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abuse acre advantage allotment already artificial become benevolence bread called capital cause CHAPTER cheap church circumstances comfort common consequence constitute continue corn laws cost created cultivated dear direct double employment equal justice evil exchange existence extension fact felicity fifty forced foreign free-will fund give given good-will half hands happiness honest human idle important increase indirect individual industry interest labour land least legislation less manufactures material means millions monopoly moral order moral sense namely nation natural necessary objection obtained operation opinion parliament poor population portion possessed possible present principle produce profits protection prove purchase realized reason rendered rent representative require rich shillings short social supposed surely things tion trade universal unjust vote wages wealth whole wrong
Página 145 - ... people as little as possible, over and above what it brings into the public treasury of the state. A tax may either take out or keep out of the pockets of the people a great deal more than it brings into the public treasury, in the four following ways. First? the levying of it may require a great number of officers, whose salaries may eat up the greater part of the produce of the tax, and whose perquisites may impose another additional tax upon the people.
Página 68 - No society can surely be flourishing and happy, of which the far greater part of the members are poor and miserable. It is but equity, besides, that they who feed, clothe and lodge the whole body of the people, should have such a share of the produce of their own labor as to be themselves tolerably well fed, clothed and lodged.
Página 270 - Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts ; 47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.
Página 145 - ... thus diminish or perhaps destroy some of the funds which might enable them more easily to do so. Thirdly, by the forfeitures and other penalties which those unfortunate individuals incur who attempt unsuccessfully to evade the tax, it may frequently ruin them, and thereby put an end to the benefit which the community might have received from the employment of their capitals.
Página 63 - Labour was the first price, the original purchase money that was paid for all things. It was not by gold or by silver, but by labour, that all the wealth of the world was originally purchased...
Página 145 - ... 4. Every tax ought to be so contrived as both to take out and to keep out of the pockets of the people as little as possible over and above what it brings into the public treasury of the state. A tax may either take out or keep out of the pockets of the people a great deal more than it brings into the public treasury, in the four following ways.
Página 66 - Labour was the first price, the original purchasemoney that was paid for all things. It was not by gold or by silver, but by labour, that all the wealth of the world was originally purchased; and its value to those who possess it and who want to exchange it for some new productions is precisely equal to the quantity of labour which it can enable them to purchase or command.
Página 129 - ... half of that which his Creator has furnished him with the natural means of obtaining for himself. Surely as much food as a man can buy, with as much wages as a man can get, for as much work as a man can do, is not more than the natural, inalienable birthright of every man whom God has created, with strength to labour, and with hands to work.
Página 107 - Labour is there so well rewarded, that a numerous family of children, instead of being a burthen, is a source of opulence and prosperity to the parents. The labour of each child, before it can leave their house, is computed to be worth a hundred pounds clear gain to them.
Página 119 - ... sense. The consequences cannot be mistaken : — the embarrassment of our shipping, mercantile, and manufacturing interests — want of employment, and desperate poverty among the labouring population — an increase of crime, and a tendency to emigration — a loss of our currency, and a fall of the prices of labour and of corn — a diminution of the public revenue, and a derangement of the public finances — and, more than all, the certain eventual ruin of the agricultural interest itself...