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from the book of God. By adding him of his Deism in carly life, and blotting they greatly sup- of his change to orthodoxy, and port their system.
of his change again to UnitariAmong these divines, it seems, anism. Mr. Sherman was ambitious to
Letter 4th, “ To Mr. Shershine ; he, therefore, wrote a
man, concerning his mode of er. volume. To this the pamphlet pounding the Scriptures.” This before us is a reply.
letter is replete with pertinent The first letter is to Mr. Sher.
matter. The substance of it man, concerning his authorship.” follows. It is, indeed, a “ familiar” letter.
“ Being desirous of raising a state. The close is serious. “But let ly building, you began by laying at it be remembered," says Mr, the foundation a preposition. HowDow, “ that to us it is infinite, ever, the preposition not being fit for ly important, that we so live, your purpose, in its present state,
you found it necessary to square it speak, and act, as that we may, with a new translation. You indeed eventually, have praise of God. admit, that the preposition is some. Though it was not at all incum- times rendered, as our honest translabent upon you, while you deem- tors bave rendered it. But as this ed truth so unessential, to write chose to give it another rendering,
meaning was not to your liking, you such a book as you did ; yet I which you considered as optional, feel it incumbent upon me, who The great task then was, to make all believe truth to be of everlasting the rest of the Bible conform to it, consequence, to make a few that you might prophesy according to plain, friendly remarks upon
But the this proportion of faith.
current of the Scriptures ran opposite, your performance."
and now, what must be done? Why, The second letter is “to Mr. many passages must be re-translated, Sherman, concerning his advanta, many others must be considered as ges for biblical criticisin.”
interpolations, and the rest explained,
as being so figurative as to mean eve In this, he certainly does not
ery thing, any thing, or nothing, till it forget his title page, “ familiar can be made to appear, that the doce letters,” &c. “ As to the He. trine of the Trinity, and the proper brew," he says,
deity of Christ, is not contained in the you acknowl.
Bible. And if, after all, neither reedge that you know little or translating, nor expunging, nor turn; nothing about it yourself, and ing plain language into metaphor, will from what little attention I have do the business, as much as you abpaid to the language, I believe, hor interpolations, and would wish if Sir, in this instance, you told me
possible to detect them, a few inter. the truth." “ As to the Syriac, be inserted to make the matter cut.
polations πεποιηκατουτο at least must Arabic, Coptic, Ethiopic, &c. I But according to this mode of proceed. presume you will readily own, ing, where is the analogy of faith acthat your knowledge is absolutely cording to which we may prophesy? nothing." How then came you,
Where are the spiritual things, which Sir, by all this learned criticisin?
we are to compare together? Where
is that sure word according to which Why did
you 'not wait till you we inust speak or have no light in us? was [were) competent to the If the Scriptures be so corrupt as that task you undertook ?”
they may not be depended on, and Letter 3d, " To Mr. Sherman, principle be corrupted, we have
they certainly are, if the foundation concerning the trammels of his ed- nothing left to guide us, unless it be ucation." In this, he reminds
our own fancies, or your pre-conceiva
e sentiments. And in that case we 4 abridged his lengthy quotamay as well adopt the former as the tions." This weakens the certain. latter. But the word of the Lord is ty and confidence of the reader. settled in heaven." Letter 5th, “ To Mr. Sher
The following are a few speman, concerning his Rabbins." cimens from a large number. Letter 6th, 6 To Mr. Sher.
St. Fohn. man, concerning the fruits of his
" In the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God, and the doctrines.” This letter demands
Word was God." the very serious attention of
Mr. Sherman. Unitarian ministers. We wish
« The word was not really God, them to inform us, why God but only a divine property. There is blesses orthodox preaching “ by some mistake also in saying tho his own energizing Spirit, while word was with God. The Stoicks they always dwell in a dry land;” knew better than this.” p. 16. 19. why they have so few living
St. Paul. Epistles to recommend them.
“ Who being the brightness of bis Why their flocks “are like the glory, and the express image of his
person, and upholding all things by mountains of Gilboa, on which the word of his power." was no rain nor dew."
Mr. Sherman. Letter 7th, “ To Mr. Sher. “ Christ upholds nothing, for he is mez, concerning his catholicism.” nothing but a creature, who is him. This deserves a serious perusal. Whatever power Christ has, is a del
self upheld by the power of God. Letter 8th,“ To Mr. Sherman, egated power." p. 33. concerning his present mode of de
St. Paul. fending the gospel."
“But unto the Son, he saith, thy Letter 9th,“ 70 Mr. Sherman, throne, oh God, is forever and ever." concerning Bible corruptions.
Mr. Sherman. This is useful, and shows a faith- " Christ should not be called God ful attention to the subject. in such a way as this. I had rather
Letter Toth, “ To Mr. Sher- say, God supports him forever.” p. 35. man, concerning mysteries," These letters we think calcu. abounds with good sense, level lated to do good, especially in to every capacity.
the circle for which they were Letter Ilth, “ To Mr. Sher- particularly designed. The style man, concerning the Trinity,” is generally correct, easy, and contains much important truth. perspicuous. Considering the
Letters 12, 13, and 14, re- customary freedoms of neighspect the person, offices, and bours, and how much Mr. Sher, character of Christ, and present man had provoked disrespect by various evidences of his divinity. shifting and changing his senti
Letter 15th, “ To Mr. Sher- ments once and again, had these man, concerning his exposition of letters not been intended for particular passages." This is publication, little in them could really the most useful, and in be thought exceptionable ; but some respects the best part of when they are considered as the book. In one column are written for the public eye, to inpassages of Scripture ; in the struct serious, inquiring minds other Mr. Sherman's exposition. on one of the most profound, and But Mr. Dow has not quoted most essential doctrines of the Mr. Sherman, verbatim, but gospel, they are evidently defi
cient in dignity, in seriousness, commending an immediate and and urbanity. They are too universal attention to this shel6 familiar."
ter," and by modestly delineating - the character and worth of the departed youth.
The tenderness and sympathy The way of God vindicated, in a excited by the circumstances of
sermon preached Lord's Day, this discourse disarm criticism, Sept. 16, 1804, after the inter- and were it even less perfect ment of his only child, .Jona- would compel us“ to weep with THAN HOMER, A. B. who died them that weep.” A serious and of a consumption, Sept.7, 1804, rațional piety, a heart deeply afaged 21. By Jonathan Ho, fected with the government, and MER, Pastor of the first Church goodness of God, as well as del. in Newton.
icate, parental affection, bleeding
with secret anguish, are agreeaThe text selected for the af- bly exhibited in this sermon, fecting and melancholy occasion The style is plain and modest, is in Psalm xviii, ver. 30, “ As but sufficiently elevated for the for God, his way is perfect." mournful and distressing occa
The preacher first invites our sion. As in most works of ge« attention to the way of God in niuș, its uniformity leaves us in his providential government.” doubt, which part to select as a He secondly “ attempts to illus- specimen of its merits. trate the perfection of this way. An appendix is attached to the even when it clashes with our sermon, containing notices of the private views and interests.” death of young Mr. Homer from This he does by showing that various publications in poetry the way of God “is the way of and prose, with some extracts rectitude,” “ the way of wise and compositions of his own, dom,” and “the way of good- which further illustrate his ami, ness.” He finally improves the able character. This compilasubject by observing that, “our tion is not only calculated to do knowledge of the general princi- good by making the most seri. ples and motives of the divine ous impressions on the minds of government is an inestimable youth, but is a natural expression privilege to beings like ourselves, of the parents' grief and affec, perpetually exposed to the pierc- tion, and tends to sooth and con ing shafts of adversity," by “re- sole their wounded hearts.
State of Religion in Suabia, Bavaria, and Hungary. We are enabled, by the favour of controversies are laid aside ; practi. a Catholic (ecclesiastic) correspon- cal religion is enforced ; good mordent in Germany, to report, that the als and useful instructions are incul. state of religion in the Catholic parts cated, instead of the mere frigid of that empire manifests unequivocal forms of worship. The clergy are symptoms of improvement. The old enjoined by a solemn proclamation, published throughout Bavaria, to take difficult : not merely by the authoriz. an active part in the religious in- ed arguments employed by the Catho. struction of youth. There are seve lic clergy, during six weeks previous eral monthly publications, (one at to such conversion, in order to in. Lintz in Upper Austria, another at duce the applicant to remain a steady Constance, in Suabia) intended to member of the Romish communion : spread moderate maxims in religion : but also by the terrors of imprisonand these have contributed to ex. ment, stripes, and other violences. plode that abominable tenet, which it is even said, that justice itself is admits of no salvation out of the
biassed, on these occasions; and that (Romish) church. A writer in one absolutions for false evidence are not of these works has even ventured to uncommon. During the last war, propose, instead of the mass, which when a conscription took place, every is performed in Latin, the substitu- art was used to enrol Protestants as tion of a prayer book in German. In- soldiers, that they might perish by the stead of the old catechism a new one sword of the enemy. Protestants are is preparing; in which religion is excluded from public offices. Procarnestly recommended as a matter, testant books undergo scvere investihot of form, but of the heart. gation, and few which are sound in
In the Bavarian dominions, many their principles are allowed. The religious orders, monasteries, &c. Catholic clergy even wished to pro. have been abolished, as corrupt and hibit Protestants from going to any superstitious : many pilgrimages German university for education. hare been prohibited, and many Protestants who are zealous are rep. saints' days have been abrogated. It resented as seditious: those who are nust, at the same tine, be acknowls quiet, are sneered at as atheists. A edged, that a spirit of infidelity spirit of fanatical bigotry prevails, at Rakes rapid progress in the Catholic which enlightened and liberal Cathopart of Germany. This indeed might lics themselves are terrified. It is be expected. To be offended with again become the fashion on the anni. superstition, is not the same thing as versary day of Corpus Christi to to embrace religion : and where pure preach controversial servoons against peligion is unknown, what other als the Protestants. Various religious ternative has the thinking mind ?
orders are revived ; and the educaA few years ago, several Catholic
tion of youth is exclusively entrusted divines, in the circle of Suabia,
to the Catholic clergy. Eclectic Rev. adopted a manner of preaching, which excited general attention. They nost strongly enforced by doctrine and example the necessity of vital
DISTRESS IN GERMANY. podliness, and practical religion. Their churches were crowded. Those
(Continued from p. 563.) who adhered to the old system, caus- The following intelligence has ed them to be cited before the tribun. been received from the Rev. W. Kucal of the bishop of Augsburg ; where per, German Chaplain to his Majesty, they so effectually detended them. at St. James', in a letter addressed selves, as to be dismissed to their re. to the Rev. Mr. Steinkopff. spective parishes without further “STAFFORD-Place, Dec. 19, 1805. harm.
In Hungary the animosity of relig- “My dear Friend, ious party is peculiarly active. It “To make you sensible of the vus first kindled by the Jesuits, and calamities sustained by his Majesty's the higher Catholic clergy inflamed it. subjects in Hanover, I need not have In this country hardly any marriage recourse to minute details. It is of persons belonging to both com. notorious, that ever since the month bunions takes place, except the Pro. of June, 1803, when Hanover was intestant party engages to become vaded by a French army, that counCatholic, or, at least, to suffer his try has been ruined, and the well-bechildren to receive a Catholic educa. ing of most of its loyal inhabitants Lon. The conversion of Catholics to destroyed systematically. Exoibi. Protestantism is rendered extremely tant contributions were raised; and every month new taxes invented, that intelligence, they are in the greatest fell most heavily on all, even on the want of relief, and are most sorely lowest class of the subjugated; while distressed to get bread for them. thousands of French conscripts, who selves and for their children, and to wanted everything, successively be sheltered from the cold. poured in, and were quartered in “My worthy friend, yours entire. great numbers on every housekeeper, ly,
W. KUEPER." and lo:lger, and when clothed and fed This affeeting communication made were called away, to give room to a strong impression on the Commitothers, that were to be provided for tee, and in consideration of the length in the same manner. Soon the most and severity of the sufferings of the industrious men throughout the coun. Hanoverians, a considerable sum was try became unable to bear these ex- appropriated to their immediate relief. penses ; all commerce and business being nearly stopped—the levied
London, Jan. 17, 1806. money being sent to France in large Since the first publication of the sulins--the harvests proving scanty, preceding documents, the Committee and the prices of every thing rising in have been favoured with many liberal proportion as more was wanted, subscriptions, which have enabled made the sad effects of this public ca- them to afford supplies to numbers of lamity to be wofully felt, especially the distressed inhabitants of the conin those communities and families, tinent; and they are now greatly enwhich had formerly supported them- couraged to persevere in their en selves by their industry. In every deavours to assist the poor sufferers town, and every viliage, many honest, in various parts of Germany. reputable people were reduced to In publishing some of the following beggary, and almost brought to de. letters, the Committee, for obvious spair tor want of the absolute neces- reasons, have decmed it proper not saries of life. After having sold and to give the authors' names. The pawned whatever they had to part writers are persons highly respectawith, numbers of them I know have ble, and well known to some of the been obligal to leave their homes, Committee : and it should be observ. their starving wives and children; ed, that none of them will be partak. and some have fled over to England ers of this bounty, being themselves to enrol themselves as privates in his above want: the joy they express Majesty's army, amongst whom were arises purely from the happiness they clergymen's sons, and several other feel in being the honoured almoners respectable persons, who had for- of this providential relief. merly followed mercantile or literary professions. It was not before Translation of a Letter from a respecto things were come to this extremity able Clergyman in Germany, dated that part of the French invaders, by December 6, 1805. the movements of Prussia, were “ Your letter of the 22nd of Nov. obliged to withdraw, clearing away 1805, addressed to our highly remost of tlle cattle that had been left spected friend, bad an astonishto the unhappy peasantry. But yet ing effect on him, and on us all. The several thousands of the enemy still determination of English Philanthrooccupy the fortress of Hamein, písts to relieve those who are suffers plaguing its inhabitants, destroying ing all the calamities of war, we justand pillaging the country around; ly ascribe to a very gracious interpoand a large army of English, Rus. sition of Divine Providence, and are sian, Prussian, and Swedish troops fully convinced, that what they now is now assembling: to provide for sow, they shall more abundantly reap these, all the grain of the exhausted at the day of the great harvese, when country has already been threshed all the blessings now imploredt for out by order of government. And them, shall richly descend upon thent. although they are no longer exposed We were forcibly struck with this pas. to the points of French bayonets, yet sage : * God is able to make all such is now the situation of many grace abound towards you, that se thousands of my poor countrymen, always having sufficiency in all things, that, I can assuže you, on authentic may abound to every good work, as