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4 the fleshhooks, and the firepans : all the vessels thereof made he of brass. And

he made for the altar a brasen grate of network under the compass thereof 5 beneath unto the midst of it. And he cast four rings for the four ends of the 6 grate of brass, to be places for the staves. And he made the staves of shittim 7 wood, and overlaid them with brass. And he put the staves into the rings on the

sides of the altar, to bear it withal; he made the altar hollow with boards. 8 And he made P the laver of brass, and the foot of it of brass, of the looking- F ch. 30. 18–21.

glasses of the women assembling, 2 9 which assembled at the door of the tabernacle 1 Sani. 2. 72

of the congregation. 9 And he made the court: on the south side southward the hangings of the court - eh. 27. 9. 10 were of fine twined linen, an hundred cubits: their pillars were twenty, and their

brasen sockets twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver. 11 And for the north side the hangings were an hundred cubits, their pillars were

twenty, and their sockets of brass twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their 12 fillets of silver. And for the west side were hangings of fifty cubits, their pillars

ten, and their sockets ten; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver. 13 And for the east side eastward fifty cubits. The hangings of the one side of the 15 gate were fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three. And for

the other side of the court gate, on this hand and that hand, were hangings of 16 fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three. All the hangings of 17 the court round about were of fine twined linen. And the sockets for the pillars

roere of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver; and the over

laying of their chapiters of silver; and all the pillars of the court were filleted 18 with silver. And the hanging for the gate of the court was needlework, of blue,

and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: and twenty cubits was the length,

and the height in the breadth was five cubits, answerable to the hangings of the 19 court. And their pillars were four, and their sockets of brass four; their hooks O of silver, and the overlaying of their chapiters and their fillets of silver. And all the spins of the tabernacle, and of the court round about, were of brass.

ch. 27. 19. 21 This is the sum of the tabernacle, even of the tabernacle of testimony, as it was Num. 1. 50, 53: %.

counted, according to the commandment of Moses, for the service of the Levites, 18.2; 2Chr. 24. 6; 22 by the hand of Ithamar, son to Aaron the priest. And - Bezaleel the son of Uri, Ram: 428, 33. the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that the LORD commander Moses.

ch. 31. 2,6 23 And with him was Aholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver,

and a cunning workman, and an embroiderer in blue, and in purple, and in scarlet,

and fine linen. 24 All the gold that was occupied for the work in all the work of the holy place,

even the gold of the offering, was twenty and nine talents, and seven hundred and thirty shekels, after y the shekel of the sanctuary.

y ch. 30. 13, 24: Le 5 25 And the silver of them that were numbered of the congregation was an hundred 2018 1

talents, and a thousand seven hundred and threescore and fifteen shekels, after 2 the shekel of the sanctuary; ' a bekah for every man, that is, half a shekel, after ch. 30. 13, 15.

the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty

years old and upward, for a six hundred thousand and three thousand and five a ch. 12. 37; Num. 27 hundred and fifty men. And of the hundred talents of silver were cast the 5 ch. 26. 19, 21, 25, 32.

sockets of the sanctuary, and the sockets of the vail; an hundred sockets of the 28 hundred talents, a talent for a socket. And of the thousand seven hundred

seventy and five shekels he made hooks for the pillars, and overlaid their chapiters,

and filleted them. 29 And the brass of the offering was seventy talents, and two thousand and four 30 hundred shekels. And therewith he made the sockets to the door of the taber

nacle of the cougregation, and the brasen altar, and the brasen grate for it, and 31 all the vessels of the altar, and the sockets of the court round about, and the

sockets of the court gate, and all the pins of the tabernacle, and all the pins of the

court round about. 39 And of the blue, and purple, and scarlet, they made d cloths of service, to doch

dch. 31. 10; 35 19. service in the holy place, and made the holy garments for Aaron; as the LORD

commanded Moses. ? And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined

ch. 286 3 linen. And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work

1 Brazen (or, copper) or other metallic mirrors were a / viii. 25. A Jewish commentator, Aben Ezra, says, “They common female ornament among the Egyptians and came daily to the tabernacle to pray, and to hear the Israelites.

words of the law.' See 1 Sam. ii. 22; Luke ü. 37. ? Perhaps of the serving,' or ministering 'women, who 3 The talent being three thousand shekels, this exaotly served at the gate of the tabernacle of the congregation.' | agrees with ver. 26. The value of the gold and silver was The same Hebrew word is used with reference to the about 200,0001.; towards which the parting gifts of the Services of the priests. See Numb. iv. 23, 35, 39, etc.; | Egyptians no doubt contributed largely.

15: 29.3, 25; Num.

1. 46.

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it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with 4 cunning work. They made shoulder-pieces for it, to couple it together: by the 5 two edges was it coupled together. And the curious girdle of his ephod, that

was upon it, was of the same, according to the work thereof; of gold, blue, and

purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; as the LORD commanded Moses." 6 8 And they wrought onyx stones inclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets 7 are graven, with the names of the children of Israel. And he put them on the

shoulders of the ephod, that they should be stones for a *memorial to the children

of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses. 8 i And he made the breastplate of cunning work, like the work of the ephod ; ich. 28. " 9 of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen. It was foursquare;

they made the breastplate double: a span was the length thereof, and a span the 10 breadth thereof, being doubled. "And they set in it four rows of stones: the *ch. 28. 17, etc. 11 first row was a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this was the first row. And 12 the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. And the third row, a 13 ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a 14 jasper: they were inclosed in ouches of gold in their inclosings. And the stones

were according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their

names, like the engravings of a signet, every one with his name, according to the 15 twelve tribes. And they made upon the breastplate chains at the ends, of 16 wreathen work of pure gold. And they made two ouches of gold, and two gold 17 rings; and put the two rings in the two ends of the breastplate. And they put

the two wreathen chains of gold in the two rings on the ends of the breastplate. 18 And the two ends of the two wreathen chains they fastened in the two ouches, 19 and put them on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, before it. And they made two

rings of gold, and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, upon the border of 20 it, which was on the side of the ephod inward. And they made two other golden

rings, and put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the fore

part of it, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the 21 ephod. And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod

with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that

the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as the Lordcommanded Moses. 22 And he made the robe of the ephod of woven work, all of blue. And there 23 was an hole in the midst of the robe, as the hole of an habergeon, with a band 24 round about the hole, that it should not rend. And they made upon the hems of 25 the robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen. And

they made mbells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates upon nch. 28. 26 the hem of the robe, round about between the pomegranates; a bell and a pome

granate, a bell and a pomegranate, round about the hem of the robe to minister

in; as the LORD commanded Moses. 27 . And they made coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and for his sons, 1 " eh. -42. 28 and a mitre of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches ch. X 4,33; Ers 29 of fine twined linen, 4 and a girdle of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and Peh. X2

scarlet, of needlework; as the LORD commanded Moses. 30 "And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote upon it a ch. 23631 writing, like to the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD. And

they tied unto it a lace of blue, to fasten it on high upon the mitre; as the LORD

commanded Moses. 32 Thus was all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation finished: and the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses,

W 2540 so did they. 33 And they brought the tabernacle unto Moses, the tent, and all his furniture, 34 his taches, his boards, his bars, and his pillars, and his sockets, and the covering

of rams' skins dyed red, and the covering of badgers' skins, and the rail of the 35 covering, the ark of the testimony, and the staves thereof, and the mercy seat, 36 the table, and all the vessels thereof, and the show bread, the pure candlestick, 37 with the lamps thereof, even with the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels 38 thereof, and the oil for light, and the golden altar, and the anointing oil, and the 39 sweet incense, and the hanging for the tabernacle door, the brasen altar, and his 40 grate of brass, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot, the hangings

of the court, his pillars, and his sockets, and the hanging for the court gate, his

cords, and his pins, and all the vessels of the service of the tabernacle, for the 41 tent of the congregation, the cloths of service to do service in the holy place, and

the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons' garments, to minister in the 42 priest's office. According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children 43 of Israel made all the work. And Moses did look upon all the work, and, 1ch. & 10.

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Le. 9. 22, 23; Num. 6.237 Jav, 22. 6: 2 Sam6. 18; 1 K. & 14; 2 Chr. 31. 27.

y ver. 17. ch. 26. 1, 30.
• ver. 21 : eh. 26. 33:

Num. 45
ser. 42: ch. 26. 35
ver. 23; ch. 2. 30;

vers. 24, 25

ver. 30; ch. 30. 18.

* Num. 28 13

behold, they had done it as the Lord had commanded, even so had they done it: 1 and Moses a blessed them.

The tabernacle set up, and filled with the glory of the Lord. 40 AND the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, On the first day of the first month -eh. 12. 1, 2; 12. 4. 3 shalt thou set up the tabernaclel of the tent of the congregation. And : thou

shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the vail. 4 And thou shalt bring in the table, and set in order the things that are to be

set in order upon it; and thou shalt bring in the candlestick, and light the Lar. 24.,6. 5 lamps thereof." And thou shalt set the altar of gold for the incense before the & ver. 26. 6 ark of the testimony, and put the hanging of the door to the tabernacle. And

thou shalt set the altar of the burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of 7 the tent of the congregation. And thou shalt set the laver between the tent of 8 the congregation and the altar, and shalt put water therein. And thou shalt set 9 up the court round about, and hang up the hanging at the court gate. And thou

shalt take the anointing oil, and anoint the tabernacle, and all that is therein, ch. 30. 26. 10 and shalt hallow it, and all the vessels thereof: and it shall be holy. And thou

shalt anoint the altar of the burnt offering, and all his vessels, and sanctify the 11 altar : and s it shall be an altar most holy. And thou shalt anoint the laver and ch. P. 36, 37. 12 his foot, and sanctify it. " And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons unto the door A Le. 8. 1–13. 13 of the tabernacle of the congregation, and wash them with water. And thou shalt

put upon Aaron the holy garments, i and anoint him, and sanctify him; that he ich. 2. 41. 14 may minister unto me in the priest's office. And thou shalt bring his sons, and 15 clothe them with coats: and thou shalt anoint them, as thou didst anoint their

father, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office: for their anointing

shall surely be an everlasting3 priesthood throughout their generations. 16 Thus did Moses : according to all that the LORD commanded him, so did he. 17 And it came to pass in the first month, in the second year, 4 on the first day of the 18 month, that the tabernacle was reared up. And Moses reared up the tabernacle, ver. I; Num. 7. 1.

and fastened his sockets, and set up the boards thereof, and put in the bars thereof, 19 and reared up his pillars. And he spread abroad the tents over the tabernacle,

and put the covering of the tent above upon it; as the LORD commanded Moses. 20 And he took and put " the testimony into the ark, and set the staves on the ark, meh. 25. 16. 91 and put the mercy seat above upon the ark: and he brought the ark into the

tabernacle, and a set up the vail of the covering, and covered the ark of the eh. 26. 33; 35. 12.

testimony; as the LORD commanded Moses. 22 And he put the table in the tent of the congregation, upon the side of the ch. 26 35. 23 tabernacle northward, without the vail. P And he set the bread in order upon it P ver. 4.

before the LORD; as the Lord had commanded Moses. 24 And he put the candlestick in the tent of the congregation, over against the eb. 26. 35. 35 table, on the side of the tabernacle southward. And he lighted the lamps before 'ver. 4; ch. 25. 37.

the LORD; as the Lord commanded Moses. % 'And he put the golden altar in the tent of the congregation before the vail: ver. 5; ch.20 6. 27 and he burnt sweet incense thereon; as the LORD commanded Moses.

I ch.3). 7. 38 "And he set up the hanging at the door of the tabernacle. - And he put the "ver. 5. ch. 26. 36.

ver. 6. 29 altar of burnt offering by the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the con

gregation, and offered upon it the burnt offering and the meat offering; as the . 28, ete.

LORD commanded Moses. 30 And he set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and ver. 7; cb. 30.12 31 put water there, to wash withal. And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed 32 their hands and their feet thereat: when they went into the tent of the congrega

tion, and when they came near unto the altar, they washed; "as the LORD com ch. 30. 19, 20.

manded Moses. 33 And he reared up the court round about the tabernacle and the altar, and set

up the hanging of the court gate. So Moses finished the work. 34 Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD ch. 29. 43; 1». 16. ?: 35 filled the tabernacle. And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the con- |

gregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the Lord filled the 36 tahernacle. And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the

dl.ev. 16. 9; 1 Ki. 37 children of Israel went onward in all their journeys: but Sif the cloud were not 38 taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up. For the

clond of the LORD was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night,
in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
I This means the interior wooden structure. See ver. 19.| 5 The under or linen covering.
? Or, "hide. The ark was behind the vail.

6 That is, the tables of the covenant. 3 To last as long as the Jewish dispensation did.

7 The visible sign of Jehovah's special presence, called 4 Or the Israelites' deliverance.

| the Shekinah.

1.8: eh. 27. 9, 16.

Nuni, 9. 15; Iki. R 10, 11 ; 2 (hr. 5. 13. 7. 2; 15. 6. 4; Hag. 27, 9; Res. 15. &

11:2 (hr. 3. 14. • Nun, 9. 17-23: 10

11: NR. 9. 19: Px. 78. 14: 1. 4. 5. 6.

Num. 9. 19& eh. 13. 21; Num.

9. 15

THE THIRD BOOK OF MOSES, CALLED

LEVITICUS.

This book is called 'Leviticus,' because it contains the laws | unblemished perfection required in the victim to be relating to Divine worship, of which the Levites were the offered; and by the restriction of the priestly functions appointed ministers among the Hebrews. Its ceremonial, to a class of men who were specially set apart for these civil, and judicial enactments are unrivalled by those of duties, and upon whom repeated purifications were enany 'nation of antiquity, for their pure morality - the joined. Further, by the death of the atoning victim, to wisdom, justice, and beneficence of their provisions which the worshipper had transferred his sins by laying and the dignity and impressiveness of their rites. his hands upon its head, and by the presentation to God

of the blood, which represented the life, the important The ceremonial observances here prescribed had, among truth was taught that the desert of sin was that extreme others, the following important designs :

and irremediable punishment called the second death,' 1. They were evidently in some respects sanitary regu- / which could be averted only by the substitution of a lations. This was one purpose of the laws relating to vicarious sacrifice. Thus, by means of impressive symbols, various purifications, the separation of lepers, and the the worshippers were constantly reminded of the justine distinction of meats, etc.

and sanctity of the violated law, and of their own guilti2. They also served to perpetuate among the Israelites ness and need of Divine mercy; and, when these services the knowledge of the true God, to maintain reverence for were performed in a right spirit, their minds would be holy things, and to call forth and exercise religious feel- inspired with a humble hope of mercy, leading to corings in the midst of their daily conduct, and in all the responding gratitude, obedience, and love. relations of life. The sacred festivals, in particular, were 6. These various institutions also prefigured greater valuable for these purposes, as well as for keeping up the and better things to come. We learn, from the inspired remembrance of the distinguished benefits which had commentary on this book contained in the epistle to the been conferred upon the nation.

Hebrews, that the priesthood, the sacrifices, and the whole 3. They had the effect, further, of preventing too close Mosaic ritual, typified the person and work of the Great connection and admixture of the Israelites with sur- | Deliverer, who had been announced from the very era of rounding nations (see Eph. ii. 14); and thus of guard- the fall, and that complete and everlasting redemption ing them from the idolatry and corruption which reigned which he was to accomplish when the fulness of the universally in the world; and preserving them as an time was come.' entirely distinct nation, until the time came when this barrier should no longer be necessary, because the gos This book may be divided into four principal sections:pel should be sent to every creature which is under I. The laws concerning the several kinds of SACRIheaven.'

FICES: the burnt-offering (ch. i.); meat-offering (ii.); 4. The ceremonial institutions had another important peace-offering (iii.); offering for sins of ignorance (iv.); use connected with their symbolical meaning. In con- | trespass-offering (v., vi, 1–7); and instructions to the descension to the moral and intellectual state of the people, priests concerning the offerings (vi. 8-30; vii.) who were not yet capable of readily apprehending Divine II. The institution of the PRIESTHOOD, and the contruth, spiritual things were represented by outward and secration of Aaron and his sons; together with the sin visible objects. For instance, ideas of moral purity and and punishment of Nadab and Abihu (viïi...) of the Divine holiness were communicated and cherished III. Laws relating to PURIFICATIONS (xi.---xxii.) by the repeated ablutions of their persons and dwellings; IV. Laws concerning the SACRED FESTIVALS, vows, by the selection of clean animals for sacrifice; by thé | and TITHES (xxiii.-xxvii.)

The law of the burnt-offering. 1 AND the LORD ' called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle

a Ex. 19. & 2 of the congregation, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, • Ex. 40. 34, 35; Nom.

If any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, 1 ye shall bring your offering ch, 2. 18, 19; Ge. of the cattle, even of the herd, and of the flock.

4 ch, 6 9-3; P 3 If his offering 2 be da burnt sacrifice of the herd, 3 let him offer a male without chan; 1 33:2

blemish : he shall offer it' of his own voluntary will4 at the door of the taber4 nacle of the congregation before the LORD, & And he shall put his hand upon the

head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him ' to make atonement 7,8; : Cer. 5 for him. And he5 shall kill the * bullock before the LORD: 'and the priests, ch. 23 13:45 Aaron's sons, shall bring the blood, ** and sprinkle the blood 6 round about upon 21 Fx A 1915 19

A eh. 2. 21, 3: . 6 the altar that is by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. And he shall 67RA 12. 1;

Puil 4 18 7 flay the burnt offering, and cut it into his pieces. And the sons of Aaron theich. 4. 216. 31,3; 15. 25; ? Chr. 29. 22-24; Dan. 9. 24; Ro. 3. 25; 4 11; Heb. 2. 17:10 10-12. ch. 16. 15; Mic. 6.6 12 Chr. 35. 11; Heb. 10. 11.

2,8, 13; Heb. 12. 24; 1 Pet. 1. 2.

12. 4,5

4. 3

15; Am. S

19-29, 4; Ex. 125:
Detu. 15 21: N.
14; Eph. 6 . Hr
9 14; 1 Per. L. 12

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9. 7: 16 21; Nuo

I Various kinds of sacrifices, with different ceremonies, 3 The three classes of victims here mentioned, viz., were prescribed, in order to give as complete a repre- 1 bullocks (ver. 3), sheep or goats (ver. 10), and fowls (ver sentation as possible of all the great truths respecting the 14), were suited to the means of different classes of persinner's reconciliation to God; and to afford suitable sons; for God accepteth according to what a man hath expression to the diversified wants and feelings of the (2 Cor. viii. 12). The discretion thus permitted would worshippers.

also tend to turn attention to the substance as distin2 This is evidently a voluntary offering, like those in guished from the mere type. . ch. ii., iii.; but it is to be wholly consumed. It might 4 Or, ‘for his acoeptance before Jehovah.' be made under a deep sense of general sinfulness (as dis 5 That is, the offerer, taking some ostensible part in tinguished from the sin and trespass offerings, ch. iv., v.), what was chietly done by the practised Levites. or as an expression of special and entire devotion to 6 By this act the life of the victim was considered as God.

presented to God.

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