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mythology, to which he has seve ed with so much zeal and emphaeral allusions, and a good ac- sis by a heathen philosopher ;; quaintance with the nature and and were in doubt, whether to history of man. But his princi- attribute it to an oversight in the pal aim is to illustrate the truths, author, or to an undue use of poand inculcate the duties of mo- etic licence. But, on further rerality and religion. On these flection, neither of these supposubjects his knowledge appears sitions appeared necessary. The to be extensive, and his senti- human mind being supposed caments correct. These are the pable of endless progression in topics, he professes to have been knowledge and virtue, it requires most interested in and devoted to no stretch of imagination to confrom early life. He developesceive, nor of credulity to admit, the origin of several foibles and that the venerable shade, sublirices, greatly prevalent in socie- mated and improved by inter ty; describes their ruinous ten- course with immortals for more dency; and points out the means than two thousand years, must of correcting them. He incul- possess other stores of knowl. cates contentment, and resigna- edge, than those which it receive tion to Providence, by showing, ed from Pythagoras, or commuthat the evils, incident to man in nicated to Aristotle, while inhabthis world, are necessary for the iting its ancient tenement of clay. trial of his virtue, and, if rightly We are glad to see proposals regarded, will augment rather for a second edition of this pothan diminish the sum of human We think it calculated to happiness in the present state. do good. Though it may not

This poem is presented, as the stand on the shelves of the critsubstance of what passed in a ic or the virtuoso, it will find its visionary scene of its author with way to a numerous class of readthe spectre of a venerable Gre- ers, among whom it will be neician. We were at first surprised ther less useful nor acceptable at finding the Christian religion for the plainness and simplicity culogized, illustrated and enforc- of its appearance.


Religious Intelligence.

Dear Sir,


also considerable attention in CoruLITRACT OF A LETTER FROM MID

#'a!l, under the preaclning of the Rev. DLEBURY,

Mr. Bushnell. The Lord has done VERMONT, July 30, 1806.

much for us in this part of the coun. try, and to him be the glory. There

is more than usual attention to religYou may have heard of an atten- ion at this time, in the towns of New don to religion in this, and some of Haven, Weybridge, Salisbury, and the neighbouring towns. There has Shoreham. "The attention has also in "heen an awakening in Middlebury some degree reached the college. about a year, and 94 persons have, in We may hope that God will uphold consequence, been added to the his cause, notwithstanding the wotul church. The attention still continues apostacy of many. What reason have in some parts of the town. There is we to be thankful that we may trust.

the interests of our own souls, and proposed that we should join together those of the church in the hands of the in prayer and praise, which was read. great God, even our Saviour Jesus ily agreed to, although the Jews had Christ.

not heretofore seen such a thing, and

perhaps' such a thing had not taken We are happy to learn, that the place since the time of the apostles. College in Middlebury is in a prosper. I led in the exercise, the missionary ous state for an infant seininary in a followed, and the Jew minister con. newly settled country. The present cluded. When the exercise was pumber of students, we understand, over, the Jews took us by our hands is about sixty, of whom a greater pro. with such expressions of love and portion than is usual in colleges are brotherly affcction, as was truly gratverious. The religious interests of ifying."

Assemb. Mag. Vermont are thought to be intimately connected with the success of this In. MISSIONS IN INDIA. stitution, which is accordingly patro

The Rev. Charles Buchanan, a. M. nized by the body of the clergy in Vice Provost of the college of Fort the western division of the State, William, has iately published a mewho yet faithfully adhere to the doc- moir concerning ecclesiastical estabtrines of the reformation.

lishments in India, which contains

much curious and valuable informaIn Northampton, (Mass.) a very tion. The subject is no less than thut pleasing and general attention to re- of giving Christianity, and with it ligion prevails, and is extending to civilization, to myriads of human be. several of the neiglıbouring towns. ings, now sunk in the grossest ignoNumbers in these towns, particularly rance, and abased by the most atruin Northampton, have been added cious superstitions. For the promotion to the church, we hope of such as of this object, Mr. B. divides his shall be saved.

tract into three principal parts; the

first relates to the care and preservaExtract of a Letter from Capt. Benja. tion of the Christian faith among his min Wickes, duteil

0\n countrymen set:led in India: the

second treats of the practicability of London, April 2, 1806. civilizing and converting the natives; “We are going from London to and the third states the progress al. Calcutta ; two missionaries with their ready made in that civilization, and wives are going with us from the Bup in the planting of Christianity, Un, tist Society, and a young woman es- der each of these heads is contained poused to a missionary already in many articles which deserve the atten. Bengal, from the London sveiety; and tion of every person anxious to prothere to be married.

mote the progress of the Redeemer's One evening last week, I went with kingdom ; and which furnish motives one of the missionaries who is going for encouragement for nuissionaries with me, with two or three others, to to proceed in their labours. drink tca with the Jew minister, [ Mr.

The following facts are stated in the Frey.) While we were at tea, there dedication : came in two Jews that were awaken. “ New sources of information on all ed under that sermon, which you Oriental subjects, have been opened heard me speak of hearing liim preuch by the college of Fort William in last tall, which was the first-fruit of Bengal. Those persons who have bis labours. Those took tea with held ufficial situations in that instituus, and after tea was over, there tion during the last four years, have came in three other Jers, the fruit had constant opportunities of observ: of his ministry. When they had ing the conduct, and of learning the sat down, I counted our number, opinions, of the most intelligent na. and found there were an equal nuin. tives. There are attached to the colber of Jews and Gentiles, six of cach; lege, at this time, upwards of one on which I observed, that there was il hundred learned men, who have arrir. reinarkable instance before our eyes, ed from different parts of India, Perof the partition wall between the jew's sia, ad Arabia. 'In such an assem und Gentiles being broken do:vn, and blage, the manners and customs of

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remote regions are distinctly describ. of Hindostan, will be read with in., ed; and their varying sentiments, re. creasing interest. The following are ligious and political, may be accu. some of his observations on the subject. rately investigated and compared.

“ To civilize the Hindoos will be “Of the learned Hindoos who considered by most men our duty; but have been employed as teachers, is it practicable? and if practicable, there were lately two from the De. would it be consistent with a wise can, who profess the Christian faith ; policy? It has been alleged by some, and comport themselves according to that no direct means ought to be used Christian manners. Two Protestant for the moral improvement of the namissionaries have also been attached tives ; and it is not considered liberal to the institution; one of whom is or politic to disturb their superstilecturer in the Bengalee and Shan- tions. scrit department; and has been for “ Whether we use direct means or many years employed in preaching in not, their superstitions will be disthe Bengalee language to the natives turbed under the influence of British in the North of Hindvostan. The civilization. But we ought first to other is a teacher of the Tamul or observe, that there are multitudes, Malabar language; and has been long who have no faith at all. Neither attached to a mission in the South of Hindoos nor Mussulmans, outcasts the Peninsula.

from every faith, they are of them. "More desirable means of obtain. selves fit objects for our beneficence. ing accurate and original intelligence Subjects of the British empire, they could not have been presented to any seek a cast and a religion, and claim one, who wished to investigate the from a just government the franchise state of the natives of India, with a of a human creature. view to their moral and religious im. “ And as to those, who have a provement.

faith, that faith, we aver, will be “Under the auspices of Marquis disturbed, whether we wish it or not, Wellesley, who, by favour of Provi. under the influence of British princi. dence, now presides in the govern. ples : this is a truth confirmed by exment of India, a version of the holy perience. Their prejudices weaken Scriptures may be expected, not in daily in every European settlement. one language alone, but in sev. Tbeir sanguinary rites cannot now en of the Oriental tongues; in the bear the noonday of English observaHindoostanee, Persian, Chinese, and tion; and the intelligent among them Malay; Orissa, Mahratta, and Ben. are ashamed to confess the absurd galese ; of which the four former are principles of their own caşts. As for the primary and popular languages extreme delicacy towards the super. of the continent and isles of Asia. stitions of the Hindoos, they under.

"In the centre of the pagan world, stand it not. Their ignorance and & at the chief seat of superstition and apathy are so extreme, that no means idolatry, these works are carried on; of instruction will give them serious and the unconverted natives assist in offence, except positive violence.* the translations. The Gospels have « The moral state of the Hindoos alread; been translated into the Pere is represented as being still worse sian, Hindoostanee, Mahratta, Orissa, than that of the Mahometans. Those, and Malay languages; and the whole who have had the best opportunities Scriptures have been translated into the Bengalce language. One edition of the Bengalee Bible bas been dis. tributed amongst the natives ; and a The Christian missionary is always second is in the press for their use. followed by crowds of the common peoA version of the Scriptures in the ple, who listen with great pleasure to the Chinese language (the language of disputation between him and the Brahthree hundred millions of men) has mins; and are not a little amused when also been undertaken ; and a portion the Brahmins depart, and appoint of the work is already printed off.” another day for the discussion. The The second division of this memoir, people sometimes bring back the Brah. treating of the practicability of civil. mins by constraint, and urge them to izing and christianizing the natives the contest again." Vol. II, No. 4.


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of knowing them, and who have civilized quarter of Bengal. But
known them for the longest time, independently of their superstia
concur in declaring that neither truth, tious practices, they are described
nor honesty, honour, gratitude, nor by competent judges as being of a
charity, is to be found pure in the spirit vindictive and merciless ; exo
breast of a Hindoo. How can it be hibiting itself at times in a rage and
otherwise ! The Hindoo children infatuation, which is without exam-
have no moral instruction. If the in- ple among any other people...
habitants of the Britisht isles Irad no
moral instruction, would they be mor-

S From April to October, 1804.
al? The Hindoos have no moral books.
What branch of their mythology has dent of the Asiatic Society in Bengal,

1 " Lord Teignmouth, while Presi. not more of falsehood and vice in it, delivered a discourse, in which he illus. than of truth and virtue ! They have travel the revengeful and pitiless spirit no moral gorts: The robber and the prostitute lift up their hands with the of the Hindoos, by instances which had infant and the priest, before an hor

come within his own knowledge while

resident at Benares. rible idol of clay painted red, deformed and disgusting as the vices, min, having refused to obey a summons

In 1791, Soodishter Meer, a Brahwhich are practised before it.*. " You will sometimes hear it said, issued by a civil officer, a force was sent

To intimidate that the Hindoes are a mild and pas. them, or to satiate a spirit of revenge sive people. They have apathy rath in himself, he sacrificed one of his own er than mildness; their habitude of mind is, perhaps, their chiet negative house, he cut of the head of his deceas

family. On their approaching his virtue. They are a race of men of ed son's widow and threw it out. weak bodily frame, and they have a mind conformed to it, timid and loc, had a quarrel with a man about

In 1793, a Brahmin, named Bal. abject in the extreme. They are passive enough to receive any vi field, and by way of revenging himself cious impression. The English

on this man, he killed his own daugh.

ter. government found it necessary late

I became angry, said he, and hy to enact

enraged at his forbidding me to plough law against par- the field, and bringing my own little ents sacrificing their own children. daughter Apmunya, who was In the course of the last six months, year and a half old, I killed her with one hundred and sixteen women

&word.' were burnt alive, with the bodies of their deceased husbands within thir. matricide was perpetrated by two Brak

" About the same time, an act of ty miles round Calcutta, the most mins, Beechuk and Adher. These two

mren cor.ceiving theinselves to have been " The Hin.!oo superstition has injured by some persons in a certain been denominated lascivious and bloody. village, they brought their mother to an That it is bloody, is manifest, from the adjacent rivulet, and calling aloud to daily instances of the female sacrifice, the people of the village, Beechuk and of the conimission of sanguinary drew his scymetar, and, at one stroke, or painful rites. The ground of the forme severed his mother's head from the er epithet may be discovered in the de. body, with the professed view, as scription of their religious ceremonies : avowed both by parent and son, that There is in most sects a right-handed the mother's spirit might forever haunt er decent path, and a left-handed or those who had injured them.' Asiat. indecent mole of worship?

Res. vol. io. p. 337. “ See Essay on the Religious Cere. Would not the principles of the monies of the Brahmins, by H. T. Christian religion be a good substitute Colebrooke, Esq. Asiat. Res. vol. vi. p. for the principles of these Brahmins of 281. That such a principle should have the province of Benares ? been allmittel as syste inatic into any "I will, perhaps, be observed, that religion on earth, may be considered as these are but individual instances. the last effort of mental depravity in True : but they prove all that is ree the invention of a superstition to blind quired. Ia there any other barbarour the understanding, and to corrupt the nation on earth which can exhibit such heart.




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"No truth has been more clearly at school under their patronage is demonstrated than this, that the com- 7,108; that 8,360 Bibles, 11,044 New munication of Christian instruction to Testaments and Psalters, 15,418 the natives of India is easy s and that Common Prayers, 19,856 other bound the benefits of that instruction, civil as books, and 108,776 small tracts have well as moral, will be inestimable ; been dispersed by the society, and whether we consider the happiness that 163 subscribing members have diffused among so many millions, or been added to their list since the their consequent attachment to our last report, making the whole numgovernment, or the advantages re- ber upwards of 2,700. cit. Ch. Ob. sulting from the introduction of the

des civilized arts. Every thing that can ng PRISONERS OF WAR. T. brighten the hope or animate the Considerable exertions are making polioy of a virtuous people organiz- to improve the opportunity of coming a new empire, and seeking the municating religious knowledge to most rational means, under the favour the French, Spanish and Dutch solof Heaven, to ensure its perpetuity; diers and sailors, who are prisoners every consideration, we ayer, would of war in this country, which is af. persuade us to diffuse the blessings forded by their unfortunate situation. of Christian knowledge among our A minister, well acquainted with the Indian subjects."

French language, preaches on Sun. Assembly's Mag. day to the French on board the pris

on ships at Portsmouth. Tracts have GREAT BRITAIN. been printed in French, Spanish, and

Dutch, and distributed among the SBCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRIS- prisoners of those nations ; and the TIAN KNOWLEDGE.

New Testament, in Spanish, is now The annual report of this society printing with a view to the same ob. has lately been published. It thence ject. The prisoners are said to reappears that the number of children ceive the tracts gladly. Ch. Od

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ZAST INDIA COLLEGE. include Classical Instruction, French,

Writing, Arithmetic, Mathematics, TRE plan of this establishment Drawing, and Dancing. comprehends a School, into which The College is to be under the di. boys may be admitted at an early rection and authority of a Principal age; and a COLLEGE, for the recep- and several Professors, according to tion of students at the age of 15, to the following arrangement: Principals remain till they are 18. As the the Rev, Samuel Henley, D.D.School will be rendered introductory Professors of Mathematics and Natur to the College, those who shall have ral Philosophy; Rev. B. BRIDGE, passed through both institutions will M. A. and Rev. W. DEALTRY, M.A, enjoy the advantage of a uniform sys. Professors of Humanity and Philology: tem of education, begun in early Rev. E. LEWTON, M. A. and J. H. youth, and continued till their depar. Barten, Esq. M. A. - Professor of ture for the duties of their pub. History and Political Economy: Rev. lic stations. The college is ex. T. R. MALTHUS, M.A.- Professor of clusively appropriated to persons de- General Polity, and the Laws of Engsigned for the civil service of the land, E. CHRISTIAN, Esq. M. A. Company abroad ; the School will be Professor of Oriental Literature ; J. open to the public at large.

GILCHRIST, Esq. LL, D., To, the The Rev. M. H. LUSCOMBE, M.A. College will be attached & French is appointed Head Master of the School, Master, a Drawing Master, a Feng to whor each scholar is to pay 70 cing Master, and other proper Inprincas per annum ; which sum will structors. The annual charge to the

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