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first character in England and bridge, was born at Southwark. Scotland sought his correspond. He was so weak in the first ence.
month of his life, that he was giv. His dissolution was sudden and en over for dead; but by a wonunexpected to his friends, but derful providence was on a sudprobably not to himself. He had den recovered. While at Camfrequently expressed his expecta- bridge, he gained great respect tion of an early death. Imme- by his college exercises. In diately on his being seized with 1652 he was fixed in the rectory an alarming complaint,., his of Newington Butts. In his setchurch, anxious for his valuable tlement here, it was remarkable, and important life, spent a day that the parishioners were dividin humiliation and prayer. The ed into two parties, and on the assembly was numerous, and vacancy both went with their pe. deeply affected ; ardent suppli- titions to Westminster, neither cations, mingled with many tears, knowing the other's mind, and were offered to Him who is able he was the person pitched upon to save. But the time was at by both. Here he not only band when he must be removed preached constantly, but zealousCo that better world, for which, by ly taught from house to house, ais illustrious piety, and unwea: He gave Bibles to the poor, and ied diligence in his Master's expended his estate, as well as .7ork, he was now mature. time, in works of charity among
The nature of his illness de- them; and it pleased God to prived him, in great measure, give him abundant success. But both of speech and reason. Yet in 1660 he resigned the living to in some lucid intervals, he was Mr. Meggs, who pretended to enabled to declare that he rejoiced be the legal rector. Mr. Wads. in God his Savicur ; and likewise worth however did not live use. to signify, by raising his hand, less'; for beside his lecture on in reply to questions which were Saturday morning at St. Anproposed to bim, that he cheerful. tholine's, and for some time on ly resigned his spirit into the Lord's day evenings, and hands of Christ ; that he had Monday nights at St. Margaret's, the preace which passes under- (where he had a great concourse standing, and could leave his dy; of hearers) he was chosen by ing testimony to the ways of God. the parish of St. Lawrence. He
He departed December 13th, was also a lecturer of St. John 1743, in the 50th year of his age, Baptist. He was indeed an ex. tenderly mourned by his bereave traordinary man ; of singular ed family and congregation ; ability, judgment, and piety.; sincerely regretted and highly wholly devoted to God; and did honoured by the town and the not care for conversing with the whole community.
2. rich, unless they could be pre
yaiļed on to be free in acts of
charity. He would reprove sin SKETCH
in any person of whatever rank ;
but with much prudence, and Thomas WADSWORTH, M. A. with great candour, which he Fellow of Christ's College, Cam- took pains to promote in others;
OF REV. THOMAS
for which end he often gave this God would prepare him and his rule ; “ If a good sense can be for sickness and death. For put upon what another says or many years he performed his does, never take it in a bad one.” hard, but pleasing work, under He was always serious, though distressing pain from a stone in frequently cheerful, and was re- his reins, which at last brought markable for sanctifying the Sab- him to his end. After preachbath. It was his usual practice, ing his last sermon, he endured for many years, as soon as he a week of extreme pain night was out of his bed on the Lord's and day, in which he possessed day, with a cheerful heart and his soul in singular patience. voice to sing part of a psalm or When his pains were sharpest, hymn, or to repeat the acclama- he said, “I am in an agony, but tion of the heavenly host ; "glo- not a bloody one ; what are all ry to God in the highest ; on my pains to what Christ underearth peace, good will toward went for me!" The evening be. men;" in order to put himself fore his death he was asked, how into a spiritual frame for the he did ; he answered, “I have work of the day: In his family been under a very sharp rod, but his heart was greatly raised in it was what my heavenly Father singing psalms. He used often laid upon me; for he has said, to say to his wife and other rela- & as many as I love, I rebuke and tives, “Don't you find a sweet chasten.' This is a paradox to ness in this day ? Certainly it is the world ; but everlasting arms the sweetest day in all the week." are under me; and, I bless God, He was mighty in prayer, and he hath taken all the terror of often admonished his friends to death away from ine.” To Mr: watch for opportunities to seek Parsons, his fellow labourer., he God in private. In all his rela: said, all my self-righteousness I tions he was greatly beloved and disown; and trust only in Christ, singularly useful.
hoping I have a gospel rightWhen he was ejected, the la- eousness.” When those about mentations of the people would him pitied his agonies, 'he rehave melted any compassionate peated that text, “ the heart heart. At their desire, he knoweth its own bitterness, and preached privately to one con- a stranger intermeddleth not gregation at Newington, and to with its joy.” “ You know what another at Theobalds, by turns, my pains are, but you know not without taking any salary from what my consolations are. Oh, either. He afterwards had a how sweet will ny glory and fixed congregation at Southwark, triumph be after these sharp
His charity to his distressed pains !” When his relations wept · brethren in the ministry was about him, he was displeased,
great. He made collections for saying, " What! are you trouihem both at Southwark and bied, that God is calling home Theobalds, having a singular fac- his children? If you think I am ulty for disposing his hearers to afraid of death, you mistake ; give liberally. When in perfect for I have no fear of death upon health he was thoughtful of me." Under his sharpest pains, changes, and often prayed that no other language escaped his
OF REV. THOMAS
lips, than this ; “ Father, pity in substance, than in show. It thy child." He died on Lord's consisted, not in finding fault day, Oct. 29, 1696, aged only 46. with others, but in the due gov;
ernment of his own life and ac
tions; exercising himself always SKETCH
to have a conscience, void of of GOUGE.
fence toward God and man; in THOMAS GOUGE, M. A. of which he was such a proficient, King's College, Oxford, was son that, after long and familiar acof the eminent Dr. William quaintance with him, it was not Gouge. After taking his de: easy to discern any thing in him, grees, he left the university and that deserved blame. Such was his fellowship, being presented his modesty, that he never apto a living in Surry, where he peared, by word or action, to put continued two or three years, any value upon himself. In re. and then removed to St. Sepul- gard to the charities he procur, chre's in London, in 1638, a ed, be would rather impute them large and populous parish, in to any, who had the least con, which with solicitude and pains cern in obtaining them, than ashe discharged all the duties of a sume any thing to himself. faithful minister 24 years, i. e. When he quitted his living at till the act of uniformity in 1662. St. Sepulchre's, upon some dis, Beside his constant preaching, he satisfaction about the terms of was diligent and charitable in vis, conformity, he forbore preachiting the sick ; not only minis- ing, saying, “there was no need tering spiritual counsel and com- of him in London, and that he fort to them, but liberally reliev; thought he could do as much ing the necessities of the poor. good in another way, which would Every morning through the year, give no offence.” Afterward he catechised in the church, however he had licence from chiefly the poorer sort, who were some Bishop to preach in Wales, generally the most ignorant, and when he took his annual journey especially the aged, who had thither; where he saw great need most leisure. To encourage of it, and thought he might do it them to come for instruction, he with great advantage among the once a week distributed money poor, on account of his charities among them; but changed the ihere. He was clothed with day, to secure their constant al: humility, and had in a most emitendance. The poor, who were nent degree the ornament of a able to earn their own living, he meek and quiet spirit. His con, set 10 work, buying hemp and persation was affable and pleasant. fax for them to spin ; paying A wonderful serenity of mind them for their work, and selling was visible even in his counteii, as he could, among his friends.
nance. Upon all occasions he In this way he rescued many appeared the saine ; always from idleness, poverty and vice. cheerful, and always kind; ready
His piety toward God, the nec- to embrace and oblige all men ; cssary foundation of all other vir- and, if they did but sear God and tues, was great and exemplary, work righteousness, he heartily yet still and quiet ; much more pied them, howerer distant from
him in judgment about things tenth of their estates to this less necessary, and even in opinions, that he held very dear.
When he was between 60 and But the virtue, which shone 70 years of age, he used to travel the brightest in him, was his into Wales, and disperse concharily to the poor. God blessed siderable sums of money, both him with a good estate, and he his own, and what he collected was liberal beyond most men in from other persons, among the doing good with it. This in- poor, labouring, persecuted mindeed he made the great business isters. But the chief designs of of his life ; to which he applied his charity were to have poor bimself with as much diligence, children taught to read and write, as other men labour at their and carcfully instructed in the trades. He sustained great loss principles of religion; and to by the fire of London, so that furnish adults the necessary (when his wife died, and he had means of religious knowledge. „settled his children) he had but With a view to the former, he 1501. per ann. left; and even settled in Wales three or four then he constantly disposed of hundred schools in the chief 1001, in works of charity. He towns; in many of which wopossessed singular sagacity in men were employed to teach devising the most effectual ways children, and he undertook to of doing good, and in disposing pay for some hundreds of chilof his charity to the greatest ex
dren himself. With a view to tent and best purposes; always, the latter, he procured them Biif possible, making it serve some bles, and other pious and devoend of piety ; t. 5. instructing tional books, in their own lanpoor children in the principles guage; great numbers of which of religion, and furnishing grown he got translated, and sent to the persons, who were ignorant, with chief towns, to be sold at easy the Bible, and other good books; rates to those, who were able to strictly obliging those, to whom buy them, and given to such as he gave them, to read them dili. were not. In 1675 he procured gently, and inquiring afterward, a new and fair impression of the how they had profited. His oc- Welch Bible and liturgy, to the casional relief to the poor was
number of 8000; one thousand always mingled with good coun- of which were given away, and sel, and as great compassion for the l'est sold much below the their souls, as their bodies; common price. He used often which, in this way, often had the to say with pleasure, that he had best effects. For the last ten two livings, which he would not years of his life, he almost whol- exchange for the greatest in Engly applied his charity to Wales, land ; viz. Christ's Hospital, where he thought there was most where he used frequently to cateoccasion for it; and he took chise the poor children ; and great pains to engage others in Wales, whither he used to travel his designs, exciting the rich, in every year, and sometimes twice whom he had any interest, to in a year, to spread knowledge, works of charity in general; picty, and charity. urging them to devote at least a While Mr. Gouce was doing all this good, he was persecuted be better applied, that “ he went even in Wales, and excommuni- about doing good.” He died cated, for preaching occasionally, suddenly in his sleep, Oct. 29, though he had a licence, and 1681, aged 77. His funeral serwent constantly to the
par- mon was preached by Abp. Tillotish churches and communicated son, from which the above acthere. But, for the love of God count is principally extracted. and men, he endured all difficul- Mr. Baxter says, “ He never ties, doing good with patience heard any one person speak a and pleasure. So that, all things word to his dishonour, no not considered, there have not been, the highest prelatists themselves, since the primitive times of Chris- save only that he conformed not tianity, many among the sons of to their impositions.” mei, to whom that glorious char
ORTOX. acter of the Son of God might
ON CHRISTIAX ZEAL. ly effects. It may not be únimFew subjects in religion have portant then to inquire into the been viewed in lights so diverse nature, properties and obligations and opposite, as that of zeal.
of truly Christian zeal. Some seem to consider it as con
Zeal is opposed to torpor and stituting the very essence and indifference. It may be denomisum of all goodness; the foun- of mind ; or a lively, vigorous,
nated an ardour and impetuosity dation of Christianity, and its superstructure too.
Howing state and exercise of its Others treat
affections. every kind and degree of it as so
From this general much fanaticism or hypocrisy. definition it appears that zeal is While a third class affect to con
either virtuous or criminal, benesider it as a thing indifferent- ficial or noxious, according to the innocent perhaps but yet a
object and the manner of its ex
ercise. By way of ascertaining, mere appendage, or rather excrescence of Christianity ; su
therefore, the nature and qualiperduous, unimportant and use
ties of that zeal which may properless. To neither of these opin. ly be styled Christian, we will ions does the word of God afford consider it as a personal duty, any countenance. It faithfully
and as a duty we owe to the warns us that there is a zeal
cause of God, and to the best in.which is false and noxious. And
terests of our fellow men. it informs us that there is a gen
It has been justly remarked uine and holy zeal, not indeed that true zeal, like charity, beso properly constituting a dis- gins at home. Its prime office tinct virtue by itself, but rather is to correct what is wrong in pervading the whole spirit and ourselves ; to see to it that our character of a Christian, and pro- own hearts be right, and our lives ducing the most useful and love. exemplary. Its most vehement