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those before, in another place a vast city, with on horseback. But this object was so enorcountless columned editices of marble white- mously large, considering its apparent distance, ness, and studded with domes, spires, and tur- and its movement forward, parallel with ours, reted towers, would rise upon the horizon of so distinct, that it greatly excited our wonder the plain, astonishing us with its stupendous and curiosity. Many and various were the grandeur and sublime magnificence. But it is conjectures, serious and facetious, of the party, in vain to attempt a description of these singu- as to what it might be, or portend. Some lar and extraordinary phenomena. Neither thought it might be Mr. Hudspeth, who had prose or poetry, nor the pencil of the artist, can concluded to follow us; others that it was adequately portray their beauties. The whole some cyclopean nondescript animal, lost upon distant view around, at this point, seemed like the desert; others that it was the ghost of a the creations of a sublime and gorgeous dream, mammoth or Megatherium wandering on this or the effect of enchantment. I observed that rendezvous of death;" others that it was the where these appearances were presented in - mounted on an ibis, &c. It was the gestheir most varied forms, and with the most vivid eral conclusion, however, that no animal com distinctness, the surface of the plain was bro- posed of flesh and blood, or even a healthy ! ken, either by chasms hollowed out from the ghost, could here inhabit. A partner of equal action of the winds, or by undulations formed size soon joined it, and for an hour or more of the drifting sands.

they moved along as before, parallel to as About eleven o'clock we struck a vast white when they disappeared, apparently behind the plain, uniformly level, and utterly destitute of horizon. vegetation or any sign that shrub or plant had As we proceeded, the plain gradually became ever existed above its snow-like surface. softer, and our mules sometimes sank to their Pausing a few moments to rest our mules and knees in the stiff composition of salt, sand, and moisten our mouths and throats from the scant clay. The travelling at length became so és supply of beverage in our powder-keg, we ficult and fatiguing to our animals, that seve entered upon this appalling field of sullen and ral of the party dismounted, myself among the hoary desolation. It was a scene so entirely number, and we consequently slackened ou new to us, so frightfully forbidding and un- hitherto brisk pace into a walk. About tv earthly in its aspects, that all of us, I believe, o'clock, P. M., we discovered through the sma though impressed with its sublimity, felt a vapor the dim outlines of the mountains in front slight shudder of apprehension. Our mules of us, at the foot of which was to terminate seemed to sympathize with us in the pervading our day's march, if we were so fortunate us sentiment, and moved forward with reluctance, to reach it. But still we were a long and several of them stubbornly setting their faces weary distance from it, and from the gras for a countermarch.

and water” which we expected there to find For fifteen miles the surface of this plain is A cloud rose from the south soon afterwartso compact, that the feet of our animals, as we accompanied by several distant peals of thushurried them along over it, left but little if any der and a furious wind, rushing across to impression for the guidance of the future trav- plain, and filling the whole atmosphere aroc eller. It is covered with a hard crust of saline us with the fine particles of salt, and drifting i and alkaline substances combined, from one in heaps like the newly fallen snow. Oures fourth to one-half of an inch in thickness, be- became nearly blinded and our throsis Co. neath which is a stratum of damp whitish sand with the saline matter, and the very sis s and clay intermingled. Small' fragments of breathed tasted of salt. white shelly rock, of an inch and a half in During the subsidence of this tempest, that thickness, which appear as if they once com- appeared upon the plain one of the most en posed a crust, but had been broken by the ordinary phenomena, I dare to assert, ever. action of the atmosphere or the pressure of nessed. As I have before stated, I had es water rising from beneath, are strewn over the mounted from my mule, and turning it in .. entire plain and imbedded in the salt and sand. the caballada, was walking several rods for

As we moved onward a member of our party of the party, in order to lead in a direct on in the rear called our attention to a gigantic to the point of our destination. Diagona's moving object on our left, at an apparent dis- front, to the right, our course being west, tance of six or eight miles. It is very difficult appeared the figures of a number of to determine distances accurately on these horses, some fifteen or twenty. Some of them plains. Your estimate is based upon the pro- figures were mounted and others disnecat bable dimensions of the object, and unless you and appeared to be marching on foot. I know what the object is, and its probable size, faces and the heads of the horses were in you are liable to great deception. The atmo- | towards us, and at first they appeared as if sphere seems frequently to act as a magnifier; were rushing down upon us. Their app. so much so, that I have often seen a raven distance, judging from the horizos, a to perched upon a low shrub or an undulation of three to five miles. But their size was 1.

'ain, answering to the outlines of a man correspondent, for they seemed nearly as :

as our own bodies, and consequently were of Many views of scenery in the region of gigantic stature. At the first view I supposed the desert are splendidly painted. The them to be a small party of Indians (probably author's fondness for giving the changes the Utahs) marching from the opposite side of the plain. But this seemed to me scarcely of the sky, such as sunrises

, sunsets

, probable, as no hunting or war party would be moonlight scenes, thunder-gusts and rainlikely to take this route. I called to some of bows, is very apparent; as is also the our party nearest to me to hasten forward, as ability with which he draws them :there were men in front, coming towards us. Very soon the fifteen or twenty figures were * The night was perfectly serene. Not a cloud, multiplied into three or four hundred, and ap- or the slightest film of vapor, appeared on the peared to be marching forward with the greatest | face of the deep blue canopy of the heavens. action and speed. I then conjectured that they The moon and the countless starry host of the might be Capt. Fremont and his party with firmament exhibited their lustrous splendor in a others, from California, returning to the United perfection of brilliancy unknown to the nightStates by this route, although they seemed to watchers in the humid regions of the Atlantic; be too numerous even for this. I spoke to illuminating the numberless mountain peaks Brown, who was nearest to me, and asked him rising, one behind the other, to the east, and the if he noticed the figures of men and horses in illimitable desert of salt that spread its wintry front ? He answered that he did, and that he drapery before me, far beyond the reach of had observed the same appearances several vision, like the vast winding.sheet of a dead times previously, but that they had disappeared, world! The night was cold, and kindling a and he believed them to be optical illusions fire of the small, dead willows around the spring, similar to the mirage. It was then, for the first I watched until the rich, red hues of the morntime, so perfect was the deception, that I con- ing displayed themselves above the eastern jectured the probable fact that these figures horizon, tinging slightly at first, and then were the reflection of our own images by the deepening in color, the plain of salt, until it atmosphere, filled as it was with fine particles of appeared like a measureless ocean of vermilion, crystallized matter, or by the distant horizon, with here and there a dark speck, the shadow covered by the same substance. This induced of some solitary buttes, representing islands, a more minute observation of the phenomenon, rising from its glowing bosom. The sublime in order to detect the deception, if such it were. splendors of these scenes cannot be conveyed to I noticed a single figure, apparently in front in the reader by language." advance of all the others, and was struck with its likeness to myself. Its motions, too, I

The dangers attending the journey thought, were the same as mine. To test the hypothesis above suggested, I wheeled suddenly

across these desolate regions, may be around, at the same time stretching my arms imagined from the fate of a part of the out to their full length, and turning my face emigrant company with whom our author sidewise to notice the movements of this figure. originally set out. These lost time in exIt went through precisely the same motions. ploring a new road through the Great I then marched deliberately and with long Desert Basin, and did not arrive at the strides several paces; the figure did the same. Pass of the Sierra Nevada until the snow To test it more thoroughly, I repeated the experiment, and with the same result. The

was too deep to admit their crossing. fact then was clear. But it was more fully Many of our readers will remember the verified still, for the whole array of this accounts of the awful extremities to which numerous shadowy host, in the course of an they were reduced, which appeared about hour, melted entirely away, and was no more a year since in the newspapers. Mr. Bryseen. The phenomenon, however, explained ant visited the scene of their sufferings and gave the history of the gigantic spectres and saw some of the survivors. The which appeared and disappeared so mysteriously it an earlier hour of the day. The figures were

chapter which contains his account is one yur own shadows, produced and reproduced by of the most terrible in all the history of he mirror-like composition impregnating the human sorrow. We extract a portion of utmosphere and covering the plain. I cannot it :were more particularly explain or refer to the ubject. But this phantom population, spring- “ At the time the occurrrences above related ng out of the ground as it were, and arraying took place, I was marching with the California tself before us as we traversed this dreary and battalion, under the command of Col. Fremont, leaven-condemned waste, although we were to Ciudad de los Angelos, to assist in suppressntirely convinced of the cause of the apparition, ing a rebellion which had its origin in that xcited those superstitious emotions so natural quarter. After my return from that expedition,

I saw and conversed with several of thes

all mankind.

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vivors in the above list. The oral statements, ing murdered her, for her flesh and the money made to me by them in regard to their suffer- the Donners were known to possess, but de ings, far exceed in horror the descriptions given | nied it. When questioned in regard to the in the extracts. Mr. Fallon, who conducted money of the Donners, he denied all knowledge the last relief party over the mountains, made respecting it. He was informed that if he did a statement, in regard to what he saw upon his not disclose wbere he had secreted the money, arrival at the cabins,' so revolting that I hesi- he would immediately be hung to a tree. Sull tate before alluding to it. The parties which persisting in his denial, a rope, after much rehad preceded him had brought into the settle-sistance from him, was placed around his neck, ments all the living sufferers except three. and Mr. Fallon commenced drawing him up to These were Mr. and Mrs. George Donner, and the limb of a tree, when he stated that if they

Keysburg. At the time the others left, would desist from this summary execution, be Mr. George Donner was unable to travel from would disclose all he knew about the money. debility, and Mrs. D. refused to leave him. Why Being released, he produced $517 in gold. He Keysburg remained, there is no satisfactory was then notified that he must accompany the explanation. Mrs. Donner offered a reward of party to the settlements. To this he was dis $500 to any party that would return and rescue inclined, and he did not consent, until the orda them. I knew the Donners well. Their was so peremptory that he was compelled to means in money and merchandise, which they obey it. The body of George Donner was had brought with them, were abundant. Mr. found dead in his tent. He had been carefcily Donner was a man of about sixty, and was at laid out by his wife, and a sheet was wrapped the time of his leaving the United States, a around the corpse. This sad office was prubehighly respectable citizen of Illinois—a farmer bly the last act she performed before visitiaz of independent circumstances. Mrs. D. was the cabin of Keysburg. This is briefly a state considerably younger than her husband, and an ment of particulars as detailed to me by Mr. active, energetic woman of refined education. Fallon, who accompanied Gen. Kearney on bus

“ Mr. Fallon and his party reached the 'ca- return to the United States in the capacity of bins' some time in April. The snow in the guide. valley, on the eastern side of the Pass, had “ When the return party of Gen. Kearner melted so as in spots to expose the ground. (which I accompanied) reached the scene di He found the main cabin empty, but evi- these horrible and tragical occurrences, on the dences that it had not long been desert- | 22d of June, 1847, a halt was ordered for the ed. He and his party commenced a search, purpose of collecting and interring the remains. and soon discovered fresh tracks in the snow Near the principal cabins I saw two bruses, leading from it. These they followed some entire with the exception that the abdomen miles, and by pursuing them they returned had been cut open, and the entrails esagain to the cabin. Here they now found tracted. Their flesh had been either wasted Keysburg. He was reclining upon the floor of by famine or evaporated by exposure to the the cabin, smoking bis pipe. Near his head a dry atmosphere, and they presented the appearfire was blazing, upon which was

a camp

ance of mummies. Strewn around the ca urm kettle filled with human fesh. His feet were dislocated and broken bones-skuuls, fiu were resting upon skulls and dislocated limbs some instances sawed asunder with care v denuded of their flesh. A bucket, partly filled the purpose of extracting the brains.)- ULIKE with blood, was standing near, and pieces of skeletons, in short, in every variety of nu human flesh, fresh and bloody, were strewn tion. A more revolting and appalling spectacle around. The appearance of Keysburg was

I never witnessed. The remains were, by 2 haggard and revolting. His beard was of great order of Gen. Kearney, collected and tenel length; his finger-nails had grown out until under the superintendence of Major Swat they resembled the claws of beasts. He was They were interred in a pit which bad beis Tagged and filthy, and the expression of his dug in the centre of one of the cabins et countenance ferocious. He stated that the cache. These melancholy doties to the un Donners were both dead. That Mrs. Donner being performed, the cabins, by order of Var was the last to die, and had expired some two Swords, were fired, and with everything days previously. That she had left her hus- rounding them connected with this borrad band's camp, some eight miles distant, and come melancholy tragedy were consumed. The to this cabin. She attempted to return in the of George Donner was found at his camp, a evening to the camp, but becoming bewildered eight or ten miles distant, wrapped in a sms she came back to the cabin, and died in the He was buried by a party of men detasieda course of the night. He was accused of hav- | that purpose.”

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WHIT-MONDAY, June 12th, being a regular | however, postponed insurrection until the harvest holiday among the working classes in England, shall have been gathered in. Protestant Rewas appointed by the Chartists for a grand dis- peal Associations are forming, but on the other play, and meetings were advertised to be held hand the Orangemen are dismissing Repealers at various places. In London large prepara- from their ranks, and addresses of confidence tions were made for preventing any breach of and loyalty, numerously signed, have been prethe peace, but the projected meetings were sented to the Lord Lieutenant. A younger abandoned, and the same occurred in Bristol. | brother of Mitchel has arrived at New York, In Manchester an open-air meeting was change and Meagher, who was some time since tried ed to an in-door assembly. In Birmingham for sedition, is said to be on his way here. An about six hundred met out of doors, and about association with a large capital, for extending twelve thousand were gathered in the West and improving the Irish Fisheries, is in proRiding of Yorkshire, and having been inform- gress. ed by the magistrates that no interruption A bill for repealing the obsolete statutes, and would be made, if the parties present dispersed other disabilities, affecting Roman Catholics, quietly, without forming processions, with ban- has been introduced into the House of Comners, the meeting passed off without disturb- Discussions have taken place in both

Seventeen Chartists charged with riot- | Houses of Parliament, relative to the relations ing and offences against the peace on previous between Great Britain and Spain. The foroccasions, have been convicted in London, and mer country having been mainly instrumental sentenced to inprisonment with hard labor, for in suppressing the civil war in Spain, and placterms varying from two years to three months, ing its present sovereign on the throne, under according to the nature and extent of their assurances of the adoption of a more liberal line offences.


of policy, Sir Henry Bulwer, the British MinisIn Ireland the accounts of the crops, particu- ter at Madrid, was instructed by Lord Palmerlarly the potato, are highly satisfactory. Emi- ston to advise the Spanish government against gration continues from that country on a large the arbitrary line of policy pursued in that scale. The formation of clubs in Dublin and country. Sir Henry Bulwer was forthwith throughout the provinces is progressing rapid- violently attacked in the Ministerial Newsly: in the former place, there are not less than pa per at Madrid, and ordered by the governforty clubs, containing in the aggregate twelve ment to quit the country, on the grounds, proved thousand members. The “ Repeal Association,” | to be false, that he had promoted certain outand the “ Irish Confederation,” (the “ Young breaks of the people, and that his person was Ireland” party,) are to be dissolved, the mem- not safe from popular fury. A special minisbers uniting in a body, to be called the “Irish ter was sent to England, where his reception League," of which Repeal is to be the object ; but was refused, and the Spanish Ambassador there the mode of its attainment, whether by physical was provided with a pasport and sent home. or moral force, is to be left to the judgment of All parties in England agree that there was each member individually. This ainalgamation nothing blameable in the conduct of Sir Henry has not the approval of many moral force men. Bulwer, but no hostile measures seem at presMr. John O'Connell, to wbom the leadership ent probable, and the matter is left in the hands was bequeathed by his late father, disapproves of the British government for adjustment. of the change and refuses to join the new as- At present the great object of European insociation ; part of the Catholic clergy are dis- terest' is centred in France, where the Socialrustful and cautious, some declining to commit ist doctrines, introduced and fostered by the hemselves to the new movement, but the vio- Provisional Government, have commenced their ent partisans and the younger members of that work, the effect of which it is not possible at rofession have readily given in their adhesion present to foresee. On the 3d June, the NaThe "Irish Felon" has made its appearance as tional Assembly by a small majority refused

successor to Mitchel's paper; its tone is ra- leave to prosecute Louis Blanc, for participaid, but lacks the point which distinguished its tion in the events of the 15th May, on which orerunner: the writers affix their signatures to subject much difference of opinion prevailed in e contributions. One of them disapproves of Paris. On the division, Crémieux, Minister of e Repeal leaders' policy, and thinks a blow Justice, voted in the majority, in consequence aght to have been struck at the time of Mit- of which M. Portalis, Attorney General of the nel's removal: the physical force men have, 1 Republic, and M. La ndoin, Advocate General

resigned their offices. The Minister of Justice | out much difficulty. On Monday, June 12th, having afterwards stated in the Assembly that the people expected him to take his seat, and he had voted not as a member of the Assembly, large crowds assembled to welcome him. but as a simple representative, the law officers During the sitting of the Chamber, intelligence positively affirmed that he had given the matter was brought that a collision had taken place his previous sanction, and had declared the pro- between the people and the troops, upon which posed prosecution ought to be adopted; and a M. Lamartine rushed to the tribune in great question of veracity arose out of the discussion, excitement, and demanded a decree of promost unfavorable for M. Crémieux, who was scription to be passed against him on the incharged by the reporter of the Committee, to stant; the Assembly hesitated, but passed the which the question had been referred, with measure, after considerable opposition. On the having expressed himself favorably towards following day that body reversed their decision, their decision, recommending the prosecution. and voted to admit_him, “ provided that he This exposure compelled M. Crémieux to re- proved bimself a French citizen.” Louis sign his post. Another resignation also took Blanc voted for his admission, possibly from the place about that time. M. Clement Thomas, idea that if any serious tumult arose, he might late a clerk in a newspaper establishment, whó be able to turn it to his advantage. In the had been raised to the rank of General and in- following week disturbances took place in the trusted with the command of the National departments, on account of the additional 45 Guard, having in the Assembly designated the per cent. added to the direct taxation by the decoration of the Legion of Honor, as a "gew- Provisional Government; several lives were gaw of vanity,” (hochel de la vanité) raised such lost, and martial law was declared in some a storm that, notwithstanding his attempted ex- places. planations, he was obliged to retire. The On the 19th June, the committee reported Minister of Finance produced his budget for the draft of a constitution for the approval of 1848: the credits opened to defray the ordinary the Assembly. It commences by declaring the and extraordinary expenses of the year are sta- Rights of Man"-guarantees to all citizens, ted at 1,680,000,000 fr. and the resources of Liberty, Equality, Security, Instruction, labor, the state at 1,685,000,000 fr.-about 320 mil- Property, Assistance. “The right of Labor is lions of dollars. It appears by this budget that that which every man has to live by his the expenses created by decrees of the Pro- work. Society must, by the productive and visional Government, amounted to-

general means of which it disposes, and skich Foreign Affairs,

480,000 will be organized ulleriorly, furnish labor to Interior

6,823,000 able men who cannot procure it otherwise Commerce and Agriculture, 495,000 The legislative power is delegated to a sitgle Public Works,

6,779,000 assembly of 750 representatives, ineluding AB War,

113,946,119 ! geria and the colonies; having population for Public Debt,

600,000 its basis, and to be re-elected every three years. Dotations,

480,000 The President is to hold office for four years, General Service,

30,000 and be elected by universal suffrage, and bes: Administration,

2,860,000 have at least two millions of votes. A Vio Repayments and Restitutions, 31,077,000 President, to be nominated by the Assembly

on the presentation of the President. "Tor Total,

163,570,119 fr. Vice President is to preside over the Council The Assembly voted 100,000 fr. a month to State, consisting of forty members nomidard the Executive Committee-25,000 for their by the Assembly. expenses, and 75,000 for secret service. In “ The Council of State draws up the pris the recent elections to fill vacancies in the As-jects of laws that the Government proposes to sembly, the name of Louis Napoleon, son of the Assembly, as well as the projects of paren the late King of Holland, best known by his mentary initiative, which the Assembly subez two foolish and abortive attempts at Strasbourg to its examination. It makes the regalo and Bologne, for the latter of which he was public administration, and exerts, with it confined in the fortress of Ham for six years, to departmental and municipal administra was on several electoral lists; and in some of all the powers of control and of inspez. the provinces the peasants carried their ballots which are deferred to it by law. Its other in their hats, having in large characters, “ L. tributes are to be regulated by the legisla. Napoleon ! Vive L'Empereur! A bas la Ré body. publique!” He was returned for Paris and “The President names and revokes the s? other places ; four Napoleon journals were es- isters, according to his own will. He tablished, and his name was heard in all the and revokes, in a council of the minister sy assemblies of the lower classes of Paris, who diplomatic agents, the generals and run vigorously shouted, “ Vive L'Empereur ! Vive commanders of land and sea forces, the Louis Napoleon !” The military were called fects, the governors of the colonies of A out to disperse the mobs, which was done with and of the Bank of France, the premer

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