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with those anxieties, fears, and dis- deeply lamented his wandering tressing convictions, which prepare thoughts, and his spiritual dulness. the way for the work of grace, he These inward struggles and affiicbecame deeply sensible of his inex- tions lcd him to a more thorough accusable criminality, and of the per quaintance with his own depravity, fect righteousness of God in bis con. and his dependence on infinite mer. demnation. After that his mind was cy. His own experience abundantenlightened in the knowledge of ly taught him, that without Christ Christ, and his heart filled with peace he could do nothing. His habitual by an experimental discovery of gos- acknowledgment was ; " by the grace pel mercy. He manifested these new of God I am what I am." His out. views and affections, which are the ward deportment corresponded with fruit of regenerating grace. The bis inward frame. Says a judicious Bible appeared to him a new book, friend, who was intimately acquaintfull of light and glory in every part. ed with him ; “never did I know Those representations of God and di, the man who showed more of the vine objects, which once occasioned spirit of a Christian than he did ; gloomy and painful feelings, gave and as he approached nearer to the him the most pure and substantial heavenly world, the more holy and satisfaction. He loved religious re- heavenly he appeared." A Christirement, and also grcatly delighted tian, so exemplary and pious, must in public worship. That preaching, have been beloved and useful in life, which brings down the loftiness of and deserves to be lamented in death. man, and makes Christ all in all, best In this town, on the 13th inst. the suited the renewed temper of his Rev.SAMUEL STillman, D.D. Pas. heart. Though for several years he tor of the First Baptist Church, in enjoyed much tranquillity and bea. "the 70th year of his age, and the 438 venly delight in communion with of his ministry. We shall insert God his Saviour, he afterwards had some particulars respecting this emseasons of anxiety and doubt. He inent minister in our next Number.

Poetry:
THE FIRE-FLY.

Little rambler of the night
Little rambler of the night,

Blessed be this voice of thine! Where and whence thy glowing light?

He that cloth'd thy form in light Is it form’d of evening dew,

Is thy God as well as mine! Where and whence thy brilliant hue? Go enjoy in verdant fields, Hark! methinks a voice replies, What his royal bounty yields ; He that form'd the azure skies, Nip the leaf or taste the Hower; Great in least, and good to all, Sip in nature's roseate bower; Lord of man and insect small; Filling full the span that's given, He it was, that made this vest ; With the boons of gracious Heav'n. Search, adore nor know the rest.

Amer. Museum.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. A review of Dr. Lathrop's fourth volume of sermons has been received, but is necessarily deferred till next month.:

We have received a well written biographical sketch of the late Rev. Oaks Shaw, wbose death we noticed in our last No. This sketch is highly honorary to the ministerial character of the deceased. Its insertion is necessari. ly postponed for the present. An interview with the author is requested.

Candidus is just received, but is too ste for this month.

Pastor's concluding number on the importance of a general association of Congregational ministers is received, and shall appear in our next. Those who feel concerned for the union and prosperity of our churches, we doubt not will read this excellent essay with interest, and we hope with conviction.

ERRATUM. In the Panoplist for January, page 373.- Thesis I. Read as follows-There are certain external works, &c.—which use, or are wont solent) sometimes to be freely done, &c.

OR,

THE CHRISTIAN'S ARMORY.

No. 23.]

APRIL, 1807.

[No. 11. Vol. II.

Biography

For the Panoplist. REFLECTIONS ON THE LIFE OF MR. WILLIAM HOWARD. Messrs. Editors,

WHAT I here send you is means of awakening and contaken from a pamphlet, contain vincing him, and of bringing him ing some remarkable passages to the saving knowledge of in the life of Mr. William How- Christ. In pointing out the exard, who died at North Ferriby, cellence of his renewed characin the county of York, (Eng.) ter, Mr. Milner mentions, 1. His March 2, 1804, by JOSEPH Mil- uncommon religious joy. “WonNER, A.M. late master of the der, gratitude, and love were the grammar school of Kingston upo constant effusions of his soul, on Hull, and vicar of Trinity whenever he spoke of the Most church.

High. His language was a conHe first relates the remarka- tinued series of blessing and ble conversion of Mr. Howard, praise, and that not in a formal who was one of his parishioners. manner, but with spontaneous “ His conversion was very simi- ease and liberal dignity of mind.” lar to that of Col. Gardiner ; not 2. His godly fear. Amidst the so striking in some circumstan- overflowings of his joy, he reces, but equally solid.” From tained a constant fear of sin. His the greatest profaneness, sensu. remembrance of what he had ality, and blasphemy, he was been, and still might be, if left to raised to the love and practice of himself, had an evident tendency Christian virtue and piety. The to temper his joy, and to preevents of divine providence, and serve all his affections in their especially the preaching and con- due equilibrium. 3. The strength versation of Mr. Milner, were and simplicity of his faith. 4. used by the Divine Spirit, as the His love. His affections were ev

er on the wing towards God, • Readers may not all know what equally lively and steady. He celebrity Mr. Milner has obtained by ardently loved the saints, and the excellent Church History, which he has lately published ; of which, it

even panted for the conversion is hoped, there will soon be an A. of sinners. 5. Chastity. This is merican edition.

particularly mentioned, because No. 11. Vol. II.

PPP

......

“ his soul had been the sink of moirs, and will own that nothunclcanness.” Ile had few ri- ing in the brilliant course of pubvals in impurity, whether in lic affairs deserves half the attenword or deed. But after his con- tion. version, no man was more pure, “Letus state to our minds what chaste, sober, and decent in his is certain in these transactions. whole deportment.

If he ever Here is an human being immersspoke of past scenes of folly, it ed in uncommon vice and profliwas in the language of the deep-' gacy, even to the decline of life. est abhorrence and self humilia- The force of habit has strength tion. 6. Humility.

ened his passions in evil, by such In pointing out the defects of a constant and uncontrolled Mr. Howard's character, Mr. course of indulgence, that, huMilner shows the admirable can- manly speaking, his reformation dour and impartiality of his is to be despaired of; the powheart. This is a branch of biog- ers of conscience are, as it were, raplıy too little attended to by obliterated, and nothing remains 'those, who write the lives of within him, that seems capable eminent Christians. “ It seems of making the least hcad against to me useful,” says Mr. Milner, the abounding torrent of iniqui"" to show the whole of the char- ty: yet is this man, without any ‘acter; and as this is evidently the philosophical aids and reflecdivinc method of procedure in tions, suddenly, as in a moment, 'the Scripture, all apology is su- from a state of extreme insenperseded."

sibility, alarmed, awakened, Mr. Milner closes with a chap- changed in the wliole bent of his ter of reflections, from which affections, solidly, and abidingly the following are extracted. altered in his whole deportment, They are such as we should ex- and lives all the remainder of pect from this adınired author. his days, a course of some years,

“ It is high time to ask a life of the most pious regard the reader; what he thinks of the to his Maker, of the strictest foregoing narrative, and to desire chastity and temperance towards him to reflect what is the most himself, and of the most genuine probable mode of accounting for charity towards all mankind. the extraordinary scenes which Thus far, plain matter of fact we have reviewed. Extraordi- lies before the reader. Had the mary it must be confessed they story been told of a person livare ; and, as a rational creature ing in China or Japan, it might was the subject of them, and have been said by some, with a they issued in a lasting moral al- sagacious sneer, that the writer teration of bis principles and had taken care to draw his narconduct, any person who judges rative from a convenient dis' seriously of the importance of tance; but the story here sutevents, and wlio feels with a pro- mitted to the reader's attention, per degree of regard for the lies within the compass of every good of the human species, will one's means of information. I overlook at once the political in- flatter myself its truth will not significance, both of the subject be disputed by any ; and should and of the author of these me any really doubt of it, I can easi

same

Jy supply them with abundant come to make such powerful means of satisfying themselves. resolutions, or to have lis will

“1. The first reflection which so disposed. To say that he naturally occurs here then, is, does it by his will or resolution, what sort of doctrine, or what no more accounts for the change, method, was made use of in the than to say, that it will account production of so admirable à for a man's taking a journey to change? because on all hands it such a place, that he walked will be allowed, that many are in with his feet thither. the

dreadful circum “ The doctrines which Mr. stances, in point of morality, and Howard espoused, and to the force it would be very much worth of which alone upon his heart while to try the same medicines he was ever ready to ascribe the upon them.

change which took place in his “It would be a very absurd and whole man, were JUSTIFICAunreasonable method of eluding tion and REGENERATION. I the force of this whole business use these two terms for the sake to say, " there seems nothing so of conciseness, as I see no rea. very strange or extraordinary in son why Christian divinity, low, it. The man took a sudden and very low indeed, and perfectly strong resolution to alter his

contemptible as it appears in the life ; and it was a very happy eyes of polite and fashionable circumstance that he stuck to people at this day, should not the resolution ; and this is the be allowed the use of comprewhole mystery of the matter." hensive and convenient expresSuch careless thoughts are ex sions, as well as other sciences. tremely suitable to the sceptical By the doctrine of Justification and superficial taste of the day. is meant, the particular method Such an answer I remember *, laid down in the Scripture of was made to a person, whose honourably acquitting sinful moral change was no less extra men before their God, through ordinary than that of Mr. How the atonement or righteousness ard, when he had told his story of Jesus Christ, without the to a person of some eminence in least regard had to their works this kingdom. But surely such or deservings, Rom. iii. 22-27. random observations prove noth On the contrary it is supposed, ing but the supine indifference that the man who is to be the of those who make them. No

No subject of Christian justification, doubt all moral changes must is a condemned sinner in himbe attended with some resolu self, deserving only the wrath of tions of the person concerned, God, and too deeply involved in because the will of man must guilt to be ever extricated by necessarily be interested in any merit of his own. This docthem. But the difficulty is, how trine implies the character of to account for it, that a person the Supreme Being to be inflexso circumstanced should ever ibly holy and just, and m' This fact I had from the person

room for the surprising di

of his infinite mercy by th himself, who is now living, and is a very respectable clergymen in the

stitution of his only b metropolis.

Son, at once to satisf

Justice, to condemn sin, and to state of extreme depravation, exhibit the purest discoveries of needing an entire renovation in the most unbounded goodness. all their affections and faculties, The reader has seen the influ- which change is called by Christ ence of all this on Mr. Howard's himself by the name of being mind. His distress of soul be- born again, a change effected gan with these very ideas of the solely the Spirit of God ; divine purity and justice, as sig- and therefore those who are nally to be displayed on the last possessed of it are said to be judgment-day, and his peace and born of the Spirit. All then who comfort were at length as sud- boast of man's natural love of denly effected, by the discovery goodness and virtue, and cherish of the doctrine of Justification ideas of the strength of his by Jesus Christ merely through powers to save himself, militato faith, as above explained. Cer: wholly against those doctrines tain it is, that the great outlines which he found so useful to his of his change depended on this soul. Indeed it so happens in doctrine, scripturally understood, experience, that the success of in connexion with its just de- such pretended reformers rependencies. It was no smooth sembles that of noisy empirics harangue on the moral fitness in physic ; the true lovers and of things, or on the native beau- genuiné practitioners of genuine ty of virtue, or on the dignity of virtue being found only among human nature, or on the arbitra- those, whose very doctrine lays ry mercy of God, to the exclu: a solid foundation for humbling sion of his justice and purity, man, and glorifying his Maker. that had the least concern on his

“ Thus far then the presumpmoral alteration. Such schemes tion lies in favour of these two and views may please the taste doctrines of Justification and of corrupt mankind, and many Regeneration, that a change so would think them far more like, confessedly great, or a conversionly to have effected the change, so extraordinary (will the polite than a doctrine so simple, and reader allow me the word ? I so contrary to men's natural nos really know no other so proper) tions. Deo alner visum. No such was effected, supported, and carhappy effects have ever been the ried on entirely by the influence consequence of such lectures ; of these doctrines. but the instances of solid benefit “We may now proceed a step derived from the Christian doc- farther, and observe that his trine of Justification are innu- change cannat possibly be acmerable.

counted for in any other way “The other great Christian than by a divine influence. The doctrine, which he as sincerely doctrines which he espoused, embraced, and which he ever and by the power of which alone looked on as of vast influence in it was effected, are certainly of all his religious concerns, is Re- so peculiar a nature, as to evi- . generation. This doctrine im- dence their divine origin. That plies man, all men without ex. a sinner should be justified be ception, to be naturally in a fore his Maker, purely by the

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