements of the age, to which we have had such frequent occasion to advert, that the fearless advocacy of free opinions (the terms in which calumny and scurrility have long since

this kind has now become absolutely necessary to his health and digestion—as without it, he would infallibly fall into some malady or other, and experience some gastric qualm, or derangement of the stomach for the rest of the day. In this respect, he is now to the full as delicate and particular as was his brother King of the Battas, who, according to the accounts of travellers, took 011, and became dyspeptic, if he was not regularly treated with some choice piece of human flesh every morning, to stay his stomach with, and gratify his unreasonable penchant for this scarce and rather expensive article of food.

been merged by. editors and politicians, and received republican usage,) is always attended, more or less, by this unpleasant and disordering effect upon the animal economy, and by innovations like the foregoing upon the national speech, which have already rendered a new dictionary of the language necessary for the use of schools, and as a guide for politicians, statesmen, and historians.

Whether our beloved country be destined to press forward in this way, to greatness and glory; or whether the use thus made of the glorious privilege of free discussion be typical of the progress it is in future to make in knowledge and virtue; we pretend not here to determine or predict. Being unwilling, however, to be termed prophets of evil, we are for ourselves ready to say, that we rather look hopefully forward, and expect nothing less than the access of the Millennium, under the auspices of our present political leaders, sages, and editorial exemplars; though there are those, who are skeptical enough to maintain, that as long as the taste of the people is thus turned from amusement and instruction to politics and strife, and continues to encourage the excesses of the Press, and to delight in the extremes of abuse and eulogy, in which it daily deals, we can anticipate nothing better than a perpetuation of the present state of things, in which citizen is arrayed ag.iinst citizen, "as foe against foe"—in which men professing to be Christians, pursue each other with far more rancor and virulence than Turk does Jew, and with far worse motives than those which actuate the religious persecutor. Such, at any rate, is the present state of Jonathan's mind and taste; as he now regularly expects on the rising of the newspaper curtain, to bo treated with the usual panorama of political contention, party rows, and encountering factions— with this daily and disgusting scene of rage and rivalry—of violence and vaunting—barbarism and discoid—unworthy of a free people, and disgraceful to a civilized country. Surely something better than this was to have been expected from the inheritors and descendants of the patriots and sages of seventy-six. Ye "" sages in council, and Samsons in com!" was it for this, or to bring about

such a state of things as this, that yon made such costly sacrifices, and shed your precious blood? Was Washingtoa sent in vain on earth? and did Franklin

'• Snatch lightning from Heaven, and the sceptn from tyrants,"

to leave the golden fruits of their toil and achievements, only to be used as the stakes and counters of political gamblers—and oh! dire disgrace! to become even among such, the prize and reward of those who play lowest, or who employ the ballot-box, as the faro-dearer does his, but the more effectually to stock the cards, and cover his tricasserirs with the mere outward and deceptive semblance of fairness and- honor

Note.—In referring to the subject slight]) touched on at page 6, we must again exprt*. ourselves but briefly, as it i- one that cannot b» fully illustrated within the limits of a nc>te. We caa therefore do but little more for the present, thas partially to expand the remark there made, thai we consider it as an error to regard the priri leges enjoyed under a free government, m \k> light of either natural or hereditary rights, or it being no less legitimately held by tho*e to wi»~ they descend as heirlooms, than by their first r»«sessors. For to maintain this, is virtually" adopt the leading principle of aristocratic instrr. tions, by which the titles and estates of a pj"i vQec">. class are bequeathed to or entailed on tfctckler sons, however unworthy they mav be *<• ." herit them; and who, not having earned than" any efforts of their own have no other cLuat" them than that which they derive from iav--=and arbitrary laws. The blood-bought axti £ estimable privileges of liberty are then, »• ••; tend, blessings strictly contingent in their inland character, and like all other obje<rt» i*f ''■ • man desire, or that are prized by man, nuei '■ considered as existing in abeyance and • ij- 'tion, until won, as was the Hesperian fruit of by hands worthy to gather them : the da*- "fable here alluded to, serving well to illu*st~z if it was not designed to convey, this imj>»"j' moral, and sublime political truth. By the v ■ institutor, therefore, they should at least be f-> upon the same footing as those more wvrloi* jects which they so much surpass in cfisait* •• importance, bv rendering them the i L fl civic virtue and military service, instead them as fruits hanging over a common of which all may freely partake, and vh that may happen not to like their i may feel a fastidious disgust at the upon which they are thus offered to all may conteniptuoaabjr reject, as the b and more rosrfectabis visitors of generally, and indeed almost invariably effect, in a word, of this mongrel hereditary rights and universal cit been attended, as

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b the evils of both of these extremes—with excesses of democracy, and the degeneracy I corruptions of an exclusively aristocratic /'//»/•. For while the admission of the base and ivorthy, both of our own and of all other coun•«, to the full enjoyment of all the rights of zenship, has been the means of giving to mere mob an undue power and preponderig influence in the government—it has, on the er hand, introduced among the higher, or ipertied orders, the luxury, extravagance, and renerucy, which this class so generally exhibit ler aristocratic institutions. For the premature dine and corruptiou into which a frco people i so apt to fall, is precisely analogous to and inga from the same source as the vices and reneracy of an old nobility, or the descendants illustrious ancestors. It would, therefore, be a >e reform, to reserve the higher privileges of edom—as those of eligibility to military commit, and to the more elevate J trusts and honors the Republic—to reserve these, we say, for jne only who have undergone a five years' apentice-diip to arms, and passed through a sysn of political training and instruction, which ! shall take another opportunity to describe, or 10 have distinguished them wives by specific Is of public spirit and patriotism, and by conicuous civic virtues and deeds. The indiscrimite liberality with which those precious and

sacred rights, which 6hould be enjoyed and exercised only by the patriotic, the virtuous, and the brave, arc imparted to the very refuse of society, and the most debased of mankind, not only deprives the privileges and immunities of all value in the eyes of the worthy and the high-minded, but are thrown away, like pearls to swine, upon those who are not only incapable of using them for any good purpose, but of comprehending or appreciating them, and are ever sure to degrade and abuse them. The above, we repeat, should be the principle upheld in relation to the rights. honors, and franchises, placed within the reach of the citizens of a free government; though we certainly are not so visionary as to expect to see it fully acted upon, or to insist on its enforcement, to the extent laid down here. We are yet satisfied that an approach may be made to such a reform as would embrace, not only a recognition of the principle above propounded, but would afford such an illustration of it in practice, as would answer the most important political ends, and produce the most beneficial effects, both upon the national character and the public weal. It would require a volume, however, properly to illustrate this subject, and we shall therefore drop it fur the present, but hope to return to it at another and more suitable time.

Atuknio.v.

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There was one only sorrow

To mar their happy lot;
Aside from this, 'twas simple bliss

Within that humble cot:
For when their sun had passed its noon,

And now was in decline, The first dear boon of gracious Heaven, A little plant to them was given,

For their old hands to twine.

v.

Ah me ! it was a goodly child

As one might wish to see; But too much grace was in its face

For mortal destiny; And so it sadly happendd

That on a summer's day, When at the distant market town

The good man was awav,

The glad and careful mother

The little girl would take
To play upon the grassy bank

Which fringed the fisher's lake: It was a broad blue water,

Hard by the cottage door; And if no storm its breast had torn, The tiny waves were scarcely borne

Up to the waiting shore.

VII.

But while her arm she folded

Around the happy child, And from its eyes drank in the light

Of its spirit warm and mild,
The girl sent out a little shout,

One blessed smile it gave,
Then with a spring, as if on wing,

It leaped into the wave.

Down, down her fainting body
The wretched mother flung,
And sorrow fell upon her heart

And silence on her tongue. Oh, brightly shone the morning ~'*^j[hen the golden sun arose; ^rhen that sun its race had run, r sorrowful its close!

IV.

No more that little shadow

Upon the floor shall fall,
Nor, as the silent years go round.

Glide higher on the wall.
No more that pleasant prattle

Into their ears shall creep; Nor by their side, a joy and prido. When want and age their lot betide,

Shall she her vigils keep.

Yet ever just is Providence,

And ever kind is Heaven;
And if from us one comfort goes,

Another one is given.
The lone and weeping parents

Would see their child no more. Yet for their desolate old hearts

New blessings were in store.

XI.

'Tis evening in the cottage,

And evening in the air.
The evening of the self-same day

That robbed the happy pair:
And all alone on the gray hearth-stone

Where the cold, cold ashes lay. There sit they silent side by side,

But not a word can say.

MI.

But while in glowing circuits

The midnight planets burned. The wooden latchet of the door

Upon a sudden turned; And lo! a fairy creature

Burst in upon their eyes, So fair it seemed as if they dreamed

A dream of Paradise!

XIII.

A great yet gentle fearfulness

On them its shadow flung, As when we tread, with secret dread

And with a voiceless tongue, A long and darkened pathway;

While ever, evermore Some unknown thing doth lightly

Upon the way before.

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