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No Person to be Disfranchised.

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reform or totally change the same, when their safety and

happiness requires it. 23. I. No title of nobility or hereditary

distinction, privilege, honor or emolument shall ever be granted or confirmed, nor shall any office be created, the appointment to which shail be for a longer time than during good behavior.

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of commerce, and ought not to

be suffered. 42. That no title of nobility or heredi.

tary honors ought to be granted in this State.

MARYLAND. 1. That all government of right originates from the people, is founded in compact only, and instituted solely for the good of the whole; and they have, at all times, the inalienable right to alter, reform or abolish their form of government, in such manner as they may deem ex

pedient. 4. That the people of this State have

the sole and exclusive right of regulating the internal government and police thereof, as a free, sovereign and independent

State. 27. That no conviction shall work cor

ruption of blood or forfeiture of

estate. 35. That no person shall bold, at the same time, more than one office of profit, created by the Constitution or laws of this state; nor shall any person in public trust receive any present from any foreign prince or state, or from the United States, or any of them, without the approba

tion of this State. 41. That monopolies are odious, contrary to the spirit of a free government and the principles

MASSACHUSETTS. 4. The people of this commonwealth

have the sole and exclusive right of governing themselves, as a free, sovereign and independent State; and do, and forever hereafter shall, exercise and enjoy every power, jurisdiction and right which is not, or may not hereafter be, by them expressly delegated to the United States of America, in Congress

assembled. 5. All power residing originally in

the people, and being derived from them, the several magistrates and officers of government, vested with authoritz. whether legislative, executive or judicial, are their substitutes and agents, and are at all times

acountable to them. 6. No man,

corporation, or association of men, have any other title to obtain advantages, or particular and exclusive privileges, distinct from those of the community, than what arises from the consideration of services rendered to the public; and this title being in nature neither hereditary, nor transmissible to children, or descendants, or relations by blood, the idea of a

born a magistrate, lawgiver, or judge, is absurd and

unnatural. 7. Government is instituted for

the common good; for the protection, safety, prosperity and hap

or

man

No Person to be Disfranchised.

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piness of the people; and not for the profit, honor or private interest of any one man, family or class of men: Therefore, the people alone have an incontestible, unalienable and indefeasible right to institute government; and to reform, alter or totally change the same, when their protection, safety, pros

perity and happiness require it. 8. A frequent recurrence to the

fundamental principles of the Constitution, and a constant adherence to those of piety, justice, moderation, temperance, industry, and frugality, are absolutely necessary to preserve the advantages of liberty, and to maintain a free government. The people ought, consequently, to have a particular attention to all those principles, in the choice of their officers and representatives; and they have power to require of their lawgivers and magistrates an exact and constant observance of them, in the formation and execution of the laws necessary for the good administration of the Commonwealth,

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There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the State otherwise than in the punishment of crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.

MISSISSIPPI. 5. III. All political power is vested in

and derived from the people; all government of right originates with the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted

solely for the good of the whole. 6. III. The people of this State have the

inherent, sole and exclusive right to regulate the internal government and police thereof, and to alter and abolish their Constitution and form of government whenever they may deem it necessary to their safety and happiness: Provided, such change be not repugnant to the Consti

tution of the United States. 32. III. The enumeration of rights in this

Constitution shall not be construed to deny or impair others retained by and inherent in the people,

MISSOURI. 1. II. That all political power is vested

in and derived from the people; that all government of right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the

good of the whole. 2. II. That the people of this State have

the inherent, sole and exclusive right to regulate the internal government and police thereof, and to alter and abolish their Constitution and form of gove ernment whenever they may deem it necessary to their safety and happiness: Provided,

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No Person to be Disfranchised.

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Sec. Art. such change be not repugnant

1

curity and benefit of the people; to the Constitution of the United and they have the right to alter States

or reform the same whenever 5. II

the public good may require it. The exercise of the police power

But the paramount allegiance of the State shall never be of every citizen is due to the abridged or so construed as to

Federal government, in the expermit corporations to conduct ! ercise of all its Constitutional their business in such manner

powers, as the same have been, as to infringe the equal rights

or may be, defined by the Su. of individuals or the general

preme Court of the United Tall being of the State.

States, and no power exists in

the people of this or any other 32. II.

State of the Federal Union to The enumeration in this constitu

dissolve their connection theretion of certain rights shall not

with, or perform any act tendbe construed to deny, impair or

ing to impair, subvert or resist disparage others retained by the

the supreme authority of the Deople.

government of the United States. MONTANA 1. MI.

The Constitution of the United All political power is vested in

States confers full power on the and derived from the people; all

Federal government to maintain government of rights originates and perpetuate its existence, with the people; is founded upon

and whensoever any portion of their will only, and is instituted

the States, or people thereof, atsolely for the good of the whole tempt to secede from the Fedpeople.

eral Union, forcibly resist

the execution of its laws, the 2. III.

Federal government may, by The people of the State have the

warrant of the Constitution, em sole and exclusive right of gov

ploy armed force in compelling erning themselves, as free,

obedience to its authority.
sovereign and independent State,
and to alter and abolish their 20. I.
Constitution and form of gov- This enumeration of rights shall
ernment, whenever they may not be construed to impair or
deem it necessary to their safety deny others retained by the
and happiness, provided such people.
change be not repugnant to the
Constitution of the United

NEW HAMPSHIRE.
States.

11.
30. III.

All men are born equally free and The enumeration in this Constitu

independent; therefore all govtion of certain rights shall not

ernment of right originates from be construed to deny, impair or

the people, is found in consent, disparage others retained by the

and instituted for the general people.

good.

2.
NEVADA.
2 I.

All men have certain natural All political power is inherent in essential and inherent rights; the people. Government is in- among which are the enjoying stituted for the protection, se- and defending life and liberty;

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acquiring, possessing and protecting property; and, in word, of seeking and obtaining

happiness. 3. When men enter into a state of

society they surrender up some of their natural rights to that society in order to insure the protection of others; and without such an equivalent, the sur

render is void. 7. The people of this State have the

sole and exclusive right of gov erning themselves, as a free, sovereign and independent State, and do, and forever hereafter shall, exercise and enjoy every power, jurisdiction and

right pertaining thereto which is not, or may not hereafter be, by them expressly delegated to the United States of America, in

Congress assembled.
9.
No office or place whatsoever in

government shall be hereditary,
the abilities and integrity
requisite in all not being trans-
missible to posterity or rela-
tions.

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of the good and happiness of

mankind. 38. A frequent recurrence to the fun.

damental principles of the Constitution, and a constant adherence to justice, moderation, temperance, industry, frugality and all the social virtues, are indispensably necessary to preserve the blessings of liberty and good government. The people ought, therefore, to have a particular regard to all those principles in the choice of their officers and representatives; and they have a right to require of their lawgivers and magistrates an exact and constant observance

of them in the formation and execution of the laws necessary for the good administration of government.

NEW JERSEY. 2. I. All political power is inherent in

the people. Government is instituted for the protection, security and benefit of the people, and they have the right, at all times, to alter or reform the same, whenever the public good

may require it, 21. I. This enumeration of rights and

privileges shall not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the people.

10. Government being instituted for

the common benefit, protection and security of the whole community, and not for the private interest or emolument of any one man, family or class of men, therefore, whenever the ends of government are perverted and public liberty manifestly endangered, and all other means of redress are ineffectual, the people may, and of right ought to, reform the old or establish a new government. The doctrine of non-resistance against arbitrary power and oppression is absurd, slavish, and destructive

NORTH CAROLINA. 2. I. That all political power is vested

in, and derived from, the people; all government of right originates from the people, is founded upon their will only, and is instituted solely for the good of

the whole. 3. I. That the people of this State have

the inherent, sole and exclusive

No Person to be Disfranchised.

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NORTH DAKOTA. 2. I. All political power is inherent in

the people. Government is instituted for the protection, secur. ity and benefit of the people, and they have a right to alter or reform the same whenever

the public good may require. 20. I. No special privileges or immuni

ties shall ever be granted which may be altered, revoked or repealed by the Legislative Assembly; nor shall any citizen or class of citizens be granted privileges or immunities which upon the same terms shall not be granted to all citizens.

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right of regulating the internal government and police thereof,

and of altering and abolishing the their constitution and form of the government whenever it may be

necessary for their safety and happiness; but every such right should be exercised in pursuance of law, and consistently with the Constitution of the United

Siales. 7. I No man or set of men are entitled to exclusive or separate ernoluments or privileges from the community but in consideration

of public services. esas 29. I

A frequent recurrence to funda

mental principles is absolutely necessary to preserve the bles

sings of liberty. 30. 1. No bereditary emoluments, privi

leges or honors ought to be granted conferred in this State.

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31. I. Perpetuities and monopolies are

contrary to the genius of a free State, and ought not to be

allowed. 15. II. The General Assembly shall regu

late entails in such manner as

to prevent perpetuities. 5. IV. Treason against the State shall

consist only in levying against it, or adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. No conviction of treason or attainder shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture.

OHIO. 2. I. All political power is inherent in

the people. Government is instituted for their equal protection and benefit, and they have the right to alter, reform or abolish the same whenever they may deem it necessary; and no special privileges or immunities shall ever be granted that may not be altered, revoked or re

pealed by the General Assembly. 12. I. No person shall be transported out

of the State for any offense committed within the same; and no conviction shall work corruption

of blood, or forfeiture of estate. 17. I. No hereditary emoluments, honors

or privileges shall ever be granted or conferred by this

State. 20. I. This enumeration of rights shall

not be construed to impair or deny others retained by the people; and all powers, not, herein delegated, remain with the people.

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