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victory. Of this grand quality of a com- | candidate has as little of timidity or acmander, the surest proof is when the honor quiescence about him as most men. of gaining his battles is attributed, now to Cit. Well, there is another point, one and now to another of his officers. Each not as much reflected on as perhaps it is so thoroughly imbued with true dis- ought to be -I mean that a President, no cipline, confidence, and courage, his par- more than a king, should ever be regardticular exertions seem to have gained the ed by the country as a party instrument, battle. So is it always in the wars of a man put in office to wrest the Constitugreat commanders. Napoleon's and Al- tion, and sway the state against the miexander's victories seemed to depend nority. All that is required of him by the upon the skill and valor of some one of laws, or by the common reason, is, that he their officers; and so it was with Scott in execute the will of the nation, as it is Mexico, and with Taylor; the inspiring given by a fair majority in Congress. A energy and mind of the commander-in- man who has the habit and experience of chief makes heroes and generals even of a military commander, will be the last to the rank and file. Of this first quality place himself under the influence of a facthen, I mean a great and commanding tion, or of a circle of scheming demacharacter, our candidate is a noble in- gogues. His own will has usually had stance; and it is the more remarkable too much sway with him for that; he is and effective in him, as it is united with accustomed to execute, without fear or plain manners and natural modesty—a favor, the commands of his lawful supemodesty that suffers pain at its own praises; riors, whatever they might be ; and when that is em barrassed and discomfited by the nation, by majority, is his lawful saapplause.
perior, he will as readily and scrupulously Str. Believe me, sir, I enter into a full execute their will. Witness the ready sympathy with you in this, for I have read obedience of Washington to all commands in the papers of the day, more instances laid upon him by the nation; and witness of these qualities you mention, and of the also the exactness and authority wbich magnanimity so much admired in a sol- he used with those under his comdier-more, I say, of General Taylor than mand. With such a character, the triof any other in history. He is my ideal fling intrigues of cliques and factions are of a republican soldier.
as forceless as the threats of children. Cit. Now the second point that we re- Str. Do you mean to urge that in all quire in our candidate, (he is a Whig, of cases the people should prefer a military course, else we should not have nominated commander to execute their will ? him,) is, that he be accustomed to com- Cit. No, that is not my meaning: maná. To know when, and to whom, to but only that in all cases they should elect give power and place. He must be a man equally ready to obey and to ese
cute their will; who has proved, by long “ Perfected how to grant suits, service in the field, or in the cabinet, thai How to deny them; whom to advance, and he possesses that grand presidential charawhom
ter, which unites a reverence for the mis To trash for overtopping; ** having both the key
tional will, and obedience to its lawful erTo officer and office; to set all hearts i' the pression, with such a freedom and dignity
as nothing trifling or apprehensive cat To what tune please his ear
sway from the path of duty; a character
that is truly national, and not dark or jealElse would he become the tool of those ous—that labors not to excite the danger more powerful than he, and for a well or- ous heats of party, but rather to temper dered government give us a mutinous and allay them; a mind not theoretical, ar crowd of aspiring intriguers. The state speculative, but poised by wise doubts must have a head, sir, who will be obeyed a temper above exacerbation by the narin his function, and who cares as little for row fury of a provincial fanaticism, bet the favor of this or that man, as might the easily irritated by the appearance of basearchangel in the lead of heaven's array. ness or selfishness.
Str. From all I can learn of him, your General Taylor has the blood of the
revolution in his veins, and in his heart the triumph of the Whigs. They exposed, the spirit of '76. On the frozen shores of and quelled for a time, the usurpations of the great lakes, in the poisonous swamps the Executive, and ousted the title of of Florida, and in the tropic heats of Mexi- | conquest from the traditions of our law. co, he has perilled his life for his country. The future historian, tracing the gradual do The people love him—the nation respects cline of despotism, with the rise of liberty and loves him. When, with a mere hand in the Saxon line, will allow them the ful of troops, he stood upon the borders singular and unequalled merit of having of Mexico, in danger of being surrounded done this ; an honor that no other age can and exterminated by the numerous forces claim. of the enemy, a deep anxiety pervaded the Str. In this you say General Taylor nation; prayers were offered from the sympathizes with them ? hearts of thousands for the safety of the Cit. Yes; he is gallant army and their leader ; and when, back to the original text of order and the by his courage and wisdom, a glorious vic-Constitution, and will maintain what he tory followed instead of the expected de- reads there to be right. And this right, feat, men of all parties began to say the wise old man will execute; he will be among themselves, this man is more than a real Executive of laws, and not a a mere soldier ; he has other qualities than schemer, a perverter, or an intriguer. those of an officer; he has firmness and Str. Do you mean then, if he should be magnanimity; he is great. Then began elected, to make him a counter instrument, inquiries about him; the private virtues of to employ the veto power, and all the inithe man became known to the people; his tiatory, legislative, and patronizing power knowledge; his judiciousness; his wisdom; against the corruptions of the other party ? his economy and simplicity, joined with Cil. That is the very thing we dignity of character; all together marked mean nol to do. For, in the first place, him as the man of the people, and soon he our candidate cannot be made a tool became the favorite of the nation.
should we wish to use him as such ; and Str. Justly, as I think. But how does the very aim and purpose of the Wbig it happen that the party, styled Demo- policy is to separate the legislative power cratic, rejects him ?
from the Executive, and restore it to the Cit. As I have already told you, people; where it belongs. It is with a General Taylor is a patriot and constitu- view to carry out this reform that they tionalist of the style of '76; and it is the have selected their candidate ; a candispirit of that time that unites him in sym- date like Washington, in this particular, pathy with the Whig party. That party, that he has a magnanimity that is superiduring the contests of the last session of or to the abuse of influence, and that he Congress, by their eloquence and firmness, believes that the people, and not the had succeeded in rousing the better spirit President, should originate the laws. He of the nation against the policy of conquest, will, therefore, refrain from the abuse of and domination, and tyranny in all its the veto power, nor will he thrust shapes. They had driven the Administra- his private or speculative opinions upon tion into a peaceful policy, and put a stop Congress in the shape of public messages, to its enormous schemes. Great princi- or threatening advice; nor will he impede ples were discussed by them; the Consti- the course of legislation by threats of the iution revived in their hands to its original veto, or of expulsion from office, or any of life and energy ; the wisdom of the fathers those corrupt means of influence that have found a perfect echo in the hearts of their become so familiar to us of late. He will sons. Good men who had seen only cor- only execute the laws which the people, ruption and ruin hanging over the land, through their Congress, shall command. and who thought that the great and for- Str. I am obliged to you for this exbearing spirit of the days of Washington planation. One question more; please was quite extinct, began to take courage, say what is the meaning of this cry
about and the hopeful passion of patriotism that “ free soil," and the division of the other can spring only in a just man's heart, began party upon that point? I had thought to burn anew in their bosoms. This was all soil in America was free?
Cil. All soil is free ; but all men are constitution of the State, and raising a not. It is the desire of the northern citi. civil war, when, indeed, the whole matter zens of the Union, that the new regions of may be peaceably decided by a vote of time California, while they are the territory of majority ? Let those who wish to prereni the United States, shall be occupied by slaves from entering California, send memfreemen only. When States are erected bers to Congress who will vote properly on there, the people of those States will decide that question; and let those who think thr for themselves, whether they will have contrary send their men; if the free-scal slaves or not : States are free, and legis- men prove to be a majority, California is late upon those matters as they please. free until the citizens of new States there But, until that time comes, those citizens begin to introduce slaves. If they choose who are opposed to the extension of sla- to do that, there will be no power to hin very wish to have the introduction of slaves der them. The majority governs and must forbidden by a law of Congress. In order govern. The majority in Congress decide to accomplish this end, some few of our all questions in regard to territory: the citizens, mostly of the other party, mean if President must not meddle in the matter, possible to elect a president who will if he does, our liberties are dead, and the wield an unconstitutional influence, through Constitution is nought. the veto, the legislative advice, the patron- Str. These free-soil politicians seem to age of office, and the use of the press, even be of that kind that will set a town of to the extent of dictatorial authority, to fire to roast their eggs by. But what de the suppression of the contrary policy, and southern Whigs make of all this? the forcing of a free-soil vote upon Con- Cit. O, sir, they are not disorganizers gress. They wish to topple over the whole They know the value of the Constitution. fabric of the Constitution upon a minute and they respect the integrity of the emenemy that lies on the other side of it. The pire. They know that all minor questions, great system of the Union they neither like this of free soil, are to be settled by know nor care for, except so far as they can majorities. They are indeed spirited, anu use it to carry out a favorite notion. All never yield what they conceive to be the interests of the nation, the protection right; but if the majority decides that slave of industry, the integrity of office, the ho shall not be held in the deserts of Califu nor of party, nay, the Union itself, are to nia, until the people there have made : be sacrificed to this one question of whether new State and conclude to have them, the the wastes of California shall have slaves southern Whigs being slaveholders, mar upon them or not.
be very much disturbed and irritated, to Str. But are not the Whigs in favor of they will not break up the peace of free soil ?
Union, I think. Cit. The Whigs have fought the great Str. Pray, sir, may I be so bold as a battle of freedom in Congress this last year. ask your own opinion on the subject They went against the annexation of new slavery in the new territories ? territory; they went against despotism in
Cit. I have no objection. every shape ; they uniformly opposed the Str. What, then, is it? extension of slavery.
Cit. The likelihood is, that if I were s Str. Why then do not the northern slaveholder, born and educated in the Said Whigs also advocate the free-soil party ? I should vote for opening the new terrib
Cit. Because they will not elect a Presi- ries to slaveholders : and if I had been dent to be a dictator : the matter of slaves born in New England, and educated in the in California, they think to be of less con- opinion that slaveholding is wrong, wbs sequence than that of erecting a dictator the probability is I should vote for the free over Congress and converting the Presi- dom of California. dency into an elective despotism.
Str. And where, pray, were you but Sir. It seems to me a dreadful thing and educated ? that slavery should go on extending itself. Cit. Precisely on Mason and Dixie:
Cit. Very well! admit that it is; would line. you have us go about ruining the whole
Cit. All soil is free; but all men are not. It is the desire of the northern ci zens of the Union, that the new regio California, while they are the terri' the United States, shall be occ" freemen only. When States ? there, the people of those Stat for themselves, whether t' slaves or not: States ar late upon those matte But, until that time who are opposed t very wish to have forbidden by a to accomplis! citizens, me possible wield a'