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TREATY BETWEEN PERU AND THE UNITED STATES FOR THE ADVANCEMENT

OF PEACE

1

Signed at Lima, July 14, 1914; ratifications exchanged, March 4, 1915

The United States of America and the Republic of Peru, with the earnest desire to strengthen their bonds of friendship and to contribute to the development of the spirit of universal peace, have resolved upon the celebration of a treaty containing the rules for the practice of these high proposals, and to that end have nominated as their plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States, Benton McMillin, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States in Peru; and

The President of Peru, Doctor J. Fernando Gazzani, Minister of Foreign Relations;

Who, after having examined their full powers, which were found in due form, have agreed upon the following articles:

ARTICLE I

The high contracting parties agree that all disputes between them, of every nature whatsoever, to the settlement of which previous arbitration treaties or agreements do not apply in their terms or are not applied in fact, shall, when diplomatic methods of adjustment have failed, be referred for investigation and report to an international commission, to be constituted in the manner prescribed in the next succeeding article; and they agree not to declare war or begin hostilities during such investigation and before the report is submitted.

ARTICLE II

The international commission shall be composed of five members, two named by each one of the respective governments and one named jointly by them. The designations made by each government can only devolve one on a citizen of the state itself and the other on a citizen of a third country. The designation of the fifth member can not devolve upon a citizen of either of the two interested nations. Each of the high contracting parties reserves to itself the right to

1 U. S. Treaty Series, No. 613.

withdraw its two commissioners, or one of them, before the initiation of the investigations, and, within the same period, to withdraw its agreement to the joint designation of the fifth member. In these cases, they shall proceed to replace them according to the forms above laid down.

During the period of investigation the commissioners shall receive such pecuniary compensation as shall be agreed upon by the high contracting parties.

The commission, whose expenses shall be met in equal parts by the two governments, shall be appointed a short time after the exchange of the ratifications of the treaty; and to provide for possible vacancies on it, the same rules shall be applied as in the original designations.

ARTICLE III The questions which divide the high contracting parties should they be incapable of solution by diplomatic means, shall be submitted immediately to the international commission for its investigation and report.

The international commission may, however, by unanimous agreement, spontaneously offer its services to that effect, and in such case it shall notify both governments, and request their coöperation in the investigation.

The high contracting parties agree to furnish the international commission all means and all facilities for the investigation and report.

The report shall be presented in the maximum period of one year, but the high contracting parties, by mutual accord, may shorten or extend this period. The report shall appear in three copies.

The commission shall reserve one of the copies for its archives and deliver the other two to the governments interested.

The high contracting parties reserve the right to act independently in the question dealt with in the investigations after the issue of the report.

ARTICLE IV The ratifications of this treaty shall be made by the President of the United States of America by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and by the President of Peru if the legislative power shall give its approval in conformity with the constitution and the laws. The exchange of ratifications shall take place as soon as possible, and immediately afterward this treaty shall take effect for a period of five years, at the end of which it will remain in effect until twelve months after the day on which one of the Parties advises the other of its intention of terminating it.

In witness whereof, we the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the present treaty, in duplicate, in the English and Spanish languages and have hereunto affixed our respective seals.

Done at Lima the fourteenth day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and fourteen.

BENTON MCMILLIN. (SEAL.]
J. FERNANDO GAZZANI. (SEAL.]

TREATY BETWEEN PORTUGAL AND THE UNITED STATES FOR THE ADVANCE

1 MENT OF PEACE

Signed at Lisbon, February 4, 1914; ratifications exchanged, October 24,

1914

The President of the United States of America and the President of the Portuguese Republic, being desirous to strengthen the bonds of amity that bind them together and also to advance the cause of general peace, have resolved to enter into a treaty for that purpose, and to that end have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States of America: His Excellency Colonel Thomas H. Birch, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America near the Portuguese Republic;

The President of the Portuguese Republic: His Excellency Dr. António Caetano Macieira Júnior, Minister for Foreign Affairs;

Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found to be in proper form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:

ARTICLE I The high contracting parties agree that all disputes between them, of every nature whatsoever, to the settlement of which previous arbitration treaties or agreements do not apply in their terms or are not applied in fact, shall, when diplomatic methods of adjustment have failed, be referred for investigation and report to a permanent international commission, to be constituted in the manner prescribed in the next succeeding article; and they agree not to declare war or begin hostilities during such investigation and before the report is submitted.

1 U. S. Treaty Series, No. 600.

ARTICLE II

The international commission shall be composed of five members, to be appointed as follows: one member shall be chosen from each country, by the government thereof; one member shall be chosen by each government from some third country; the fifth member shall be chosen by common agreement between the two governments, it being understood that he shall not be a citizen of either country. The expenses of the commission shall be paid by the two governments in equal proportion.

The international commission shall be appointed within six months after the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty; and vacancies shall be filled according to the manner of the original appointment.?

ARTICLE III

In case the high contracting parties shall have failed to adjust a dispute by diplomatic methods, they shall at once refer it to the international commission for investigation and report. The international commission may, however, spontaneously offer its services to that effect, and in such case it shall notify both governments and request their coöperation in the investigation.

The high contracting parties agree to furnish the permanent international commission with all the means and facilities required for its investigation and report.

The report of the international commission shall be completed within one year after the date on which it shall declare its investigation to have begun, unless the high contracting parties shall limit or extend the time by mutual agreement. The report shall be prepared in triplicate; one copy shall be presented to each government, and the third retained by the commission for its files.

The high contracting parties reserve the right to act independently on the subject-matter of the dispute after the report of the commission shall have been submitted.

ARTICLE IV The present treaty shall be ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate

2 The time within which the organization of the commission may be completed was extended by an exchange of notes of November 16, 1915, from April 24, 1915, to April 24, 1916. (Treaty Series, No. 600-A.)

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thereof; and by the President of the Portuguese Republic in accordance with the constitutional laws of the Republic; and the ratifications shall be exchanged as soon as possible. It shall take effect immediately after the exchange of ratifications, and shall continue in force for a period of five years; and it shall thereafter remain in force until twelve months after one of the high contracting parties have given notice to the other of an intention to terminate it.

In witness whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the present treaty and have affixed thereunto their seals.

Done in duplicate, in the English and Portuguese languages, at Lisbon, this 4th day of February one thousand nine hundred and fourteen.

(SEAL.] Thos. H. BIRCH.
(SEAL.) ANTONIO CAETANO MACIEIRA, JÚNIOR.

TREATY BETWEEN RUSSIA AND THE UNITED STATES FOR THE

ADVANCEMENT OF PEACE 1

Signed at Washington, October 1/September 18, 1914; ratifications

exchanged, March 22, 1915

The President of the United States of America and His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, desiring to strengthen the friendly relations which unite their countries and to serve the cause of general peace, have decided to conclude a treaty for these purposes and have consequently appointed their plenipotentiaries designated hereinafter, to wit:

The President of the United States of America, the Honorable William Jennings Bryan, Secretary of State of the United States; and

His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, His Excellency G. Bakhmeteff, Master of His Court and His Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the United States of America;

Who, after exhibiting to each other their full powers found to be in due and proper form, have agreed upon the following articles:

ARTICLE I

Any differences arising between the Government of the United States of America and the Imperial Government of Russia, of whatever nature they may be, shall, when diplomatic proceedings have failed, be sub

1 U. S. Treaty Series, No. 616.

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