« AnteriorContinuar »
to her each day surrounded by a concourse | have brought with her,* asking only to have of nobles, poets and sophists, who con- the slave who had instructed her in music. founded the young girl with encomiums To this proposition Agathon offered some upon her beauty, which they couched in objections for appearance sake, as though the most enticing and fashionable phra- about to make a great sacrifice, but at ses.
length yielded to the Archon's demand At length, to give a surpassing proof of with an air of satisfaction which he could his passion, this gallant wooer appointed not conceal: for this blind father had not games to be celebrated privately for her en seen nor did he even suspect the affection tertainment, for which, as it was contrary of his daughter for the slave, but attribto custom, and some thought to religion, uted her rapid proficiency solely to her games being a part of the ceremony of dutiful desire to gratify her parents. His worship, he was blamed by many and wife had indeed observed something of ridiculed by not a few.
her daughter's liking for Cleon, but so exHowever, when the day arrived, Lucia, travagant was her pride and confidence, attended by her father and mother, and a she made nothing of it, and did not even troop of slaves, presented by the liberality use the necessary precautions to prevent of the intended son-in-law, entered the their secret interviews. Agathon, meanmarble palæstra where the games were to while, informed the Archon that the slave be celebrated. Here were assembled many should be sent to him as soon as he reof the wealthiest citizens of Corinth, some turned from a journey which he had lately with their wives and mistresses ; but Lucia, undertaken to Sicyon, to procure for Lucia it was admitted, outshone them all in a new lute of a peculiar construction, such beauty and elegance of demeanor. as he represented were to be found only
Meanwhile the entertainments proceed in that city. ed. First appeared in the arena a pair of Meanwhile Cleon, who, by this artifice, poets,who contended in a rhythmic dialogue had obtained leave of absence, retired to who should best celebrate the praise of the hut of a sorceress near the city, and Lucia. Nor did these ingenious persons there lying concealed for some days, when ail to mingle great laudations of their he heard that games were to be celebrated, patron, whom they seemed to venerate as shaved his hair and beard, which he had
kind of deity. When these had done worn long and flowing, and by the aid of heir part, a company of youths entered, the sorceress stained his whole body of a rho played alternately upon the lute and brown color, and in this disguise, returning arp, with songs appropriate to the occa- to the city, obtained admittance to the ion. These were followed by a company palæstra, where the guests were assembled f circus riders, who showed for what a at the spectacle of the games. Being rifling approbation some men will peril large and powerful in body and of great veir lives. Boxers, quoit-players and endurance and breath in all exercises, he inners followed in their turn, and last of awaited the opportunity which it pleased 11 appeared two athletics of great vigor, those deities who favor faithful lovers to ho contended nearly naked for mastery prepare for him. For now the enthusiasm
the pancratium, a contest in which it is of the spectators had risen to a high pitch, wful for the adversary to use every ad- and the young nobles, throwing off their intage.
robes, had gathered about the combatants, While the younger guests were enjoying and some of those who prided themselves lemselves in conversation, or in watching upon their manly vigor, began to wresid betting upon the combatants, the fa- tle and strike, at first in sport, but er of Lucia conversed apart with the soon with a feeling of emulation. The rchon, who, being of a truly generous women and old men had retired from the Iture, behaved with great liberality, and palæstra, and the whole place was occupied clared himself so well pleased with the with knots of betters and combatants, enauty and modesty of the girl, he would gaged in boisterous conversation or in atify her father with any sum that might pear liberal, and would not require the
Bride's furniture, clothes, &c., &c., brought raphernalia which the bride should from her parents' house.
watching the struggles of some two who | delirium betrayed all to her physician and had engaged in strife. Cleon, in the dress attendants. Dreadful was the rage of of an Athenian, crowned with a wreath as Agathon and his wife, when they heard though he had been drinking, mingled of this affair. Taking a wooden sandal with the crowd and began to dare and from her foot, the mother standing by the defy the weaker among them to wrestle bedside struck her daughter with it upon with him. With an appearance of great the face, execrating her want of spirit to effort he overcame several, and threw them fall in love with a slave, and calling the down without injury. The Archon's son, Eumenides and the gloomy queen of hell meanwhile, did not fail, on his part, to en- to punish the mean-spirited and perfidious gage with some complying combatants ; girl. She, insensible, lay swooning and who, out of deference to him, as their en- nearly dead; yet so fierce was the anger tertainer, suffered themselves to be over- of these parents, you would have thought come. Elated with success, he pushed they meant to thrust her through the gate through the crowd that surrounded Cleon, of Hades to which she lay so near. who had just thrown down a feeble an- And now the affair becoming public, tagonist, and seizing him rudely by the proclamation was made throughout the shoulder, struck him upon the face and city offering freedom and a great reward dared him to the pancratium. Cleon to any slave who would bring the missing paused for a moment, as if to gather cour- servant of Agathon, alive or dead, before age for the feat, and then, seizing the Ar- the Archon. A number of innocent people chon's son in both his arms, threw him were seized and dragged before the judge, upon the ground with such violence that and some were even slain by their captors, he lay senseless, and soon after expired. but none proved to be the person sought. In the confusion which ensued, and before While this was happening, the miserable any could think to prevent him, Cleon es- Cleon fled away and took refuge among the caped from the arena and retired again to mountains of Arcadia, inhabited by outhis place of concealment, where, having laws of all Greece, and by a warlike race cleansed his body of the color which dis- of shepherd robbers. They received him guised it, and delaying for the necessary and applauded him when he told them his time of the journey, he returned to the history, and being an Athenian and accomhouse of Agathon, in his slave's dress, as plished in music, and in the arts of war and usual.
chase, he soon gathered about him a band Believing that it would be fatal to him of followers, who attacked rich travellers, to remain longer in Athens, and yet wholly or descended upon the fruitful plains, carryunable to part from Lucia, whom to leave ing off with them the wives and riches of was worse to him than death, Cleon re- the inhabitants. In vain the Lacedæmonisolved to make trial of her love, and by ans, the Argives and the Corinthians sent degrees, breaking the matter little by little, armies against them : with Cleon for their informed her of what he had done. At leader, these robbers routed whole armies first the tender and scrupulous maid was and put to flight even the spears of Lace overcome with terror and remorse; she dæmon. Thus he lived for some years could not endure that he had slain the while Lucia lay imprisoned in her father's Archon's son, who had never injured him, house. and with the bitterest reproaches forbade Rumor spread abroad the story of Lucia him to speak with, or even to look at her and the slave, over all Greece. " A bankagain. Struck dumb with anguish and de- rupt who had fled from Corinth, reported spair he left the house, and soon after dis. in Arcadia that Lucia had recovered from appeared from Corinth; nor could any trace her illness, and would soon marry : of him be found, though the old man younger son of the Archon, who now stood Agathon, who valued his services, caused in his brother's place. This information isdiligent search to be made in all parts of spired Cleon at once with new terror and the city. Meanwhile Lucia, pining be with hope. Calling his troop together he tween love and terror, and unable to bear sent fifty of them, by various routes, the weight of her painful secret, fell ill of various disguises, into Corinth, appointing a - tiqued fever, and in the ravings of a day and place of meeting; and then, taking a secret route to the sea-shore, lay concealed | said to himself, now shalt thou avenge thy until the passage of a vessel bound for brother in a manner perfectly honorable. Corinth, to which city, being now greatly So he proclaimed a day and a place outchanged in his appearance by several years side the city, declaring that he would there of hardship and exposure on the mountains, meet the slayer of his brother and contend he did not fear to return. Arrived at Co with him for the girl, since the laws of rinth, in the guise of a galley's rower, he Corinth did not forbid it; and whoever found the city full of rumors of the splendid might be victor should marry her on that marriage that was soon to happen, be- day. This he did with the approval of his tween the daughter of the miser Agathon father, and of Agathon and his fiery spouse, and the young son of the Archon. Many to whom, indeed, he said nothing about sacrifices had been offered, it was said, to the scroll sent by Cleon; and they reappease the manes of the older brother, garded the affair as a piece of boastful and the younger had taken a vow to find gallantry, Cleon being long counted by out and slay the murderer of his brother, them among the dead.
So the deed was as soon as ever the marriage had been signed and witnessed before the Archon, consummated; for this youth was not only that Lucia should belong to him who was excellent in the use of arms and exercises, victor in this fight; and while he signed it, but of great strength and of a truly hero he smiled at the vanity of his son, but reical mind.
flected inwardly that the folly involved no Laying all these particulars to heart, as danger and looked rather gallant and herohe gathered them from rumor and the in- ical. So is it always, that the fond conformation of the Archon's men, with whom fidence or the harsh pride of the parents, he took care to be early acquainted, Cle- brings shame and death upon the children. on instantly devised a plan to gain pos- Again the wedding was appointed ;session of Lucia, which he thought could again the games were celebrated, and the not fail of good success; for he was now palæstra crowded with rich Corinthians, full of hope, and accustomed to succeed who came to witness the games, and to in desperate enterprises.
smile at the boastful Proteus. At the Going first to a scrivener he procured appointed hour he stepped forward, a fair piece of papyrus, and wrote thereon nearly naked and wearing on each hand a as follows:
leaded glove ; and so standing, proclaimed - Cleon, the son of Menechmus, the aloud, that if the murderer of his brother Athenian, to Proteus, the son of the Archon heard him, he should come forward and Chremilus. Know, 0 Proteus, that I, who receive his punishment. While he stood am the slayer of your brother-I, Cleon, expecting, a lean, gaunt figure, as of a man the Athenian, more noble than yourself, wasted by grief and labor, stepped into the and now chief of the free Arcadians, have written this. You have sworn to destroy It was Cleon, but no one, not even Agame in fair battle, as I destroyed him whom thon, recognized him, and they expected you succeed. The virgin was betrothed to only a sham fight, in which Proteus should me, and to marry her against her will show his skill in the dangerous fight of the would be the conduct of a base plebeian, cestus. The spectators drew near, and and not of a descendant of Hercules, * as silence fell upon all. Proteus, full of vigor you boast yourself. Act then in a manner and hope, struck instantly a dreadful blow worthy of your ancestry. Appoint the at the face of his enemy, but the other day, the hour and the place, and let us con- caught it on his left arm, and with the right tend for the girl. Do this or you stand ac- broke in the skull of the unhappy Proteus, cursed, and are in danger of me while you who fell prone, vomiting torrents of blood. live.”
Immediately there was a frightful tumult; This he contrived to have conveyed se- the assembly rushed down into the arena, cretly into the hands of Proteus, who, when and would have slain the stranger, though he received it, was not terrified, but re- they were without arms, by tearing him in oiced in his heart. O, my brave soul, he pieces with their hands. But instantly, fifty
men drawing weapons from under their gar* A Greek phrase for a gentleman. ments stepped forward and stood about him
in a circle. The crowd fell back, and while recognize him, he groaned in the agony of there was a pause, Cleon, in a loud voice, his mind. “Lucia,” he said, "I am called upon the Archon to fulfil the con- | Cleon, and it is I whom you are to marry tract that himself had signed. He had by this night. Come, Lucia, go with me.' stealth procured it, and now proceeded to He spoke these words very gently, and read it aloud to the assembly, declaring | then advancing laid hold upon her hand, also that he was a free Athenian and of a | She, however, retired a step backward, noble descent. When the councillors of and when she had gazed for awhile inthe old Archon heard this declaration, they | tently upon his face, uttered a sharp cry, pressed him eagerly to fulfil the contract, laying both hands upon her heart, and fell for at this time they were in danger of a backwards and expired. Instantly Cleon war with Athens, and dared not injure an raised her in his arms and brought her Athenian citizen. Stupefied with the sud- forth from the chamber ; but when the denness of the calamity, the Archon con- mother saw that her daughter was at length sented, and Cleon, followed by his brave dead, she drew from her own girdle a short companions, went immediately to the house knife, and coming upon Cleon from behind, of Agathon to find his bride.
as he stooped over the fallen form of When the mother of Lucia saw a com- Lucia, struck him on the neck behind, so pany of armed men coming to the house, that he fell forward and died upon the she barred and bolted the doors, and going bosom of his bride. So ends the tale of above to a window, near the entrance, in the passionate lovers; and now, my quired what they would have. "I am friends, let us confess that over the lives Cleon,” said the leader of the band : “I of some men there presides a jealous and have killed the Archon's son, and now I avenging Deity, who will not suffer their come to claim the girl. She is mine by | least wrong action to pass unavenged. nature, by the laws, and by the will of Heaven.” When the fiery wife of Aga- The guests were dissolved in tears thon heard these words, she remained for when Socrates concluded the story of the some time pale and speechless with the lovers, for they had hoped that it would most venomous rage. But presently com- end happily, and could not endure the ing down, she opened the door, and bade painful catastrophe. Then Euripides exthem enter. They followed her through the claimed, “O Socrates, you have wounded various chambers of the house until they our hearts; for without the charm of music came before the door of Lucia's chamber, and of verse, such things are intolerable. which opening she motioned Cleon to Had these misfortunes fallen unjustly upon enter. With a misgiving mind, he did so, Cleon as they did on Lucia, we might and saw sitting on a miserable couch, the have fortified our souls with unbelief, or Lucia of bis soul, pale and wasted with had they succeeded in their wishes, we long sorrows. Her dress was a white robe should have rejoiced with them ; but now with bridal or naments. As he entered, there is no consolation.” “Let us beshe rose and came forward to salute him. ware, then,” said Diotima, “that even for “I am ready,” she said, putting on a love's sake we commit no crimes.” cheerful look; "the wedding is to-night." It was now late, and after a few word:
When Cleon saw that Lucia did not the company retired sadly to their homes.
The great act of New England, during | taxation, retrenched rights, violated charthe first half of the seventeenth century, ters, unjust imprisonments, and iniquitous was the subjugation of Louisburg. The laws against the persons and property of ability of her yeomanry, the success of her the colonistsfully reveal the ever-growmerchants, the enterprise of her mariners, ing jealousy of Great Britain from that the flourishing condition of her schools, moment, towards her possessions on this and the learning and piety of her clergy, side of the great waters. had given to New England a name and a To the colonists, on the other hand, the praise throughout Europe, long before reduction of Louisburg was a great stride this. But the power that she was able to towards political freedom. They had wield by the combined energy of her peo
never wanted the courage to assert, they ple and government, when directed to began to feel now that they had the power wards a single purpose, had never before to defend, their civil liberties. From the been known. The capture of Louisburg outset, the love of liberty was a plant of came like the sudden report of masked religious growth on the soil of New Engartillery, upon the mother country. The land. To the old Puritan, every event attention of her people had been directed was under the superintending Providence towards the great captains, who were of an all-seeing God, and while he strove marshalling their forces on the battle- manfully to gain all that a heavenly Parent fields of the continent. They had neither had bestowed upon his children, he was feared defeat nor expected glory to the not backward to acknowledge the spiritual British arms, from the feeble colonies of power which had nerved his arm for the New England. But when the news came conflict. Nothing to him was the result hat the hitherto impregnable fortress of of chance, and scarcely anything the effect Louisburg had surrendered to the courage of natural causes. His religion was of a und skill of the colonial militia, grudgingly character which admitted neither of delided by a few ships from the national spair under reverses, nor doubt of ultimate leet, and it became manifest that the success. Obstacles in his pathway he rowess of the daughter had already be- counted as trials of his faith, and bravely run to shed new lustre upon the escutch- surmounted them ; hindrances to his plans on of the mother, it may well be doubted were the wise ordainments of One who rhether the ministry did not even then knew a better way to accomplish them ;
resee in the future a strength and pur- tempests upon the ocean, famine upon the ose, with which England must grapple in land, destruction to human life, were each fe-earnest, in order to subdue it to her au- the rods of discipline, which a heavenly iority. While the newspapers chroni- Father used in love for his ultimate good. ed, in glowing narrative, the heroism and Neither difficulties, nor hardships, nor danravery of the colonial forces, and the joy gers, nor reverses, nor failures, were of
the populace was expressed in brilliant avail to drive him from his purpose. In uminations, the government took no no- everything he recognized the aid of the e of the event, or such notice only as Spirit ; in every emergency he sought for Duld suffice to screen its members from light in prayer; in the hour of darkness he pular indignation. The ministerial mea
“Saw God in clouds, and heard him in the wind," res of the thirty years which followed at victory-measurs involving oppressive and was humbled.
OL. I. NO. V1. NEW SERIES.