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Jos. 7.6: 2 Sam. 13
11 thousand footmen. And the ark of God was taken;' and P the two sons of Eli, l:.. : PPal.
ch. 2 31; Ps 78 6L Hophni and Phinehas, were slain. 12 And there ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and I came to Shiloh the * : Sam. 1. 2 13 same day with his clothes rent, and 'with earth upon his head. And when he
came, lo, Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside watching: for his heart trembled ? . Joh 2.13
for the ark of God. And when the man came into the city, and told it, all the 14 city cried out. And when Eli heard the noise of the crying, he said, What
meaneth the noise of this tumult? And the man came in hastily, and told Eli. 15 Now Eli was ninety and eight years old; and his eyes were dim, that he could 16 not see. And the man said unto Eli, I am he that came out of the army, and I 17 fled to-day out of the army. And he said, "What is there done, my son? And ? Sam. Le
the messenger answered and said, Israel is filed before the Philistines, and there
hath been also a great slaughter among the people, and thy two sons also, Hophni 18 and .Phinehas, are dead; and the ark of God is taken. And it came to pass,
when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died : for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had judged Israel forty years.
And his daughter-in-law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, near to be delivered: and when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and travailed; for her pains came upon her. And about the time of her death the women that * Go. 35. 17, 18
stood by her said unto her, Fear not; for thou hast borne a son. But she answered 21 not, neither did she regard it. And she named the child > I-chabod si. e. Where ch. 14. 2
is the glory! or, there is no glory), saying, : The glory is departed from Israel: Pu S 8; 13. .
because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father-in-law and her 22 husband. And she said, The glory is departed from Israel: for the ark of God
AND the Philistines * took the ark of God, and brought it from Eben-ezer.ch : !!!
early on the morrow, behold, Dagon was fallen upon his face to the earth before a Es 12. 12; Is. 13. 1.
the ark of the LORD. And they took Dagon, and set him in his place again. 14.3. 4 And when they arose early on the morrow morning, behold, Dagon was fallen
upon his face to the ground before the ark of the LORD; and the head of Dagonder. 12 12:58 19
and both the palms of his hands were cut off upon the threshold;t only the stump3 117 5 of Dagon was left to him. Therefore neither the priests of Dagon, nor any that
come into Dagon's house, & tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod unto this day. * see Zeph. 1. 9. 6 But the hand of the LORD was heavy upon them of Ashdod, and he i destroyed !!: E123 7 them, and smote them with * emerods, even Ashdod and the coasts thereof. Åndeh. 6
* Dea. 9; Ps. when the men of Ashdod saw tbat it was so, they said, The ark of the God of
Israel shall not abide with us : for his hand is sore upon us, and upon Dagon our 8 god. They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the Philistines unto them,
and said, 'What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel? And they
answered, Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried about unto Gath. And 9 they carried the ark of the God of Israel about thither. And it was so, that, after
they had carried it about, 'the hand of the LORD was against the city with a ver. 6; eh. 7, 13:12 very great destruction: and " he smote the men of the city, both small and great, - ver. IL.
* ver. 6; Ps 78. 66 and they had emerods in their secret parts.
Therefore they sent the ark of God to Ekron. And it came to pass, as the ark of God came to Ekron, that the Ekronites cried out, saying, They have brought 11 about the ark of the God of Israel to us, to slay us and our people. So they
sent and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines, and said, Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and let it go again to his own place, that it slay us not, and our people : for there was a deadly destruction throughout all the city; 1 The capture of the ark now, and the destruction of ther they designed to honour Jehovah, or to represent the temple in after times, would tend to give the Hebrews their idol as triumphant over him, He was pleased to vinmore correct views of the spirituality of God, whose dicate his own supremacy, showing that he would tolerate presence and power they were too prone to limit.
no pretension to equality, much less to pre-eminence 2 Eli evidently distrusted the result of this supersti 4 In the East, on coming into the presence of a sutious expedient, which, however, he was too feeble-minded perior, a person prostrates himself upon the threshold. to forbid. The effect of the capture of the ark on his Thus the idol had fallen into the most humbling posiaged frame, affecting him more than his heavy family
tion. disasters, proves that, with all his weakness, there was 5 Literally, only Dagon (i.e. the fish form) was left much religious sensibility.
to him;' for the idol derived its name from its lower part. 3 The tutelary deity of the Philistines; having its upper 6 The Septuagint adds, and in the midst of that dispart of the human form, and the lower like a fish. Whe- ' trict mice were produced.'
15: Deu. 2. 15
Dan. 2. 9; 5.7: Me.
13. 3; Judy. 3. &
Mal. 22, Johnı 9.24 y see el. 5. 6, 11 ; Ps.
39. 10. . ch.5 3, 4, 7. • Job!. 4: Ps. 95. &
31, 35; 14 17. • Ex. 12. 31-33. d 2 Sam. 63; I Chr.
13. 7. • Num. 19. 2 Svers. 4, 3.
A ser. 3.
12 •the hand of God was very heavy there. And the men that died not were lovers. 6, 9.
smitten with the emerods : and the cry of the city went up to heaven. 6 And the ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months. 2 And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall P Ge. 41. 8; Ex. 7. 11:
we do to the ark of the LORD? tell us wherewith we shall send it to his place. 3 And they said, If ye send away the ark of the God of Israel, send it not 9 empty; I Ex 21 15; Deu. 16.
but in any wise return him'a trespass offering : then ye shall be healed, and it 1.6.5 6, 15, 16. 4 shall be known to you why his hand is not removed from you. Then said they, 5 ver. 9.
What shall be the trespass offering which we shall return to him? They answered,
lords of the Philistines : for one plague was on you all, and on your lords. 5 Wherefore ye shall make images of your emerods, and images of your mice that * mar the land; and ye shall give glory unto the God of Israel: peradventure
+ Jos. 7. 19; Is. 42. 12: he will y lighten his hand from off you, and from off - your gods, and from off 6 your land. Wherefore then do ye harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? when he had wrought wonderfully among them,
• Ex. 7. 13; 8. 15; 9. 7 did they not let the people go, and they departed ? Now therefore make da
new cart, and take two milch kine, on which there hath come no yoke, and tie 8 the kine to the cart, and bring their calves home from them: and take the ark
of the LORD, and lay it upon the cart; and put the jewels of gold, which ye
return him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it 9 away, that it may go. And see, if it goeth up by the way of his own coast to
& Beth-shemesh, then he hath done us this great eyil: but if not, then we shall Jos. 15. 10.
know that it is not his hand that smote us; it was a chance that happened to us. 10 And the men did so; and took two milch kine, and tied them to the cart, and 11 shut up their calves at home: and they laid the ark of the LORD upon the cart, 12 and the coffer with the mice of gold and the images of their emerods. And the
kine took the straight way to the way of Beth-shemesh, and went along the highway, lowing as they went, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the
left ;9 and the lords of the Philistines went after them unto the border of Beth13 shemesh. And they of Beth-shemesh 4 were reaping their wheat harvest in the
valley: and they lifted up their eyes, and saw the ark, and rejoiced to see it. 14 And the cart came into the field of Joshua, a Beth-shemite, and stood there,
where there was a great stone : and they clave the wood of the cart, and offered 15 the kine a burnt offering unto the LORD. And the Levites took down the ark
of the LORD, and the coffer that was with it, wherein the jewels of gold were,
and put them on the great stone. And the men of Beth-shemesh offered burnt 16 offerings and sacrificed sacrifices the same day unto the LORD. And when the * Jou 13. a
five lords of the Philistines had seen it, they returned to Ekron the same day. 17 "And these are the golden emerods which the Philistines returned for a trespass I ver. 4
offering unto the LORD; for Ashdod one, for Gaza one, for Askelon one, for Gath 18 one, for Ekron one; and the golden mice, according to the number of all the
cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced cities, and of country villages, 6 even unto the great stone of Abel," whereon they set down the ark of the Lord: which stone remaineth unto this day in the field of Joshua,
the Beth-shemite. 19 And he smote the men of Beth-shemesh, because they had looked into the 10, 1-3: N
5, 15, 2); 2 Sam. 6 ark of the LORD,8 even he smote of the people fifty thousand 9 and threescore and I 7; Col. 2. 18. 1 Or, the field.' The ark, having been sent away in | impress upon the minds of the Philistines the lessons terror from the cities, is supposed to have been left in the taught them by the plagues. open country, which was wasted by a large increase of 4 Beth-shemesh was one of the priests' towns (Josh. mice. Some suppose this animal to be the jerboa; but xxi. 16); so that the ark was Divinely directed to a place the common field-mouse is numerous, and often very occupied by men engaged in the service of the sanctuary. destructive, particularly in northern Syria.
5 Or, 'For the Levites had taken down.' 2 The ancient heathen used to consécrate to their gods 1 6 As the fields had suffered severely from the mice, memorials of their deliverance representing the evils from they contributed their share to the trespass-offering. which they were freed; and a similar custom is still found 7 For the word 'Abel,' some Hebrew manuscripts, with in countries where Romanism prevails. Some suppose the Septuagint and Chaldee, read • Aben,' signifying a these to have been also intended as talismans or charms, stone. This agrees with vers. 14, 15; and renders the constructed with certain astrological ceremonies, and sus insertion of the words 'stone of' unnecessary. perstitiously believed to avert the recurrence of the plagues. 8 "This was to gratify an irreverent curiosity respecting * 3 That two kine, which had never before been under things which God had thought fit to conceal. the yoke, should draw quietly and keep the road without 9 The words in the original are, 'seventy men fifties a driver, neither halting nor turning aside; and, while a thousand.' This is certainly not the regular way of loving for their calves, to whom natural instinct would writing 50,070 in Hebrew; and, according to one system have led them to return, should be nevertheless urged of enumeration, it would mean one thousand, two fifties, forward by a stronger impulse to the very place men- | and seventy, or 1,170. The Syriac and Arabic versions tioned by the Philistines, and should there stop, was give 5,070. Josephus says that only seventy men were clearly miraculous, and would tend the more deeply to 1 slain, which is the reading of three Hebrew manuscripts;
see Ex. 19. 21; Le. # Nam, 17. 12. 2 Sam.
6 9; MAL 32
19; 1 Chr. 13.
Junto. 2 12
14; Ezr. 1& 21.
13 4, ML. 4.10; LE
ten men. And the people lamented, because the LORD had smitten many of the 20 people with a great slaughter. And the men of Beth-shemesh said, "Who is able 21 to stand before this holy Lord God? and to whom shall he go up from us? And
they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjath-jearim, saying, The Philistines Soc. 18. 14, Jude.
have brought again the ark of the LORD; come ye down, and fetch it up to you. 7 And the men of » Kirjath-jearim came, and fetched up the ark of the LORD, and Peh. 6 21Ps 133. &
brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son las sam, & e to keep the ark of the LORD. Repentance of the Israelites, and their deliverance from the Philistines; Samuel's
administration. AND it came to pass, while I the ark abode in Kirjath-jearim, that the time was long; for it was twenty years : and all the house of Israel lamented after 3 the LORD. And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying, If ye do
"return unto the LORD with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods Deu. 31. 2--10: 1 KL and ' Ashtaroth from among you, and prepare your hearts unto the LORD, and 81: Joh 13 i
* serve him only: and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines. ' 4423 3; dot. ** 4 Then the children of Israel did put away y Baalim ? and Ashtaroth, and served
the LORD only. 5 And Samuel said, - Gather all Israel to Mizpeh, and I will pray for you unto 6 the LORD. And they gathered together to Mizpeh, a and drew water, 3 and poured . 96 it out before the LORD, and fasted on that day, and said there, . We have sinned
23.2 against the LORD. And Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh.
a 2 Sam. 14 I4; Ps 7 And when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel were gathered . Chr.) 3; Esra
together to Mizpeh, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel. And $223, bo 8 when the children of Israel heard it, they were d afraid of the Philistines. And
the children of Israel said to Samuel, 'Cease not to cry unto the LORD our God 21.7 June 9 for us, that he will save us out of the hand of the Philistines. And Samuel took 34 106. a sucking lamb, and offered it 4 for a burnt offering wholly unto the LORD: and 12.33. Samuel cried unto the LORD for Israel; and the LORD heard sor, answered him. Pe 51 15: 0.6
Jer. 15 I 10 And as Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near
to battle against Israel : & but the LORD thundered with a great thunder on see ch. 2 10; E.
that day upon the Philistines, and discomfited them; and they were smitten 11 before Israel. And the men of Israel went out of Mizpeh, and pursued the 12 Philistines, and smote them, until they came under Beth-car. Then Samuel A took a stone, and set it between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ge. 28. 18: 31. 6:
35. 14; Jes 9 Eben-ezer si. e. The stone of help ), saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped us. 13 So the Philistines were subdued, and they came no more into the coast of Jude. in
Israel: and the hand of the LORD was against the Philistines all the days of 14 Samuel. And the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were
restored to Israel, from Ekron even unto Gath; and the coasts thereof did Israel deliver out of the hands of the Philistines. And there was peace between Israel
and the Amorites. 15, 16 And Samuel "judged Israel all the days of his life. And he went from "ver. 6. ch. 12. 11:
year to year in circuit to Beth-el, and Gilgal, and Mizpeh, and judged Israel in 17 all those places. And " his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and ch. there he judged Israel; and there he P built an altar unto the LORD.
2 12; Joha e Le. 26. 40:
23-%; Jou 1019: Judg. 4. 15: 2; 9 San. 22. 14, 15
ich. 4. L
1. cl. % 11.
and this, in a small town, would be a great slaughter.' | the Jews, at the feast of tabernacles, as a sign of rejoicing, See note at the end of the historical books. This inflic Isa. xii. 3; John vii. 37, 38. As on this occasion it was tion was well adapted to impress the minds of the people united with confession of sin, some (with the Chaldee with that reverence for God of which their conduct with Paraphrast) regard it as representing penitence and hurespect to the ark had shown them to be destitute. miliation ; others think it was a symbol of a solemn row.
1 The meaning of this verse would be more correctly 4 It seems probable that Samuel did this himself, expressed by a free translation thus: Now from the though not of the race of Aaron. His commission appears time that the ark rested at Kirjath-jearim a long period to have included the temporary exercise of priestly func(as much as twenty years) elapsed before all the house of tions. See ver. 17; ix. 13; xvi. 2, 5. . Israel lamented after the Lord. It is not intended to 5 That is, the tooth :' the name, not of a town, but of specify how long the ark abode there; for it was there a rock, from its sharp, angular form. when this narrative was written, and till the reign of 1 6 Samuel's judgeship is probably to be dated from the David (1 Chron. xii. 6); but to say how long it was before assembly of the Israelites at Mizpeh (vers. 3–5). He was the people were awakened to a sense of their sins. During then about forty years old. While the earlier judges were the interval there seems to have been a sad prevalence of generally distinguished by their warlike qualities, which that idolatry and vice, which had caused the destruction they employed for the deliverance of the Israelites, Samuel of Shiloh (see Jer. vii. 12, 14; xxvi. 6, 9), and the inter is remarkable for his attention to their social order and ruption and neglect of the service of the tabernacle. religious improvement. 2 See notes on Judg. ii. 12, 13.
7 As these three places were near to one another, in the 3 This was evidently a symbolical action, which, accord tribe of Benjamin, it seems that Samuel's regular judicial ing to accompanying circumstances and rites, might have authority was exercised chiefly among the central and different meanings. It was practised in after ages among | southern tribes.
14; comp. with Judg. 5. 10.
3. 3; 6. 10.
14, 15: Hos. 13. 10; de. 13. 21.
Misconduct of Samuels sons; the Israelites desire a king, 8 AND it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges 9 Den. 16. 18; 2 Chr.
19. & 2. over Israel.1 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his I see Judg. 10. 4; 12. 3 second, Abiah: they were judges in Beer-sheba. And his sons 'walked not in his ways, but turned aside " after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.
• Vashn., 1 Chr. 628 4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel
Ex. 18. 21; 1 Tim. 5 unto Ramah, and said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in * Deu. 16. 19; Ps.15.8. thy ways : now make us a king 2 to judge us like all the nations.
y vers. 19,20; Deu, 17. 6 But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge 7 us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD. And the LORD said unto Samuel, · Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for “they lan
* Ps. 81. 11, 12; Hos. have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over s Ex. 16.8
ch. 10, 19; 12. 178 them. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I 19; Hos. 13. 30, 11.
brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken 9 me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee. Now therefore hearken
unto for, obey) their voice: how beit yet protest solemnly unto them, and show e vers. 11-18
them the manner of the king that shall reign over them. 10 And Samuel told all the words of the Lord unto the people that asked of him 11 a king. And he said, “This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over
d see eh. 10. 25; Deu.
| 17. 16. re. you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, .eh. 14. 32; 1 Ki. 19. 12 and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots. And he will 2 Sam. 15 1; 1 Ki.
& appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set 61 Chr. 27. 1-22.
them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of 13 war, and instruments of his chariots. And he will take your daughters to be 14 confectionaries, 5 and to be cooks, and to be bakers. And he will take your ^ 1K1. 21. 7, 19; Eze.
fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give ch. 22. 7. 15 them to his servants. And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vine16 yards, and give to his officers, and to his servants. And he will take your men
servants, and your maid-servants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, 17 and put them to his work. He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall 18 be his servants. And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which
ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day. 19 Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, 20 Nay; but we will have a king over us; that we also may be a like all the nations;
and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. 23. 9; Deu. 7. 6. 21 And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears 22 of the LORD. And the LORD said to Samuel, * Hearken unto their voice, and rer. 7; Hos. 13. 11.
make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.
Designation and appointment of Saul as king. 9 NOW there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was • Kish, the son of Abiel,
ch. 14. 51; 1 Chr. & the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty 2 man of power (or, substance), And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice
young man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a
any of the people.
Ps. 18. 41; Pro. I.
5-2 ; Is. 1. 15; Mic. 3. 4. I Ps. 81. Il; Jer. 44.16.
ver. 5; see Ex, 31. 16; Le. 20. 26; Num.
33; 9. P.
1 Apparently without Divine direction and approval. 1 splendour, yet gloriously pre-eminent to the heathen
? The original constitution of the Jewish state did not nations; with little machinery of government, yet a free require, though it would admit of, a succession of generals and well-ordered people. But, instead of seeking the or judges, or a race of kings. As the appointment of the restoration of their national prosperity by sincere repentformer arose from the frequent relapses of the people into ance, they chose to give up the peculiar privileges of the idolatry, and their consequent subjugation by their ene theocracy, and to resort to the principles and policy of mies; to the regal institution originated in their culpable other nations. So naturally does man prefer his own desire to resemble the nations around them. Thus the | resources to dependence upon God's help. theocracy was exposed to a temporary obscuration; though 3 Samuels objection was not to the regal government God jealously maintained the king's subjection to himself in itself, but to the motives of the people in seeking it. and the law, and was afterwards pleased to make the new 4 Samuel here speaks not of what the king would have system represent future spiritual blessings. For a kingly a right to do (for it is quite contrary to the law of Moses, government was not in itself evil, nor did it infringe on Deut. xvii. 14—20), but of the practice of the kings of the the rights of any other order of public officers; and had, surrounding nations; which agrees exactly with Eastern indeed, been provided for in Deut. xvii. 14. But to be despotism as it exists at the present day. immediately under the command of God, and by his 5 Persons who prepared perfumes and spices. special interposition, in answer to fervent prayer, to be 6 This particular description of Saul's personal size and rescued from peril and trouble, was far better. When the appearance seems intended to mark him out as suitable Israelites had no e
no earthly king, they might be to human to the people's wishes; who, however, had to learn how eyes defenceless, yet they were invincible; without regal | incorrect their notions of kingly qualities were.
had to learn how
13. 1. teh. 3. 19, 20; Is. 44.
see Jurig. 6. 18: 12 17; IKL 14. 3; 2Ki.
Y 9 Sam. 24. 11; 9 KI.
29. 29: 9 Chr. 16, 7, 10: Is 3.1 10; Ab.
see Ge. 24 .
.eh. 16. 2: Ge. 31.54 6 1 Ki 2
6. 11; 1 Tim. 44
Am. 375 Ac. 13 21.
passed through mount Ephraim, and passed through the land of Shalisha, but 261. 4. 2. they found them not; then they passed through the land of 'Shalim, and there Go 32 18Jaha a
they were not: and he passed through the land of the Benjamites, but they found 5 them not. And when they were come to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his ser
vant that was with him, Come, and let us return; lest my father leave caring 6 for the asses, and take thought for us. And he said unto him, Behold now, there
is in this city? 'a man of God, and he is an honourable man; "all that he saith Der. 82 1; 1 KL.
cometh surely to pass : now let us go thither; peradventure he can show us our 7 way that we should go. Then said Saul to his servant, But, behold, if we go,
* What shall we bring the man? for the bread is spent in our vessels, and there is 8 not a presents to bring to the man of God: what have we? And the servant
answered Saul again, and said, Behold, I have here at hand the fourth part of a 9 shekel of silver: that will I give to the man of God, to tell us our way. *(Beforetime in Israel, when a man * went to inquire of God, thus he spake, Come, and
* Ge, 252 let us go to the seer: for he that is now 4 called a Prophet was beforetime called 10 ya Seer.) Then said Saul to his servant, Well said; come, let us go. So they
17. 13; 1 Chr. 2 ; went unto the city where the man of God was. 11 And as they went up the hill to the city, they found young maidens going .7. 12." 12 out to draw water, and said unto them, Is the seer here? And they answered
them, and said, He is; behold, he is before you : make haste now, for he came
to-day to the city; for a there is a sacrifice (or, feast) of the people to-day in the 13 high place: as soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall straightway find him,
before he go up to the high place to eat: for the people will not eat until he
come, because he doth bless the sacrifice; and afterwards they eat that be bidden. se Mt. 24. 25: John 14 Now therefore get you up; for about this time ye shall find him. And they
went up into the city: and when they were come into the city, behold, Samuel
came out agaiust them, for to go up to the high place. 15 Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear a day before Saul came, saying, "ch
deh, 15. 1; Ps. 95 14; 16 To-morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel, that he may save
.eh. 10. 1: 1 KL 13. my people out of the hand of the Philistines : for I have looked upon my people, Es. 2 23; 27,9 17 because their cry is come unto me. And when Samuel saw Saul, the LORD said
unto him, & Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! this same shall reignin 15 h 18
over my people. 18 Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, 19 where the seer's house is. And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer:
go up before me unto the high place; for ye shall eat with me to-day, and to20 morrow I will let thee go, and will tell thee all that is in thine heart. And as
for a thine asses that were lost three days ago, set not thy mind on them; for a ver. 3
they are found. And on whom 5 i is all the desire of Israel? Is it not on thee, ich 8, 9, 10; 12 13. 21 and on all thy father's house? And Saul answered and said, * Am not I a ch. 15. 17.
Benjamite, of the 'smallest of the tribes of Israel ? and m my family the least of Judg. 11 46-49: Pa
all the families of the tribe of Benjamin? wherefore then speakest thou so to me? 22 And Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the parlour,
and made them sit in the chiefest place among them that were bidden, which 23 were about thirty persons. And Samuel said unto the cook, Bring the portion 24 which I gave thee, of which I said unto thee, Set it by thee. And the cook took
up "the shoulder, and that which was upon it, and set it before Saul. And Samuel said, Behold that which is left (or, reserved). Set it before thee, and eat: for unto this time hath it been kept for thee since I said, I have invited the
people. So Saul did eat with Samuel that day. 25 And when they were come down from the high place into the city, Samuel 26 communed with Saul upon the top of the house. And they arose early: and 11. 2; Ac. 1o.
1 Rather, "Shaalim ;' a name quite different from explains that, at the time Saul was appointed king, the Shalem or Salem. All these places lie near together. Hebrew word rendered seer was usually applied to inspired 2 That is, Ramah; where Samuel resided (ver. 5; persons, as being favoured with Divine visions ; but that
this had since been superseded in common parlance by 3 Presents are considered essential to civil and friendly the term translated prophet, which had been used in the intercourse in the East, particularly when an inferior time of Moses, and which seems to have referred to the approaches a superior. The kind and amount of the | utterance of Divine revelations.. offering are suited to the offerer's ability; so that articles 1 5 Or, For whom is that which is most desired in of food are the most usual presents from the rural popu Israel: is it not for thee and for,' etc. lation. See ch. xvi. 20. Money, however, even in small 6 This was a mark of the highest respect; the shoulder sums, is perfectly suitable and acceptable. In the pre- being the priest's portion. sent instance, Saul, having no provision left, determined 7 The flat roofs of the Orientals were used as places of to offer Samuel a small coin, worth about seven pence. retirement for devotion (as by Peter, Acts x. 9) or for
4 The word 'now' probably refers to the latter part of rest, either by night or day; and, in this instance, for Samuel's life, when this book was written. The verse private consultation.
see ch. 15. 17; Jedg. 6. 15.
ch. i. 1).