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lis countenance was not bad, there was ing very strikingly disagreeable about his ire.
But when ho was undressed, and came in light-gown and night-cap to go to bed, the nrance he made was as indescribable as istonished countenances of everybody who ild him. From the shape of his brocaded n. and the make of his back, he looked bea> if he had no head, and before as if lie had lock and no legs. The Queen, in speaking le whole ceremony the next morning alone i Lord Hervey, when she cainc to mention part of it, said,' Ah, man Dicu! Qiutndje isenlrerce monstre, pour coucher avec ma i fai penst m'iictnauir; je chancclois aunant, mais cecoup la m'a assommie. Dites , my Ijord Hervey, atez rous bien rcmarqut omideri ce monstre dans ce moment! el na vous pas bien pitit de la pan ire Anne! i Dieu! e'est trap nolle en mm, mais fen ire encore.' Lord Hervey turned the disrsc as fast as he was able, for this was circumstance he could not soften and M not exaggerate. He only said, 'Oil, lame, in half a year all persons are alike: figure of the body one is married to, like prospect of the place one lives at, grows so liliar to one's eyes, that one looks at it meinically, without regarding cither the beaui or deformities that may strike a stranger.' »e may, and I believe one does,' replied the oen,'grow blind at last: but you must allow, dear Lord Hervey, there is a great diflfer:e as long as one sees, in the manner of one's wing blind.'"
Gross as the custom alluded to in the )ve passage seems to us of the present r, it prevailed universally, among all sscs of society, throughout France and gland, during the early part of the htcenth century. It was often carried ich further, indeed, than it seems to 'e been in the case of the Princess yal; for two years later, upon the occan of the marriage of the Prince of Wales the Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, 'Lord Hervey says, that at nine o'clock the evening the wedding took place, the ral family supped together afterwards, i after the Prince and Princess went to i, the whole company was permitted to 3s through their bed-chamber to see 'm. "The Gentleman's Magazine" of iyear 1736 (April) gives a more minute ount of the whole ceremonial. After Pper, their Majesties retiring to the artments of the Prince of Wales, the de was conducted to her bed-chamber, J the bridegroom to his dressing-room,
where the Duke, his brother, undressed him, and his Majesty did his Royal Highness the honor to put on his shirt. The bride was undressed by the Princesses, and being in bed in a rich undress, his Majesty came into the room; and the Prince following soon after in a nisrht-jrown of silver stuff, and cap of the finest lace, the quality were admitted to see the bride and bridegroom sitting up in the bed, surrounded by all the royal family. The custom seems never to have extended into Spain, for the Duke de St. Simon, who in 1722 accompanied Mile. d'Orleans to Spain, to be married to the Prince of the Asturias, takes great praise to himself for having overpersuaded the modesty and gravity of Spanish etiquette to submit, on that occasion, to the French custom of having the whole court introduced to see the young couple in bed. The practice lms been now banished from the higher classes for three generations, but it is worthy of remark, to the curious in olden customs at least, that the same thing is done to this day among the population of the rural districts in Fiance and England, and traces of it may be found among the retired farming communities in New England. The open rupture between the King and Lady Suffolk occurred in the year 1734. The causes which produced it are familiar to the public, both from Horace Walpole's "Reminiscences," and from the Suffolk correspondence ; but the consequences it produced upon the habits of George II., who, either from his fondness for variety, or his ambition for the reputation of gallantry, it was early surmised, would never be contented until he had become engaged in some new tiffzire de cmur, have never before been told us as fully as the " Memoirs" reveal them. It is almost impossible, clearly as the details are laid before us, to assign a reasonable motive for the desire that seems to have been universally entertained and expressed by all the members of the royal family—the Queen and the daughters—that his Majesty should not suffer Lady Suffolk's place to remain vacant. We are told that the "Queen was both glad and sorry" to have Lady Suffolk removed—" glad to have even this ghost of a rival" laid, and sorry to hive so much more of her husband's time up >n her hands; that the Princess Royal wished " with all her heart that he would take somebody else, that mamma might be a little relieved from the ennui of seeing him forever in her room ;" that the Princess Caroline hoped he would soon find a companion, for he had been " snapping and snubbing ever)' mortal for a week;" and that the Princess Emily, though glad at Lady Suffolk's disgrace, because "she wished misfortune to most people," was so tired with his "airs of gallantry, the impossibility of being easy with him, his shocking behavior to the Queen, and his difficulty to be entertained," that she heartily desired he would soon adopt a new mistress. Whatever the motives of this laudable anxiety on the part of a loving wife and dutiful daughters may have been, they were not destined to remain long ungratified. With the approbation of the Queen, whose love of power was gratified by the iclnt of the regency whenever he was absent, but against the earnest dissent of Sir Robert, the King resolved on visiting Hanover in the spring of 1T35.
"Bat there was one trouble arose which her Majesty did not at all foresee, which was his becoming, soon after his arrival, so much attached to one Madame Walmoden, a young married woman of the first fashion at Hanover, that nobody in England talked of anything but the growing interest of this new favorite. By what I coulil perceive of the Queen, I think her prido was much more hurt upon this occasion than her affections, and that she was much more uneasy from thinking people imagined her interest "declining than from apprehending it was so. It is certain, too, that from the very beginning of this new engagement, the King acquainted the Queen by letter of every step he took in it—of the growth of his passion, the progress of his applications, and their success— of every word as well as every action that passed—so minute a description of her person, that had the Queen been a painter she might have drawn her rival's picture at six hundred miles distance. He added, too, the account of his buying her, which, considering the rank of the purchaser, and the merits of the purchase as he set them forth, I think he had no reason to brag of, when the first price, according to his report, was only one thousand ducats.
"Notwithstanding all the Queen's philosophy, when she found the time for the King's return put off so late in the year, she grew extremely uneasy, and by the joy she showed when the orders for his yachts arrived, plainly manifested that she had felt more anxiety than
she had suffered to appear white they *deferred. Yet all this while the Kin?, "jr> .*• his ordinary letters by the post, nirwr h±*. sending a courier once a week with a letKr-1 sometimes sixty pases, a"d nerer leas that forty, filled with an" hourly account of orthing he saw, heard, thought or AA, «.m crammed with minute trifling cireemMacs not only unworthy of a man to write, bat trr. of a woman to read, most of which I saw. ix almost all of them heard reported by Kr Row. for few were not transmitted to him In c King's order, who used to tag paragra;** m Montrez ceci et consuitez U-fcssvs It r» homme."
The King returned from Hanover i October, 1735. His absence had. bea * time of great relief to the Queen tad fe daughters, so that the extreme irritab* he manifested to every member of t family, and especially to the Qaeea. fe soon as he arrived and constantly afvrwards, made life in the palace almost aendurable. Take a single example, am.* the numbers which Lord Hervey instaaw
"In the absence of the King, the Queen •taken several very bad pictures out of cheap* drawing-room at Kensington, and pul»eiY?s» ones in their places; the King aflVctu-;. the sake of contradiction, to dislike this tbastftold Lord Hervey, as Vice CbamtwriaiB. urfc he would have every new picture taken »"T< and every old one replaced. IxJrd Bw? who had a mind to make his court to the Q*n by opposing this order, asked if hi* M«* would not give leave for the two Yiwhk*- least, on each side of the chimney, to man instead of those two sign-posUs done ty_ » body knew who, that had been remov* :make way for them. To which the Ke? answered: 'My Lord, I have a great le?*--' for your taste in what you understand, b* » pictures I beg leave to follow my o*n; 1-j pose you assisted the Queen with jw •* advice when she was pulling my "•** pieces and spoiling all mv furniture: t» God, at least she has left the walls SaW»? As for the Vandykes, I do not care ■»«•■ they are changed or not; but for the J*1** with the dirty frame over the door, aw * three nasty little children, I will haw w taken away, and the old ones iesto*«y »* have it done to-morrow morning before If' London, or else I know it will not be **«>• all.' 'Would your Majesty,' said kTM"j vey, 'have the gigantic fat Venw rr** too?' 'Yes, my I^ord; I sra not to «i«" your lordship. I like my fat Venus mw * tor than anything vou have given roe "** of her.' Lord Hervey thought, ui°a?» * i\ not say, that, if his Majesty had lit"1 "'■'"
ius as well as he used to do, there would •e been none of these disputations. 'So again at breakfast the next morning, ile they were speaking, the King came in, : by good luck, said nothing about the pices. His Majesty staid about five minutes in gallery, snubbed the Queen, who was drinkj chocolate, for being always stuffing; the ncess Emily for not hearing him; the ncess Caroline for being grown fat; the ike of Cumberland for standing awkwardly; rd llervey for not knowing what relation : Prince of Sultzback was to the Elector latine ; and then carried the Queen to walk d be snubbed in the garden."
This state of things became at last so supportable that it seemed necessary, to ve open discord in the palace, that some medy should be provided. Sir Robert alpole, whose good sense seems never to ive deserted him in any extremity, told e Queen plainly where he thought the fficulty was. In his own language, the ing had tasted better things abroad than s could find in England. He said the ueen must not expect, after thirty years' :quaintance, to have the same influence ie had formerly had; that three and fly and three and twenty no more resemied each other in their effects than in leir looks; and that, if his advice were illowed, the Queen would depend upon er head and not her person for her power rer his Majesty. In fine, Sir Robert adised the sending for Lady Tankerville,
handsome, good natured and simple oman, to whom the King had heretofore hown a liking, and place her every evening 1 his Majesty's way.
It is certainly greatly to the credit of Jueen Caroline, that, under the circumtances, she did not resent this advice, 'he moral aspect of the subject is one hing; but the political bearing of it, rhich Sir Robert alone had in view, and fhich indeed seemed the only course to >e pursued to save open outrage from the >alacc-life, or the repeated and protracted tbsences of the King from England, was certainly another thing. The King's irriability of temper extended to every event ind every subject that came before him. Sir Robert seems to have been the only person exempt from downright abuse, rhe Memoirs say :—
"Sir Robert Walpole was at present in such
high favor on things going so well abroad, that he had only now and then his skin a little razed by this edge when it was sharpest, whilst others were sliced and scarified all over. Sir Robert Walpole, too, the King said, (speaking on the present epidemical rural madness.) he could forgive going into the country; Ms mind wanted relaxation and his body exercise ; and it was very reasonable that he should have a month in the year to look after his own private business, when all the rest of the year he was doing that of the public and his piince; but what the other puppies and fools had to do to be running out of town now, when tliey had had the whole summer to do their business in, he could not conceive.
"When the Duke of Newcastle, among the rest, asked h\s leave to go into the country, the King told liiin it was a pretty occupation for a man of quality and at his age, to be spending his time in tormenting a poor fox, that was generally a much better beast than any of tlioso that pursued him; for the fox hurts no other animal for his subsistence, whilst those brutes who hurt him, did it only for the pleasure they took in hurting. The Duke of Grafton said he did it for his health. The King asked him why he could not as well walk or ride post for his health; and said, if there was any pleasure in the chase, ho was sure the Duke of Grafton could know nothing of it; 'for,' added he, 'with your great corps of twenty stone weight, no horse, lam sure, can carry you within hearing, much less within sight of your hounds.'"
Although the captious and fretful disposition of the King did not abate, Sir Robert's advice in regard to Lady Tankerville seems not to have been adopted. Perhaps the Queen may have shrunk from it at the last; perlutps the .minister did not deem it prudent to carry out measures which he had announced so publicly. In place of Lady Tankerville, however, the King attached himself temporarily to Lady Delornine, a governess to the younger Princesses, who is said to have been a very beautiful, though a very weak woman. She was now in her thirty-fifth year, though Lord llervey says she looked ten years younger. The liason was, however, of short duration. As the autumn approached, the King began to give out hints of revisiting Hanover, much to the consternation of his family and the chagrin of his minister. No reasoning could dissuade him from his purpose, no entreaties change his design, so that, with what grace was possible, Sir Robert and the Queen assented to the journey. Once arrived in Hanover, his Majesty's happiness did not last long without alloy.
"The fact was this: whilst the King was at HerenHansen, and Madame Walmoden at her lodgings in the palace at Hanover, one night the^giirdencr found a ladder, which did not belong to the Sar<len> set up against Madame VV.'s window ; and concluding it was a design to rob her, this poor innocent, careful servant made diligent search in the garden,and found ft man lurking behind the espalin, whom he concluded to be the thief: accordingly, by the assistance of his fellow-servants, ho seized and carried him to the captain of the guard then upon duty. When the prisoner was brought to the light, it proved to be one Monsieur Schulemberg, nn officer in the Imperial service: he complaining lo the captain of the guard of this violence, who thinking nothing but a design of robbery could be at the bottom of the affair, and that a man of that rank could certainly be no robber, ordered him to be released.
"This iiffair made a great noise immediately, and Mad..me Walmoden thinking it would be for her advantage to tell the story herself first lo the King, ordered her coach at six o'clock in the morning, drove to llerenhansen, and went directlv to the King's bedside, threw herself on her' knees, drowned in tears, and begged of his Majesty either to protect her from being insulted, or give her leave to retire. She said"she doted on him as her lover and her friend, and never when she gave him her heart considered him as a King; but that she found too late,that no woman could live with a King as with a man of inferior rank."
The King, surprised at the unexpected visit, upon learning what it meant, became exceedingly indignant—not towards Madame Walmoden, indeed, whom he seems never to have distrusted, but towards the captain of the guard, M. Schulemberg, and all others concerned in the affair. What strikes one as most odd in the whole matter, but to which one by degrees gets accustomed in reading of George Second's notions in regard to marital duties, is the account which he writes to the Queen of the whole affair, and the views he begs she will take of it. Speaking as if to a friend of his own sex, he asks her what she thinks of the business, adding, that perhaps h'.s passion for Madame Malmo<kn nth, hi make him see it in a partial light, and desiring the Queen to "consulter le gros homwe," (meaning Sir Robert,) "qui a plus d'experience, ma chore Caroline, que vous dans res affaires, ft moins de prejtigd que moi dans ccllc-ci."
Perhaps there is nothing in all biography to compare with the rei which George II. was accustomed u, to his wife of the most minute detre . his amours. Horace Walpole says m h reminiscences, that it was under*a>.*i: the palace that the King always -matt u Queen the confidante of his iiirtiL i which made Mrs. Selwp, mahs • George Selwyn, and herself beaunfel a of much vivacity, once tell him, that . should be the "last man with wbowiij would have an intrigue, as she tar* would tell the Queen. Lord Camp** speaks of the same thing in his life if I: Chancellor King, and gives a note of li Chancellor in corroboration of these i credible confessions. "On this octfeK he let me into several secrets rebtj^ i the King and Queen—that the King « stantly wrote to her long letter*. Ka o-enerally of all his actions, what he.. every day, even to minute tilings, ari p ticularly of his amours, what Wo&j; admired, <fcc., &c; and that the Qbwi continue him in a disposition to do itshe desired, returned as long leuer?. J approved even of his amours; not *rpling to say that she was but one wn* and an old "woman, <tc, 4c, by whki jc feet subserviency to his will, she tifo.* whatever she desired, without wk<t was impossible to keep him in boBi-fc Lord Campbell has indeed added a«" natural doubt, whether the whole c( -' strange story was not a fiction of "» pole's over liis wine to mystify the. U*-" cellor; but the concurrent and still ** detailed evidence of Lord Hervey «**»• nalely puts these scandalous transau/* beyond all doubt. In addition to thi.^ latter says that the Queen recti*^ letter in' which the King dtsired bcr contrive, if she could, that the Priiw' Modeua, who was to come the lalter «■ of the year to England, might brk? ■ wife with hira; and the reason b* P" for it was, that he heard herhigbwsTM pretty free of her person, and tlatl**the greatest inclination imaginable u> j»! his addresses to a daughter of u> • Regent of France, the Dukeof Otta»' "un plaisir que je suis sur, »a e**"1oline, vous serez bien aise dc «< r"** quandje vous dis combienje lew**'' The King's continued stay in ''*"'"
came at last very offensive to the peoe. The courtiers were always dissatisd with these absences, as it made the ason dull and unpopular; and those in e interest of the Queen, because it was i indication of her declining power.
*• The tradesmen were all uneasy, as they ought the King's absence prevented people >mtng to town, and particularly for the birth.y; the citizens made this preference he emed to give to his German dominions a prence to show their disaffection, but were here so thoroughly disaffected that it made no eat addition to what they felt, though it >ened the sluices of their clamorous mouths, he ordinary and the godly people took the rn of pitying the poor Queen, and railing at s Majesty for using so good a wife, who had ought him so many fine children, so abomiibly ill. Some of them, (and those who, if ) had heard all this, would have fretted him ost,) used to talk of his age, and say, for a an of his time of day to be playing these mthful pranks, and fancying himself in love, as finite ridiculous as well as inexcusable. there, in very coarse terms, would ask, if he nst have a mistress, whether England could ?ver furnish a one good enough to serve his irn, and if he thought Parliament had given m a civil-list greater than his predecessors ily to defray the extraordinary travelling larges, or to enrich his German favorites."
Pasquinades at last became abundant pon the delicate subject, and squibs, radical jokes and satires kept the town ill of amusement. One of them—an old, an, lame and blind horse, with saddle and illion—bore this inscription: "The King f Hanover's equipage! Let nobody slop te! I am going to fetch his Majesty and is to England .'"
At the Royal Exchange the following lacard was posted :—" It is reported that is Hanoverian Majesty designs to visit his British Dominions for three months in the pring."
On St. James' gate this advertisement ras posted :—" Lost or strayed out of this louse, a man who has left a wife and six hildren on the parish: whoever will give my tidings of him to the church-wardens / St. James' Parish, so as he may be got igat'n, shall receicefour shillings and sixpence reward. N. B.— This reward will tot be increased, nobody judging him to be uorthy of a crown."
Sir Robert Walpole found it at last all jut impossible to transact the ordinary
business of the crown, without the presence of the King. To all solicitations for his return his Majesty turned a deaf ear, wondering at the importunity of le gros homme, as he always styled the minister, and begging that portions of his letters in reference to Madame Walmoden might be referred to him. Finding all ordinary means of reclaiming his Majesty to fail, Sir Robert at last fixed upon the design of inducing the Queen to invite her husband to bring his mistress to England, a proposition which, however shocking in its moral and social bearings, cannot fail to excite our admiration at its finesse and boldness. The Queen, staggered at first by the outrageous impudence of the proposal, at length consented to discharge her part of the business, and accordingly wrote to the King signifying her desires in the matter. She adds, that she has had the apartments of Lady Suffolk enlarged, refurnished and prepared for the proper reception of his friend. The King answers—and, as Mr. Crokersays, it is impossible not to wonder at the modesty and even elegance of the expressions, anil the indecency and profligacy of the sentiments they convey :—
"This letter wnntcd no marks of kindness but those that men express to women they love; hnd it been to a nan, nothing could have been added to strengthen its tenderness, friendship and aft'ection. He extolled the Queen's merit towards him in the strongest expression of his sense of all her goodness to him and the gratitude he felt towards her. He commended her understanding, her temper, and in short left nothing unsaid that could demonstrate the opinion he had of her head, and the value he set upon her heart. He told her, too, she knew him to be just in his nature, and how much he wished he could be everything she would have him. Mais nmz royez mes passions, via chire Caroline Vnus crmnaissez mrs fuiblesses —il n'y a rim tie car.l.S dans mtm caurjinir vnus —el jltit a Dieu que. muz piiurreiz me -orri^er aiee la mtmcjacilitt que rims m'apprufondisfez! l'lut a Dieu queje.pourrais vouz imiler aulant qveje mis toiis admirer, el que je pourrais npjtremlre de ions Unites les lerlus que imis me faites rffiV sentir, et aimer.' His Majesty then came to the point of Madame Walmoden's coming to England, and said that she had told him she relied on the Queen's goodness, and would give herself up to whatever their Ma esties thought fit."
Madame Walmoden, however, did not