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begun, unless the high contracting parties shall extend the time by mutual agreement. The report shall be prepared in triplicate; one copy shall be presented to each government, and the third retained by the commission for its files.

ARTICLE IV The high contracting parties agree that, upon the receipt of the report of the international commission as provided in Article III, they will immediately endeavor to adjust the dispute directly between them upon the basis of the commission's findings. The high contracting parties, however, reserve the right to act independently on the subject matter of the dispute after the report of the commission shall have been submitted.

ARTICLE V The present treaty shall be ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by His Majesty the King of Denmark.

The ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington as soon as possible. It shall take effect immediately after the exchange of ratifications, and shall continue in force for a period of five years; and it shall thereafter remain in force until twelve months after one of the high contracting parties shall have given notice to the other of an intention to terminate it.

In witness whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the present treaty and have affixed thereunto their seals.

Done in duplicate in the English and Danish languages at Washington this 17th day of April, in the year 1914.

(Seal). WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN. [Seal]. C. BRUN.

TREATY BETWEEN ECUADOR AND THE UNITED STATES FOR THE

1 ADVANCEMENT OF PEACE

Signed at Washington, October 13, 1914; ratifications exchanged

January 22, 1916.

The Governments of the United States of America and of the Republic of Ecuador, being desirous of once more contributing to the consolidation of their traditional policy of peace and amity and also

1 U. S. Treaty Series, No. 622.

to advance the diffusion of the spirit of universal peace, have resolved to enter into a special treaty and to that end have appointed as their plenipotentiaries

The President of the United States of America; The Honorable William Jennings Bryan, Secretary of State; and

The President of the Republic of Ecuador: Señor Dr. Don Gonzalo S. Córdova, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Ecuador to the United States of America.

Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found to be in proper form, have agreed upon the following articles:

ARTICLE I The high contracting parties agree that all disputes between them, of every nature whatsoever to the settlement of which previous arbitration treaties or agreements do not apply in their terms or are not applied in fact, and which it has not been possible to adjust through diplomatic methods, be referred for investigation and report to an international commission to be constituted in the manner prescribed in the following article. And they further agree not to declare war or commit any act of hostility against each other during such investigation and before the report is submitted.

ARTICLE II The international commission mentioned in the preceding article shall be composed of five members, to be appointed as follows: each government shall appoint two members, one of whom shall be a citizen of the country whose government appoints him, and the other a citizen of some third country; the fifth member shall be chosen by common agreement between the two governments, it being understood that he shall not be a citizen of either of the two contracting countries. In case of disagreement regarding the appointment of the fifth member, the two governments shall request the President of the Swiss Confederation to choose such member. Said fifth member shall be of right the president of the international commission.

Each government shall have the right to revoke the appointment of either or both of the members chosen by it, at any time before the investigation is begun, but must appoint his or their successors at the time his or their appointments are revoked. If the fifth member be chosen by common agreement between the high contracting parties, they may also at any time before the investigation is begun, withdraw their approval, but shall in such case come to an agreement within the next thirty days as to the appointment of a successor or request the President of the Swiss Confederation to make such appointment. Vacancies due to other causes than those enumerated in this article shall be filled in the manner established for the original appointment, and the new appointments shall not be delayed more than fifteen days from the date on which notice of the vacancy was received. The international commission shall organize within six months after the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, and shall report its organization to both governments on the same date. It shall prescribe the rules of practice to be observed in the discharge of its mission, and shall also designate the place where the investigations are to be conducted. The expenses of the commission and the compensation of its members shall be paid by the two contracting governments in equal proportion.

ARTICLE III

In case the high contracting parties shall have failed to adjust their disputes by diplomatic methods, they shall at once be referred to the international commission for investigation and report, and either of the two interested governments may make the respective reference. The high contracting parties agree to furnish the international commission with all the facilities which it requires for the proper discharge of its trust, and it shall complete its investigation and submit its report within a period of one year from the date on which it shall declare its investigation to have begun. If for reasons of force majeure it shall not have found it possible to complete its investigation or submit its report within the said period, it may be extended for six months more, if the high contracting parties agree in this respect. Upon the submission of its report by the International Commission, or if for any reason whatsoever no report is submitted within the term fixed in this article, the high contracting parties reserve the right to act in the subject matter of the investigation and report as their respective interests may demand.

ARTICLE IV

The present treaty shall be ratified by the respective governments in accordance with the provisions of their respective constitutions, and the ratifications shall be exchanged as soon as possible.

This treaty shall continue in force for five years from the date of the exchange of ratifications and if notice of an intention to terminate it is not given by one of the contracting parties to the other one year before the termination of this period, it shall be considered as renewed for another year, and so on successively. A strict and faithful observance of the preceding article is entrusted to the honor of the signatory nations.

In witness whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the present treaty and have affixed thereunto their seals.

Done in Washington on the 13th day of October, in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and fourteen.

(SEAL. WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN. (SEAL.] G. S. CORDOVA.

TREATY BETWEEN FRANCE AND THE UNITED STATES FOR THE

ADVANCEMENT OF PEACE

Signed at Washington, September 15, 1914; ratifications exchanged

January 22, 1915.

The President of the United States of America and the President of the French Republic, desiring to strengthen the friendly relations which unite their two countries and to serve the cause of general peace, have decided to conclude and have consequently appointed the plenipotentiaries designated hereinafter, to-wit:

The President of the United States of America, the Honorable William Jennings Bryan, Secretary of State of the United States; and

The President of the French Republic, His Excellency J. J. Jusserand, Ambassador of the French Republic to the United States;

Who, after exhibiting to each other their full powers, found to be in due and proper form, have agreed upon the following articles:

ARTICLE 1

Any disputes arising between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the French Republic, of whatever nature they may be, shall, when ordinary diplomatic proceedings have failed and the high contracting parties do not have recourse to arbitration, be submitted for investigation and report to a permanent international commission constituted in the manner prescribed in the following article.

1 U. S. Treaty Series, No. 609.

1

The high contracting parties agree not to resort, with respect to each other, to any act of force during the investigation to be made by the commission and before its report is handed in.

ARTICLE 2

The international commission shall be composed of five members appointed as follows: each government shall designate two members, only one of whom shall be of its own nationality; the fifth member shall be designated by common consent and shall not belong to any of the nationalities already represented on the commission; he shall perform the duties of president.

In case the two governments should be unable to agree on the choice of the fifth commissioner, the other four shall be called upon to designate him, and failing an understanding between them, the provisions of Article 45 of The Hague Convention of 1907 shall be applied.

The commission shall be organized within six months from the exchange of ratifications of the present convention.”

The members shall be appointed for one year and their appointment may be renewed. They shall remain in office until superseded or reappointed, or until the work on which they are engaged at the time their office expires is completed.

Any vacancies which may arise (from death, resignation, or cases of physical or moral incapacity) shall be filled within the shortest possible period in the manner followed for the original appointment.

The high contracting parties shall, before designating the commissioners, reach an understanding in regard to their compensation. They shall bear by halves the expenses incident to the meeting of the commission.

ARTICLE 3

In case a dispute should arise between the high contracting parties which is not settled by the ordinary methods, each party shall have a right to ask that the investigation thereof be intrusted to the interna

? The time within which the organization of the commission may be completed was extended by an exchange of notes of November 10, 1915, from July 22, 1915, to January 1, 1916. (Treaty Series, No. 609.)

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