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Deepen 12-foot Hackensack River channel to 15 feet 1954 Modification: Deepen 30-foot Hackensack River channel to 32 feet 3.8 miles.

12.4 miles.

JUSTIFICATION: The existing channels in Newark Bay and the Hackensack River were no longer adequate for the larger vessels being used. Insufficient channel widths created hazardous passing situations throughout Newark Bay. On the upper reaches large vessels were unable to turn around in the restricted channel and had to be towed out stern first.

From January 1950 through June 1963 about $900,000 in damages were incurred from 59 accidents of which 48 accidents occurred in Newark Bay. These accidents were attributable to congestion, hazardous navigation conditions in the vicinity of the bridge, lack of maneuvering space, and inadequate channel dimensions. In May 1966, a ship collided with the Jersey Central Railroad Bridge and disrupted passenger and freight service for two weeks. One month later a tanker accident at the junction of Newark Bay and Kill Van Kull claimed 33 lives. The improvements will produce savings in transportation costs and reductions in the number of accidents.

1972 commerce - 21,083,000 tons originated or terminated in Newark Bay. Hackensack River traffic was 4,857,000 and Passaic River 7,783,000 tons most of which also moved through Newark Bay.

Average annual benefits, all for navigation, are estimated at $3,107,700.

Newark qualified under Sec (1) of Title IV, of the 1965 Public Works and Economic Development Act.

FISCAL YEAR 1975: The requested amount of $525,000 will be applied to:

Finish first dredging of Hackensack River Channel Engineering and Design

Supervision and Administration

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Newark Bay, Hackensack and Passaic Rivers, NJ


Work completed under the R&H Acts of 1907, 1911, 1912, 1922, 1927, 1930, and 1935, consists of the 37, 35 and 30-foot channels in Newark Bay, the 30 and 12-foot channels in the Hackensack River and the 30, 20, and 16 and 10-foot channels in the Passaic River at $9,018,000. Under the 1954 modification, the 25-foot deep turning basin in the Hackensack River was completed in 1962 for $240,000 and the 34-foot North Reach Channel in Newark Bay was completed in 1965 for $482,000.


Deepening the Passaic River to 20 feet, from the Jackson Street Bridge to Nairn Linoleum Works was classified as "inactive' due to inadequate economic justification in the latest study.

The R&H Act of 1962 authorized the maintenance of Port Elizabeth entrance channel by the Federal Government. NON-FEDERAL COST: Total cost $5,935,000 is broken down as follows:

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Estimated cost of annual non-Federal maintenance is $2,100.

Local interests are required to: a. provide without cost to the United States all lands, easements, and rights-of-way required for construction of the project, and for the construction and maintenance of aids to navigation, upon the request of the Chief of Engineers; b. hold and save the United States free from damages that may result from construction and maintenance of the project; c. provide and maintain without cost to the United States depth in berthing areas and local access channels serving the terminals commensurate with the depths provided in the related project areas; d. accomplish without cost to the United States removal or relocation of pipelines, cables, and other utilities, and provide foundation protection to bridge piers and fender alterations and strengthening as may be necessary.

At Port Newark through October 1971 over $129,900,000 has been expended since 1948 on a $150,000,000 port expansion
program. For Port Elizabeth, over $117,700,000 has been expended on a $175,000,000 program.

STATUS OF LOCAL COOPERATION: Assurances of local cooperation for the 1966 Modification were executed by the Port of New York Authority on 27 May 1968, and supplement to assurances was executed by Port of New York Authority on 19 September 1969. Assurances for the 1954 Modification were requested by 27 August 1970, and 28 November 1973 letters. The required assurances have not been received.

COMPARISON OF FEDERAL COST ESTIMATES: The current Federal cost estimate of $18,210,000 is an increase of $610,000 over the latest estimate ($17,600,000) submitted to Congress. The change includes increases of $250,000 for higher price levels, a net increase of $296,000 due to re-evaluation of unit prices and quantities based on revised quantity estimates and final cost, and $64,000 for Supervision and Administration reflecting price rise and the estimated cost for rental of GSA furnished office space.

Newark Bay, Hackensack and Passaic Rivers, NJ

BENEFIT TO COST RATIO: The benefit to cost ratio last presented to Congress (FY 1974) was 2.9. The current benefit to cost ratio is 2.9. The benefit to cost ratio is based on the incremental benefits and costs associated with this project modification.



Environmental Impact Statement was filed with CEQ on 17 June 1971.

Funds to initiate construction were appropriated in FY 1968.

Newark Bay, Hackensack and Passaic Rivers, N.J.

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APPROPRIATION TITLE: Construction, General

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Channels and Harbors (Navigation)
PROJECT: East River, (Spur Channel to Astoria Waterfront) N.Y. (Continuing)

LOCATION: The project extends from that leg of the East River Channel skirting the south shore of the Bronx to the
Astoria (Queens) waterfront, passing slightly to the West of Rikers Island. It is partly in Bronx and Queens Counties.
AUTHORIZATION: Section 201 of Flood Control Act of 1965. Senate Public

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0.9 mile channel (to 37 feet on rock and 35 feet on other materials) tapering from 1600' width at East River Channel in about 0.3 mile to 400' width for remaining length.

Appropriation Requested for FY 1975 $1,500,000


Turning basin 1000 feet wide and 1600 feet long (to same depths as channel) at Astoria waterfront.

Balance to Complete after FY 1975


JUSTIFICATION: The present channel, dredged by the Port of NY Authority, is 30 feet deep at MLW, 400 feet wide and about one mile long. There is a flare at the entrance, a turning basin at the south end 1,000 feet long with a width varying from 1,200 to 1,600 feet. The deepening to 35 ft (same depth as East River Channel) will allow deeper draft tankers to unload at Astoria waterfront without lightering.


Total deep-draft commerce on the Spur Channel when authorized (1968) was 1,663,000 short tons, and in recent years: 1969 2,237,000; 1970 - 2,329,000; 1971 - 2,187,000; projected in year 2000 - 3,531,000 short tons.

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Residual and distillated fuel oils consumed locally for industrial and residential purposes, are the principal
commodities of commerce on the Spur Channel and are transported primarily by deep-draft tankers. Aviation fuels are
REGION: Middle Atlantic
EAST RIVER, (Spur Channel to Astoria Waterfront), N.Y.

North Atlantic

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