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11. S. Congress, Senate. Committee on

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lation ,
SUBJECT INDEX,

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1894. .

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Senate Ex. Doc. No. 45, Fifty-second Congress, second session.

MESSAGE

FROM THE

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES,

IN RESPONSE

To Senate resolution of February 4, 1893, relative to the draft of an un

completed treaty with Hawaii,

FEBRUARY 6, 1893.—Read, referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations, and

ordered to be printed.

To the Senate:

I transmit herewith, as desired by the resolution of the Senate of the 4th instant, a report from the Secretary of State of the 6th instant, with its accompanying correspondence, in relation to the draft of an uncom-.. pleted treaty with Hawaii, made in 1854.

BENJ. HARRISON. EXECUTIVE MANSION,

Washington, February 6, 1893.

The PRESIDENT:

The Secretary of State, to whom was referred the resolution of the Senate of the 4th instant requesting the President, “if in his opinion it is not inconsistent with the public interests, to send to the Senate the draft of a treaty, negotiated in 1854, but not completed, between the plenipotentiaries of the United States and the Kingdom of Hawaii, with the correspondence between the two Governments relating to said negotiation," has the honor to transmit herewith a copy of the draft in question, together with copies of the correspondence referred to. Respectfully submitted.

JOHN W. FOSTER,
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, February 6, 1893.
[For accompanying papers see page 929.] !

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Senate Ex. Doc. No. 77, Fifty-second Congress, second session.

MESSAGE

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES,

TRANSMITTING

Correspondence respecting relations between the United States and the

Hawaiian Islands from September, 1820, to January, 1893.

FEBRUARY 17, 1893.-Read, referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations, and

ordered to be printed.

To the Senate:

I transmit herewith a letter from the Secretary of State of the 15th

ing relations between the United States and the Hawaiian Islands from September, 1820, to January, 1893.

BENJ. HARRISON. EXECUTIVE MANSION,

Washington, February 16, 1893.

The PRESIDENT:

In further relation to the subject, and as being of interest in conjunction with the papers submitting the treaty concluded and signed at Washington on the 14th of February, instant, and sent to the Senate with a message on the 15th instant, the undersigned, Secretary of State, has the honor to submit the accompanying report by Andrew H. Allen, chief of the Bureau of Rolls and Library of this Department, upon the relations between the United States and the Hawaiian Islands from 1820 to 1893, supplemented by an appendix and copies of considerable correspondence involved in the narrative. :

This report shows that from an early day the policy of the United States has been consistently and constantly declared against any foreign aggression in the Kingdom of Hawaii inimical to the necessarily paramount rights and interests of the American people there, and the uniform contemplation of their annexation as a contingent necessity. But beyond that it is shown that annexation has been on more than one occasion avowed as a policy and attempted as a fact. Such a solution was admitted as early as 1850 by so far-sighted a statesman as Lord Palmerston when he recommended to a visiting Hawaiian com. mission the contingency of a protectorate under the United States or

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