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it were necessary to choose between rly well led but without principles, a party well principled but without as, we should not be slow in the dc»; for it is not the men, however rable, but the principles they reprethat give dignity and interest to a of opinion.

party without principles is no party, i combination of interested office-seekaticing the weak and ignorant to vote l*m. It is a body without a soul, an nation without laws, and must ali T&cillate in a contemptible medium, •nnot change its policy with a just ti to circumstances, without sufferby the charge of inconsistency; all **sures are selfish, and all its admisare compromises; it is disreputable without force.

becomes then a part of self-respect Bh as of prudence in the Whig party, I it always be distinctly known, why, on what suggestion, they advocate cular men, and particular policies. 'may advocate a tariff, or a tax, suited « year or to the age; but if, with the je of circumstance, they think it best Bpcnse with these, they have not rfore ceased to be Whigs. le difference between the parties lies

>1~ I. HO. IV. NEW SERIES. 22

deeper than the reasons of a temporary policy. At different times parties will change their ground, and even alternate opinions, because the necessity of the times demands it. It would not be any subject of wonder, if, at some future day, hypothetical pedants should be heard crying up free trade principles, on the side of the present opposition, and the good sense and prudence of the party permit them to do so. A regular army may allow ancient Pistol and the blackguards to follow the camp. Ancient Pistol, that battered hypothesis of valor, may help to terrify the weak among the enemy.

But, as we now stand, and for this century at least, free trade is not a Whig measure. The labor of the freeman, be it in the shop, the mine, or the field, continues to require protection.

We repeat it, the differences of party are not mere temporary differences of policy; they arise rather from general views of human nature, and its necessities. The better to explain our meaning, let us endeavor to characterize the opposite parties, as they are actuated by adverse motives, and mark the contrast. This contrast is in nothing more marked than in the doctrine concerning liberty :—

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