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the staff, and the general was induced to go over to Meade's headquarters with us and get some coffee, in the hope that it would do him good. He seemed to feel a little better now, and after writing the following letter to Lee and dispatching it, he prepared to move forward. The letter was as follows:
“ April 9th, 1865. “ GENERAL: Your note of yesterday is received. I have no authority to treat on the subject of peace. The meeting proposed for 10 A. M. to-day from the Richmond and Lynchburg roads to the could lead to no good. I will state, however, that I am Farmville and Lynchburg road. I am at this writing equally desirous for peace with yourself, and the whole about four miles west of Walker's Church, and will North entertains the same feeling. The terms upon push forward to the front for the purpose of meeting which peace can be had are well understood. By the you. Notice sent to me on this road where you wish South laying down their arms, they would hasten that the interview to take place will meet me. most desirable event, save thousands of human lives,
“ U. S. GRANT, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL.” and hundreds of millions of property not yet destroyed. Seriously hoping that all our difficulties may be settled
He handed this to Colonel Babcock of the without the loss of another life, I subscribe myself, etc., staff, with directions to take it to General Lee
“ U. S. GRANT, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL. by the most direct route. Mounting his horse “ GENERAL R. E. LEE."
again, the general rode on at a trot towards It was proposed to him to ride during the Appomattox Court House. When five or six day in a covered ambulance which was at miles from the town, Colonel Newhall, Sherihand, instead of on horseback, so as to avoid dan's adjutant-general, came riding up from the intense heat of the sun, but this he declined the direction of Appomattox and handed the to do and soon after mounted “ Cincinnati” general a communication. This proved to and struck off towards New Store. From that be a duplicate of the letter from Lee which point he went by way of a cross-road to the Lieutenant Pease had brought in from Meade's south side of the Appomattox with the inten- lines. Lee was so closely pressed that he tion of moving around to Sheridan's front. was anxious to communicate with Grant by While riding along the wagon road which runs the most direct means, and as he could not from Farmville to Appomattox Court House at tell with which column Grant was moving, a point eight or nine miles east of the latter he sent in one copy of his letter on Meade's place, Lieutenant Pease of Meade's staff over- front and one on Sheridan’s. Colonel Newtook him with a dispatch. It was found to be hall joined our party, and after a few mina reply from Lee, which had been sent in toutes' halt to read the letter, we continued our our lines on Humphreys's front. It read as ride towards Appomattox. On the march I follows:
had asked the general several times how he
“ April 9th, 1865. felt. To the same question now he said, “ The “GENERAL: I received your note of this morning on pain in my head seemed to leave me the mothe picket-line, whither I had come to meet you and ment I got Lee's letter.” The road was filled ascertain definitely what terms were embraced in your proposal of yesterday with reference to the surrender with men, animals and wagons, and to avoid of this army. I now ask an interview, in accordance these and shorten the distance, we turned with the offer contained in your letter of yesterday, for slightly to the right and began to “cut across that purpose.
R. E. LEE, GENERAL. “LIEUTENANT-GENERAL U. S. GRANT.”
lots"; but before going far we spied men con
spicuous in gray, and it was seen that we were Pease also brought a note from Meade, say- moving towards the enemy's left flank and that ing that at Lee's request he had read the com- a short ride farther would take us into his lines. munication addressed to General Grant and It looked for a moment as if a very awkward in consequence of it had granted a short truce. condition of things might possibly arise, and
The general, as soon as he had read these Grant become a prisoner in Lee's lines instead letters, dismounted, sat down on the grassy of Lee in his. Such a circumstance would have bank by the roadside, and wrote the following given rise to an important cross-entry in the reply to Lee:
system of campaign book-keeping. There was
“ April 9th, 1865. “GENERAL R. E. LEE, Commanding C. S. Army:
only one remedy — to retrace our steps and "Your note of this date is but this moment (1:50 strike the right road, which was done without A. M.) received, in consequence of my having passed serious discussion. About 1 o'clock the little
village of Appomattox Court House with its where General Lee was. Babcock told me half-dozen houses came in sight, and soon we afterwards that in carrying General Grant's were entering its single street. It is situated last letter he passed through the enemy's lines on some rising ground, and beyond the coun- and found General Lee a little more than half try slopes down into a broad valley. The en- a mile beyond Appomattox Court House. He emy was seen with his columns and wagon was lying down by the roadside on a blanket trains covering the low ground. Our cavalry, which had been spread over a few fer.ce rails the Fifth Corps, and part of Ord's command on the ground under an apple-tree, which was were occupying the high ground to the south part of an orchard. This circumstance furand west of the enemy, heading him off com- nished the only ground for the widespread repletely.
port that the surrender occurred under an Generals Sheridan and Ord with a group of apple-tree. Babcock dismounted upon comofficers around them were seen in the road, and ing near, and as he approached on foot, Lee as our party came up, General Grant said: sat up, with his feet hanging over the roadside “ How are you, Sheridan ?”
embankment. The wheels of the wagons in “First-rate, thank you; how are you?" cried passing along the road had cut away the earth Sheridan, with a voice and look that seemed to of this embankment and left the roots of the indicate that on his part he was having things tree projecting. Lee's feet were partly resting all his own way.
on these roots. One of his staff-officers came “ Is Lee over there ? ”asked General Grant, forward, took the dispatch which Babcock pointing up the street, having heard a rumor handed him and gave it to General Lee. that Lee was in that vicinity.
ter reading it, the general rose and said Yes, he is in that brick house," answered he would ride forward on the road on which Sheridan.
Babcock had come, but was apprehensive “Well, then, we 'll go over," said Grant. that hostilities might begin in the mean time,
The general-in-chief now rode on, accom- upon the termination of the temporary truce, panied by Sheridan, Ord, and some others, and asked Babcock to write a line to Meade and soon Colonel Babcock's orderly was seen informing him of the situation. Babcock wrote sitting on his horse in the street in front of a accordingly, requesting Meade to maintain two-story brick house, better in appearance the truce until positive orders from General than the rest of the houses. He said General Grant could be received. To save time it was Lee and Colonel Babcock had gone into this arranged that a Union officer, accompanied by house a short time before, and he was ordered one of Lee's officers, should carry this letter to post himself in the street and keep a look- through the enemy's lines. This route made out for General Grant, so as to let him know the distance to Meade nearly ten miles shorter than by the roundabout way of the Union lines. large, gray horse, which proved to be GenLee now mounted his horse and directed Col- eral Lee's, and a good-looking mare belonging onel Charles Marshall, his military secretary, to Colonel Marshall
. An orderly in gray was to accompany him. They started for Appomat- in charge of them, and had taken off their tox Court House in company with Babcock and bridles to let them nibble the grass. followed by a mounted orderly. When the party General Grant mounted the steps and enreached the village they met one of its residents, tered the house. As he stepped into the hall, named Wilbur McLean, who was told that Gen- Colonel Babcock, who had seen his approach eral Lee wanted to occupy a convenient room from the window, opened the door of the room in some house in the town. McLean ushered on the left, in which he had been sitting with them into the sitting-room of one of the first General Lee and Colonel Marshall, awaiting houses he came to, but upon looking about General Grant's arrival. The general passed and finding it quite small and meagerly fur- in, while the members of the staff
, Generals nished, Lee proposed finding something more Sheridan and Ord, and some general officers commodious and better fitted for the occasion. who had gathered in the front yard remained McLean then conducted the party to his own outside, feeling that he would probably want house, about the best one in the town, where his first interview with General Lee to be, in they awaited General Grant's arrival. a measure, private. In a few minutes Colonel
The house had a comfortable wooden porch Babcock came to the front door, and making with seven steps leading up to it. A hall ran a motion with his hat towards the sitting-room, through the middle from front to back, and said : “ The general says, come in.” It was on each side was a room having two windows, then about half-past i of Sunday, the gth of one in front and one in rear. Each room had April. We entered, and found General Grant two doors opening into the hall. The building sitting at a marble-topped table in the center stood a little distance back from the street, with of the room, and Lee sitting beside a small a yard in front, and to the left was a gate for oval table near the front window, in the corner carriages and a roadway running to a stable in opposite to the door by which we entered, and rear. We entered the grounds by this gate facing General Grant. Colonel Marshall, his and dismounted. In the yard were seen a fine military secretary, was standing at his left side.
CONFEDERATES DESTROYING THE RAILROAD FROM APPOMATTOX TOWARD LYNCHBURG, AND ARTILLERYMEN DESTROYING GUN
CARRIAGES AT NIGHTFALL, SATURDAY, APRIL 8th. (BY W. L. SHEPPARD, WHO OBSERVED THE INCIDENTS.)
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
IO (DRAWN BY W. TABER; BASED UPON THE LITHOGRAPH CALLED ".
'THE DAWN OF PEACE.
THE SURRENDER AT APPOMATTOX.
BY PERMISSION OF W. H. STELLE.)
2. General Robert E. Lee. 1. Colonel Charles Marshall, of General Lee's Staff. 8. Lieutenant-General Ulysses S. Grant. 15. Major-General Philip H. Sheridan. .7: Major-General
6. Colonel Theodore S. Bowers. 11. Colonel Frederick T. Dent. 13. Colonel Adam Badeau.
We walked in softly, and ranged ourselves of exceedingly fine workmanship, the hilt studquietly about the sides of the room, very much ded with jewels. It was said to be the sword as people enter a sick-chamber when they ex- which had been presented to him by the pect to find the patient dangerously ill. Some State of Virginia. His top-boots were comfound seats on the sofa and a few chairs which paratively new, and seemed to have on them constituted the furniture, but most of the party some ornamental stitching of red silk. Like stood.
his uniform, they were singularly clean and but The contrast between the two commanders little travel-stained. On the boots were handwas very striking, and could not fail to attract some spurs, with large rowels. A felt hat, which marked attention, as they sat ten feet apart in color matched pretty closely that of his unifacing each other.
form, and a pair of long buckskin gauntlets lay General Grant, then nearly forty-three years beside him on the table. We asked Colonel of age, was five feet eight inches in height, with Marshall afterwards how it was that both he and shoulders slightly stooped. His hair and full his chief wore such fine toggery, and looked beard were a nut-brown, without a trace of so much as if they had just turned out to go gray in them. He had on a single-breasted to church, while with us our outward garb blouse, made of dark-blue flannel, unbuttoned scarcely rose to the dignity even of the shabin front, and showing a waistcoat underneath. by-genteel.” He enlightened us regarding the He wore an ordinary pair of top-boots, with his contrast, by explaining that when their headtrousers inside, and was without spurs. The quarters wagons had been pressed so closely boots and portions of his clothes were spat- by our cavalry a few days before, and it was tered with mud. He had had on a pair of found they would have to destroy all their thread gloves, of a dark-yellow color, which he baggage except the clothes they carried on had taken off on entering the room. His felt their backs, each one, naturally, selected the “sugar-loaf” stiff-brimmed hat was thrown on newest suit he had, and sought to propitiate the table beside him. He had no sword, and a the gods of destruction by a sacrifice of his pair of shoulder-straps was all there was about second-best. him to designate his rank. In fact, aside from General Grant began the conversation by these, his uniform was that of a private soldier. saying:
Lee, on the other hand, was fully six feet in “I met you once before, General Lee, while height, and quite erect for one of his age, for we were serving in Mexico, when you came he was Grant's senior by sixteen years. His over from General Scott's headquarters to hair and full beard were a silver gray, and visit Garland's brigade, to which I then bequite thick except that the hair had become longed. I have always remembered your a little thin in front. He wore a new uniform appearance, and I think I should have recogof Confederate gray, buttoned up to the nized you anywhere.” throat, and at his side he carried a long sword “Yes," replied General Lee, “I know I
met you on that occasion, and I have often thought of it and tried to recollect how you looked, but I have never been able to recall a single feature.”
After some further mention of Mexico, General Lee said:
“I suppose, General Grant, that the object of our present meeting is fully understood. I asked to see you to ascertain upon what terms you would receive the surrender of my army."
General Grant replied:
“ The terms I propose are those stated substantially in my letter of yesterday,— that is, the officers and men surrendered to be
paroled and disqualified MCLEAN'S HOUSE, APPOMATTOx COURT HOUSE. (FROM A PHOTOGRAPH.) from taking up arms again VOL. XXXV.- 22.