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quated employment. Occasional If we look a little closer at misgivings of conscience are this affected liberality, we shall relieved by the soothing imagina- perceive that, exclusively of its tion that we are all Christians, tendency, the very attribute and that is enough. Gross which it vaunts the loudest, ignorance of the gospel thickens universal tolerance, has no exapace,' in a clime illuminated by istence. its broadest sunshine. The bar- The proof is short. No men riers which ought to divide the are more impatient of contradicchurch from the world, are swept tion in the affairs of common life, away, and every trait of discrimi- than these liberal thinkers ; no nation effaced. “What fellow- men contend for their political ship bath righteousness with un- views with fiercer zeal, or deeprighteousness ? and what com- er animosity. Why? Because mudion hath light with darkness? human speculations are more and what concord hath Christ certain than the truth of God? with Belial ? or what part hath or civil arrangements of higher he that believeth with an infidel?” moment than the concerns of a is a tale of other times. And future world? That cannot be thus, in a “land of Bibles,” which pretended. Why, then, do the cannot be opened without the bosomsof these “liberal” philosolightning of God's reprobation phers swell with rage against a of their folly flashing in their political opponent ? And surely faces, miserable sinners, unjusti- no men can pursue others with fied, unwashed, unsanctified, are more contempt and rancour, than praising each other's Christiani- do they whomsoever they are ty! The delusion is often foster- pleased to stigmatize as bigots. ed by the very men, whose office Yet, what have the bigots done? should impel them to counteract By the nature of the case, they and destroy it. And there is too are under no obligation to be as sad reason to fear that the loss of condescending to a “ liberal” the soul is the first thing which man, as this latter to them. Hc awakens numbers from their is bound by his profession to be dream. Yes, they “ die in their as charitable to a bigot as to any iniquity; but”—but “their blood other. But the contrary is true. shall be required at the hand” of “ Bigot" is a brand of infamy; those pastors who “ warned” not less than “ heretic” or “infithem not. That liberality, there. del,” and quite as freely applied. fore, which lets all sorts of Serious as the subject is, one can opinions pass under the large hardly forbear smiling at the cloak of “Christian ;" or which mistakes which we are apt to forbears to urge, without qualifi. commit in estimating our own cation, the peculiar topics of the characters. The man who supgospel, deserves another epithet posed himself inaccessible to than “charitable.” Of charity flattery, was not aware, till his it has nothing but the abused acuter friend detected him, that

Instead of executing her this supposition was precisely benign functions, it comes with the point in which his vanity was perfidy, and cruelty, and death, centred, and was assailable by to the souls of men.


the flatterer. As little do they,


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who plume themselves on their immediately the cry will be raisfreedom from bigotry, suspected. “ Bigot," “ fanatic," will that their “liberality” is the start from a hundred mouths; point on which they betray the and, short of open violence, as very temper they denounce in little mercy will be shown to others. Touch this darling of wisdom's children by modern, theirs, and you will find that as by ancient toleration. Instead, they have as much bigotry as therefore, of a pure and effective other folk. There are no more benevolence, this liberality of the decided bigots on earth, than age is a mask drawn over the those who are bigoted to liberali. face of enmity to God's holiest ty. The fact is, that modern truth, and to all who espouse liberality is of the same kind and That “ love” which is “ without spirit with the old heathen toler- dissimulation,” wears no such ance. One was at perfect liber- guise. It consists in kind affecty to worship his calf, provided tions and offices. It can do men another might burn incense to good without flattering their the queen of heaven. And thus corruptions, or sanctifying their Baal, and Jupiter, and Moloch, mistakes. It is le “ who conand Mithras, and all the rest of verts a sinner from the error of them, fraternized in the most his way,” not he who treats it as liberal intercourse. “ If you harmless, that “ shall save a soul bave but a god, no matter who from death, and shall hide a or what ; only do not interfere multitude of sins.” Between with your neighbours.” And it the incessant agitations of disis very possible that, upon the pute, and the oblivious calm of same terms, Christians might, indifference, there is a wide for a time, have fared easier than scope for the exercise of Chris, they did. But the moment they tian forbearance. taught men to turn from these But let those who desire not vanities to serve the living God, to be entrapped into a fatal sethe worshippers of Baal, and curity, beware how they listen to Jupiter, and Moloch, and the the siren song. Let them re. whole rabble of pagan deities, member, that an air of affableness rushed upon them, and drenched and magnanimity is often a pass, the earth with their blood. So port for error, both speculative now : compliment my dogma, and practical, to an undefinable and I will compliment yours. extent. There is so much dignis But let unbending truth fall in ty in freedom from little prejuwith the confederacy, and accost dices, and so much flattery in the the members of it without cere- reputation of it, that generous mony. Let her arraign the car. minds are thrown off their guard nality of one, the corruptness of by its very appearance. Im another, and the unfaithfulness pressions, slight at first, are deep- : of a third. Let her deny, at ened by repetition: advantages once, the Christianity of all who are imperceptibly gained over reject the divinity and atonement the sternness of truth, and the of our Lord Jesus ; or who, ad- caution of virtue : and the head mitting both, live without the and the heart are perverted, un, practical influence of either ; and der the seductive notion of over;


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coming prejudice. But one im- a pair of shoes not made to please age is presented to the eye, and his taste, the canon became furithat is liberality. Her features, oųs, and killed him. The unhapher attitude, her voice, her wea- py man left a widow, four daughponș, and her attire, are always ters, and a son 14 years of age. the same. Her broad mantle They made their complaint to covers the approach of the fiend, the Chapter ; the canon till the treacherous blow be giv- prosecuted, and condemned not en, and “truth fall in the streets." to appear in the choir for a year. Certain it is, that such has been The young shoemaker having the ordinary course of those attained to man's estate,' was who have turned away from the scarcely able to get a livelihood, holy commandment delivered and overwhelmed with wretchedunto them.” They began with ness, sat down on the day of a a show of liberality, and ended in procession at the door of the downright apostacy. Nor can cathedral of Seville, in the mothere be a worse symptom of a ment the procession passed by. professor of Christianity, than an 'Amongst the other canons, he anxiety to be accounted liberal perceived the murderer of his on points of principle. It is an father. At the sight of this anxiety which Christ and his man, filial affection, rage and apostles never displayed. It is despair got so far the better of the mark of one with whom the his reason, that he fell furiously

answer of a good conscience" upon the priest, and stabbed him is of less value tban the breath to the heart. The young man of a passing compliment; one was seized, convicted of the who loves the praise of men crime, and immediately conmore than the praise of God.”' demned to be quartered alive.

The king was then at Seville ; THE THREE QUESTIONS. and hearing of the particulars, BERNARD's three questions determined to be himself the are worth the asking ourselves, judge of the young man. When in any enterprise :- 1. Is it he proceeded to give judgment, lawful ? May I do it, and not sin? he first annulled the sentence 2. Is it becoming me as a Chris- just pronounced, and after asktian? May I do it, and not wrong ing the young man what was my profession? 3. Is it expedi- his profession, I forbid you, said ent? May I do it, and not offend he, to make shoes for a year to my weak brother?

Edin. Miss. Mag.



The following lines of Cowper possess exquisite bear.

ty, and are above all praise.


In the days of Peter the Third,


a canon

of the cathedral of Seville, affected in his dress, and particularly in his shoes, could not find a workman to his liking. An unfortunate shoemaker, to whom he applied after quitting many others, having brought him

Thou art the source and centre of all minds,
Their only point of rest, ETERNAL WORD!
From thee departing, they are lost, and rove
At random, without honour, hope or peace.
From thee is all that soothes the life of man,
His high endeavour and his glad success,
His strength to suffer, and his will to serve.
But oh! thau bounteous Giver of all good,
Thou art of all thy gifts thyself the crown!
Give what thou canst, without thee we are poor
And with thee rich, take what thou wilt away.

1807.] - Universalism confounds and destroys itself.


Review of New Publications. Universalism confounds and de-, The professed design of the : stroys itself; or letters to a third part, beside answering obfriend, in four parts, &c. &c. jections, is to shew that the natBy JOSEPH SPALDING, A. M. ural and proper meaning of everPastor of a Church in Buck- lasting, eternal, forever, forever land. . Wright. Northamp-, and ever, and the original words ton. 1805. np. 359.

from which they are translated,

is endless duration, The subject of this book is The remarks and criticisms highly interesting; as there is upon these terms appear to be an essential difference between just, and are sufficient to satisfy the scheme which suppose's God a candid” inquirer after truth, will put an endless difference that “ they properly mean endbetween the righteous and the le88 duration, and that this is their wicked, and that which promis common and necessary import, ses salvation to all mankind. If as used in the holy Scriptures.” the former be true, the latter is The objections urged by Uninot only false, but pregnant with versalists, are fairly and fully aninfinite mischief to the souls of swered. men; and the cause of truth re- The author's principal object quires, that every lawful means in the fourth part is to shew, should be used to expose the that “ the sufficiency of the falsehood, and counteract the atonement for the salvation of all tendency of such a system. is consistent with the final de

This work is divided into four struction of a part of mankind.” parts, each containing a number This is an important section, of letters.

and deserves a careful perusal ; The general object of the first as the Universalists found some and second part is to show that of their most specious arguments the scheme, which denies all fu- and objections upon the supposture punishment, and that which ed inconsistency of these ideas. supposes “limited punishment The author exhibits, in a clear hereafter, are made up of con- and convincing light, the nature tradictions." p. 9th and 22d. of the atonement, and also the From numerous quotations, and consistency of God's leaving the reasoning upon them, it ap- some men to final sin and ruin, pears with sufficient evidence, with the doctrine, that the atonethat each of those schemes is ve- ment opens a door of salvation ry inconsistent with itself, and for all. involves many absurdities. It is What is said upon the second thought, however, that the ex- death, we think scriptural and pression, .“ made up of contra- pertinent. dictions," is too strong. A There are defects in the style, scheme may contain contradic- which will be noticed by the crittions, and even many contradic- ical reader ; and some of the tions ; yet not be made up of arguments, and answers to obcontradictions.

jections might, with advantage;


have been considerably contrace upon this subject, since the mased.

terly and unanswerable publicaBut this work, notwithstand- tions of Drs. Edwards and ing its defects, is far from being Strong; yet, considering the predestitute of merit. It indicates valence of Universalism, and its strength of mind, and an inti- dangerous tendency, we hesitate mate acquaintance with the sa- not to recommend this work to cred Scriptures. The reason

the attentive and prayerful peruing is, generally, perspicuous sal of those, who wish to know and conclusive. And though the truth upon a question, in little that is new can be expected which all are deeply interested.

Religious Intelligence.



Prom a friend of missions
From do. do.
A contribution from Rev. Mr. Mone's

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they had distributed in the new setGREGATIONAL MISSIONARY SO- tlements about 200 books belonging CIETY IN THE COUNTIES to the Society, and brought back in BERKSHIRE AND COLUMBIA. contributions $51 87.

The ninth annual meeting of the The Report of the Treasurer was Congregational Missionary Society, also heard and accepted. The folin the counties of Berkshire and co- lowing is his report at large. lumbia, was holden agreeably to ap- A statement of the funds of the Corpointment, at the meeting-house in

gregational Missionary Society, orig. Richmond, Sept. 16, 1808; at the

inated in the counties of Berkshire and opening of which a sermon was de. livered by the Rev. Beriah Hotchkin,

Columbia, and the expenditures of from Matt. xvi. 18. “ And I say also

the same, from the i2th of Sept. unto thee, that thou art Peter; and

1804, to the 21st of Nov. 1806. upon this rock I will build my church;

Account of the moales received by the Treasurer.

D. C. and the gates of hell shall not prevail Balance in the Treasury, Sept. 12th, 1804 345 59 against it.”

Sept. 18, A contribution from the Rev. Mr.
Collin's Society la Lanesborough

24 06 At this meeting the Society was encouraged to continue, and, if possible, to increase their exertions to

society at Green River

& S6 spread the knowledge of the gospel, Oct. 24. Addition to the last contribution from by having opportunity to witness an

25. From Mr. Asaph Morgan, collected on addition to the body of several valua

8 35 ble members.

Dec. 13. From Rev. Benjamin Wooster, collect

ed on a mission The Report of the Trustees, con

Jan. 12, a contribution from the town of Pittr taining an account of their proceed. 1805. field ings the last year, relative to the em

18. Trom Rev. John Morse, collected on a ployment of missionaries, and the ex- reb. II. A contribution from the town of penditure of monies, was exhibited


20 34 to the Society and received their ap.

April 8.

From Rev. Samuel Fuller, collected on

a mission probation. From this report it ap- 23. From a female friend of missions SO

29. A contribution from the town of Lee 33 33 pears that the Trustees, during the

From Rev. Gideon Hawley, a donatioa 1 O year, had engaged eighty weeks of June 14. From Mt. Samael P. Robbins, wilected missionary service ; that they had


I 10

& mission


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12 29


21 IO

31 35

on a mission

25 os

Aug. 22. From a friend of missions received returns from their mission

12 00

do. do in Williamstowa to o aries of forty-four weeks of service, Sept. 17. From

A contribution from the town of Shef. actually performed ; that the mis

12 2$ sionaries who had made returns, bad Jan. 8, From Rev. Joseph Avery, collected on preached 268 sermons, besides at

a mission

Feb. 18. A contribution from the towa of Pittstending many religious conferences,

23 90 and making many family visits ; that March 23. A contribution from the towa of San




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