Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

give us confidence.' We asked, "What will | state that commercial affairs have not improved give you confidence ?' They replied, “If we to the extent which the increased facilities for only know that we can get notes, that will be discount might bave been supposed to warrant. enough. We do not want the notes. You In the manufacturing districts there is more emcan charge any rate of interest you please. ployment, more hands are employed, and the Charge 10 or 12 per cent.; we do not mean to short time system is being curtailed; but the take the notes, we only want to know that we produce markets continue depressed. In sugar can have them.'” Under these circumstances and cotton there is a decline, and the general the Government, on the 25th October, gave the consumption is much affected by the state of Tecommendation to the Bank of England re- the public health. The fluctuations in the ferred to in our number of December last, when funds have been less considerable than for a large amounts which had been kept in the long time previously. On the 1st January hands of capitalists were again deposited with consols for the account were 85%.

The the London bankers, the amounts drawn from Bank of England has replenished its coffers to the Bank of England were very materially less-the extent of £11,991,376, in both departments, ened, and public confidence restored.

and the position of that establishment is conOn the 29th November, a bill for the sup- sidered safe and satisfactory. The Bank rate pression of crime in Ireland was introduced of discount was 6 per cent. on the 18th Dec., into the House of Commons by Sir George and was reduced on the 23d to 5 per cent. Grey, who stated that, so far from the disturb- The influenza prevails very generally throughances being general throughout Ireland, in the out Great Britain. The number of deaths has greater part of that country crime has dimin-consequently increased to an immense extent. ished, and life and property are as safe as in in the week ending November 20th the number any other portion of the kingdom ; and that the in London was 1086; and in the three followcrimes against which the bill is directed are ing weeks, 1677, 2454 and 2416 : the latter held in detestation and abhorrence by far the showing an increase over the average of the greater portion of that country. The bill is of same season in other years of 1370, or 130 per a mild character, and had the support of a great cent. Mr. Robert Liston, the celebrated surportion of the Irish members; it passed a first geon, died at London, on the 7th December, reading with a majority of 206, only 18 votes from a disease of the throat. An account for bring given against it, and on the 13th of De- the year ending 10th October last shows the cember it finally passed the House of Commons income of the United Kingdom from taxes, &c., by a vote of 173 to 14. A motion for repeal to be £52,579,501, 2s. 1d., and the expenditure of the union was brought forward by Mr. to exceed that sum by £327,608, 8s. Feargus O'Connor, on the 7th December, which The governments of France and England was negatived by a vote of 255 to 23. Bills have been in communication, relative to the have also been introduced for removal of all blockade, by the former, of the river Plata ; and Roman Catholic and Jewish disabilities, which on the 13th of November it was stated by Lord are expected to pass the Commons; but the Palmerston that he had no doubt, on the arripassage of the latter through the House of val of instructions there, a speedy cessation of Lords is doubtful. About the 6th of December hostilities would take place. The grippe (inhe coast of Great Britain was visited with ter- fluenza) is extremely prevalent in many parts Tic gales, and the destruction of shipping and of France : 10,000 persons are said to be laid poats has been most extensive. An American up with it at Lille; at Toulouse, 15,000 out of hip, the “ Robert G. Shaw," was burned to the 55,000 are suffering from that malady; and at vater's edge, off Weymouth, having been struck Marseilles half the population (of 160,000 y lightning, December 6th. The present souls,) are said to be confined to bed from the suspension of Sir Robert Peel's act for the same cause. Precautions are being taken in mendment of the Corn Laws expires on the France to prevent the introduction of the cholMarch next. The President of the Board era. The reform banquets still continue, and { Trade, in reply to an inquiry on the subject, are frequented by persons of distinguished ated that it was not the intention of the character and station. Arrangements have hovernment to propose a further suspension ; been made by which, after the 1st of January, I which case the import duties on wheat will two mails will be daily dispatched between e regulated by the following scale :—When London and Paris—a day mail and a night ve average price for six successive weeks is mail from each capital. Špecimens of cotton nder 485. per quarter, the duty will be 10s. grown in Algeria have been sent by the Minis?r quarter. At every advance of 1s. per gr. ter of Commerce to the principal manufactur

price the duty will fall 1s., until the price ing towns, with a view to ascertain its quality. sches 53s., at which price, and upwards, the The reports have been so favorable that the ily will be 4s. per quarter. The average French government is likely to adopt measures ice for the six weeks ending 11th December to promote the growth of cotton in Algeria upon as 52s. per quarter, at which rate the duty an extensive scale. Since 1830, Algeria has ould be 53. Accounts to the 1st January, / cost France half a million of soldiers.

The civil war in Switzerland is terminated | I received it full and entire from my predeces by the complete overthrow of the Sonderbund. sors, so shall I transmit this sacred deposit to my After the capture of Fribourg, the Federal army

successors. I have three millions of subjects as advanced against Lucerne, and after some witnesses, and I have hitherto accomplished sharp fighting on the 22d and 23d of November, much to unite my subjects with me, and to asin which their superiority in artillery gave them certain and provide for their necessities. It was great advantage, this stronghold of the Son- vide better for the exigencies of the public ser.

particularly to ascertain those wants and to proderbund was reduced, and the war virtually vice, that I have assembled a permanent counconcluded. The number of the Federal troopscil. It was to hear your opinions, when neces. engaged in the war was about 94,000, while sary, and to aid me in my sovereign resolutions, their opponents did not muster above one third in which I shall consult my conscience, and conof that number. The Jesuits are entirely ex- fer on them with the ministers and the Sacred pelled from Switzerland, and their establish- College. Anybody who would take any other ments and property forfeited. The cantons of view of the functions you are called to full, the Sonderbund are to pay collectively and sep would materially'err, as well as they that would arately all the expenses of the war, to make see, in the Council of State I have created, the good all damages done by their troops, and to realization of their own Utopias, and the germ of pay the expenses of the occupation of the Fed

an institution incompatible with the Pontifical eral forces. The total cost of the war on the

sovereignty." side of the Federal government is estimated at

His holiness having pronounced these last 3,163,000f. and it is supposed the cost of oc

words with some vivacily and some heat, stop, cupation will be nearly two millions more. ped a moment, and then resuming in his usual The result has created a great sensation in mild manner, continued in the following terms: Austria, to which kingdom a considerable portion of the Jesuits have retired. The proposed

“ This warmth, and these words are not ad intervention of the great European powers was dressed to any of you whose social education, rendered abortive by the termination of hostili- | Christian and civil probity, as well as the lof ties. The canton of Neufchatel is in rather alty of your sentiments and the rectitude of an anomalous position. From 1707 to 1805, it your intentions, have been known to me since was a principality of the crown of Prussia. the moment I proceeded to your election. Ne. In the latter year it was ceded to France and ther do those words apply to the majority of Ey granted by Napoleon to Berthier, as a fief of subjects, for I am sure of their fidelity and their the French empire. In 1814 the king of obedience. I know that the hearts of my subPrussia resumed possession, and gave to Neuf- jects unite with mine in the love of order and of

concord. chatel a constitution, and it was, with his maj

But there exist, unfortunately, srce esty's consent, admitted into the Helvetic con. having nothing to lose, love disturbance and re

persons (and though few, they still exist) wbs, federation ; without, however, any cession of volt, and even abuse the concessions made to the rights of the king of Prussia. In the late them. It is to those that my words are ada civil war, that canton, with the approbation of dressed, and let them well understand their sig the king, decided on a strict neutrality, and his nification. In the co-operation of the Deputie majesty declared, in precise terms, to the Diet I see only the firm support of persons who, dei that every violation of this neutrality by the void of every personal interest, will labor with Diet would be regarded as a breach of the me, by their advice, for the public good, and whe peace against himself. The Diet insisted that will not be arrested by the vain language of rest Neufchatel, as a member of the confederacy, less men devoid of judgment. You will aid m was bound to furnish its contingent for the war,

with your wisdom to discover that which is mcs and has declared that it reserves to itself full happiness of my subjects.”

useful for the security of the throne and the rea liberty of action against the defaulting state. Thus between its loyal and conservative predilections, and its Federal relations, Neufchatel pay their homage to the Pope, and, having

The deputies were afterwards admitted is in a most awkward dilemma. On the 15th of November the Pope on the expressed their intention of inquiring, among

ceived his benediction, withdrew. They have throne, at the Quirinal, received the members others, into the following subjects : of the consulta, and, to an address from their President, replied in the following terms: “As to an equal division of taxes ; the din

nution or suppression of all charges which “ I thank you for your good intentions, and as on the poor classes, or which impede the derg regards the public welfare, I esteem them of val. opment of national prosperity; the re-establish ue. It was for the public good that since my elment of public credit; the destruction of me evation to the Pontifical throne I have, in accord | nopoly, and the extension of commercial liberis ance with the councils inspired by God, accom. the introduction in the prisons of a regio plished all that I could ; and am still ready, with which may render the penalty not a punishme the assistance of God, to do all for the future, which degrades, but a measure which may pro without, however, retrenching in any degree the mote the regeneration of the culprit; the

'ereignty of the Pontificate; and, inasmuch as tension throughout the provinces of the muset

pal system, such as it is at Rome; and lastly, the ukase which involves a great question of inadoption of a system of education and public international law, having for its object to susstruction, and of a just and moral policy.” pend the exercise of the right of fishing along

the coast of the Black Sea, from Anapa as far There is no news of importance from Spain as Batoumi, in order to prevent assistance to or Portugal, except that in the former the in the Caucasus. By this measure the Emperor surgents appear to have been almost entirely appears to arrogate to himself an exclusive put down; and, in the latter, the elections have property in the Black Sea. greatly preponderated in favor of the Cabral Appalling accounts of famine have been party; the ministerial candidates at Lisbon hav- received from the Polish provinces of Austria. is all been withdrawn, and those at Oporto de Out of 328,641 inhabitants no less than 60,820 teated.

have died. The cholera has almost disappeared from Accounts from the East Indies show a state Constantinople, and is now so slight there as of unusual tranquillity, and in Bombay the to be little regarded. It still continues to greatest commercial confidence prevails. It is spread in Russia, but has lost its force in Mos- said that not a single house there has suspended to the 22d of November, the number of persons "In a council of state of the united kingdoms attacked at the latter place was 2360, of whom of Sweden and Norway, held on the 28th ult., 1097 died. It has made its appearance, but in the King ratified the treaty of commerce and a milder form, at Dunaburg, within forty miles navigation between China and those two kingof the Prussian frontier. The St. Petersburg doms. The treaty was signed at Canton, the Journal of the 18th of November, publishes an 20th of March last, by M. Lillienvalch, counimperial ukase for contracting a loan of sellor of commerce, on behalf of Sweden and 14,600,000 silver roubles, for the works of the Norway, and by the Imperial Commissioner KiSt. Petersbnrg and Moscow railroad. The Yng, on the part of China. Emperor of Russia has lately published a

CRITICAL NOTICES.

Don Quixole de la Mancha. Translated from same minute observation and much of the same

the Spanish of Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, vigor, but in comparison with Cervantes he by CHARLES Jarvis, Esq. Carefully revised writes like an old battered voyager. In Don and corrected, with Ilustrations, by Tony Quixote we find all that cool self-possession Johannot. In two volumes. Philadelphia : and confident reliance on the reader's credu. Lea and Blanchard. 1847.

lity that appears in Mrs. Veal's Ghost and the

History of the Plague, joined to the most This is a very respectable new edition of a hearty humor, the most unfailing vivacity, and book that can never grow old. The illustra- indeed, all qualities that make an overflowing tions, however, which are either the copies or bodily and mental health. In respect of the the worn-out originals of those given in a Paris bodily part, out of Cervantes, Shakspeare, John edition some years since, are not much to our Bunyan, De Foe and Sir Walter Scott, all good taste. Tony Johannot, the Leach of the French stomachic writers, any reader of delicate perIllustrators, is hardly equal to the task of pro- ception would surely choose the former; ShakNviding scenery for Cervantes; and to those speare's digestion was so good that he appears who have seen the elegant engravings of never to think of dining; Bunyan must have Smirke, these sketchy wood-cuts will possess had a powerful organ for solid viands; De Foe kule attraction.

could relish the same dinners all the year The translation is by Jarvis, and it appears, round, with a few grapes of his own rearing; and probably is, more exact than that of Smol- Scott would have been tremendous at a venison ket, though to those who were early accustomed pasty after a long ride; but to read Cervantes to that version it cannot but seem less spirited is of itself a cure for dyspepsia. The bodily and more artificial.

vigor is so apparent througbout his pages that Of all the books in the world there is none it is impossible to read without insensibly getexcept Sbakspeare's play3 so full of the vigor ting an appetite. of youth as Don Quixote. De Foe had the But the mental vigor, the liveliness of fancy,

ܪ

[ocr errors]

the air of mirth that pervades the whole, the a woman noble and poor, like himself; recalled range of observation, a dozen lives all over one moment to letters by love, and exiled from Spain crowded into one, and so alive that it them the next by distress; recompensed for his appears the writer has much ado to keep him- services and talents by the magnificent appointself within proper bounds—these are qualities malversation with regard to the public money

ment of clerk to a victualling board ; accused of in which he must rank far below Shakspeare, thrown into prison by the king's ministers, reyet still at the head of all other prose writers.

leased after proving his innocence ; subsequently No one has manifested himself to the world again imprisoned by mutinous peasants; become with more of the spirit of youth and apparent a poet by profession, and a general agent; transignorance of care and sorrow.

acting, to gain a livelihood, negotiations by coldYet Cervantes could not have been a heartless mission, and writing dramas for the theatre ; gay man of mere animal life. The preface to discovering, when more than fifty years of age, his first volume and the prologue to the second the true bent of his genius ; ignorant what patro bear the tone of reflection. Indeed, some of he could induce to accept of the dedication of his episodes show that he had as keen a per

his work; finding the public indifferent to a ception of the pathetic as of the comic, and

book at which they condescended to laugh, but could bave written a serious novel had he finding also jealous rivals, by whom he was ridi

did not appreciate, and could not comprehend; chosen to do so. Charles Lamb calls hím culed and defamed; pursued by want eren to! “the most consummate artist in the book way old age ; forgotten by the many, unknown to all

, the world has ever produced.” This was the and dying at last in solitude and poverty; soch, secret of his success; he had infinite nerve; during his life and at his death, was Miguel de his hand was so steady nothing could shake it. Cervantes Saavedra. It was not till after the When he had conceived what, if it were not lapse of two centuries that his admirers thought now an old story, we should all consider the of seeking for his cradle and his tomb; that they most whimsical fiction that ever was thought adorned with a medallion in marble the la: of, and requiring the most delicate touches, he

house in which he lived; that they raised . set himself to work it out with such marvellous

statue to his memory in the public square; and ease, such glorious cool strength, as amount

thal, effacing the cognomen of some obscure but almost to the power of a great epic poet. He scribed at the corner of a little street in Madrid

more fortunate individual, his countrymen inhimself always maintains the most dignified that great name, the celebrity of which resounds gravity; only by an occasional twinkle of the through the civilized world.” eye does the reader see that his author, like an old story-teller, is enjoying the fun internally as much as he.

And all this was done by him in advancing The Poetical Works of John Milton; with a age, after a life of adventures and misadven- Memoir, and Critical Remarks on his Gericks tures enough to have bowed any less resolute and Writings, by JAMES_MONTGOMERY, spirit, and in humble circumstances. How and one hundred und twenty Engrarings from like a true gentleman does he put down the Drawings by WILLIAM HARVEY. In tas man who had not only anticipated him by volumes. Harper & Brothers. writing a second part to Don Quixote, but had gone out of his way to revile him. “What I With the exception of the engravings, which cannot forbear resenting is, that he upbraids are common-place in design, and by no means me with my age, and with having lost my delicately executed, this is one of the most els hand, as if it were in my power to have hin- gant editions of Milton ever issued. The padered time from passing over my head, or as if per is excellent, and the type so beautifully 12,7 my injury had been got in some drunken quar- that an hour's reading seems rather to refres rel at a tavern, and not on the noblest occasion the eyesight. Bound in cloth, and with that past or present ages have seen, or future edges, these two volumes make as desirable : can ever hope to see.

gift book as the season has produced, and ca The introduction to this edition contains a which ought to be on every parlor table wit memoir of Cervantes, from which the following there is not a Milton already. summary is worth extracting :

We cannot have the fathers of our literales

and poetry too much with us. Though the “ Born of a family, honorable but poor; re- number that read and relish Milton be few, ceiving in the first instance a liberal education, it is something to see him daily, and to fee but thrown into domestic servitude by calamity; conservative influence of his presence : *** page, valet de chambre, and afterwards soldier; he is there will continue still some esteem Crippled at the battle of Lepanto ; distinguished learning, some reverence for sound thinkiat the capture of Tunis; taken by a Barbary corsair ; captive for five years in the slave-depots

some love of nobleness. Even where the c" of Algiers; ransomed by public charity, after

use made of him is to dust him every mort every effort to effect his liberation by industry

as he lies in gilt edges, with such companies. and courage had been made in vain ; again a as the annuals and the Book of Beauty, soldier in Portugal and the Azores; struck with daily sight of his form will be like the press

of a strong siding champion, so that Comus, / are all marked by good sense, absence of Tennywho is the father of much of the light reading sonian and Transcendental affectation, and by of the hour, and his rabble of monsters, will an easy, natural and generally correct versifinot dare approach.

cation. They cannot claim a high place for Mr. Montgomery's preface, though not very depth of thought, power of passion, or strength profound, shows a true love of the poet, and of imagination, but it is refreshing to meet points out many of his excellencies very clearly. with a new bard, so unexceptionable in tone We are glad to learn that in his opinion the and sentiment, and with so loving an eye for poem of Comus " may claim the eulogium nature. The descriptive parts are generally which a critic of the purest taste, the late Dr. the best.

The rhyme, Aiken, has passed upon it. Ile says: 'The poem possesses great beauty of versification, “Drink, brothers! drink, brothers ! let the goblet varying from the gayest Anacreontics to the go round, most majestic and sonorous heroics. On the Mankind ye have reddened with many a wound ?" whole

, if an example were required of a work is not good. made up of the very essence of poetry, perhaps none of equal length in any language could be produced, answering this character in so high a degree as the Masque of Comus.' This is truly admirable and satisfactory, and

A Tour to the River Saguenay, in Lover Can

ada. By CHARLES LANMAN. Philadelphia : completely condenses and exhausts the whole subject.

Carey & Hart. 1818. There is an equally characteristic passage in Coleridge respecting Shakspeare and Milton, whether South Sea voyagers or summer tourists,

It ought to be an axiom with all travellers, which, for the instruction of youthful admirers

that the first business of a describer of actual of what is commonly understood by genius, can never be loo often quoted :

places and occurrences should be to give his

readers perfect confidence in his accuracy and “What shall we say? even this; that Shak- veracity. If they mix up fact and fiction, their "peare, no mere child of nature ; no automaton writings can have neither the interest of tales, of genius; no passive vehicle of inspiration

nor of true narratives; the acid and alkali neupossessed by the spirit, not possessing it; first tralize each other, and the result passes off in studied patiently, meditated deeply, understood a sudden gaseous effervescence. tinutely, till knowledge, become habitual and in- This little book is a very pleasant collection tuitive, wedded itself to his habitual feelings, of sketches, and will while away thirty or forty and at length gave birth to that stupendous pow. minutes of time for one who is easily pleased er, by which he stands alone, with no equal or

very agreeåbly. The author is good-humored second in his own class; to that power which and complacent. But why did he think it neseated bim on one of the two glory-smitten surnsits of the poetic mountains, with Milton as

cessary to catch so many trout? Why need

he have killed rattlesnakes? We have been 1 * compeer, not rival. While the former darts i.iensell forth, and passes into all the forms of in the hills of Catskill, have heard all Ethan uman character and passion, the one Proteus of Crawford's bear stories, yea, have a camped the fre and the flood; the other attracts all out”a week together, and put ourselves to great furnis and things to himself, into the unity of bodily inconvenience, in search of adventures, his own ideal. All things and modes of action but with such total failure of success that we bape themselves anew in the being of Milton; are hardened of heart, and will not believe that while Shakspeare becomes all things, yet for another can stumble upon them so readily. No ever remaining himself. O, what great men hast one can believe what contradicts his own exhou not produced, England, my country! Truly perience. ndeed

But boys are a perpetual wonder to the cold * We must be free or die, who speak the tongue folks.” It is many years since we visited many Which SHAKSPEARE spake; the faith and morals of the scenes Mr. Lanman describes, and it

hold, Viich Motos held. In everything we are sprung be more plenty now than they used to be. At

may be that trout, rattlesnakes, pike, &c., may earth's first blood, have titles manifold.

Wordsworth.'" all events we ought to consider charitably

the statements of a writer who has so much good feeling, and who, while he studies to

amuse the public, certainly does not, like some Mhe Haunted Barque, and other Poems. By E.

of the class, deliberately set himself to make it CURTISS Hire. Auburn : J. C. Derby & Co.; New York, Mark H. Newman & Co. 1848. Many of the pieces in this very neat little Teaching, a Science: the Teacher an Artis!. By Fame have considerable poetic morit, and they Rev. Baynard R. Hall, A.M., Principal of

worse.

« AnteriorContinuar »