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THE LIFE,

PUBLIC SERVICES AND STATE PAPERS

OF

ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

La

CHAPTER I.

EARLY LIFE OF ABRAHAM LixCOLX.-His Owx Record.—His ANCESTRY.

CHANGES OF RESIDENCE.--DEATI AND FUXERAL OF us MOTIIEP..-ENTRANCE UPON Political LIFE.- A MEMBER OF THE LEGISLATURE ANL OF CONGRESS.—THE MEXICAN WAR.

TO

The compiler of the “ Dictionary of Congress” states, that while preparing that work for publication, in 1858, he sent to Mr. Lincoln the usual request for a sketch of his life, and received the following reply :

“Born, FEBRUARY 12, 1809, in HARDIN COUNTY, KENTUCKY. “EDUCATION DEFEOTIVE. “PROFESSION, A LAWYER. “ HAVE BEEN A CAPTAIN OF VOLUNTEERS IN BLACK HAWK WAR. “ PostMASTER AT A VERY SMALL OFFICE.

“ FOUR TIMES A MEMBER OF THE ILLINOIS LEGISLATURE, AND WAS A MEMBER OF THE LOWER HOUSE OF CONGRESS.

" YOURS, &o.,

"A. LIncoLN."

Around the facts stated with such characteristic mod. esty and brevity clusters the history of the early life of our late President. The ancestors of Abraham Lincoln were of English descent; and although they are believed to have originally emigrated to this country with the followers of William Penn, it is difficult to trace them

farther back than to their place of residence in Berks County, Pennsylvania, whence a part of the family removed, in 1750, to that section of Virginia now known as Rockingham County. Thirty years later, Abraham Lin. coln, the grandfather of our late President, finding civilization crowding him too closely, and possibly enticed by the stories which came back to the frontier settlements from that famous pioneer, Daniel Boone, but undeterred by the dangers which he knew he must inevital.ly encounter, determined to make another bold push westward, and settled on Floyd's Creek, in Kentucky, in what is now known as Bullitt County. Hardly harl he secured a home for his little family, when he was fatally shot by an Indian, who came upon him stealthily wliile he was at work, some distance from his log cabin. This deprived of her protector, his widow at once removed, with her three sons and two daughters, to that part of Kentucky now known as Washington County. Thomas, the eldest of the sons, the father of Abraham Lincoln, was but six years old when his mother was so suddenly made a widow. The necessity of assisting to provide for her probably delayed his own settlement in life, for it was not until he was twenty-eight years old, in 1806, that he married Nancy Hanks. His wife was a Virginian by birth ; but no facts regarding either her ancestry or early life have been preserved, although it is a tradition, possibly originating in the reputation achieved by her son, that she was a woman of rare mental endowment. Immediately after their marriage the couple re. moved to Hardin County, Kentucky, and there, on February 12th, 1809, as has already been stated, Abraham Lincoln was born. His early life was spent in poverty and toil; but his father, feeling keenly his own deficiencies, determined to give his son every possible advantage in the way of gaining an education, and, when but seven years old, he was equipped with an old copy of Dilworth's Spelling Book, which constituted one-third of the family library, and was sent to school to a Mr. Hazel, It is also said that one Zachariah Riney, a Roman Catholic,

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