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32

138 : 2 Cor. 1. 9, 10. 2 Tim. 4. 17, IN

11, 16.

and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy

pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thun art come down that thou 29 mightest see the battle. And David said, "What have I now done? Is there Pro. 15. 1. 30 not a cause ?? And he turned from him toward another, and 8 spake after the 's vers. 26, 27.

same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner. 31 And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before

Saul: and he sent for him.

And David said to Saul, * Let no man's heart fail because of him; 'thy servant Dem, 20. 1-3 33 will go and fight with this Philistine. And Saul said to David, * Thou art not 'n . 13. 31;

able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, 34 and he a man of war from his youth. And David said unto Saul, Thy servant

kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out 35 of the flock : and I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of

his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote 36 him, and slew him. Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this

uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies 37 of the living God. David said moreover, "The LORD that delivered me out of you?:P:18 16:

the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and » the LORD be "ch. 2. 13; 1 Chr. zz.

with thee. 38 And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon 39 his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail. And David girded his sword

upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David

said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David 40 put them off him. And he took his staff in his hand,4 and chose him five smooth

stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a 41 scrip; and his sling was in his hand :5 and he drew near to the Philistine. And

the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the

shield went before him. 42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he " disdained him: "Ps: 123. 3, 4; 1 Cor. 43 for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance. And the Philistine

said unto David, p Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves ?6 And the P ch. 24. 11. 2 Sam. 44 Philistine cursed David by his gods. And the Philistine 9 said to David, Come

to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts

of the field. 45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and Ps. 44. 6.

with a spear, and with a shield: 'but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of 46 hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast 'defied. This day will

the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give " the carcases of the host of the Philistines this

day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; *that all the *Ex.9. 16; Jos: 4.21; 47 earth may know that there is a God in Israel. And all this assembly shall know

that the LORD y saveth not with sword and spear : for: the battle is the Lord's,

and he will give you into our hands. 48

And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. 49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and

asmote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and / - 1 Cor. 1. 27, 28, 50 he fell upon his face to the earth. So David prevailed over the Philistine with poste 15

a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was 51 no sword in the hand of David. Therefore David ran, and stood upon the

Philistine, and a took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew

him, and cut off his head ? therewith. 52 And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled. And the

o eb. 16. 12

3.89. 8; ;

2 Ki. 8. 13 9. Kl. 20. 10,11; Pro.

18. 12.

• 2 Sam. 22. 33-35;

Pe. 18. 2. 194. $; 125. 1: Pro. 18. 10; ? Cor. 10. 4; Heb.

II. 13, 34. ( ver. 1o. u ver. 44; Deu. 9. 26.

I , 18. 36;
9 Ki. 19. 19; Is. 52.
10.
Ps44. 6, 7; llos. 1.

7; Zeeh. 4. 6.
*2 Chr. 20. 15; Ps.

46. 11.

e ch. 13. 22.

deh. 91. 9.

• Heb. 11. 31

1 Some take this to mean, 'Was it more than a word?' 3 That is, with armour taken out of Saul's armoury; a small thing to occasion such anger. But more pro- or rather, with his vestments or garments.' bably it is an idiom, meaning, 'Is the thing not so?" i.e. 4 The shepherds in the East carry a bag for victuals, Have I not spoken right?' David, animated by a truly and a staff, which they hold in the middle, to beat the low pious patriotism, saw in the gigantic Philistine only an brushwood into which the shech stray; They are to this insolent enemy of Jehovah, who would surely enable any day particularly expert in the use of the sling; one relying on his aid to overcome him. This narrative 3 The Achæans are said to have thrown with such preadmirably illustrates the manner in which true faith in cision as to strike any part of the face they chose, and God views, assails, and conquers enemies and obstacles, with such force as to shatter the strongest armour. at which mere human courage quails.

6 Goliath seems to have seen only the staff which David 2 Not both at once, for they do not hunt together. had in one hand, and not the sling in the other. This incident shows the dangers of an Eastern shepherd's 7 This was a customar token of victory in these life, and the courage which its duties required.

countries, and still is so. See ch. xxxi. 9.

55

Den 13. 6: 2 Sun.

L%: Deu. 13 6. ch. 17. 18

eh. 20 -17. 2 • Ge. 41. 49; Est. &

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men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the

Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron. Is So IS. * 53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they 54 spoiled their tents. And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.

And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, o whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As see eh. 16 21,2%. 56 thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell. And the king said, Inquire thou whose 57 son the stripling is. And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul * with the head of the Philistine *ver

. 58 in his hand. And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And

David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Beth-lehemite. 18. And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that

* the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, 'and Jonathan loved him . 18: 20. 17; 2 as his own soul.' And Saul took him that day," and would let him go no more 3 home to his father's house. Then Jonathan and David * made a covenant, because 4 he loved him as his own soul. And Jonathan stripped? himself of the robe that

was upon him, and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle.

And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely (or, prospered']; and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was ' accepted in tersebut

. 15. 20. the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants. And it came to pass as they came, when David

was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that " the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and mi Sadg. 11.

dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of music. 7 And the women 'answered one another as they played, and said,

Saul hath slain his thousands,--and David his ten thousands. 8 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying " displeased him; and he said, They

have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but 9 thousands : and what can he have more but * the kingdom? And Saul veyed 191.2 David from that day and forward.

Saul envies David, and seeks his life. 10 AND it came to pass on the morrow, that 'the evil spirit from God came upon th. 16. 14, 15

Saul, 4 and he prophesied 4 in the midst of the house : and David played with his " sh. 19.25 1 KL 18 11 hand, as at other times : and there was a javelin in Saul's hand. And Saul. cast

the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

And Saul was d'afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and was 13 departed from Saul. Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his ch ta 11: S15 14 captain over a thousand; and 5 he went out and came in before the people. And 16: Num. 37. 17;

David behaved himself wisely (or, prospered“) in all his ways; and the LORD 15 was with him. Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, 16 he was afraid of him. But * all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went * ser. 5

out and came in before them. 17 And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, 'her will I give

thee to wife : only be thou valiant for me, and fight " the Lord's battles. For "ch. 58; Nom. S2

Saul said, " Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines 18 be upon him. And David said unto Saul, Who am I? and what is my life, or 19 my father's family in Israel, that I should be son-in-law to the king? But it

came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto P Adriel the , Meholathite to wife.

* And Michal Saul's daughter loved David : and they told Saul, and the thing 21 pleased him. And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be 'a snare to

him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. "Wherefore Saul

29; Ac. 16 16.

ch. 19.3 e eh. 129, 10; 20. 3;

Pro 27.4

12

drers 15,22

. 13, 18

A ver.
i Gr. 3 2,4,2; Jou

I eh. 17.25

rers. 21, 25: ? Sam 12.9. see ver. 23; et. 2 21 ; ? Sam. 2. 18

20

P 2 Sam. 21. 9.

Ju.lg. 7. 22

rer. 28 • Ex. 107; P. X

said to David, Thou shalt "this day be my son-in-law in the one of the twain. see ver. 1 Jonathan's ardent friendship for David began with armour in token of friendship; and, in Eastern countries, admiration of his faith and courage in this great exploit, a prince can scarcely bestow a greater mark of his favour and evidently resulted from that spirit of patriotic piety than by the gift of some article of his dress, especially if which these two noble-minded men so strikingly dis- he has already worn it. played. This friendship appears to have increased as 3 Or, Philistines. These verses probably anticipate some Jonathan became better acquainted with his friend's occurrences which took place at various times when Darid eminent virtues; overcoming, as his subsequent disin- returned with Saul from following up the first victory over terested conduct shows, all considerations of self-interest. the Philistines. See note on ch. xvi. 1. See ch. xx. ; xxiii. 16, 17.

4 The word seems here to signify, being in a highly 2 Ancient poets represent their heroes as exchanging excited state, or phrensy.

I rer. 17.

ver. 17.

see ver. 21.

b ver. 13.

c 2 Sam. 3 14

4 ch.

• 2 Sam. 11. 1.

6 ch. 21 : Kl. 1.

13; Ps. 116. 15.

A ch. 18. 1-2
i eh. 20.2; Pro. 17. 17.

I Ge. 4.. 22: Ps. 35.

12: 109, 4, 5; Pro. 17. 13, Jer. 18. 20.

22 And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly, and

say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now 23 therefore be the king's son-in-law. And Saul's servants spake those words in the

ears of David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a king's 24 son-in-law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed? And the servants 25 of Saul told him, saying, On this manner spake David. And Saul said, Thus

shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any * dowry, but an hundred fore- - e. 9. 19:34. 12;

skins of the Philistines, 2 to be yavenged of the king's enemies. But Saul : thought : 10.24 26 to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. And when his servants told

David these words, it pleased David well to be the king's son-in-law. And the 27 days were not expired;s wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and

slew of the Philistines two hundred 4 men; and David brought their foreskins,

and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son-in28 law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife. And Saul d saw and knew 29 that the LORD was with David, and that Michal Saul's daughter loved him. And

Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became David's enemy con30 tinually. Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass,

after they went forth, that David behaved himself more wisely than all thé - ver. 5. servants of Saul; so that his name was 8 much set by. 19 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should 2 kill David. But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David: and 'Jonathan

told David, saying, Saul my father seeketî to kill thee: now therefore, I pray

thee, take heed to thyself until the morning, and abide in a secret place, and hide 3 thyself: and I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where thou art,

and I will commune with my father of thee; and what I see, that I will tell thee. 4 And Jonathan - spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, theo. 9. 2. 14;

Let not the king 'sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not 5 sinned against thee, and because his works have been to thee-ward very good : for

he did put his life in his hand, and " slew the Philistine, and the Lord wrought

a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice : Pwherefore then 6 wilt thou ? sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause? And Saul

hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan: and Saul sware, As the Lord liveth, he 7 shall not be slain. And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan showed him all

those things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence,

'as in times past. 8 And there was war again: and David went out, and fought with the Philistines, and slew them with a great slaughter; and they fled from him.

David escapes from Saul, and flees to Samuel at Ramah. 9 AND s the evil spirit from the Lord was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with ch. 16. 14; 18. 10. 11. 10 his javelin in his hand : and David played with his hand. And Saul sought to

smite David even to the wall with the javelin; but he slipped away out of Saul's

presence, and he smote the javelin into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that 11 night. Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay Pa 69, title, 3, 4

him in the morning : 8 and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not 12 thy life to-night, to-morrow thou shalt be slain. So Michal · let David down 13 through a window : and he went, and fled, and escaped. And Michal took an

image,' and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster, 14 and covered it with a cloth. And when Saul sent messengers to take David, 15 she said, He is sick. And Saul sent the messengers again to see David, saying, 16 Bring him up to me in the bed,8 that I may slay him. And when the mes

sengers were come in, behold, there was an image in the bed, with a pillow of 17 goats' hair for his bolster. And Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived

me so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal answered

Saul, He said unto me, Let me go; -why should I kill thee? 18 So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all ch. 7. 17. 19 that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth. And 20 it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah. And · Saul sent

mch. 28.1; Judg. 9.

17; 12. 3; Ps. IR.

109. "ch. 17. 49-51. • 1 Sam. 11, 13; 1 Chr.

11. 11. Pch. 21. 32 9 Mt. 27. 4.

ch. 16. 21; 1&2, 13

"no Jor. 2. 15; Ac. 9.

21, 25.

"2 Sam. 2. 22

I see John 7. 32, 45,

ete,

1 See note on Gen. xxix. 18. See also Josh. xv. 16. 7 The Heb. is, 'teraphim.' See note on Gen. xxxi. 19;

2 Saul required satisfactory evidence that the men slain and on Judg. xvii. 5. The women appear to have been were Philistines.

addicted to the use of such superstitious objects. Michal 3 Within which David was to fulfil the condition. probably, like Rachel, kept this unknown to her husband. 4 The Septuagint has one hundred.' See 2 Sam. ii. 14. The husbands of Eastern princesses have very little con5 Pra. lix. was probably composed on this occasion. trol over the interior of the household. 6 When he should come out of his wife's apartments, 8 The Enstern beds consist merely of two thick cotton which were held sacred from intrusion : but even this quilts; and in these the sick are carried when it is necesrule Saul disregarded at last. See ver. 15.

sary to remove them.

beh. 10. 4, 6; I Cor.

• Num. 11. 25; Joel

dch. 10. 10.

• Is 21.2

& eh. 10. 11, 12

i Num. 10. 10; X IL

kch, 19.2

messengers to take David : " and when they saw the company of the prophets pro

phesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the Spirit of God was 21 upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied. And when it was told

Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. And Saul sent 22 messengers again the third time, and they prophesied also. Then went he also

to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said,

Where are Samuel and David! And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah. 23 And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah : and the Spirit of God was upon him 24 also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah. And

he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, 2 5 Is , 8: ce 2 Sam. Saul also

among the prophets ?

The friendship and covenant of David and Jonathan. 20 AND David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan,

What have I done? what is mine iniquity ? and what is my sin before thy father, 2 that he seeketh my life? And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die

behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will show it 3 me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so. And David

sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved :

" but truly as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between A ch. 27. 1. 4 me and death. Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoever thy soul desireth, I

will even do it for thee. 5 And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to-morrow is the i new moon,3 and I

should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide 6 myself in the field unto the third day at even. If thy father at all miss me, then

say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run 'to Beth-lehem his 7 city : for there is a yearly sacrifice (or, feast "] there for all the family. "If he

say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then 8 be sure that evil is determined by him. Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with

thy servant; for 9 thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the Lord with thee: notwithstanding, 'if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for

why shouldest thou bring me to thy father? 9 Ånd Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were

determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee? 10 Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if thy father answer 11 thee roughly? And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out into the 12 field. And they went out both of them into the field. And Jonathan said unto

David, O Lord God of Israel,4 when I have sounded my father about to-morrow

any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I 13 then send not unto thee, and show it thee; 'the Lord do so and much more to

Jonathan: but if it please my father to do thee evil, then I will show it thee,

and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and 'the Lord be with thee, 14 as he hath been with my father. And thou shalt not only while yet I live show 15 me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not: but also " thou shalt not cut off thy

kindness from my house for ever: no, not when the Lord hath cut off the enemies 5 16 of David every one from the face of the earth. So Jonathan made a covenant

with the house of David, saying, * Let the Lord even require it at the hand of 17 David's enemies. And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved

him (or, by his love toward him]: for he loved him as he loved his own soul. 18 Then Jonathan said to David, - To-morrow is the new moon: and thou shalt rer. S 19 he missed, because thy seat will be empty. And when thou hast stayed three

days,then thou shalt go down quickly (or, diligently), and come to the place

where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain 20 by the stone Ezel (or, that showeth the way). And I will shoot three arrows on

1 The messengers whom Saul sent were constrained, Numb. x. 10; xxviii. 11); and on such occasions David by a Divine impulse, to join in the exercises of the holy was accustomed to join the king's family. men whom they found there: and even Saul himself was 4 Rather, “The Lord God of Ísrael (when I have,' etc., visited in like manner; and throwing off his outer robes thee), the Lord,' etc. The sentence is interrupted by (which is all that the word “naked' means), retaining the violence of his fee.ings only his inner vesture and his girdle, lay as it were in a 5 Jonathan by this shows his firm belief in David's trance, during which it is probable that David made his advancement, and that entire freedom from ambitious escape from Ramah, and returned to Gibeah, in order to jealousy which springs from true religious friendship. get another interview with Jonathan.

6 That is, “May he punish all David's enemies; even 2 This revived the use of the proverb which originated any of my house, if they become so.' on another occasion. See 1 Sam. x. 11.

* Rather, “On the third day thou shalt come down 3 A sacrifice and feast took place every new moon (see | quickly.'

I ch. 16 4; 17. 58 mor. feast, eh. 9. 12 * see Deu. 1. 2;

2 Sain, 17. 1 och. 23. 17: Est. 7.7. PJ.2.16 9 ver. 1; ch. 18. 3;

2 SAM. 16 32; Pa 7. 3-5

• R. 1. 17.

tch, 107; 11. 6-13;

14. 4. 17. 37; 1 Clir. 22. 11, 16. * 2 Sam, 9.1-7; 22.7.

2 Sam. 7; ?L &

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300

Jer. 4. 2

23 away.

• vers. 14, 15, 42

e ver. 6

Sch. 19.5; Mt 27.33;

Lk. 23. 22.

35

21 the side thereof, as though I shot at a mark. And, behold, I will send a lad,

saying, Go, find out the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the

arrows are on this side of thee, take them, then come thou: for there is peace to 22 thee, and no hurt; bas the LORD liveth. But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the LORD hath sent thee

And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the LORD be between thee and me for ever. 24 So David hid himself in the field : and when the new moon was come, the 25 king sat him down to eat meat. And the king sat upon his seat, as at other

times, even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's 26 side, and David's place was empty. Nevertheless Saul spake not anything that

day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is " not clean; surely he 972.: 24, 25,

is not clean.2 27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the

month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son,

Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to-day? 28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Beth29 lehem: and he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in

the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there : and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren.

Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table. 30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou

son of the perverse rebellious woman,3 do not I know that thou hast chosen the

son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother's 31 nakedness? For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt

not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto 32 me, for he shall surely die. And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said 33 unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done? And Saul & cast a

javelin at him to smite him : whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of 18.11. 34 his father to slay David. So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and

did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.

And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at 36 the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. And he said unto his

lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an 37 arrow beyond him. And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which

Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow beyond 38 thee? And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And 39 Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. But the lad 40 knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter. And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go carry them to the city.

And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times : and they 42 kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded. And

Jonathan said to David, 'Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD [or, the LORD be witness of that which we have sworn both of us *), saying, The Lord be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy see ver. 23. seed for ever. And he arose and departed : and Jonathan went into the city.5

David flees to Nob, and thence to Gath, and to the wilderness of Judah. 21 THEN came David to Nob6 to 'Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was

"afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no 2 man with thee? And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath com

manded' me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the

business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have 3 appointed my servants to such and such a place. Now therefore what is under

1 These signals were agreed upon in case they should except once by stealth in a wood (ch. xxii. 16). be unable to have a private interview.

6 While the ark remained at Kirjath-jearim, the priests 2 Supposing that his absence from the sacrificial feast probably removed the sacred utensils, and perhaps the was caused by some ceremonial defilement.

tabernacle, to various places for safety. Nob is supposed 3 It is a common practice among Eastern nations to to have been in the immediate vicinity of Jerusalem, on express resentment against a person by abusing his pa

or near the mount of Olives. See Isa. x. 32. rents, especially his mother, though without any personal 7 David's conduct at Nob, and some other of his actions ill feelings towards them : so that Saul, in speaking thus about this period, indicate a low state of religious sensiof his wife, intended merely to give the keenest edge to bility, and a want of that confidence in God which at other his abuse of Jonathan,

times so much distinguished him. He evidently needed 4 Rather, as in ch. xxi. 8, ‘his weapons.'

all the discipline of subsequent years, with much of the 5 The two friends appear never to have met again, influence of the Spirit of God.

41

ich. 1. 17.

I eh. 11. 3, called

Ahinh; called also abiathar, Mk. 2. 26. ch. 16. 4.

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