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program which is designed to fill the gaps in our present system. Incidentally, our system of corps reservoirs in the Ohio basin, reduced the flood stage at Cairo, Ill., by 1.74 feet last year. This in conjunction with reservoirs in the Missouri River basin and the TVA area significantly reduced flood stages along the lower Mississippi River during 1973.

METROPOLITAN STUDIES

Funds were appropriated for fiscal year 1974 to initiate Metropolitan Regional Studies in Wheeling, W. Va., Lexington, Ky., and in the region of Huntington, W. Va., Ashland, Ky., and Portsmouth, Ohio. We are getting underway on these studies and EPA has designated a coordinator for these studies.

WOLF CREEK DAM

Now I'd like to turn to a problem we are dealing with at Wolf Creek Dam on the Cumberland River near Jamestown, Ky. This multipurpose project, which was completed in 1951, provides for flood protection, recreation, and hydropower. Total project cost to date has been about $80 million and flood control and power benefits have been approximately $92 million. In addition, the project has provided some 48 million visitor-days recreation the last 10 years. In 1967 we observed flows coming beneath the earthen portion of the dam. These flows were stopped by emergency grouting.

It is our opinion that the permanent solution to this problem is the installation of a concrete diaphragm wall in the dam and into the foundation shown in red in this cross section of the dam. This opinion is shared by a board of engineer experts we empaneled from outside the corps. We estimate the total cost of this major rehabilitation to be about $64 million. Funds have been reprogramed, with the approval of your committee, to initiate the rehabilitation this fiscal year and funds to continue the work are in this budget.

CONSTRUCTION, GENERAL

And now I would like to show you a few slides of construction progress.

SMITHLAND LOCKS AND DAM

Here is Smithland locks under construction last year.

And here is a recent picture showing the lock chambers taking shape in the middle of the picture.

UNIONTOWN LOCKS AND DAM

This is the picture of Uniontown Locks and Dam last year, showing completed dam gate bays in the middle of the river.

Here the remaining gate bays are under construction in the background, and the overflow weir is progressing in the foreground.

CAVE RUN DAM

This is Cave Run Dam, Ky., a year ago.

This is progress a year later.

BEECH FORK DAM

This is Beech Fork, W. Va. dam site a year ago.
And this is the dam under construction a year later.

BROOKVILLE DAM

This is Brookville Dam, Ind. in 1972.

And this is a year later.

COMPARISON OF WORKLOAD

The dollar workload of this Division has increased over the years as indicated here. In fiscal year 1973 we expended $231 million; we have programed expenditures of $268 million during the current

year.

Based on this budget, we anticipate carryover funds and expect to spend about $240 million in fiscal year 1975.

With respect to people, we anticipate that our section 10 permit coverage will increase from about 6,000 miles of river to 12,000 miles of stream and we urgently require the 17 additional people that are included in our current budget request.

This completes my presentation, Mr. Chairman.

Mr. EVINS. Thank you, General Nichols, for a very excellent slide presentation.

JUSTIFICATION MATERIAL

We will insert the justification in the record at this point.

[The justification follows:]

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Justification of Estimates for Civil Functions Activities Department of the Army, Fiscal Year 1975

Corps of Engineers

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General reductions for "savings and slippages" are not reflected.

Reference ER 11-2-101, which states that: Budgetary Information is not to be released outside the Department of the Army until 6 February 1974.

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OHIO RIVER DIVISION

Region

Total
Estimated
Federal Cost
$

Allocation

Prior to F.Y. 1974

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The amount of $150,000 is requested to continue 2 studies.

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Reconnaissance scope studies indicate a waterway for barge traffic extending from the Ohio River to Lake Erie or Lake Michigan, via the Wabash River and adjacent basin streams, is not justified at this time. Continuing survey scope studies on the lower reach of the Wabash River between the Ohio River and Mt. Carmel, Illinois, will consider the feasibility of constructing a navigable waterway in the lower Wabash River that would meet the needs of commercial navigation, small boat navigation, municipal and industrial water supply, recreation, fish and wildlife enhancement and other related purposes. The estimate has been increased $85,000 for salary increases and for GSA furnished space in conformance with the Public Buildings Amendments Act of 1972.

Saline River

Ohio

298,000

19,000

20,000

50,000

209,000

The Saline River drains 1,175 square miles of southeastern Illinois, emptying into the Ohio River 10 miles downstream from Shawneetown, Illinois. Coal mining, agriculture, and the Shawnee National Forest are major factors in the bas in. The study will consider the feasibility of a barge waterway in the lower 22 miles of the Saline River for coal movements to the Ohio River and other related water resource purposes. The estimate has been increased $63,000 for a waterways system analysis, increased cost for environmental studies, report preparation and salary increases and for GSA furnished space in conformance with the Public Buildings Amendments Act of 1972.

Total (Navigation Studies)

1,408,000

355,200

120,000

150,000

782,800

1975.

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b. Flood Control Studies: The amount of $1,400,000 is requested for continuation of 8 studies during Fiscal Year
The tentative allocations follow:

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This study covers the rapidly expanding Lexington Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (population 174,000),
which includes all of Fayette County. Major wastewater management and water quality problems are caused by, among other
things, sewage treatment facilities that generally have only primary treatment, overloaded collection systems, surface
runoff from heavily urbanized areas and the presence of septic tanks in many subdivisions. A plan of study is being
developed with FY 1974 funds in cooperation with concerned local, regional, State and Federal agencies so as to avoid
duplication and to take advantage of completed and on-going planning efforts. Upon approval of the plan of study,
action will be initiated to develop an acceptable, certifiable and implementable wastewater plan to satisfy the intent
of Public Law 92-500, the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972. Other urban water resource problems
that must also be addressed include urban flood control, flood plain management, water-related outdoor recreation and
fish and wildlife needs. The estimate has been increased $55,000 for salary increases and for GSA furnished space in
conformance with the Public Buildings Amendments Act of 1972.

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