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The pendulum of fashion vibrat- invader. Whoever shall dare to ing in morals, as in dress, from condemn the opinions of one, is an extreme point to its opposite ; the enemy of all the rest : he we are now required to open the must be shunned as an intruder bosom of charity to every class into the sanctuary of conscience; of religious tenets, if we hope to as a stranger to religious civility be enrolled among liberal Chris- and liberal refinement, and uptians, or to escape the pains and worthy of any rank but that which penalties decreed against bigots. philosophical Christianity has As revolutions seldom happen in assigned to the bigot. but one thing at a time, this ex- All this looks grand and magchange of feeling appears to nanimous; and, no doubt, has have been accompanied with an its effect; especially upon youthexchange of principle; and to ful, undisciplined, and timid have included a large portion of minds. But if it have more of the creed of our fathers in the show than of reality ; if it be as same proscription with their intolerant in its own way as any sternness of temper. So that thing which it calls bigotry; and what bishop Butler said of Chris- if, under the pretext of oblations rianity, may truly be said of or- to charity, it sacrifice the truth thodoxy :-“ It is come-to be of God and the eternal interests taken for granted, by many per- of men upon the altar of practical sons, that orthodoxy is not so infidelity ; we cannot turn away much as a subject of inquiry ; from it with too open disgust, but that it is now, at length, dis- norhold it in too deep abhorrence. covered to be fictitious. And

One of the things which accordingly they treat it as if, in first strike a critical observer, is the present age, this were an the indefiniteness of the ideas agreed point among all people attached to the terms “liberal” of discernment ; and nothing re- and “bigoted.” It is easy to mained but to set it up as a couple them with a man or a principal subject of mirth and principle; and to extol or decry ridicule, as it were by way of re- accordingly: and few are prisals, for its having so long loud in their panegyric or abuse, interrupted the pleasures of the as those who do both by signal. world."* Or if dislike to princi- But still, what is your liberality ? ples once held sacred by the Is it measured by any standard, most enlightened and excellent or confined within any limits ? of mankind, has not gone all this If not, for aught I can see, it is length, it has, at least, thrown an attempt to abolish all intellecthem into the rubbish of obsolete tual and moral distinctions. If prejudices. Zeal for their puri- it is measured and limited-by ty and propagation is supplanted what rule ? By the word of God? by a sort of community of per- Then you are bound to ascertain suasions ; in which every one is its sense, and to oppose every not only privileged to assert his opinion which contradicts it ; or own right, while he lives in peace else you must contradict yourwith his neighbours, but to de- self: for a rule which you do mand their aid in repulsing an not apply, is no rule at all.-By * Butler's Analogy, Advertisement. your own good pleasure, or your

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conviction of right? Then you not for its own sake, but as it is assume the office of dictator as controlled by truth : and secondmuch as any man to whom you ly, that the character of your impute that arrogance ; and if liberality must be fixed by the you intend to

pluck the mote, relative value of those points out of his eye,” you must begin which it surrenders under the with taking “the beam out of title of " minor differences.” your own."-By your particular Until this be settled, you can associates ? Every sect under have no permission to glory in heaven does the same. The being liberal ; and to bestow Arminian calls the Calvinist a contemptuous appellations upon bigot ; the Socinian applies the those who will not go in your epithet to the advocate of the train : for you may take credit atonement, and chaunts forth his to yourself for that which shall own liberality ; the deist pities turn out to be a crime. the slavish being who believes in Our next inquiry, then, rerevelation; and the atheist smiles spects these “minor differencat the “prejudices” of the de- es.” A soft sound with dreaded ist.*-Or are you liberal because sense! For, unless the writer you think and speak well of grievously err, the characteristic those who think and speak well of the liberality now in vogue, is of you? So did the publicans, to ask nothing more than a and so do thousands with whom general profession of Christianiyou would not wish to be sus- ty; and to refer all its modificapected of any connexion. If tions to the head of " minor your “liberality takes a middle .differences ;" which, in the af. path between the contractedness fair of Christian and ministerial of some men, and the licentious- fellowship, should make no difness of others, so that while you ference at all. If, therefore, one cherish the primary interests of of these liberal Christians shall religion, you overlook the minor explain away the whole faith of differences among its professors, the church of God concerning and embrace them as brothers the new birth-if another shall upon the broad ground of the teach the dogma of universal common Christianity,” you are' salvation for men, and, if he indeed more definite, but not less please, for devils too if a third embarrassed. For it is impossi- shall give up the plenary inspirable not to perceive, first, that tion of the scriptures—if a fourth your very medium implies a shall argue against a particular boundary which you may not providence-if a fifth shall deny pass; and consequently, that the influences, or dispute the beyour liberality is commendable, ing, of the Holy Spirit-if a

sixth shall abjure the sacrifice Il a encore quelques prejuges, " he and deity of our Lord Jesus has some prejudices left,” said the Christ : all this, instead of diatheists of Paris, concerning David minishing confidence, or comHume, when he hesitated to shoot the munion, is to be a matter of comgulf of atheism. He appears, however, to have got rid of his “prejudi. promise. Every one retains his ces,” shortly after his acquaintance own views without contradiction. with those philosophers !

The generic term “ Christian"



belongs alike to all: and he who truth that is consistent with the refuses to recognize their, Chris- gospel, and presupposed by it, tianity, must be branded as a and yet have nothing in it of the bigot.

gospel, properly so called. Of (To be continued.)

such a discourse, with all its advantage of sentiments and expression, it may be said, as the apostle says of the law, that it is weak through the flesh. The cor,

ruption of nature, in which sin It is not always the gospel that hath dominion, is too strong for is delivered from the pulpit. A philosophy, logic, and rhetoric ; man may preach very sensibly too strong for refined speculaconcerning the divine perfec- tion, strong argument, and the tions, and the authority of God's greatest oralory.

Miss. Mag. government and laws. He may set forth the general obligations to duty and obedience. He may inculcate the amiableness of vir.

SHORT SENTENCES. tue in general, or of particular A constant seeking after virtues, and may represent ma- heavenly wisdom, is no bad eviny worthy examples for men's dence of having already attained encouragement and excitement. it. He may earnestly call on men to To believe we have immortal repent of their sins, and to re- souls, while we shew no concern form the disposition of their about their eternal welfare, is te hearts and their course of life. display our folly in the highest He may inculcate this with all degree. the advantages of earnestness When believer's trials and action that would entitle him come by the hand of man, a hard to the character of the complete struggle may likely ensue, beorator. The composition may fore he attain to a forgiving spirit. be very skilful, the language el- To manifest a real concern for egant and pathetic, and the the good of a person's soul and preacher may be so greatly ap- body, in return for an injury replauded, that it may sometimes ceived, is a clear evidence of a be said, He hath his reward. Not Christian spirit. only may the ears of the hearers To be laying up for the body be tickled, but their minds may at the expense of the soul, is a be very agreeably entertained piece of very unprofitable buwith sentiments that are in siness. themselves just, and with many Multitudes appear to live at a good thought. Yet, in all this, ease in Sion, although they know there may be nothing by which that a wo is denounced in Scrip: a soul may be relieved and re- ture against them. freshed that labours and is heavy A conviction of gospel truth, laden ; nothing by which a seri- joined to a disregard of it in the ous soul may be directed to the same person, gives a dreadful ev, proper sources of sanctification. idence of that person's state. A discourse may have in it much



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tain bishop to undertake to rea,

son me out of my errors. He OF MR. SHEPARD.

was a person not backward to atThe celebrated Mr. Shepard, tempt this, where he found a doon bis death-bed, being visited cile subject. But your son, said by some of his younger breth- he, is too much elated at pres ren in the ministry, observed to ent, and carried away with the them, “ Your work is great, and pleasing novelty of his error, to calls for great seriousness.”With regard any arguments, as appears respect to himself, he said, that by the pleasure he takes in puz, the studying of his sermons very zling many ignorant persons frequently cost him tears ; that with his captious questions. Let before he preached his sermons him alone; only.continue pray: to others, he derived profit from ing to the Lord for him ; he will them himself; and that he al- in the course of his study discov. ways went to the pulpit, as if he er his error. I myself, pervertwere immediately after to give ed by my mother, was once a up his account to his Divine Manichee, and read almost all Master:

their books; and yet at length

was convinced of my error, with, OF AUGUSTINE'S MOTHER. out the help of any disputant.

The following anecdote of All this satisfied not my anxious Monica, the mother of St. Au- parent; with floods of tears she gustine,

when considered in con- persisted in her request, when nexion with his after conversion, at last he, a little out of temper, affords great encouragement to on account of her importunity, pious parents to pray for their said, “Be gone, good woman ; children.

it is not possible that a child of It is thus related by Angus, such tears should perish.” She tine himself, in the 3d book of has often told me since, that this bis Confessions.

answer impressed her mind as “ I remember that she (my a voice from heaven." mother Monica) entreated a cer,

Review of New Publications.


Mrs. Warren's History of the cruelty and carnage ; and the American Revolution.

devout mind will be gratified by (Concluded from p. 384.)

the author's repeated acknowl,

edgments of the superintending The History of the events providence of God, and its freduring the revolution is both in- quent interpositions in our favour. teresting and entertaining, and But she seems to have occasionalwill be read with pleasure by ly forgotten that she was writing those, who can be satisfied with- the history of the American Reve out entering into the minutiæ of olution, and has introduced narra

tives, (and those rather copious) of his father ; who made this of transactions, which had no reserve in his will, “ that unless connexion with it. The conclu- his son complied with his resions of the 22d and 27th chap quest, he should be cut short ters are of this kind.


of his estate," which In vol. 3, p. 93, we have an in- was worth about 60,0001. sterstance of filial piety, such as is ling. The ashes remaining from seldom met with, and perhaps the body were taken up, and put the only one of the kind, which into a silver urn for that purpose. has ever occurred in the United The reason that Mr. Laurens States. On the death of Henry gave for this singular desire was, Laurens, Esq. “ his only surviv- " that his body was too good to ing son closed his eyes.

His be eaten by worms." We prefond affection for his father led tend not to decide which state- him to deviate from the usual ment is the more correct, but customs of his countrymen in leave it to the reader to form his the manner of interring their own opinion. friends. He reared an altar, on The work before us is “ The which he burned the body of the History of the Rise, Progress patriarch, and carefully gathered and Termination of the Amerithe ashes from the hearth, de- can Revolution ;" having reachposited them in a silver urn, and ed the termination, we might be placed them in his bed-chamber, expected to stop; but “ more with reverence and veneration, last words” remain : ninety-nine where they remained to the day pages of supplementary obserof his death. This circumstance vations on events after the teris mentioned, as a peculiar in- mination" are yet before us; to stance of filial affection, and at which the following paragraph is once a mark of respect due to an introduction. the memory of both the patriot “ The narration of the revolutionaand the parent.”

ry war between Great Britain and her This representation differs so termination, leaves the mind at leis.

former colonies, brought down to its widely from the impression made ure for more general observations on upon our minds at the time of the subsequent consequences, without the event, that we have been led confining it to time and place.” to a review of the publications of Amongst the “ subsequent that day, to see what was then consequences” are enumerated said on th subject ; and in the " the insurrection in MassaNew-York Magazine for Janua- chusetts ; a general convention ry, 1793, p. 64, we find “ The of the States ; the adoption of a following extract of a letter dated new constitution ; the choice of Charleston, (S. C.) Dec. 24, is Gen. Washington as President ; copied from the Norwich Week- the treaty with Great Britain, ly Register, of Jan. 14.

negotiated by Mr. Jay; and Gen. “ A few days since departed Washington's second retreat this life, Henry Laureus, Esq. from public life.” Beside these, about seventy years of age, and “ banks; the funding system ; his corpse was burnt the third the Cincinnati ; the federal city; day after his decease.

This was the distribution of offices ; the done by his son, at the request French Revolution; scepticism;"


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