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tween study and labour that none be lost in idleness; that 200 acres of land should be devoted to their use, which they should cultivate; that they should be accustomed to restraint and obedience; that girls as well as boys should be received into the school, and that they should be taught the duties of domestic life; and at the same time that the principles of virtue and piety should be instilled into their minds in a way, that should be likely to make the most lasting impression.

This was the plan for a school formed by Mr. Sergeant, and which by great exertion he was .enabled in part to carry into execution just before his death.

It would perhaps be useless to enter into a detail of events, which had relation to this mission at Housatonic, but there are two inquiries that will naturally be made; first, by what means was Mr. Sergeant supported, and from what sources did he derive funds for defraying the unavoidable expenses to which he was subject, and secondly, what success rewarded his labours?

He received an annual salary of 120 or 130 dollars from the Commissioners for Indian affairs at Boston, which however was very incompetent for his own comfortable subsistence and that of his family. The General Court, besides building a schoolhouse, and house for public worship, made him a small grant, and for what was still wanting he was dependent on the generous donations of individuals. Among these it is pleasing to recollect the munificence of Mr. Isaac Hollis, of London, who in the course of four or five years contributed upwards of two hun

dred pounds sterling for educat ing a number of the Indian boys. Mr. Samuel Holden of London, and Madam Holden were also liberal benefactors of the mission. To these may be added the names of Dr. Watts, Dr. Ayscough, and Capt. Coram of London, and Gov. Belcher and Dr. Coleman of Boston. It is par ticularly the last mentioned gentleman, whose name deserves to be held in remembrance. He was the early friend of the mission and unwearied in his exertions to promote its interest. Through him the bounty from England was communicated to Housatonic. He rejoiced in the hope of promoting the salvation of the heathen, and it was but four days before his death that "with a sick and faint breast and a trembling hand" he wrote to Mr. Sergeant to make known to him a new instance of the liberality of Mr. Hollis. At the close of this letter we find the following affecting benediction, "My son, the Lord be with thee; and prosper thou when I am dead."

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As to the success, which attended the benevolent labours of Mr. Sergeant, it was such as must have administered to his heart the purest satisfaction. When he went to Housatonic in 1734, the whole number of Indians living there did not amount to fifty; when he died in 1749 the number was increased to 218; of these 129 had been baptized, and 43 were communicants, 18 males and 24 females. About 70 others had been baptized who were not living. When it is recollected that Mr. S. was cautious as to the admission of members into his church, that he carefully ex

amined those who offered them- At last, in July, 1749, after selves, perhaps without presump- commending his departing spirit tion we may indulge the hope, to the blessed Redeemer, he died that most whom he received in peace, and has entered, it is were real Christians, truly peni- believed, into that rest, which retent and believing. If however maineth for the people of God. he was the means of bringing Mr. Sergeant has left an ex. but one heathen to the knowl- ample, which in many respects edge of the gospel, this event is worthy of imitation. He was would fill heaven with joy. frequent in the duty of secret

The wives both of the Captain prayer. Morning and evening and Lieutenant died, expressing to he worshipped God in his famihim their hope of salvation, and ly, reading at the same time a giving evidence that their hope portion of the sacred Scriptures, was not groundless ; and several and making such observations others, while Mr. S. was living, upon it as he thought would be closed their eyes in peace, and useful. He preached four serjoyful expectation of eternal life.

mons every Lord's day, two to At length the time arrived the English, and two to the Inwhen he himself was to be sum- dians, and in the summer season moned into the world of spirits. usually spent an hour with the In his sickness he was frequently latter after the common services, visited by the Indians, and he instructing and warning and extook every opportunity to enforce horting them in the most familupon them the instructions iar manner. Besides this, during which he had given them, charg. the week he kept his eye upon ing them to live agreeably to the them, and continually endeavgospel, as they would meet him oured to promote the objects of at last in peace. So great was his mission. He was very caretheir affection for him, that they ful in the improvement of his assembled of their own accord, to time. He translated into the Insupplicate their Father in heav

dian language those parts of the en for the continuance of his Old Testament, which contain precious life.

an'account of the creation, of When he was asked, whether the fall of our first parents, of the grave excited any terror, he the calling of Abraham, of the replied, “ Death is no surprise dealings of God with the patrito me.

My acquaintance with archs and child of Israel, and the blessed world, to which those which relate to the coming I hope I am now hastening, of Christ, and the whole of the through the mercy of God in New Testament, excepting the Christ, is not now to commence. Revelation. This was a work, I can trust him, in whom I have which cost him much labour, and believed, and long ago placed my the reading of it to the Indians, as everlasting dependence upon.” their language abounded in guteOn being reminded that his work turals, was extremely fatiguing. was well done, “I can call my- Mr. Sergeant was just, kind self," he answered, “ a most un- and benevolent; compassionate profitable servant, and say, God to the afflicted, liberal to the be merciful to me a sinner.” poor, friendly to his enemies, Vol. II. No. 10.

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. and anxious to save the sinner The reader, who with a befrom death. He was caresul not nevolent joy has seen the gospel to speak evil of any one. No en- conveyed to the Indians at Houvious or unkind word fell from satonic, will naturally desire to his lips, and no resentment was know what has been the state of excited by the injuries he re- that tribe since the death of Mr. ceived. His cheerfulness did Sergeant. The Rev. Jonathan not degenerate into merriment, Edwards succeeded him as misnov his seriousness into melan- sionary at Stockbridge. Anumcholy ; but he seemed always to ber of years after his death the hare the quiet possession of whole tribe emigrated to New himself.

Stockbridge, near Oneida, in the Such is the representation, state of New-York, where they which is given us of the Rev. now live under the pastoral care Mr. Sergeant. Many traits of the Rev. John Sergeant, a might be added to this portrait, worthy son of the excellent man, but those who wish for more mi- a sketch of whose life and labour's nute accounts are referred to the has thus been given. pamphlet already mentioned..

W.

Religious Communications.

ON THE

THE

INFLUENCES OF

ence of outward means and inHOLY SPIRIT.

ward agency, he may take pos

session of that seat to which he (Concluded from page 419.) is entitled ; but which has long If the doctrine of divine in- been occupied by the world and fluence, as before stated, be true; sin. we are reminded of the unspeak- 2. It appears, likewise, that able goodness of God. He has our depravity must be very great not only ushered in an economy indeed, or else such a kind and of which divine grace lies at the gracious gospel, as that of foundation ; he has not only sent Christ, would need no spiritual his Son, the great and blessed influence to procure it a ready reIMMANUEL, from heaven, to ception. It is strange, that sinopen a way for the exercise of ners under sentence of eternal mercy; to open prison doors to death, need to be urged to accept them that are bound, and to break pardon, and a heavenly inherittheir chains; but he sends his Men do not require urgspirit, to take them by the hand, ing to accept earthly benefits. and lead thein out. As all out. They readily and gladly accept ward means, however numerous, them. One would suppose, that or forcible, are insufficient for men would be greatly dissatisfied our delivery, on account of the with their sinful state, and very deep corruption of our hearts ; anxious to avoid the dangers of he sends his Spirit, to operate it ; that the offer of forgiveness within, that, by the joint influ- and eternal life would be em

ance.

braced with joy unspeakable. But instead of this, so great and inveterate is our attachment to sin, that without the impressive, persuasive, and transforming influence of God on the heart, these offers would certainly be rejected, and we should remain in the number of those, who will not come unto Christ, that they may have life.

3. If the preceding observations be true, and the influence of the Holy Spirit be essentially necessary to conversion and a holy life; it is highly important, that this doctrine should be sensibly felt. We ought to imbibe this, as a first principle, that, in the work of religion, nothing effectual will be accomplished merely by our own strength; and that therefore reliance is to be had on the grace of Christ. Impressed with this idea, we are humbly to acknowledge before God our present corruption, the fatal influence, which sin has obtained over us, and earnestly to implore, that God would endue us with divine strength, and direct our souls to himself. It is by divine influence on the heart, counteracting corrupt inclinations, weakening the power of sin, and directing the mind to God as the chief good; it is in this way, and not by the mere strength and independent exertion of man, that the obedient servants of Christ, in all ages, have`attained a state of holiness and glory.

And if it be important to realize this doctrine, in the very outset of a religious life, in our first inquiries after salvation; it is no less important, that the Christian realize it, in his endeavours after progressive sanctification. The pious believer will no more

advance in the ways of righteousness without the influence of the Spirit, than the sinner would, without it, turn to righteousness. If we be the children of God, our lives are spiritual, i. e. not only conformable to reason and the dictates of the mind; not only opposite to sensuality and the law in our members; but, in a manner imperceptible, influenced and directed by the Spirit of God. If we mortify the deeds of the body, it is through the Spirit. If we be not in the flesh, but in the spirit, the Spirit of God dwelleth in us. And, if we have not the Spirit of Christ, we are none of his.

4. This doctrine of divine influence is exceedingly comfortable to those, who have a just opinion of their own weakness, ignorance, and corruption. How strong are the temptations, to which Christians are sometimes exposed! How arduous is the warfare, in which they are engaged! How numerous are their enemies; and how unequal is their strength to all the opposition, which they are required to encounter! But God has a perfect knowledge of their situation. He knows every circumstance with regard to them. He knows the very kind of aid and direction which they need. By humble application to him, accompanied with their own watchful endeavours, they are sure of being saved from the hour of temptation; not indeed from being tempted, but from being overcome; from being tempted beyond what they are able to resist. God is able to make all grace abound toward them; to establish and confirm them; to invigorate their reso

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lutions, to subdue their sinful affections, and to enable them to triumph, through Christ Jesus. The work of our salvation, bless ed be God, is not put exclusively into our own hands. It is not confided to our own strength. We are to use the strength communicated from above. It is God that worketh in us to will and to do of his good pleasure ; and therefore we are required to work out our salvation with fear and trembling.

5. This doctrine of divine in fluence affords great relief to the Christian's mind, when he is call ed to act in perplexing circumstances; when he is required to take some active part, but yet knows not, on which side the path of duty lies. He feels disposed to do right, but knows not what is right. He then rejoices, that there is a Being, of whom he can ask wisdom; who is ready to pity the ignorant, and those that are out of the way. He knows that in God there is infinite wisdom; and after la menting his own ignorance, and imploring divine light and direction, he feels the burden, in some measure, removed. He feels a humble hope, that God will lead him to a right determination and suitable conduct. Most Christians are sometimes placed in such circumstances as these; and know the feelings, of which we are speaking.

Lastly, as true believers are said to have the Spirit dwelling in them, it becomes an important subject of inquiry, whether we have this Spirit, or not. And the apostle gives us a rule, by which this is to be determined. If we are led by the Spirit, we shall mortify the deeds of the

body, we shall maintain a continual warfare with sin; we shall be crucified to the world, and the world to us, by the cross of Christ; we shall curb, restrain, and mortify those corrupt desires and affections, which oppose the gospel; we shall be spiritually minded, and show that we are risen with Christ, by placing our affections on things above. We shall be employed, every day, in maintaining and strengthening the new and spiritual life, That day, that month, or that year, will be viewed by us, as best employed, and as turning to the best account, wherein most has been done for God, and for the weakening and subversion of sin, in ourselves and others. The character of God will appear glorious, sin hateful, and holi ness, above all things, lovely and desirable. The Spirit of God excites to humility, and leads us to speak of ourselves, in secret worship, in worse terms, than we should think ourselves justified in applying to any of our fellow men..

These are some of the general qualities of those, who are led by the Spirit, and are the sons of God. If these qualities be possessed by us, we have unspeakable reason to rejoice and bless God, and to press on vigorously after greater attainments. But, if we have them not, it is strongly to be apprehended, that we are in a state of sin, of danger, and condemnation, and may with good reason be urged and exhorted to flee from the wrath to come. Let every reader bear in remembrance these solemn words, in which is a brief descrip: tion both of the righteous and the wicked. If ye walk after the

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