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cure retreat, opened a well-directed and effective fire upon them, while Reynolds' artillery followed fast upon their precipitate course, with a fierce discharge of shot and shells, drove them across the entire valley, and forced them up a steep ascent through a gorge in the Opposite range of mountains.

Notwithstanding these repeated repulses, those of the Mexicans who had been driven back from the hacienda, were soon joined by another body of cavalry, and thus reinforced, again advanced, with a view to enrage the Indiana and Mississippi troops, which now held a position nearly midway between the base of the mountains and the hacienda. As one regiment was armed with rifles, the formation of a square would have afforded no strength; the two corps were therefore posted so as to form a re-entering angle, the opening towards the enemy, and the vertex resting upond the ege of a deep ravine, and thus awaited the attack. For awhile on came the enemy, with lances in rest, dashing ahead with a haughty confidence and proud contempt for the insignificant numbers opposed to them. But as the distance diminished, their progress gradually became slower and slower, until by a strange fatality, the who!? body halted within a hundred yards of the Americans. The movement seemed a mockery, and had they borne charmed lives, they could not have exhibited more indifference t<". human power. But that halt sealed their destiny. Both lines had followed Warren's instructions at Bunker Hill, and "the whites of the eyes " being now "fairly visible," the arms were levelled, and then gleamed forth a sheet of fire that scattered the foe like chaff, felling many a gallant steed to the earth, and sending scores of riders to the sleep that knows no waking.

The discomfited lancers once more sought safety in the mountains, and having regained their position on the American left, there was yet a formidable body of the enemy in that quarter, towards which the dragoons, and a portion of the Arkansas and Indiana troops under Roane and Gorman, were directed to hold them in check. Their masses were crowded in "narrow gorges and ravines, their own v were powerless from position;

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brisk fire, while Sherman, Reynolds tnd Kilburn, from their artillery, beautifulh served, hailed the case-shot _and canisfcrwith terrible execution.

At this time the entire Mexican force, which had gained the rear of the Americans, was in a critical position. The infantry held it on the left, while the artillery, in front was making fearful carnage at every discharge. It was impossible to advance, and a junction with the nua body seemed hopeless. In this dire dilema, the treacherous cunning of his rate came to the rescue of the Mexican commander. Four officers from a distant point were suddenly observed gallojane at full speed towards the American line*. They were met by several officers of ike Kentucky and Illinois regiments, which then occupied an advance position on the plateau, and one of them was conducted by Lieut. Col. Clay to the presence of General Taylor. It then appeared that he bore a verbal interrogatory from Genera5 Santa Anna, " to know what General Tailor wanted." This absurd message ▼*» at once believed to be a mere r**e, bat under the sanctity of a white flag, lb* American commander was not at ubcrtr to regard it as an act of bad faith, anil despatched General Wool to meet the Mexican General-in-Chief, at the sanw moment transmitting orders to cease firing Before General Wool reached the Mencan lines, however, they had re-commeaoW their fire, thereby at once exposing tkr dishonorable stratagem resorted to sec avowing the shameless perfidy which b*i been thus successfully consummated. Thr flag of peace, prostituted to the purpart of treachery, had accomplished the eaoV which its wily originator designed ; the cessation of the American fire had the extreme right of the enemy to < its retreat along the base of the mc and effect a re-union with the main feoeV of the Mexican army.

The junction of the enemy's forces »» effected near the position which the fc Indiana regiment had occupied in th» morning, and elated with the acb'uMw a portion of them made an effort aci advance. They were met fire from the si O'Brien and Thomas, from coiled with precipitation, and

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ouraged by this repulse, Colonel Hardin | [etermined to charge the Mexican battery tear the base of the mountain, which, at arious intervals during the day, had given erious annoyance to the troops on the )lateau. He advanced at the head of his >attalion, with spirit and enthusiam, but >efore attaining his object, was arrested fy a force, whose existence seemed a mira:1c.

The craft of General Santa Anna had ■estored his courage, and the time gained jy his strategic negotiation had enabled him to recover a large body of his troops, and to make his dispositions, for what he calls his "final effort." A battery of twenty-four pounder guns, was mounted and posted so as to command a new advance. The column which had attacked the American "ight, early in the day, led by General Mora y Villamil of the Engineers, was transferred to the other flank, and these joined the reserves under General Perez, and the first, second and third divisions, under Generals Ortega, Guzman and Pacheco, which were stationed at the head of, and covered by a broad and deep ravine. The whole were commanded by General Perez, General Lombardini having been wounded early in the action. It was the last desperate struggle of a desperate man, and made with corresponding energy. And as if to give a still more imposing effect to the crowning effort of a mighty conflict, the lightnings flashed and quivered from clouds that appeared suddenly in the heavens; and the quick, deep, heavytoned thunders, reverberated with startling1 distinctness, over valley, plain and mountain, simultaneously with the first volley of heavy artillery, under cover of which the four divisions advanced to the charge. The small band under Hardin was met by a rampart of bayonets, and hurled back as the spray is dashed from the billow. The regiments of Bissell and McKee rushed to the rescue, but could as easily have arrested the lightning flashes about them, as overcome the mighty phalanx which bore down all before it. Manfully they breasted the moving myriads of steel and iron, which were rained upon them from ten thousand sources, but in vain, they only gave themselves up to immolation, victims to the overwhelming legions of the enemy. The carnage on both sides

ry in which the balls flew faster than the hail-stones were falling around them. The progress of the Mexicans was like an avalanche, and the Americans were driven down the ravines, along which there was a destructive fire of infantry, while the lancers wore galloping towards the lower end, to close the only avenue of escape. Their position was that of a scorpion girt with tire; yet as they reached the end of the ravine, the charge of the cavalry was arrested by Washington's artillery, a few rapid and well directed volleys from which, saved from entire destruction the remnants of those brave regiments, which had so long borne the hottest of the fight. But in the mean time the columns were advancing on the plateau, with the majestic march of triumph. The American infantry had gone down before them ; nearly every horse with O'Brien's pieces, was killed; he had maintained his position with unrivalled heroism, and abandoned his guns only when the Mexicans had gained the muzzles. Victory, which but a few moments before had seemed within the grasp of the Americans, was torn as if by magic from their standard. The enemy had gained almost the extreme point of the plateau, the last citadel of hope, for there the American General yet held his position, not less a "tower of strength to his friends, than of terror to his enemies." His eagle eye saw the extremity of the crisis, and his mighty will determined to avert it.

"High and inscrutable the old man stood, Calm in his voice, and calm within his eye,,'

though at that moment the result of the battle, the fate of the campaign, the life of every American from Buena Vista to the Rio Grande, depended on Zachary Taylor. How his lofty spirit amid the awful peril of the occasion bore it all nobly up, has already passed into history. The artillery under Thomas was already in position; that of Bragg arrived on the instant, yet both were without support, and the fate of O'Brien's guns seemed inevitably to be theirs. We have said both were without support, but we were in error. It is true there was then neither cavalry nor infantry on which to rely, but there was that which was superior to both; it was the moral power of the presence of the Commanding iif Monterey rose 'with the occasion, and eclipsed even the fame they had previously rendered immortal. They opened at once a fire of canister upon the advancing hosts, while the remainder of Sherman's battery, just arrived, came immediately into action. The ponderous and triumphant columns reeled and quivered like a reed shaken with the wind, and before the showers of iron hail which now assailed them, squadronsand battalions fell like leaves in the storms of autumn. The cannonade on both sides was terrific, while the fire of the infantry seemed to be one continuous discharge. But the Mexicans in vain rushed on to fill the places of their fallen comrades. Their ranks became broken, order could not be restored, and they slowly and sullenly retired, pursued by the firo of the artillery and of the Mississippi and Indiana regiments, which arrived in time to participate in the glory • if the last desperate repulse.

The battle had now raged, with the exception of a few brief intervals, for nearly ten hours, and by a sort of mutual consent, both parties appeared willing to pause upon the result. Night fell, and the Vmerican General having brought up his fresh troops from Saltillo, slept with his men upon the battle ground, prepared, if necessary, to renew the conflict on the morrow. But ere the sun, which on this ontincnt has shone on few so ghastly, iose again upon the field, the Mexican umy had disappaared, leaving behind them hundreds of dead anddying whose bones are to whiten their native hills, and thousands of the wounded, whose moans of anguish were to excite in the bosoms of their enemies that sympathy and compassion which seem to have no place in the heart of the Mexican-commander.

We have thus briefly, and we believe faithfully, sketched the leading incidents .f the battle of Buena Vista, and the prominent position of the Commanding General has been at all times obvious. We have seen that the battle was in effect lost und( r General Wool—though that yrallant officer rivalled in his efforts the vouthful valor that shone at Queenston ind PlaUsburg—when General Taylor arrived upon the field. His presence at once ■■:»iuri'(1 the confidence which had been "ind by his rapid dispositions he was \ to recover the advantages which

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day, wherever he moved, doubt and dismay gave way before him. By a sort of magnetic influence, he seemed to impart U every one to whom he was visible the same indomitable spirit and determined energy which animated his own breast His name was the watchword, his Toke the signal note, and his presence the certainty of triumph. When for a moment he left the plateau to appeal to those »no were flying or had fled from the field, to return to their colors and to duty, wean credibly informed that he was followed br General Wool to hasten his return, that he might be seen by those who were thes contending against the unequal odds opposed to them. And in the darkest hoar of that sanguinary day, when the star of hope had almost set in a sen of blood, General Taylor was alone the rallying point of a handful, and in his trumpet tone to Bragg almost giving to the result

"The stamp of fate, the sanction of a god."

Thus at two distinct periods, the Anw

ican General alone turned the fate of tb»

day, and saved our forces from total dt

struction. But when the last gun hni

been fired, and the shadows of night l~

fallen alike upon the living and the d<-:

the battle had not yet been won. T:

is little doubt, and with some there ist"

at all, that if General Taylor had (hi-.

by that last gun, the sun would have rise

upon the two armies flying from each o: •

as fast as their disabled condition wou.

have permitted them. Where then Woe .

have been the victory? How soon ir:.

the Mexican General have been advist-i

the fact, retraced his steps, recruited k

starving legions with our abundant ««{'

plies at Saltillo, and falling upon th<

treating Americans with the fury and m

lignily of a vindictive foe, strong in Bcs

bers and smarting under repeated defeat

given up the whole to indite runi.-*

slaughter! From this frightful cautscn

phe, General Taylor, under Provides^

was the instrument of saving thousand* d

our countrymen; and by his conduct <•

the 22d and 23d of February, he has s*

only associated his name fore*or with bat.

who was "first in war, first in fi*»e*,Jjd

firsj 'n l"c hearts of the people," bat W

acquired for himself the

the records of immortality, of that coWt~ ,..i,;„u w..oi,;-„t..„ ».,....,i





">n feint d'ignorer que le Slesvig est une ancicnne partie inUgrante de la Monarcbie Danoise dont dun indissoluble avec la couronne de Danemarc est consacree par les garanties sulcunelles des ndes Tuissances de l' ou la langue et la nationality Danoises existent depuis les temps lea ..- reculcs. On voudrait ?e cacber a soi-meme et au monde entier, qu'une grande partie de la popui<m du Slesvig rcste attached, avec une fidclitc incbranlable, aux liens fondamentaux unissant le rs avec le Danemarc, et que cette population a constamment proteste de la maniere la plus cnerue centre une incorporation dans la confederation Germanique, incorporation qu'on pretend nUdicr yennant une annee de cinquante mille bommee !—Semi-official article.

The political question with regard to the ations of the duchies of Schleswig and dstein to the kingdom of Denmark,which the present time has excited so great a )vement in the North, and called the andinnvian nations to arms in self-defence ainst Germanic aggression, is not one of a :ent date. This dispute has for centuries en the cause of destructive feuds, and ring later years the subject of public icussions and violent debates, not only long the parties more immediately in•ested, but in the public and private asublies in Germany, and in a flood of iblications, all breathing hostility against in mark, and showing both a want of owledge as to the points in dispute, and ■cornful disregard of the just rights of at injured country. This old quarrel has w, by the general agitation in Europe, ddenly taken its ancient form of a casus Hi, by the open rebellion of Holstein, d the invasion of Denmark by the army the Germanic Confederation. The illelity, injustice, and violence of these procdings are obvious to every observer 10, without prejudice, has followed the urse of events. And yet have the ambus authors of the sedition and the lack, attempted to envelope themselves an outward show of right; the secret rings which moved the whole machinery ?re left in the back-ground, but still made eir appearance now and then amidst the esumptuous confessions and boastful ognostications which, all at once, have toxicated the forty millions of Germans th hopes of conquest on land and sea, d thus made that pensive and philosoph


ic nation blind to the evidences of history, faith, and justice.

The Dano-Germanic contest is still going on: Denmark cannot yield ; she has already lost so much that she cannot submit to any more losses for the future. The issue of this contest is of vital importance to her; she is already fighting for her existence. Nor will her Northern brethren let her, sink, nor Russia, who has pledged her guaranty for the integrity of the Danish monarchy, permit its further dismemberment. On the final settlement of this war may perhaps depend the peace of Europe. And yet it has excited but very little attention and sympathy in this country. The duchy of Schleswig has generally been supposed to stand in the same relation to Denmark as that of Holstein, and its inhabitants to be true-born Germans, who were impatiently waiting for the moment when they might break loose from the small peaceful kingdom in the North, and join the "glorious destinies of the great united German Fatherland." It has been said and repeated that, since the late revolution in France, the voice of the people has become the voice of God,—that it has torn to shreds the worm-eaten scrolls of feudal rights and treaties, and freely permitted the different tribes, German, Slavonic, and Italian, to group, form, and constitute themselves without any regard to kings and cabinets. Let this principle be carried out where foreign governments have imposed oppressive laws upon conquered nations, whose history, development, and prosperity they have disregarded, and whose nationalities they have crushed. Such may, more or less, have been the conduct of Russia in Poland, and of Austria in Italy. But with regard to Denmark, her relations to the duchies have been entirely different. Her paternal rule had ever truly respected the nationalities and rights of her subjects. Her present liberal-minded monarch, on his succession to the throne, had given a free constitution, and such had been his desire to allow equal privileges to every part of his dominions, that he had proposed to give to Schleswig and Holstein, though the smaller population, the same representation and advantages which he conceded to his Danish people. The concessions freely granted by the enlightened sovereign, from his own conviction, in the midst of profound peace, and without a sign of disorder, had been hailed with universal satisfaction; and afterwards, when violent commotions began to shake all Europe, and the general vertigo reached Holstein, the majority of the people in Schleswig, who had ever been sincerely attached to their mother-country, instantly stood forward, and in the most energetic manner protested against the separation, and the dreaded union with Germany.

Looking from a distance upon the rapid course of events, and the steadfast opposition of all Scandinavia, united, with one heart and hand, against the attacks and pedantic boastings of the German Parliament, we may, through the dim vista of futurity, with confidence proclaim the victory of the righteous side; and in the mean time historically and impartially prove that the cause of the Danes is as good as their swords—that the rebellion in Holstein was brought about, not by the desire of the mass of the people in the duchies, but by the ambition of a few ringleaders, directly supported by Friederich Wilhelm IV., the hare-brained King of Prussia, who by means of kindling the flame of war in the North, and of promising the Germans a flag and a fleet, flattered himself to avert from his own guilty head the revenge of his exasperated subjects for the horrible slaughters in his own capital.

We shall now carry our readers to the shores of the Baltic, and going back to the remote ages of feudality and chivalry, trace the origin and progress of the protracted struggle between German and Scandinavian nationality, and then terminate this

essay with a picture of the presort rr. faithfully drawn up from authentic want and direct communications both from Lie mark and Germany.

The peninsula of Jutland, know bthe ancient Romans as the Ckenmta Cimbrica, is bounded on the east by liKattegat, the little Belt, and the Bthic. and on the west by the North Sea. 1: £ divided from Germany by the river Ey&r. and extending northward for two huawei and seventy miles, terminates at the k» headland of Skagen. Its breadth {me east to west is from thirty to ninety miiv The middle part of this low pesirsrfa. nearly in its full length, consist* of dr«rt heaths and moors, intermixed here ak there with some patches of arable & * and good pastures for cattle and flock.- i sheep and goats. The northwestern eta.-'.are low, sandy, and full of dangerous stoik The violent west wind, sweeping act* that inhospitable region, impedes tin growth of forest trees, and renders i> climate damp, cold, and disagrctabthroughout the year. Farther soutb, ■ Schleswig, the western coast consist •• meadow lands, (marsklund,) which oCti rich pastures, and are defended by dla against the^well of the North Sea. Qc* different is the character of the tans' part of the country. The shores of the Baltic and Kattegat are high and ofta covered with fine forests. They someta-i present romantic and picturesque scene." from the many deep indentations of tbe ^ called fjorde, or friths, which for miles'* intothe land, where they expand into erosive sheets of water, and are bordered bj beautiful oak and beech woods ascenAv gradually to the tops of the bills. T'1 largest frith is the Liim-Fjord, ruKii' across the whole breadth of Jutland frthe Kattegat to the North Sea, and nabK the northern part of it an island.* 1|! banks are bleak and dreary; the ^ forests which in the tenth and ekT«° centuries covered that hilly region, w* only remain in Sailing Land, a small. br»

* The North Sea broke through tie lo».«* coast near Lemvig, a few years agn. and •* with the Liim-Fjord hy a breach, through »^; now small vessels can pass.

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