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généraux and other functionaries of a superior | listened to with attention, and he assured them class. He names and revokes the secondary the government was occupied with their wants. agents of the Government, upon the proposal On returning to their fellows the expression of of one of the ministers.
the Minister was distorted, and it was reported “He has a right to suspend the agents of the he had termed them "slaves." This was more executive power elected by the citizens. The than those who had been flattered as the peoterm of this suspension cannot exceed three ple, who had made the Revolution, could submonths. He cannot revoke them without the mit to. The mob cried out, “A bas Marie !" consent of the Council of State. The law 6 A bas la Commission Exécutive !" " A bas determines the cases in which the revoked l'Assemblée !" They then traversed the streets, agents can be declared ineligible to the same their numbers continually increasing, and in functions. This declaration of ineligibility can the evening, they stationed themselves in varionly be pronounced by a jury.
ous open spaces, which were filled with large “ The property-tax is only imposed for one and excited masses; barricades were formed, year. The indirect taxes may be imposed for and the government ordered out an immense
military force. The following is a condensed “ The essential guarantees of the rights of account of the frightful outbreak which follabor are, liberty of labor, voluntary association, lowed. equality in the relations between the employer On Friday the insurgents—for the movement and the workman; gratuitous instruction, edu- had assumed all the character of an open incation, suitable to each man's position ; estab- surrection-possessed themselves of all that lishments of prévoyance and credit; the estab- portion of the right bank of the Seine, stretchlishment of great works of public utility, and ing from the Faubourg St. Antoine to the river, the State destined to employ the men in case of whilst on the left bank they occupied all that failure of work."
populous portion called the Cité, the Faubourgs The financial difficulties of the Government St. Marcel, St. Victor, and the lower quarter of are increasing, and a supplementary tariff of St. Jaques. Their communications between tolls was issued, to be levied on articles enter the two banks of the river were maintained by ing Paris. The feeling in favor of Louis Na- the possession of the Church St. Gervais, a poleon increased among the lower classes, and part of the quarter of the Temple, the apdissatisfaction with the Republic was great proaches of Notre Dan and the Bridge St. and openly expressed, of which the partisans Michel. They thus occupied a vast portion of of “Henry V." and Prince de "Joinville the most defensible parts of the city, and availed themselves. On the 20th of June, actually threatened the Hôtel de Ville, which, 3,000,000 fr. was voted for the workshops ; on if they had succeeded in taking, might have the following day 100,000 fr. for the relief of po- secured the final victory on their side. On litical sufferers under Louis Philippe.
that day there were partial conflicts, but the The symptoms of reaction in the public insurgents seemed to be occupied more at mind, and the evils which arose from the ailliers fortifying their positions than in actually nationaur, in which upwards of 100,000 men fighting ; whatever successes the Government were daily receiving pay, without one tenth troops may have had in various quarters, where part having any employment whatever, became conflicts took place, as at St. Denis and St. so excessive that the government was greatly Martin, it now appears that the enthusiastic alarmed. The military were constantly in courage of the insurgents repulsed them, and arms to disperse riotous crowds, and the As- even beat them in other parts of the city. The sembly was guarded by an immense military Government forces were divided into three force. In this state of affairs, M. Marie, the divisions; and large masses of troops were Minister of Public Works, proposed to draft brought to bear with artillery upon the posithe men from the national workshops in Paris, tions of the insurgents; but still Friday passed in large bodies, to the departments, to be em- and the insurrection had evidently gathered ployed there in public works. This measure strength. On Saturday the National Assembly excited the greatest discontent among those declared itself in permanence, and Paris was men, and 12,000 who had been ordered to the placed in a state of siege. The Executive departinents, were advised by their comrades power was delegated absolutely to General to resist. On Thursday, July 22d, a body of Cavaignac; and at half-past ten the members about 400 went in procession to the Luxem- of the Executive Government resigned. Rebourg, demanding to speak to the Executive ports poured in every hour to the Assembly ; Committee. M. Marie consented to receive a and as the intelligence arrived of the slaughdeputation of five. One of them attempted to ter, the sensation became deep and alarming. make an address, but M. Marie refused to hear Various proclamations were issued by Gen. him, as he had been one of the insurgents of Cavaignac to induce the insurgents to lay 15th May, and said, (addressing another,) “You down their arms, but to no effect. The whole are not the slaves of that man, you can state of Saturday was employed in desperate fighting your own grievances.” Their cornplaints were on both sides. Except a lull during a frightful
thunder-storm in the afternoon of Friday, the wounded. But perhaps the most touching conflicts were without intermission. On Satur. death is that of the Archbishop of Paris. The day, however, the carnage and battles on the venerable prelate, on Sunday, volunteered to south of the river were horrible. During the go to the insurgents as a messenger of peace. whole of Friday night, and until three o'clock Cavaignac said that such a step was full of on Saturday, the roar of the artillery, and the danger, but this Christian pastor persisted. He noise of musketry, were incessant. In this advanced, attended by his two vicars, towards frightful state of things the Assembly betrayed the barricades, with an olive branch borne benot a little alarm." Deputations from the fore him, when he was ruthlessly shot in his Assembly were proposed to go and entreat groin, and fell mortally wounded. He was the combatants to cease this fratricidal strife ; carried to the nearest hospital, where he since but all the successive reports proved that the died. Some compute the loss on the side of insurgents were bent upon only yielding up the troops at from five to ten thousand slain. the struggle with their lives; and their valor The nuniber of prisoners captured of the insurwas only surpassed by their desperate resolu- gents exceeds ten thousand. All the prisons tion. On Saturday night, at eight o'clock, the are filled, as well as the dungeons and vaults capital was in an awful state. Fighting con- of the Tuileries, the Louvre, Palais Royal, the tinued with unabated fury. Large masses of Chamber of Deputies, and the Hô:el de Ville
. troops poured in from all the neighboring de- A military commission has already been ap partments ; but still the insurgents, having pointed to try such as were found with arms rendered their positions almost impregnable, in their hands; and they will be transported to resisted, more or less effectually, all the forces some transatlantic French colony, a decree barwhich could be brought against them. The ing been passed with that object. The sarage “ red flag,” the banner of the Republique Demo- cruelty with which the insurgents waged war cratique et Sociale,was hoisted by the insurgents. almost exceeds belief. They tortured some of
On the Sunday morning the Government their prisoners, cut off their hands and feet, and forces had completely succeeded in suppress-inflicted barbarities worthy of savages. The ing the insurrection on the left bank of the women were hired to poison the wine sold to river, after a frightful sacrifice of human life; the soldiers, who drank it, and died. It seems and Gen. Cavaignac gave the insurgents, on to be believed generally, that if the insurgeos the right bank, till ten o'clock to surrender. had succeeded in following up their most adThe heaviest artillery was brought to bear mirably concerted plan of operations, and upon them, and little doubt entertained that the having advanced their line, and possessed insurrection would be put down. The hope themselves of the Hôtel de Ville, and followed thus held out of the termination of the insur- up their successes along the two banks of the rection was not, however, realized. The fight- river, that the whole city would have been ing continued the whole of Sunday, with a given up to pillage; indeed the words - Pitfearful loss of life, especially to the National LAGE AND RAPE " are said to have been in Guards. On Monday the reinforcements Gen. scribed on one of their banners. Not less that
. Lamoricière had received from Gen. Cavaignac 30,000 stand of arms have been seized anx enabled him to hem in the insurgents in the capiured in the faubourg St. Antoine alone. eastern part of the city ; and, although reduced The insurgents are said to have numbe.x to extremities, they still fought with incredible 100,000, and the troops to have doubled 1:26 valor; and it was only after a frightful strug- amount. The loss is variously estimated gle of about two hours more that the Govern- | from 10 to 25,000. Money to a considera ment troops everywhere prevailed; and the amount was found on the bodies of the se heart of the insurrection being broken, the and Armand Marrast, Mayor of Paris in a insurgents were either shot, taken prisoners, proclamation, declared the insurrection to 210 or fled into the country, in the direction towards been the result of foreign intrigue, and ot-* Vincennes. The eastern quarters, comprising members of the Assembly have reiteraied ? the faubourgs St. Antoine, du Temple, Menil. cry: doubtless, however, the traitors are sa i montant, and Pepincourt were the last subdued. found in Paris alone, and it is not impr. The last band took refuge in the celebrated that some members of the Assemb. bar cemetery of Père la Chaise, but the Garde Mo- raised this report, to direct attention in 1 bile hunted them even from this sanctuary, and real instigators, and to screen their own > they were scattered in the neighboring fields. quency, even at the hazard of foreign war. On Tuesday the insurrection was definitively the Sunday a decree was passed posice quelled.
until the 5th of July, the payment of corte The loss of life has been terrific. No less cial bills due 23d June ; and another gre. than ten general officers have been put hors de a credit of 3,000,000 fr. to be distributed sane i combat, a greater loss than in the most the indigent population of the department splendid engagements of Napoleon. Four or Seine. Gen. Cavaignac having res gan five members of the National Assembly are powers with which he was temporanly 10 ngst the killed, and
more ed, the Assembly passed a decree conhéag
him the entire executive authority, with the was expected to attack Verona, but since that title of President of the Council, with power to period he has maintained rather an unaccountappoint his own ministry. The 9th and 12th able state of inactivity. Lombardy has agreed legions of the National Guard have been dis- to join Piedmont and Sardinia, to forin one kingarmed and dissolved ; the Paris Clubs have dom under Charles Albert. Venice still holds been closed, and several newspapers suppressed out for a Republic. Emile Girardin, editor of " La Presse," has Vienna has been the subject of another outbeen arrested and confined. Ten thousand of break, which led to the Emperor's retiring from the insurgents are said to be captured and in his capital. On the 15ih May an order was prison, and those charged as chiefs, promoters issued for the dissolution of part of the National or instigators, or with having furnished money: Guard which was organized for political obarms or ammunition, or committed any act of jects, and formed a nucleus for a physical force aggravation, are to be tried by Court Martial. party. Dissatisfaction also prevailed respect
The departments have been generally quiet, ing the election law, and the students prepared but at Marseilles, an émeute of the workmen in a petition against the constitution, which they the atéliers natimaux broke out, and barricades proposed to present with a popular demonstration were formed, but the movement was put down of force. They demanded a withdrawal of the with the loss of about fifty of the National military ; that the central committee of the Guard. The people of Paris were at the last National Guard should not be dissolved ; and accounts engaged in burying their dead, and that the election law should be declared null the Assembly had decreed a grand national and void. They were joined by numbers of ceremony in honor of those who fell in defence the lower classes, and the Burgher Guard - fraof public order and tranquillity. Trade and ternized” with them; and their joint demands commerce appear to have entirely ceased. were ultimately conceded. On the evening of
An insurrection took place in Naples on the that day the Emperor and fatnily privately 17th May, in which 450 of the troops were quitted the city, and retired to Innspruck. This killed; and subsequently the city was given event created the greatest excitement in Vienna, up to pillage by the government during several | the inhabitants of which are said to be unanihours. Several magnificent villas and palaces mously in favor of maintaining a constitutional on the sea-shore were reduced to ruins, and monarchy. Some young men, who took adhorrible atrocities committed. The King, in a vantage of the confusion to proclaim a Repubproclamation, justified the measure on the lic, were with difficulty saved from the fury of ground of necessity. Upwards of 1705 bodies, the people; and a deputation was forth with including the soldiers, were interred on the 17th. dispatched to solicit the Emperor's return, but The Sicilians dispatched 1500 men to aid in he declined to come until such time as he should the revolt, who defeated the royal troops sent be assured the city had returned to its former against them.
Advices to June 17th state the allegiance. He was received with great ensituation of the King to be critical, the insur-thusiasm at Innspruck, and numerous addresses gent provinces having had some successes and from other parts of his dominions have been refusing to lay down their arms. It is said the presented, praying him to transfer his capital King contemplates abdication. The Parlia- from Vienna to some other place. The outment sitting at Palermo, has published a list of breaks appear to arise from a body of workfour candidates for the throne of Sicily—a son men, kept by the State, at an expense of about of the King of Sardinia, the son of the Duke of 8 or 10,000 forins per day. To develop and Tuscany, Louis Napoleon, and the Prince de put in practice the free institutions granted by Beauharnois.
the Emperor, he has appointed a constituent The Pope, having refused to declare war assembly to meet in Vienna, where he intended against Austria, was compelled to form a new to open the proceedings about the 20th June. cabinet of laymen, leaving the question to Prague, the capital of Bohemia, has been altheir uncontrolled decision; and in obedience most reduced to ruins. An insurrection broke to the popular demand they made war for his ont on the 12th June in consequence of Prince Holiness, and large bodies of troops were for Windischgrätz refusing cannon and ammunition warded. The Pope has since regained his to the students. The Princess was killed by a popularity, and is attempting to negotiate a shot fired from a window, notwithstanding peace.
which her husband went out to implore the In Lombardy the Austrians suffered a defeat preservation of peace; but the mob seized and 2t Goito, on the 30th May, on which day they were proceeding to hang him, when he was uso surrendered Peschiera, where the garrison rescued by his troops. Barricades-were raised, und the inhabitants had for several weeks suffer- crowds of peasanis arrived to assist the ind the greatest extremities of want; they were surgents, and the Prince after some fighting n fact almost starved. On the 11th June, the withdrew his troops to the neighboring heights, talians in Vicenza were forced to surrender bombarded the city, and put down the insurrechat place to the Austrians. Charles Albert's tion. ead-quarters were at Villa Franca, and he The cholera is increasing in Moscow.
Mary Grover, or, The Trusting Wife; a Do-, Casar's Commentaries on the Gallic War, with
mestic Temperance Tale. By CHARLES English Noles, fc. By Rev. J. A. SPENCER, BURDETT, author of “ Arthur Martin,” &c. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1848. Harper & Brothers. 1848.
The notes to this edition explain everything, Mr. Burdett, who has been many years con- and almost disprove the old saying that there is nected as a reporter with the Courier and“ no royal road to learning.' The boy who Enquirer newspaper, writes with great facility with such helps, does not take readily to his and general good taste. His stories are quite Latin, should never be sent to college. Mr. popular with the class for whom they are de- Spencer is favorably known as a classic editor signed, and they tend to promote good habits by his late edition of the Greek Testament. and good feeling. It is very creditable to their author to be able to produce so many pleasing works of fancy after so long an experience of the soul-consuming drudgery of reporting. Modern Painters. By A GRADUATE OF 01.
Part III. First American, from the third London Edition. John Wiley, 161
Broadway, New York. llistory of England, from the Invasion of Julius
Casar to the reign of Victoria. By Mrs. This third part of the Modern Painters create MARKHAM. A New Edition, revised and pletes the reprint of one of the most agreeable enlarged, with Questions, adapted to Schools and elegant, one of the most brilliant and faulty in the United States. By Eliza Robbins, works of modern genius. The style is Cole author of “ American Popular Lessons,” &c. ridgeian, full, abounding in long words and New York : Appleton & Co. 1848. long periods, but elevated, harmonious, and fu..
of fine and original turns of expression. This This is probably the best school history of part contains the author's philosophical views England that has been written. It is very of art, and is a work to be read with prodi popular at home, and will be here, wherever rather by the scholar and man of letters, thaa English history is made a branch of common- the practical artist. We enjoy it not as a coschool education. It has also the merit of being plete or scientific treatise of æsthetics, but is very interesting as a book for juvenile readers. a popular and eloquent exposition of the in
aginative view of art, not only in its aim and scope but in its principles, and the faculties of
mind that create it. A Pilgrimage to the Holy Land, comprising
Recollections, Sketches, and Reflections, made
71st year. Published by E. ANTRUST,
Broadway, New York. Of course we shall not hazard our prophetic eputation by predicting for this republication This admirable work, executed by Mr. Ritri
" ready sale.” With many who have never of this city, whose exquisite handiwork een it however, and who know its author only elegance to our own pages, is by far the bes brough the general praises of him with which , and most agreeable representation of Mr. (ar he press has lately teemed, we may compro- that we have yet seen. A signt of it less nise their good opinion of our taste, in saying all other prints of him in estimation. Tbe i hat we would not read the book all through, of the eye is truly given. It represents the or something considerable—ten thousand dol- venerable statesman wearing his Doblest a ars perhaps. It reminds us of what the old pression. The design of the whole is in per rapper in Bryant's California calls the bacon fect taste, and is worthy of the most celebrate and bread and milk of the emigrants; it is engravers. nushy stuff.”
Mr. Clay, for a copy sent him hx M. l
thony, returned the following acknowledg- of those gentlemen whose lives are given, will
of itself secure it a wide circulation. ASHLAND, 17th June, 1848. Dear Sir :- I have been requested by Mrs. Clay to say that she has received yonr note, with the portrait of myself which accompanies The Planetary and Stellar Worlds. A popular it; and to express her thanks and obligations exposition of the great discoveries and theories for it. She regards it as an excellent likeness. of Modern Astronomy. In a series of Ten
Allow me to add an expression also of my Lectures. By O. M. MITCHELL, A.M., acknowledgments, and my entire concurrence Director of the Cincinnati Observatory. New in her judgment as to the accuracy and fidelity York: Baker & Scribner. 1848. of the portrait.
I am afraid that a recent event may diminish Many of our readers in this city, and in Bosthe remuneration which you anticipated from ton and New Orleans, who attended Mr. Mitchthe sale of this portrait; but at all events Iell's lectures when he visited those places, will tender to you my ardent wishes for your success be glad to see them presented in the form of a and prosperity, in all respects.
volume. They are full of interest and inforI am, truly,
mation respecting the most sublime of all sciYour obedient servant, ences, and will be found to abound less in
H. CLAY conjecture and rhetorical display than most Mr. EDWARD ANTHONY,
popular works of a similar character. The pre205 Broadway, N. Y.
face, in which the author details the circumstances which led him to prepare them, in connection with the history of the Cincinnati
Observatory, is highly interesting, and is given History of the United States of America, de- in that clear unpretending manner which be
signed for Schools. By EGBERT GUERNSEY, longs to a true scholar. ”Mr. Mitchell is an AM Second edition. New York: Cady enthusiast in his science, as one must needs be & Burgess. 1848.
who would devote himself to its cultivation suc
cessfully-one of the few in that department of The events and dates in this little volume are whom our country has real reason to be proud. given with general correctness, and though it is not altogether free from irrelevant matter, the circumstance of its having reached a second edition, is a gratifying evidence of its fa- A First Book in Spanish; or a Practical Invorable reception by the public.
troduction to the study of the Spanish Language : containing full Instructions in pronunciation, frc., fc. By JOSEPH SALKELD,
A.M., author of a Compendium of Classical History of Congress, biographical and Politi
Antiquities. New York: Harper & Brothers. cal : comprising Memoirs of Members of the
1848. Congress of the United States, drawn from authentic sources; embracing the prominent erents of their lives, and their connection with
This appears to be a book well adapted to the political history of the times. By Henry its purpose. The Spanish is the most easy of G. WHEELER. Illustrated by numerous Steel all the European languages, and may almost be
Portraits, and facsimile Autographs. New learned from book alone. A knowledge of it is York: Harper & Brothers. 1848.
becoming every year more necessary to an
American citizen. Even now it is much in The author of this work has been long a re- use among the numerous and highly respectable orter in the House, and thus possesses pecu- class of returned volunteer officers who disar advantages for the publication of such a tinguished themselves in the late conflicts in 'ork. The book is well executed and very Mexico; and the war has also given birth to a adable ; the incidents in the lives of the gen- great many dispatches and writings of all sorts,
men whose biographies are given are proba- for a ready comprehension of which a familiariy in general reliable, they being collected and ty with the Spanish is requisite. It is possible 'epared, as it were, under their own eyes. that a few years may see Spanish representamine of the portraits are extremely well done. tives sitting in the House from new States nong the principal biographies we notice sliced out of Chihuahua, Durango, and Quereose of Hon. J. R. Ingersoll, Washington taro; and an acquaintance with Spanish may int, R. C. Winthrop, and Charles Hudson. then become very necessary to our public le author proposes to continue the work by men, to enable them to sustain our free institu
publication of other succeeding volumes, tions under the demoralizing influence of New .pared in a similar manner. The patronage Mexican ideas of civilization.