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As an example of the class of subjects which should dental inquiries, is a business which ought to be im. be left to the discretion of the Department, I may re- posed on a gentleman of dignity and honor, and not fer to the matter of dress. This is evidently not a rather upon some such person as the late Mr. Brown proper matter for the interference of Congress. It of Grace Church, with such assistance as he might ochappens, indeed, that the present law prohibiting to casionally need from the office of Mr. Pinkerton ? diplomats any kind of official dress or uniform has There is serious danger that the people, in their certain advantages. These uniforms are expensive, a disgust at such exhibitions of the silly side of the full equipment, even for an attaché or secretary, costing diplomatic service as have been witnessed, may rush from five hundred to a thousand dollars. This would some time to the extreme measure, which has more be more than a secretary who was receiving a salary of than once been urged, of abolishing the diplomatic $2000 a year, and who was liable at any time to lose his service, and so solving at a stroke these momentous place, could afford to pay. It might seem to be just as questions of costume, and eligibility, and fitness for well, therefore, that the diplomat should have the law distinguished society, which now perplex the counas an excuse for his not going to this expense. Still, cils of the nation. This would be a pity, for there is this is obviously not a subject upon which there should no doubt that the Government has business to transact be a hard and fast rule.
with other governments, from time to time, sufficient I am aware that these are suggestions which would to justify the keeping of a competent agent in comnot be well received by the American politician of the munication with the office of foreign affairs in each old style. They are, indeed, of a kind one would not important capital. The Administration which should have thought of making a few years ago. The truth succeed in rigorously cutting down the whole diplois, the spirit of reform has already accomplished so matic service to this business basis, and should say much in this country that it is very cheerful about its boldly, the United States, having no “court ” at which prospects of success in the future. It is less and less to receive embassies, is not in a position to send amafraid to support any principle which has justice on its bassadors to court, but only ministers to “reside near side. I do not believe that it will cease its endeavors the Foreign Office, would at once unload itself of a muluntil the Government shall be an example in the midst titude of vexatious and contemptibly paltry questions, of us of honor, reason, and good taste, which last, as and set our Government and our people in a logical, has been said, is only a finer kind of justice.
consistent, and dignified relation towards other gov
ernments. Let it be added that this measure would be E. S. Nadal.
one of appreciable economy and of general popularity.
Only Miss Flora McFlimsy and her friends would seAn American Diplomacy.
riously lament, and the young gentlemen whose talents
for distinguished society inspire them with longings for The questions which have been pressed upon the the position of attaché. minds of many citizens by recent incidents of our dip
Will any one tell us what danger it would involve lomatic service go much deeper than mere matters to the Republic if our business with the British Gov. of organization and administration. The occasions on
ernment should be intrusted no longer to an Envoy which, of late, the service has been brought most con- Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near the spicuously to the public attention have been the per- Court of St. James, but to a competent attorney, like sistent efforts of certain traveling Americans to secure
Mr. Phelps, near Downing Street; and if this function. introduction into a certain circle of society into which ary should be instructed that he had no official duties they claimed a certain indefeasible right, as American whatever, either at Buckingham House or at Windsor citizens, to be introduced by the official representative Castle, and that to the Government which he repreof the Republic. And this functionary has been seriously sented it was a matter of utter indifference where he criticised in the public press for his course concerning dined or danced, or whether he dined or danced at all, these grave cases, and has been censured for his too
so long as he behaved himself with propriety and paid great ease in consenting in some cases, in others for «strict attention to business? his excessive scrupulousness in refusing. But through I am aware that these artless questions will have a the whole discussion it seems to be assumed or con- barbarian sound to the ear of the average attaché ; but ceded, first, that the Government of the United States none the less they suggest the outlines of the true is maintaining a great and costly system of “diplomatic American Diplomacy. service,” one main function of which, in quiet times,
Leonard Woolsey Bacon. is to aid the aspirations of certain citizens to be introduced in a social circle where they are not, as a rule, very much wanted; and secondly, that honorable
Moral Teaching in our Schools. gentlemen like Mr. Lowell and Mr. Phelps are officially charged with the function of rating the standing RECOGNIZING the fact that there are serious defects in the social scale of their traveling fellow-citizens, in the moral results of our school training, we have and of smelling out the antecedents of republican given below certain plans for improving our schools in women who yearn to be presented to royalty. Is it this respect which have met with much success. strange that the disinterested spectator of this paltry One very good plan is something like the following. business should begin to raise some radical questions - From two to four pupils are selected, and it is made the as (1) whether the Republic has any interest in aiding duty of each to look up and copy a short moral sentiits traveling citizens to be presented at court, and (2) ment or maxim to be read at the opening of the school whether the business of determining on the eligibility in the morning. Another set is selected to present of aspirants to such honors, and of making the inci- similar maxims the next day, and in this way all the pupils are selected in turn. When the pupil has read esty is the best policy,” can be heard a good many or repeated his sentiment to the school, it is illustrated, times with profit, and yet such a worldly-wise maxim or commented upon, by the teacher, till the meaning is will not intrench itself in the imagination of a child as not only clear but well impressed. After the reading a finer one will, nor will it be heard with quite as of the sentiments they are copied on the black-board, much favor. where they remain all day, and each pupil in the room Ten minutes a day is probably enough to give to excopies them into a blank-book. After the first day, plicit moral instruction; children must not be cloyed the teacher calls upon volunteers to repeat sentiments with it, and an intelligent teacher will have little diffigiven on preceding days. Five or six sentiments may culty in finding something fresh for this short everybe called upin review each day. Some pupils, not much day lesson. The work of inculcating good moral accustomed to general reading, may find it difficult to principles could probably be accomplished if it was look up new sentiments; but let it be understood, that scattered irregularly through the school work and if a new one cannot be found, an old one will be ac- given only as occasions arose; but if there is no especepted. Under judicious management there will be no cial time set apart for it, the pressure of the lessons is trouble here. Children do not like to be parrots, re- almost sure to crowd it out. peating the words of their mates; and when review sen- It is far better to make it an essential part of each timents are presented they will be quite sure to be such day's work. The very fact that it is given a definite place as deserve repetition.
invests it with dignity in the child's mind. Just when This plan leads to several valuable results. It keeps and how the instruction is given is of little consequence, children on the lookout for fine moral sentiments. It but it is of imperative importance that there be a deoften leads to more extensive reading, and quite gen- termined aim to give a strong and sound moral eduerally to better reading, and it directs the attention cation in our schools, a determined aim that moral to the moral import of what is read, and thus keeps instruction shall have just as recognized a place as any before the mind high ideals of thought and action. other branch of education, and that teachers shall be With this plan pursued for a year, the pupils will each held as responsible for their results in this as in arithhave copied into his book five or six hundred excellent metic. This is not impossible, nor even very difficult. maxims.
The fault is simply that it has not been attempted. Most of the shorter and better of these will have been Religious instruction has slipped out of our schools, and repeated a good many times in the school, and will have the public have not called upon teachers to substitute become well fixed in the memory of a large number of anything in its place. That teachers have not more the pupils. The frequent repetition and illustration generally taken up the work themselves seems a singuof the more striking maxims is of more importancelar oversight, resulting probably from the fact that our than the number of new ones. Children need the foun- teachers are accustomed to depend upon text-books, dation principles of right in a condensed form ready and no text-book of moral instruction has been put at hand, and as thoroughly inculcated as is the mul. into their hands; and just this right one has not been tiplication table. Variety is required to keep up a made. A quarter of a century ago, William Ellis, an lively intellectual interest, and the same sentiment found English political economist, prepared a little digest of in different authors, couched in different words, will moral and civic duties, designed for schools, which contribute to this variety, and impress the thought more developed and explained in a series of questions and deeply. Occasionally a day, or a week, or a month may answers, in catechism form, our duties in the various be given to anecdotes illustrating the favorite maxims, relations of life. Though never finding its way into or to the biographies of men whose lives have illustrated many English schools, the little books, if not just what them; or subjects may be chosen and maxims found are needed, have much merit, and are full of hints and to embody them; as, for instance, some days may be suggestions in the right direction. If teachers earnestly devoted to patriotism, when pupils will be invited to begin the work of moral instruction, the needed text. bring in sentiments that embody this virtue. Truth may book will soon appear. Many teachers have done more be selected for another time, or any other moral attri- or less of this work, and, in some cases, all the schools bute. It will be found wise to keep to one subject as long of a city have had moral lessons in their programme, as a lively interest can be maintained. More moral mo- but the work has been unorganized and irregular; it mentum will be acquired in this way than by too fre- has not become permanent,- has not secured its recogquently changing the current of thought.
nized place by the side of spelling, and writing, and Sometimes the sentiments may be restricted to poetry, arithmetic. In the kindergartens moral instruction at other times to prose; sometimes to some particular has been systematically and effectually begun, and it author,- and what a rich fountain Solomon or Pope only needs to be extended to all children and carried would prove,- sometimes to one particular nation, or on through all grades of school work. period in literature. These are only suggestions. A With careful moral instruction permanently establive teacher, determined to lop off vicious excrescences lished in our schools, our children would have reason in character, and to train the pupils into a noble man- to feel that in the public mind a knowledge of right hood and womanhood, will see what is needed, and in- and wrong is of as much consequence as a knowledge vent a thousand ways to hold the interest of the children of accounts. They do not feel so now. Our greatest till the sentiment is impressed.
educator, Horace Mann, believed if the school, and Religious instruction with children had its moral ef- the home, and the social environment were right, fect, not so much because it was derived from the Bible, right men and women would be the result; and as because of the pertinence of the stories and maxims, William T. Harris, only desiring a little element of time and the frequent repetition and the serious earnestness added, holds the same view. the teacher imparted to it. The simple maxim, “ Hon
Mary E. Beedy.
tion whether he might not more profitably to the Lord
and himself engage in some other kind of work than It is now very generally believed that there is a the ministry, for he must labor under great discouragetendency towards some organic union of the churches ment, his efforts only partly succeed, and his church of Christ in the United States. The leading men of the remain in a measure weak and helpless. different denominations are, for the most part, declaring themselves in favor of an attempt at some form of union.
C. A. Wight. They clearly perceive that the missionary interests, home and foreign, demand it. The strange thing is
The “ Ach!" School of Literature. that such convictions do not lead to practical results. When one enters the mission field and makes observa- One of the most deplorable tendencies in our modtion of what is going on there, he finds that the rivalry ern literature is that tone of melancholy resignation of the societies for the possession of the field, not in the which finds its way into much of our prose fiction and name of Christ, but in the name of sect, is as great as criticism, and still more of our poetry. “Ach!” exever it was.. For example, there is in the new West a claims Goethe ; and “ Ach!” repeats Carlyle monotofield containing a population of three thousand souls. nously after him, with remorseful variations. It seems Nine years ago this became a home missionary field. a pity that when a great writer is dyspeptic, or hapAn effort
was first made to establish a Presbyterian pens to have seated himself at his desk on a dreary, church. This having failed, a Congregational church drizzly day, or has been reviewing his past life with was organized, composed of the Presbyterian and Con- unpleasant results to his self-complacency, he must gregational people in the community, and largely sup- inflict his blues upon his hundred or thousands of ported by the missionary society of the Congrega- readers, according as he is famous. If Schiller misses tional church. In the mean time the Methodist, Baptist, the dryads and fauns in his morning stroll, is it kind Christian, and United Presbyterian societies established of him to immortalize his disappointment? How helpsuccessful missions in the same field, and two other less Heine and his brethren would be without their societies organized small churches. Recently the Con- favorite guttural sigh, which not only serves to give gregational church came to self-support, and seemed the line a vigorous start (Schiller begins five distinct in shape to do good work and to make some return by verses thus in the “Götter Griechenlands ”), but, its benevolences to the general work in other fields. quite as expressive in its way as the Frenchman's But at this point the Presbyterian society came in. It shrug, embodies a host of dismal reflections, and puts organized its church; called a pastor; made an attempt, the reader into a proper state of gloom for what is which succeeded in part, to build itself up from the to follow. membership and congregation of the Congregational It is alarming to observe that the same influence church, before that time in a harmonious and pros- is felt in some of our cheeriest as well as strongest perous condition; asked for and received from its so- poets on this side the water; while many of the secciety a grant of a considerable sum of money; and ondary authors are always holding up their little offered its pastor a salary of one thousand dollars, umbrellas, and piteously entreating us to come under The result of the movement was to give to a town, them. already having five very good Christian churches “ But it does n't rain !" and two weak organizations, an additional church at “Ach! but it's going to." the expense of the missionary society of the Presby- “And just now the sky seems very bright.” terian denomination, and also to weaken and dis- “ Then let us keep the sunshine from your weary courage the Congregational church, and make its brows." struggle for self-support, for some time to come, a Blessed be those who feel it their duty and privsevere one.
ilege to bring brightness into the world, rather than In the example cited, it happened that the Presby- clouds. Let us swing our hats for cheery faces and terians were the ones to come into the field. In other glowing hearts that diffuse gladness and courage fields some other denomination might be the one. wherever they go; that substitute light for gloom, The writer of this article does not here criticise the smiles for tears, hope for despair, glad energy of Presbyterian denomination, but aims to show that in action for stolid resignation. Who can estimate the the mission field the rivalry of sects is the same as for- good accomplished by that masterpiece of Christmerly. It is not to be expected that a great conviction mas stories, Dickens's “Carol,” pervaded as it is by will work its way into practice in a day, but would it the very spirit of peace on earth and good-will to not be a simple and easy matter for the denominations men ? to come to an agreement on union in the mission fields There are those, to be sure, to whom the minor of the country? How foolish to cry about a want of chords are most grateful. I do not mean by “minor," money and ministers for Christ's work when both are or by the use of the words “sad," "gloomy," and the wasted in sectarian warfare. Instead of theorizing in like, a mere allusion to some pathetic incident or phase papers and magazines about union, let us try some of life; a deep, uncontrollable cry of anguish, such as scheme for union regarding the expenditure of our often breaks from a sensitive heart, and finds echoes forces in fighting infidelity, worldliness, and vice in in only too many others, but a morbid tone of dethe land. The Christian minister who, wherever he spair, over the irretrievable past, the unmitigated unworks or wherever he makes observations, feels that pleasantness of the future, the worthlessness of life in his work assumes, to a considerable degree, a struggle general, and the writer's prospects in particular. Even to keep up the courage and faith of a weak church, in these desperate sentiments, I was about to say, are eaa field which has too many churches, may well ques. gerly seized upon by a certain honest but unhappy class in the community, and devoured as the most delectable suppose a sort of moral pestilence had jumped the of morsels.
quarantine the night before and descended upon Akin to these mournful singers and their special ad. America, depleting its victims' lives of all that was mirers are perhaps our good Church friends whose fresh, youthful, hopeful, and pessimizing them, as it creed is unvarying solemnity in all matters pertaining were, beyond cure. It is Ach! Ach! Ach! over and to their religion. Some one of them, I am certain, in- over again, every translator giving his own version vented the strange notion regarding our Master which and application. Poems and stories relating to Christ. MacDonald's Alec Forbes treats in characteristic mas and Thanksgiving with the true ring of gladness fashion :
and good cheer in them are rare; while autumn leaves, “We dinṇa hear 'at the Saviour himsel' ever sae particularly the “sear” variety, are as popular mediums muckle as smiled," said he.
for the transmission of woes as were the Sibyl's of old. “ Weel, that wad hae been little wonner, wi' what There is real trouble enough in the world, a pitiful he had upo' 'm. But I ’m nae sure that he dinna, for God knows. Let us have words of sympathy, of grave, a' that. Fowk disna aye tell whan a body lauchs. I’m sweet counsel in our sorrow, you pen-wielders whom thinkin' gin ane o' the bairnies that he took upo’'s knee we admit to our inmost selves at times when no living - an' he was ill-pleased wi' them 'at wad hae shewed presence could be borne. Tell us, if you will, of your them awa'— gin ane o' them had hauden up his wee own sad experiences, and how you found consolation timmer horsie, wi' a broken leg, and had prayed him in them; remind us, and we shall be grateful, that life to work a miracle an' men’ the leg, he wadna hae is a solemn, earnest thing, by no means to be laughed wrocht a miracle maybe, I daursay, but he wad hae at or lightly tripped through : but do not call upon us smilit, or maybe lauchen a wee, and he wad hae men't to shudder over vaguely impending terrors; do not the leg some gait or ither, to please the bairnie.” scrape from your palette the living colors of crimson
The immediate and practical bearing of this whole petal, and golden maple-bough, and the changing sheen tendency towards the lugubrious Ach is important. of the rainbow, bidding us solace ourselves with mist Every editor who has to deal with purely literary con- and ashes of roses. It is the feet of him that bringeth tributions will bear witness that nine-tenths of the good tidings that are beautiful upon the mountains ; verses offered by young writers nowadays are of this he who publisheth peace is the true benefactor of his morbidly melancholy class. To look over the manu- fellow-men. scripts in a single morning's mail would lead one to
Willis Boyd Allen.