Competing for Integration: Japan, Europe, Latin America and Their Stategic Partners

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M.E. Sharpe, 2002 - 271 páginas
This study demonstrates why the global economy and global policies can only be understood by assigning equal importance to actors from different continents and international institutions. The contributors begin by examining the effects of reducing trade barriers through the WTO processes, and the implications for our understanding of market forces, the diminishing capacity of governments, consumer power, and the role of international agreements. They provide fascinating details on how the European Union and Japan develop their own strategies toward emerging Asian and Latin American states, quite separately from the United States.

The focus then shifts toward integration processes in Latin America. The book concludes by attempting to make sense of the political principles underlying the complex economic policies of the main actors in today's global economy, focusing on development strategies offered by the World Bank.

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INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW
1
DEEPENING OF MULTILATERAL INTEGRATION
51
THE EUS NEW STRATEGIES TOWARDS EMERGING
73
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF EAST ASIAN
97
JAPAN AND LATIN AMERICA
113
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF CHINAS
141
MERCOSURL AND LATIN AMERICAN INTEGRATION
215
WHO IS INTEGRATING WHOM?
229
BIBLIOGRAPHY
239
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
259
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Página 61 - Whenever a technical regulation is prepared, adopted or applied for one of the legitimate objectives explicitly mentioned in paragraph 2, and is in accordance with relevant international standards, it shall be rebuttably presumed not to create an unnecessary obstacle to international trade.
Página 94 - Understanding on the Interpretation of Article XXIV of the GATT 1994, and with Article V of the GATS.
Página 32 - Jacob Viner summarized the prevailing consensus in 1947, at the time of the negotiations for a General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT): "There are few free traders in the present-day world, no one pays any attention to their views, and no person in authority anywhere advocates free...
Página 62 - In cases where relevant scientific evidence is insufficient, a Member may provisionally adopt sanitary or phytosanitary measures on the basis of available pertinent information, including that from the relevant international organizations as well as from sanitary or phytosanitary measures applied by other Members.
Página 61 - Members shall give positive consideration to accepting as equivalent technical regulations of other Members, even if these regulations differ from their own, provided they are satisfied that these regulations adequately fulfil the objectives of their own regulations.
Página 259 - Pitou van Dijck is Associate Professor of Economics at the Center for Latin American Research and Documentation (CEDLA) at the University of Amsterdam. His main fields of interest are industrialization and trade policies in Latin America and Asia, and multilateral and regional rule systems for international trade. Among his book publications are Latin America's New Insertion in the World Economy (co-edited with R. Buitelaar), Challenges to the New World Trade Organization and The External Economic...
Página 61 - Such legitimate objectives are, inter alia: national security requirements; the prevention of deceptive practices; protection of human health or safety, animal or plant life or health, or the environment.
Página 129 - ODA for military purposes or for aggravation of international conflicts should be avoided. 3. Full attention should be paid to trends in recipient countries' military expenditures, their development and production of mass destruction weapons and missiles, their export and import of arms, etc., so as to maintain and strengthen international peace and stability, and from the viewpoint that developing countries should place appropriate priorities in the allocation of their resources on their own economic...
Página 28 - However, it was not until the first half of the twentieth century that full length works covering the series were first published.
Página 259 - ... Faber is Associate Professor of International Economics at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. His main research interests are trade-policy issues related to European integration and development co-operation. Among his most recent book publications are Challenges to the New World Trade Organization (co-edited with P. van Dijck) and co-author (with A. Sarma and PK Mehta) of Meeting the Challenges of the European Union - Prospects of Indian Exports.

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