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among the wall-flowers, she had known better of the Revolution. Until Washington, unwilling days. Founded upon the site of a trading-post to be thought influenced in such a matter by his by the Washingtons, the Fairfaxes, the Alexan- own individual interest, selected the opposite ders, and other men of note, many prophecies bank of the Potomac as the site of the National were made as to her future greatness. By vir- Capitol, the little Virginia town had every right

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tue of her natural position, her remarkable to expect the distinction for herself. With this river-front, her dignity as one of the leading act of characteristic unselfishness on the part municipalities in Virginia, her connection with of the great Republican, her dream of greatthe most prominent families in the State, all ness came abruptly to an end, and at Washeyes were turned upon the favored spot. ington's death her mainspring seemed to snap. From countries oversea, many settlers were What growth there has been since has been tempted to cast in their lot with the future like growth in sleep. To visit Alexandria, metropolis. Merchants of divers nationalities to-day, is to set a wholesome break upon the took up their abode and displayed their wares rushing wheels of nineteenth-century progress. in her aristocratic thoroughfares. Every sign Around her ancient homes and churches hangs foretold that Alexandria would be quickly a haze of dignified tradition. The cobbleand substantially built up. Among the set- stones of her streets prate of figures famed in tlers was a company of canny Scotch traders; history. a band of Jacobite soldiers, scattered after the In the treasure-house of the Washington battle of Culloden, also became her active Lodge of Freemasons may be seen many citizens. Soon, the wharves were crowded carefully preserved relics of the greatest of with shipping. Many a white-winged messen- Alexandrians; notably, the clock taken from ger sailed down the broad bosom of the his chamber at Mount Vernon, its hands still Potomac to carry the products of bountiful pointing to the hour when he breathed his last. Virginia to the mother-land, fetching, on the Here, also, are displayed portraits of Washreturn voyage, bricks with which to con- ington, of Jefferson, of Lafayette, of Thomas, struct the substantial mansions of the Alexan- Lord Fairfax, the recluse of Greenway Courtdrian burghers, as well as carpets, porcelain, this latter being the only known picture of a furniture, carriages, and wines. Inspired by most picturesque figure upon the canvas of the continual zeal and wisdom of her fore- early Virginian days. Of this venerable lodge, most citizen, George Washington, the pros- a chapter of exceptional interest to antiquarians perity of Alexandria did not flag until the war might be separately written. Unfortunately, the museum attached to the lodge and founded in 1811 was after sixty years of existence recently consumed by fire. Among the treasures it contained, then reduced to ashes or scattered to the four winds of heaven, were flags carried by local companies in the war of the Revolution ; the flag of Washington's life-guard; a collection of Indian relics of authenticated history; a number of portraits, including one of Martha, wife of Washington, in her girlhood; sundry Washington letters; card-tables and a settee from Mount Vernon ; and various objects of minor value. The bier upon which Washington was carried to his tomb, the crape that hung upon the door at Mount Vernon to announce his death, and the military saddle

habitually used by the great commander, long

carefully enshrined in the museum, also disapCHAMBER CLOCK of our illustrious Brother

peared on the occasion of the fire, but are believed Past Master Gen George WASHINGTON by the authorities to have been stolen. Of the of Alexandria Washington Lodge No22 Who died Decr 14.* 1799 at 10:20PM.

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relics of Washington still remaining in possession of the lodge, now sealed behind glass, in a niche of the main hall, are seen an apron and sash" worked by the hands of the Fairly Fair"- the Marquise de Lafayette—and worn by Washington at the laying of the southeast corner-stone of the United States Capitol in 1793; fragments of the tents he occupied at the time of the surrender of Yorktown, and of the one he used on Dorchester Heights; his field-compass, farm-spurs, and bits of clothing, etc., all regarded by faithful Virginians as intrinsically precious as the jewels of a crown.

Another landmark of old Alexandria is the Carlyle house on Fairfax street, occupied for a time, through the courtesy of its owner, John Carlyle, Esq., by the British general Braddock, and since popularly known as Braddock's Headquarters. This square and substantial stone house, once surrounded by a lawn


stretching to the river-bank, is full of associa- Fairfax, who is to go to her first ball under tions with the historic past. In its paneled her Aunt Carlyle's wing that night. Sally drawing-room, early in April of the year 1755, pirouettes, laughs, warns her beloved general General Braddock and Admiral Keppel held that her comrade must be light of foot and conference with the executive representatives tireless, then ends by challenging him to a trial of various colonies concerning plans for the of his skill. Somebody sits down to the spinet, proposed hostilities of the English against the and straightway the quaint measure of the oldFrench and Indian allies along the Ohio time dance is heard. The general lays his and St. Lawrence rivers. There were present hand upon his heart and bows. Sally courtesies five governors : * Dinwiddie of Virginia, De demurely, her eyes full of merriment. They Lancey of New York, Morris of Pennsylvania, dance; the others applaud — suddenly, Mr. Sharpe of Maryland, Shirley of Massachusetts. Carlyle looks in to tell them that the hour To meet this honorable council, and to give has passed when everybody was expecting the them the benefit of his knowledge of Indian war- guest of the occasion to make his entry into fare, Major Washington was summoned from the rooms. Such is a story those walls, could Mount Vernon. In spite of the marked im- they but speak, might tell! pression made upon the council as a body by All good Americans should have, as all good the young soldier's wise and moderate opin- Alexandrians have, a warm sentiment of revions, Braddock declined to act upon Washing- erence for Old Christ Church. Ivy-clad and ton's advice as to the best method of dealing substantial, it stands, save for the addition of a with the Indians, and the expedition against bell-tower, pretty much as it was finished in Fort Duquesne (from which Washington did 1773, at a cost of many thousands of pounds of not withhold his own services as an aid on the tobacco to the pious burghers of the town, staff of the commander) setting forth within under a special contract guaranteeing to them the ensuing week, ended shortly in the fierce the best of English brick, mortar reversing battle of Monongahela, when Braddock fell, the proportion of meaner modern days, twoand was buried near the field. It was in this thirds of lime, one-third of sand, with a roof of bloody conflict, it may be recalled, that an juniper shingles three-quarters of an inch in Indian chief, pointing to Washington, cried to thickness. For so our fathers builded better his braves, “ Fire at him no more. See ye not than we know! that the Great Spirit protects that chief. He Among the first pews of Christ Church sold cannot die in battle!"

in perpetuity, was that for which George WashThe Carlyle house, where the disastrous ington paid the highest price given. Therecampaign was planned, stands to this day, after, this pew was a constant object of interest although hemmed in and half lost to sight by to the congregations of the place, as indeed it the encompassing walls of a hotel. A more continues to be, being still carefully preserved, pleasant memory of that ancient mansion is of and inscribed with the name of its original the frequent occasions when Mr. and Mrs. owner. A great treat to early Christ Church Carlyle received their good friends General goers was the arrival of the family from Mount and Mrs. Washington, who drove up from Vernon, sometimes a little delayed beyond the Mount Vernon intending to “dine and lie” opening of the service by the tenacity of Fairat Alexandria. The writer retains, together fax county mud. Seated near her husband in the with a bit of puce brocade resplendently flow- square, high-backed pew was a gentle lady, still ered in crimson, green, and tarnished silver, styled by the gossips of the congregation “ the representing the glories of “Grandmamma” widow Custis that was.” That same year of 1773 Carlyle's gown assumed for a birthnight ball, was made memorably sad by the death, at sixa distinct impression of the scene described teen, of the pretty, frail creature the townspeoby a family chronicler. The group of ladies in ple had been accustomed to see sitting on the the paneled parlor gather, splendid in trains front seat of the chariot from Mount Vernon, carried over the arm, lappets and pinners of blushing like a rose in her coal-scuttle bonnet, antique mechlin, powdered locks and superin- and like a rose, too, destined to endure but cumbent feathers. They laugh and chatter, the “space of a morning.” Miss Custis, Mrs. rally the general as to who shall first claim Washington's daughter of her first marriage, him as her partner in the dance, and sip their died in June, 1773, a short time before the coffee from cups of jasper spode. The general marriage of her brother John Parke Custis to declares that his dancing days are over, but Miss Nelly Calvert. When Washington attendthat he must have one minuet with little Sally ed service at Christ Church, in the pews around

*“ Alexandria has been honored with five governors have been occasioned by the commodious and pleasant in consultation; a favorable presage, I hope, not only situation of the place, which prognosticates population, of the success of this expedition, but of the future and increase of a flourishing trade.”—[ Washington's greatness of the town; for surely such a meeting must letter to W. Fairfax, 23d April, 1755.]

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him were gathered the Fairfaxes, Carlyles, of a parish foundling. Stories are still told of Paynes, Alexanders, Herberts, Muirs, Flem- the two female sextons of this church-one ings, Ramseys, and others of the gentry of the Susanna Edwards, and her successor, Mistress town. It was the custom of these good neigh- Cook. Imagine a congregation of to-day under bors to assemble in the church-yard, after the rule of an awe-inspiring dame who marches

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service, to exchange greetings; and from group up and down the tiled aisles, locking the pewto group went Washington, shaking hands and doors upon late arrivals, supplying prayeranswering inquiries till the patience of his wife books to the non-devotional, and darting looks and that of the well-bred horses champing of ire upon hapless Eutychus ! at their bits in the street adjoining were alike In walking through the streets of Alexanexhausted. In this quiet spot not a few of the dria, to-day, one sees residences keeping up friends then wont to assemble have laid them the traditions of prosperous hospitality. Indown to everlasting rest, their names and vir- closed within high-walled gardens, where the tues written upon gray slabs carved with cherub Southern sun coaxes from mellow soil jasmines heads and weeping-willows, now blurred with yellow and white, roses in prodigal variety, lichen and dark with weather-stains, and honeysuckle, and all other sweet-smelling thither have their children's children come to things, the owners of these homes dwell year sleep beside them. In the days when Christ after year unambitious of change, gazing conChurch was still subject to the jurisdiction of tentedly from afar upon that “microcosm on the Bishop of London, the vestrymen had civil stilts yclept the great world.” It is the business power to levy taxes, to bind out apprentices, quarters of the town that strike most forcibly to make surveys, to receive fines for broken the visitor from one of the present centers of game-laws. The rector's salary was paid in American commerce. From this old-time seat tobacco, although we find accorded an award of Virginia custom, the "fret and fever of specof eight pounds (of money, not the staple ulation" have forever fled. In the line of wareweed) to one William Shakespeare for his care houses along the wharves, the “ quick pulse of

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