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Few of the American fair have ges the attention, and is there hitherto ventured to appear be- fore introduced as the first subfore the public in the character ject of remark. It is very uneof historians; and considering qual ; and although the reader the timidity natural to the sex, is often charmed with elegant it is not wonderful if in the pre-expression, and the polished pesent instance, “the trembling riod, yet is he frequently disheart has recoiled at the magni- gusted by the heavy sentence, tude of the undertaking, and rendered tedious, and almost unthe band often shrunk back from intelligible by parentheses. The the task ;" or that these « histor- following quotations will furical tracts" are “now with diffi- nish sufficient specimens of the dence submitted to the public," style. after the story has been told in Vol. I. p. 146. “It cannot be deni. detail by a Gordon, and sufficient
ed that nothing is more difficult than
to restrain the provoked multitude, ly, though less diffusely, recit
when once aroused by a sense of ed by the more elegant pen of a wrong, from that supineness which Ramsay.
generally overspreads the common “ The writer," however, “ in- class of mankind. Ignorant and fierce, dulges a modest expectation that
they know not in the first ebullitions they will be perused with kinde ty the arm of the oppressor. It is a
of resentment, how to repel with safe. ness and candour ; and this she work of time, to establish a regular opclaims, both in consideration of position to long established tyranny." her sex, the uprightness of her
P. 209. “ Nature revolts at the intentions, and the fervency of idea when the poniard is pushed by her wishes for the happiness of thraldom, the Americans were eve
; yet preferring death to all the human race.” No claim rywhere decisive in council, and deter. can be better founded, and we mined in action. There appeared certainly have not a wish to dis- that kind of enthusiasm, which sets pute it ; but, although we are
danger at defiance, and impels the
manly arın to resist, till the warm cur. not disposed to “ criticise with
rent that plays round the heart, is severity," yet our office requires poured out as a libation at the shrine that we should candidly point out of freedom." those things which appear amiss, changes and the progress of events
P. 215. Those who mark the as well as bestow the encomiums through all revolutions, will frequentwhich are merited.
ly see distinctions bestowed where The work commences with a there are no commanding talents, and chapter of " introductory obser- honours retained, more from the vations ;” in the progress of it strong influence of popular enthusi
asm, than from the guidance of reason, events are detailed, in chronolo which operates too little on the gengical order, from the “ memora- erality of mankind.” ble era of the stamp act in one
P. 16. * In the cool moments of thousand seven hundred and six- reflection, both humanity and philosoty-four,” to Gen. Washington's that has prevailed in almost every
phy revolt at the diabolical disposition resignation of his commission in country, to persecute such as either 1783 : and it concludes with from education or principle, from ca"supplementary observations on price or custom, refuse to subscribe to the subsequent consequences."
the religious creed of those, who, by
various adventitious circumstances, The style is unavoidably one have acquired a degree of superiority of the first objects which enga- or power."
P. 190. “Thus resentment stimu. quently injured by a free use of lated by recent provocation, the col. the nominative absolute, on the onies, under all the disadvantages of an infant country, without discipline, one hand, and sometimes by a re without allies, and without resources, dundancy of words, on the other. except what they derived from their Instances of both have occurred own valour and virtue, were compel- in the quotations already made : led to resort to the last appeal, the precarious decision of the sword, the following here. Vol. I. p.
we shall, therefore, mention only against the mighty power of Britian.”
192. “ The Bostonians, thus un: Vol. II. p. 44."He (Gen. Vaughan] expectedly made prisoners, and boasts that he had not left one house all intercourse with the country in the flourishing and industrious town from whence they usually receix: of Esopus,' and offers no other reason for reducing it to ashes, but that the
ed their supplies, cut off ; fam. inhabitants had the temerity to fire ine stared them in the face.” from their houses un his advance,' to P. 208, “ All former delusive ex. rob them of liberty, property and life.” pectations now extinguished,
Whilst adverting to the style both the Statesman and the Peaof the history, we cannot avoid sant......discovered a most unconremarking a frequent improper querable magnanimity of spirit." use of some words, and the in- Vol. II. p. 174, “ effaced the untroduction of others totally un- favourable impressions this proknown to the English language. posal might have left, had it not Thus in Vol. I. p. 2, we meet have been wiped off.” Vol. I. with “a principle producing be- p. 340. “Had General Howe nevolent effects." P. 3, “ It is overtaken the American troops, needless to adudce innumerable and have secured their Cominstances." Vol. III. p. 61," In mander, he would doubtless," &c. instances too innumerable to be In the course of the “ introduc. again recapitulated." Vol. I. p. 4, tory observations," a short sketch “ young acquired wealth." P. 40, is given of the first European « The voice of the people breathes settlements in North America, universal murmur.” P. 16 and and of the character and manners 337,“learns" for teaches. P. 346, of the settlers; and many very “ reversive." Vol. II, p. 126, pertinent reflections are made. 6 adduce" for evince. P. 131,“ to One or two inaccuracies, howev. reconcile the Breach." " Anti. er, require attention. In P. 8, dote," “ derelict," and “retro- the settlers at Plymouth are rep: spect,” used as verbs in various resented as “the first colony of instances.
Vol. III. p. 250, Europeans permanently planted Rabiosity.” “ Flying like fua in North America ;" but this is gitives" (Vol. I. p. 198) is a tau- certainly erroneous, even if we tological expression, the impro- admit our author to have correcte priety of which will immediately ly stated that Virginia “ scarcely be perceived. Many other in- deserved the appellation of a reg: stances might be produced, but ular colony, until a considerable as we wish not to " criticise with time after the settlement in Ply. severity," no additions will be mouth in one thousand six huo. made to the list,
dred and twenty;" for a colony We add only this remark re- was “permanently planted" by specting the style, that it is fre- the French in Canada in 1608
in which year Quebec was found- The following remarks occur ed.
amongst the “introductory obNor does the assertion, that servations," in vol. i. p. 15. the Leyden sufferers “ fixed “ In Virginia, Maryland, and some themselves at the bottom of the other colonies, where the votaries of Massachusetts Bay," appear to
the Church of England were the be warranted by the fact : Boše stronger party, the Dissenters of ev.
ery description were persecuted with ton, and not Plymouth, is at little less rigour, than had been expethe bottom of Massachusetts Bay. rienced by the Quakers from the
There is reason likewise to Presbyterians of the Massachusetts. apprehend that the reader will Virginia, in the early days of her
An act passed in the Assembly of be led to form an erroneous idea legislation, making it penal “ for any of the Constitution of Massachu- master of a vessel to bring a Quaker setts under the first Charter, into the province."...." The inhabit. by the paragraph relative to that ants were inhibited from entertaining subject in pages 11 and 12, in They were imprisoned, banished, and
any person of that denomination. which it is said,
treated with every mark of severity. “ An immediate compact with the short of death."* king of Great Britain was thought And in vol. iii. p. 4, we are inpecessary; Thus a Charter was ear. formed that ly granted, stipulating on the part of the Crown, that the Massachusetts
“The two armies finally met in the should have a legislative body within Virginian fields, the germ of the new itself, composed of three branches, world, the first British plantation in and subject to no control, except bis its uniform adherence to, and its early
America : a State dignified for [by] majesty's negative, within a limited term, to any laws formed by their As
and firm defence of the rights of man.
kind." sembly, that might be thought to militate with the general interest of
Even in the “ early days of the realm of England.”
her legislation," Virginia invadOn a reference to the first ed the rights, even the most saCharter it will be seen, that no cred “rights of mankind;" yet negative was reserved 10 the is she “ dignified for her uniking: the only check was, “ so form adherence to, and early and as such laws & ordinances be not firm defence” of them! How contrary or repugnant to the laws can so glaring an inconsistency & statutes of this our realm of be accounted for? It is probable England.” In the first instancethe that the author had not been inGovernor, deputy Governor, and formed, that above a century ago Assistants were appointed by a law was passed in Virginia, the king, but were to be after which declared that “all negro, wards annually chosen (with all mulatto, and Indian slaves within other officers) by a majority of this dominion shall be held to be the freemen, 'at a general court, real estate, and shall descend acto be holden on the last Wednes: cording to the manner and cusday in Easter Term.t
tom of land of inheritance, held in fee simple ;”+ but could she
have forgotten the thousands, • Charlevoix.
and tens of thousands of black See the Charter in Hutchinson's Collection of Original Papers, p. 12, • Mistory of Virginia. and in Hazard's Historical Collec. Laws of Virginia, 4th ann. C.ji. tons, vol. 1. p. 248,
evidences, which to this day ex- customary and general practice ist, to prove that invading the of the inhabitants of that State ? rights of mankind has been the (To be continued.)
FOR PROPAGATING THE
adapted to their capacities and cir. cumstances, relating to their present,
as well as future well-being. They (Concluded from p. 333.) then, by one of their chiefs, made
him the following reply ; The labours and success of the “ Father, I speak to you in behalf Rev. Jahn Sergeant, * missionary 2- of all. We thank you for communimong the Mahukkunuk Indians at cating to us the mind of the great New Stockbridge, near Oneida, with- God. We thank the Lord, that he in a few years past, bave much in- has given you health, that you have creased. "From fifty to one hundred been enabled to come and visit us at of the Oneida pagans, as they are de- this time, and speak to us from his nominated, have occasionally attend word. ed on lris ministrations, and he has al. “ Father ; we now thank you in the so visited and taught them in their name and behalf of all our chiefs, own village, to thcir apparent satis young men, women, and children, for faction and improvement.
the good counsel, you have now given In consequence of an invitation from us, respecting our good in this life, as the Onandaga Indians, who reside well as the life to come.
We will thirty-six miles westward of New. follow your advice, so far as we can. Stockbridge, Mr. Sergeant made them “ Father; you told us the Lord a visit in June last, when he was intro- made the world, and all things that duced into their council bouse, and are therein, in six days, but rested on addressed by their chief speaker, as the seventh ; that he had commanded follows:
all his children, of all nations, to rest “ Father ; we thank the great Lord on that day, to cease from all labour, above, that we have all been kept play, or any worldly business ; that alive to this time. We also in a par- they must meet together and worship ticular manner, thank Him, that he him. This we see is right and good, has taken care of you on the war, and we promise you we will observe which leads to our fireplace. We this in the best manner we can. thank you, that you have been faithful ~ Father ; you have told us we to your promise, and are come to must labour on our lands, and in this make us a visit. We rejoice in this way obtain our bread; and likewise pleasant day, when we can see your provide for our cattle, that they might face. A number of us are collected, increase, that we might have to sell and ready to hear and learn something to others, by which means we might for our good.”
get clothing for ourselves and chil. Mr. Sergeant then addressed them dren. Father; this is likewise good in a discourse of about four hours in advice, and we will do our best to fol. length, on subjects he thought best low this good way.
“ Father; vou have told us we have * Mr. Sergeant receives his annual
but a small piece of land left," there. salary, in unequal proportions, from the funds of the society in Scotland, for pro- • The Onandaga reservation is about moting Christian knowledge, the society four miles square. The number of for propagating the Gospel among the souls in this tribe is one hundred and for Indians, and others in North-America, ty-three, who live in twent-ore houses, and the corporation of Harvard College. which, in general, are but wretched hab
före we must keep it for ourselves and at the end of three years, to make children. Father ; we now let you their “grand fathers” another visit, know we are well pleased with this and to carry with them, if possible, advice ; all of us are united in this one or more missionaries and school. that we will hold our land forever; masters. Accordingly, through their that we will neither lease nor sell it. “ father,” Mr. Sergeant, they have And we hope our children will always applied to "the society for propaga. do the same.
ting the Gospel,"among others, to give "Father ; we have all of us agreed them aid in accomplishing their be. entirely to forsake poisonous liquors; nevolent design. Their success in these but we are sorry to find, that a few applications has not equalled their of us do fall away ; but agreeably to expectations, nor has it by any means your advice, we will try our best to been proportioned to the magnitude reclaim every one."
and importance of the object. No
pecuniary aid has been given to this MISSION TO THE WESTERN INDIANS. project, in the opinion of many the
In the spring of 1803, a delegation* most promising of success and useful. from the Mahukkunnuk Indians, un- ness of any which has been devised der the pastoral care of Mr. Ser. for many years, except one hundred OLANT, visited their “grand fathers,” dollars, by the society for propaga. the Delewares, who reside at Wan- ting the gospel, toward the support of pekunimekut, or White river, for the a schoolmaster. purposes of “renewing the ancient Notwithstanding these discourage. covenants of friendship which sub. ments, the delegation had determined sisted between their ancestors; of to commence their journey the last of recommending to the perpetual October, under the patronage of Mr. peace with the United States ; union Sergeant. John Jacobs, one of the and a firm government among them. Mahukkunnuk Indians, has been enselves ; of encouraging virtue, and gaged for a year, to reside among the recommending to them civilization, Deleware nation, as a schoolmaster ; and the Christian religion.” The who, added to his other qualifications delegates were well received by their for his office, is an excellent singer, "grand fathers,” who are numerous, and intends to instruct in sacred muand considered as at the head of all sio. The following is the substance the tribes around them, and “unani. of the instructions given him by Mr. mously agreed to accept, and take bold with both hands, on all that was
“You are to proceed to the western recommended to them.” Encouraged country with your companions, and as by this success, the delegates agreed,
soon as you shall have ascertained the most suitable place for the purpose,
shall open your school, which shall be itations. Their place of worship, or kept at stated hours regularly. You council house, constructed wholly of bark, are to teach the children to read and is a proper wigwam, twenty-five by for write: and, in due time, psalmody. ty feet in dimensions. For merly they You will cause them to commit to were pagans, and notorious for drunken- memory, some psalms in your own nese ; but for three or four years past, language, if you find they understand since they have embraced the doctrine of it. the Prophet, they are greatly reformel, “ On the Sabbath you will refrain as to their habit of intemperince, and from all labour, and every kind of give a degree of credit to the Bible, as worldly business and recreation. the only rule of duty. They are highly Should you be visited by any young esteemed by the white people in their people, on this sacred day, read to neighbourhood. Their lands are excel- them, at your discretion, from the lent; but they have yet made but little word of God. progress in the arts of husbandry and “ You will note in a journal, every 'civilize i life.
thing important, and once in two This delegation consisted of Hen. months, if a convenient opportunity drick Aupaunut, sachem, John Quin- offer, transmit to me extracts from it, ny, Solomon Quauquaughmut, chiefs, that I may know your situation aná and five others.
progress.” Voi. II. No. 8.