« AnteriorContinuar »
t15 2 Sam. 24.
Den 13. 15; 1 Sam
21. Now - the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpeh, saying, There shall not any of |' ch. 21 1.
of God, and abode there till even before God, and lifted up their voices, and wept 3 sore ;and said, O LORD God of Israel, why is this come to pass in Israel, that 4 there should be to-day one tribe lacking in Israel? And it came to pass on the
morrow, that the people rose early, and built there an altar, and offered burnt
offerings and peace offerings. 5 And the children of Israel said, Who is there among all the tribes of Israel
that came not up with the congregation unto the LORD? For they had made a 2 eh. Sa
great oath concerning him that came not up to the LORD to Mizpeh, saying, He 6 shall surely be put to death. And the children of Israel drepented them for de rer. 15; ch.2 2
Benjamin their brother, and said, There is one tribe cut off from Israel this 7 day. How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing we have gworn . vers. I, 18. 8 by the LORD that we will not give them of our daughters to wives? And
they said, What one is there of the tribes of Israel that came not up to Mizpeh to the Lord?
And, behold, there came none to the camp from Jabesh-gilead to the assembly. r 1 Sam. 11. 1; 31. 11. 9 For the people were numbered, and, behold, there were none of the inhabitants of 10 Jabesh-gilead there. And the congregation sent thither twelve thousand men of
the valiantest, and commanded them, saying, Go and smite? the inhabitants of ver. 5; eh. 5 %;
Jabesh-gilead with the edge of the sword, with the women and the children. 1. %. 13. 15; 11 And this is the thing that ye shall do, " Ye shall utterly destroy every male, and 4 Num. 31. 17, 18 12 every woman that hath lain by man. And they found among the inhabitants of
Jabesh-gilead four hundred young virgins, that had known no man by lying with
land of Canaan.
k that were in the rock Rimmon, and to call peaceably sor, proclaim peace's unto th. 20 min 14 them. And Benjamin came again at that time; and they gave them wives which
they had saved alive of the women of Jabesh-gilead : and yet so they sufficed 15 them not. And the people repented them for Benjamin, because that the LORD rers. 6, 17.
had made a breach in the tribes of Israel. 16 Then the elders of the congregation said, How shall we do for wives for them 17 that remain, seeing the women are destroyed out of Benjamin? And they said,
There must be an inheritance for them that be escaped of Benjamin, that a tribe 18 be not destroyed out of Israel. How beit we may not give them wives of our
daughters : n for the children of Israel have sworn, saying, Cursed be he that ver. 1; eh. 11. 25. giveth a wife to Benjamin,
Then they said, Behold, there is a feast of the Lord in Shiloh yearly in a see Ex. 22 14-16 place which is on the north side of Beth-el, on the east side of the highway that 20 goeth up from Beth-el to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah. Therefore they
commanded the children of Benjamin, saying, Go and lie in wait in the vineyards; 21 and see, and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out P to dance in dances,
then come ye out of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the Pr. 148. 3. Ece. 24; 22 daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin. And it shall be, when their
fathers or their brethren come unto us to complain, that we will say unto them, Be favourable unto them for our sakes: because we reserved not to each man his
wife in the war: for ye ? did not give unto them at this time, that ye should be 23 guilty.5 And the children of Benjamin did so, and took them wives, according
to their number, of them that danced, whom they caught: and they went and
returned unto their inheritance, and repaired the cities, and dwelt in them. se ch. 22 4. 24 And the children of Israel departed thence at that time, every man to his tribe
and to his family, and they went out from thence every man to his inheritance. 25 In those days there was no king in Israel : 'every man did that which was ch. 17.6; 18 1; 12. 1.
right in his own eyes. 6
Psee ch. II, 34; Ex.
15 90: I Sara, 18 6:
Jer. 31. 3
19 rers. 1, 7, 15.
1 Now that their vow was executed they felt that it | By not giving your daughters or sisters voluntarily, you had been unjustifiably severe.
have avoided the guilt of violating your solemn vor.' 2 This cruel determination, like the vow whose ill con See ver. 18. Although they escaped the literal breach sequences it was meant to obviate, seems to have been of their vow, this expedient was in fact an actual evimade without asking counsel of God.
sion of it, and tended to give license to fraud and vio3 Rather, "The inheritance' (i. e. of the whole tribe) lence. The whole narrative presents a strange mixture must be secured to the escaped remnant of Benjamin.' of religion and barbarity; such, however, as is often
4 This plot might be easily executed as, in the East, found in the history of these early ages. festivals are often held in the fields or gardens, and the This was not because ample provision had not been men rarely participate in the women's amusements. made for all the purposes of government; but because,
5 The meaning is, The exigence of the case is so pres- God being their king, the principle of subjection was sing, that it behoves all parties quietly to submit to it. | religious, and the people generally were irreligious.
THE BOOK OF RUTH.
Turs brief family history, like the last four chapters of It cannot be doubted that this narrative of private life the book of Judges, is properly a supplement to that was included in the canon of Scripture chiefly on account book, of which, in the ancient Hebrew canon, it formed of its relation to the family of David, and thus to the a part
Divine King and Head of the church, and because the The book of Ruth was certainly written after the esta adoption of Ruth, a Moabitess, into the commonwealth of blishment of the monarchy (see ch. i. 1), and probably Israel, and into the line of the ancestors of Messiah, inti. about the time when David was coming into public life, mates that through Him the Gentiles should be sanctified after he had been anointed by Samuel as the future king and united to his people; so that there should be one (ch. iv. 7; 1 Sam. xvi. 13). It has generally been as fold, and one Shepherd.' But it is also valuable as cribed to that prophet; and internal indications favour presenting to us admirable examples of faith, piety, pathe tradition.
tience, humility, industry, and kindness, in the common The events, however, which it relates evidently belong occurrences of life. It also forcibly teaches us that, while to a much earlier period; for the author found it neces we are always in this life exposed to change, there is no sary to explain a custom here noticed, which had since condition, however unfavourable, which is absolutely hopebecome obsolete (ch. iv. 7). One circumstance which less; for God can raise 'the poor out of the dust,' that has been rel
ascertain the date
date he may set him with princes ;' and that a devout trust of these events, is the famine mentioned in ch. i. 1; which in his overruling Providence is never disappointed : 80 bishop Patrick supposes to have been caused by the in- | that we may well exclaim with bishop Hall, O the sure cursions of the Midianites, just before the administration and bountiful payment of the Almighty! Who ever of Gideon. See Judg. vi. 4-6. But Usher and others, forsook the Moab of this world for the true Israel, and following the greater Hebrew chronology, with far higher did not at length rejoice in the change?' probability, assign the narrative to the times of Ehud and The contents of this book are as follow: Ruth having Shamgar." See Judg. iii. 12–14, 31. In any case, it married into the family of Elimelech, loses her husband, seems necessary to suppose that some names have been and accompanies her widowed mother-in-law to Bethomitted in the genealogy in ch. iv. 18—22, according to lehem (ch. i.), and there gleans in the fields of Boaz, the frequent practice of the Hebrews. Comp. Matt. i. 8, whose kindness encourages her to claim from him the with 1 Chron, üi. 11, 12. These names should probably duty of a kinsman (ii., iii.); Ruth's marriage to Boaz, be supplied between Obed and Jesse.
| and her descendants, with a genealogical table (iv.) Elimelech and his sons having died in Moab, his widow returns to Bethlehem with Ruth. I 1 NOW it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was 'a * Judg. 2. 16.
famine in the land. And a certain man of " Beth-lehem-judah 1 went to sojourn in 214.81: 2 the country of Moab,2 he, and his wife, and his two sons. And the name of the
man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, “Ephrathites of Beth-lehem-judah. And they came into Ge. . 19.
the country of Moab, and continued there. 3 And Elimelech Naomi's husband died; and she was left and her two sons. 4 And they took them wives of the women of Moab;3 the name of the one was | Deu. 7. 3
Orpah, and the name of the other & Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years. |ML 1.5 5 And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left of her
two sons and her husband. 6 Then she arose with her daughters-in-law, that she might return from the
country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the LORD 7 had * visited his people in giving them bread. Wherefore she went forth out of 1:31: 46
the place where she was, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went 16; 146.7; N. 6 11. 8 on the way to return unto the land of Judah. And Naomi said unto her two
daughters-in-law, Go, return each to her mother's house : 'the Lord deal kindly Jos. 14.15 9 with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me. The Lord grant you myer. 5; ed. 2. 20
that ye may find " rest, each of you in the house of her husbånd. Then she kissed "ch. 3 1. 10 them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept. And they said unto her, Surely
we will return with thee unto thy people. 11 And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? are 12 there yet any more sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? Turn • Gex 11: Den 2.5.
again, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have an husband. If I
should say, I have hope, if I should have an husband also to-night, and should 13 also bear sons; would ye tarry 4 for them till they were grown? would ye stay for
them from having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for 14 your sakes that 'the hand of the Lord is gone out against me. And they lifted 15: Joh 1. 4. Po
up their voice, and wept again : and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law; but Ruth Ge 31. 28, 56; 1 Ki. clave unto her.
e Judg. 17. &
? Tim. 1. 16-18
The Lord grant you
P Deu. 2 15; Judy. 2
I So called in distinction from Bethlehem in Zebulon, | law in Deut. vii. 3, which specifies only Canaanitish Josh, xix, 15.
women, it was a violation of its spirit; the law being deThis seems to indicate that the famine did not extend signed to prevent all admixture with idolatrous nations. beyond the land of Israel, and that it was probably a | The Moabites were under a special ban. See Deut. xxiii. 3. national chastisement.
4 Alluding to the custom mentioned in Gen. xxxviii. 8; 3 Though this was not an infraction of the letter of the | Deut. xxv. 5.
Lk. 14. 26, 97, 33;
a 2 Cor. 6 16-18; 1
Thes. 1. 9. b Sam. 2. 17; 25. 2;
2 Sam. 29; 19. 13;
e Ac. 21. 14
*le. 19. 2, 10; Deu.
15 And she said, Behold, thy sister-in-law is gone back unto her people, and unto \"1 John 2 19. 16 'her gods : "return thou after thy sister-in-law. And Ruth said, *Intreat me : Judg. 11. 24.
not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for "whither thou 15, 19: KL. 21:
goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: 'thy people shall be .. 17 my people, and thy God my God; where thou diest, will I die, and there will 2 Sat2 i .
I be buried : bthe LORD do so to me, and more also, if aught but death part 1 18 thee and me. When she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, ** then she left speaking unto her.
So they two went until they came to Beth-lehem. And it came to pass when . 1 K1. 2. 3; Ki. Gal they were come to Beth-lehem, that d all the city was moved about them, and ML 21. 10. 20 they said, 'Is this Naomi? And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi Ti. e. see is 27; Lam.
pleasant), call me Mara (i, e. bitter]: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly Job 64; 19.6; Heb. with me. I went out full, & and the LORD hath brought me home again empty: Sams. 27,8; Job why then call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath " testified against me, and the
Almighty hath afflicted me 22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, with her,
which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Beth-lehem, in 33 E 31, the beginning of barley harvest. ?
Ruth being treated kindly by Boaz, claims from him the duty of a kinsman, 2 AND Naomi had a 4 kinsman of her husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the ch. 3. 2, 12 2 family of Elimelech; and his name was 'Boaz.' And Ruth the Moabitess said ch. 4. 21 called
unto Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and " glean ears of corn after him in Luiz 3 whose sight'I shall find grace. And she said unto her, Go, my daughter. And 94.19
she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers : and her haps was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kindred 4 of
Elimelech. 4 And, behold, Boaz came from Beth-lehem, and said unto the reapers, * The * PL. 129.7.8: .! 5 LORD be with you. And they answered him, The LORD bless thee. Then said • i tim. & 1, 2 6 Boaz unto his servant that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is this? And
the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the Moabitish 7 damsel P that came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab: and she said, Pch. I. 22
I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves : 80 she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, that she tarried a
little in the house. 8 Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean 1 Sam. 36, 16; 2 KL 9 in another field, neither go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens: let
thine eyes be on the field that they do reap, and go thou after them: have I not
athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young men have drawn. 10 Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him,
Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, 11 seeing I am a stranger? And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been showed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother-in-law since the death
| 1 ch. 1. 14, 16, 17. of thine husband : and hon * thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the Heb 11. 91–.
land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not hereto12 fore. "The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the 1 Sam. 24. 19: PR 13 LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust. Then she said, sch: 1. 167 pa 17.6:
. Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast comforted me, and 1.2 for that thou hast spoken friendly unto thine handmaid, a though I be not like
+'uila Ge. &
15; 1 Sana. 14 unto one of thine handmaidens. And Boaz said unto her, At mealtime come
- 1 Sam. 41 thou hither, and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar.?
And she sat beside the reapers: and he reached her parched corn, and she did 1 Sam. 17. 17; 55 B 15 eat, and was sufficed, and left. And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz com rer. 18 1 manded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among the sheaves, and re| 16 proach her not: and d let fall also some of the handfuls of purpose for her, and 17 leave them, that she may glean them, and rebuke her not. So she gleaned in the
field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned : and it was about an ephah 8
Sam. 25 23
36. 7; 5.1; 63. 3;
Dec. 219-21; Pra 19. 17.
1 Some have regarded this as showing a want of en- | 4 According to Jewish tradition, his brother's son. lightened piety in Naomi. It must, however, be remem 1 5 Oriental salutations are often expressed in religious bered that she had commended both Orpah and Ruth to terms; but the subsequent language and conduct of Boaz Jehovah's care (ver. 8), and that she does not appear yet I show that his were not mere formal civilities, to have been satisfied that Ruth had any higher principle 6 Probably a shed erected for the use of those engaged than personal attachment to herself.
in harvest work 2 That is, about April.
7 A weak arid wine, much used by labourers in rine3 Though to her accidental, this was directed by that growing countries, and both cheap and refreshing. Providence which was about to reward her filial piety. I 8 Nearly a bushel,
5; Job 29. 13
k see Le. 25. 25.
9 Sam. 14.2: Po. 104.
18 of barley. And she took it up, and went into the city: and her mother-in-law
saw what she had gleaned : and she brought forth, and gave to her that she had ver. 14
reserved after she was sufficed. 19 And her mother-in-law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to-day? and
where wroughtest thou ? blessed be he that did take knowledge of thee. And s ver. 10; Ps 11. 1.
she showed her mother-in-law with whom she had wrought, and said, The man's 20 name with whom I wrought to-day is Boaz. And Naomi said unto her daughter
in-law, s Blessed be he of the Lord, who a hath not left off his kindness to the 5 ch. 2. 10: 2 Sam. 2.
living and to the dead. And Naomi said unto her, The man is near of kin Pro. 17. 17. 21 unto us, I 'one of our next kinsmen. And Ruth the Moabitess said, He said ch. 3. 9:4.5.
unto me also, Thou shalt keep fast by my young men, until they have ended all 22 my harvest. And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter-in-law, It is good, my
daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they meet thee not in any other 23 field. So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley
harvest and of wheat harvest;3 and dwelt with her mother-in-law. 3 Then Naomi her mother-in-law said unto her, My daughter, 'shall I not seek 11 ! Cor. 7. 36; 1 Tim. 2 *rest for thee, that it may be well with thee?4 And now is not Boaz of our *ch. 1. 9. kindred, * with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he winnoweth 5 barley
ch. 2. 8, 20-21 3 to-night in the threshingfloor. Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and
15; Mt. 6. 17. put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor : but make not thyself 4 known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. And it shall
be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie,
and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell 5 thee what thou shalt do. And she said unto her, All that thou sayest unto me
I will do. 6 And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother7 in-law bade her. And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and p his heart was P Ge. 13.34; Judg. 19.
merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, 23; Est I. 14 8 and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. And it came to pass at midnight,
that the man was afraid, and turned himself; and, behold, a woman lay at his 9 feet. And he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine hand
maid : ? spread therefore thy skirt7 over thine handmaid; for thou art'a near Ezek. 16. 8. 10 kinsman for, one that hath right to redeem). And he said, · Blessed 8 be thou of ch. 2 20.
the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast showed more kindness in the latter end
than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether Ich. I. 8. 11 poor or rich. And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou
requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art " a virtuous 12 woman. And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: how beit there is a 1.4i. 13 kinsman nearer than I. Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if
he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman's #eh. 4. 5; Deu. 25. 5 part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, • as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning.
& Judg. & 19; Jer. 4.2. 14 And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the
+ Ro, 13 7: 14, 16: 15 floor. Also he said, Bring the vail that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And
when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and
she went 10 into the city. 16 And when she came to her mother-in-law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? 17 And she told her all that the man had done to her. And she said, These six
6, 9, 22; ! Sam. 13.
ver. 12; ch. 2. 20.
Pro. 12. 4
-9; Mt. 22. 24.
I Cor. 10, 39; 2 Cor. & 21; 1 Thes. 5. 22.
1 Or, one that hath a right to redeem.' See Lev. xxv. , in a heap. During this time it was important that the 25; Deut. xxv. 5.
owner should look well after his produce to secure it from 1 Rather, “servants;' including the maidens mentioned depredation. in ver. 23.'
6 These were nuptial preparations. The use of oil About the end of May or beginning of June.
after bathing is very important in hot climates. 4 In estimating the conduct of Naomi and Ruth, we 7 Or, thy wing: a symbol of matrimonial protection. must remember that, by the custom of the Hebrews and See refs. the surrounding nations, Ruth was already virtually the 8 It is evident from this that Boaz regarded Ruth's wife of her late husband's nearest kinsman, and that no conduct (on the supposition that he was the next of kin) further marriage ceremony was needed to perfect her as not only justifiable, but praiseworthy; indicating the claim to conjugal rights, Deut. xxv. 5. Naomi seems not constancy of her attachment ("kindness') to her deceased to have been aware that there was a kinsman nearer husband, whose name and family she desired to perthan Bonz; whilst his character for justice, and his kind petuate. ness to Ruth, led her to expect that he would fulfil the * 9 The Eastern rail is large enough to envelope the requirements of the customary law.
whole person; and that worn by the poorer classes is 5 After the corn had been threshed by oxen on the coarse and very strong. open floor (see on Deut. xxv. 4), it was winnowed by 10 Rather, 'he (Boaz) went;' instead of remaining at throwing it up with shovels against the evening's breeze, his threshing-floor; being anxious to settle the matter at which blew away the chaff, whilst the heavier grain fell I once.
28 7; Job 9. 7.
21. 8; Pro. 31. 23.
Ge. 25. 18; Jer. 2 10-12
Der 955, 6; Mt.
measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy | 18 mother-in-law. Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the • Ps. 37.3–5; I. 327.
matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day.
Marriage of Boaz and Ruth ; birth of Obed; genealogy. 4 THEN went Boaz up to d the gate,' and sat him down there : and, behold, the Deu. 16. 18 ; 21. 19;
kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! Size 2 turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down. And he took
ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat B1. 18. 21, 22: 1 KL 3 down. And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the
country of Moab, selleth? a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech's : 4 and I thought to advertise thee, saying, 8 Buy it " before the inhabitants, and Jer. 227-4.
before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou
wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem 5 it beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it. Then said
Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it
also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, * to raise up the name 4 of the ch. 1. 13; Ce. 2.8; 6 dead upon his inheritance. And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for. 2 24*
I eh. a 12, 13 myself, lest I mar3 mine own inheritance : redeem thou my right to thyself; for 7 I cannot redeem it. Now this was the manner in former time in Israel con *Den. S. 7-10
cerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things : a man
plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in 8 Israel. Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew
off his shoe. 9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, * Ye are witnesses this see refs. Tel.
day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was Chilion's and 10 Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi. Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of
Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon
his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his • Deu. S 6 ji brethren, and from the gate of his place : ye are witnesses this day. And all the
people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. p The LonD G21. 67, Po make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did I build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in ' Ephratah, and be ? Dra. 95 !
Ge. 5. 16, 19, 12 famous in Beth-lehem: and let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom G
Tamar bare unto Judah, of 'the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this vidaus 29
young woman. 13 So Boaz " took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, "ch. & II. 14 * the Lord gave her conception, and she bare a son. And y the women said unto : Ge !
Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a 15 kinsman for, redeemer), that his name may be famous in Israel. And he shall
be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy Ge. 45. 11; P2 54
daughter-in-law, which loveth thee, which is a better to thee than seven sons, • 1 Sam. 1. & 16 hath borne him. And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became 17 nurse unto it. And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is Lk. 1. 18, SA.
a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse,
the father of David. 8 18, 19 Now these are the generations of Pharez: • Pharez begat Hezron, and Hezron ! Chr. 24, etc.; X.. 20 begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab, and Amminadab begat · Nahshon, and Nura. 1.7. 21 Nahshon begat · Salmon, and / Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed, and ; M. 1. 1, cle. 22 Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat & David.
* i Chr. 215; N.LE
. Ge. 3
1 This gives a vivid picture of the legal proceedings of 6 In the East, among unlettered people, the shoe was, the Hebrews, before written documents had come into and indeed still is, the pledge of a bargain, and thus the use, as in the time of Jeremiah (xxxii. 10).
symbol of possession: hence a man gave his shoe to the 2 Or, hath sold.' It is likely that the land, in con person to whom he transferred a property or right; and, sequence of the poverty of the family, had been already according to the law in Deut. XXV. 9, a man who would sold; and the right of redemption, according to Lev. xxv., not redeem his kinsman's right had his shoe plucked off had come into exercise.
by the widow. It is to the first-named, not the latter 3 The marginal reading of the Hebrew Bible is prefer practice, that the text refers. In later times the Jews able : "Thou wilt also purchase Ruth the Moabitess,' etc. have been used to deliver a handkerchief for the same
4 The eldest son of such a marriage was reckoned to purpose the deceased, though he did not always bear his name. * 7 The word “father' is probably here used, as it is 5 Had he had but one son by Ruth, and no other by often elsewhere, in the general sense of ancestor.
er wife, his own name and inheritance would have 8 Thus Jehovah rewarded Ruth's conjugal constancy, been merged altogether in that of Elimelech. This nar | filial affection, and pious preference of the God and people rative shows clearly the beneficial operation of the law | of Israel, as well as the generosity and honour of Boaz;of Deut. xxv. 5, which allowed a man, by incurring a
y incurring &
making them ancestors of a r
making them ancestors of a royal house, and, according small penalty, to decline such a marriage when it was to his human nature, of Him who is King of kings, and either disagreeable or inconvenient.
Lord of lords.'