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or any other mode of unfair competition, the Allies decide to fix by agreement a period of time during which commerce with the enemy Powers will be submitted to special treatment, and goods, originating from their countries, will be subjected either to prohibitions or to a special régime of an effective character. The Allies will determine by agreement, through diplomatic channels, the special conditions to be imposed during the above-mentioned period on the ships of enemy powers.

V

The Allies will devise measures to be taken jointly or severally for preventing enemy subjects from exercising in their territories certain industries or professions which concern national defense or economic independence.

С

Permanent Measures of Mutual Assistance and Collaboration Among

The Allies

I

The Allies decide to take the necessary steps without delay to render themselves independent of enemy countries in so far as regards raw materials and manufactured articles essential to the normal development of their economic activities. These measures will be directed to assuring the independence of the Allies, not only so far as concerns sources of supply, but also as regards their financial, commercial, and maritime organization. The Allies will adopt such measures as seem to them most suitable for the carrying out of this resolution according to the nature of the commodities and having regard to the principles which govern their economic policy. They may, for example, have recourse to either enterprises subsidized and directed or controlled by the governments themselves or to the grant of financial assistance for the encouragement of scientific and technical research and the development of national industries and resources, or to customs duties or prohibitions of a temporary or permanent character, or to a combination of these different methods.

Whatever may be the methods adopted, the object aimed at by the Allies is to increase the production within their territories as a whole to a sufficient extent to enable them to maintain and develop their economic position and independence in relation to enemy countries.

II

In order to permit the interchange of their products, the Allies undertake to adopt measures facilitating mutual trade relations, both by the establishment of direct and rapid land and sea transport service at low rates and by the extension and improvement of postal, telegraphic, and other communications.

III

The Allies undertake to convene a meeting of technical delegates to draw up measures for the assimilation, so far as may be possible, of their laws governing patents, indications of origin and trade marks. In regard to patents, trade marks, literary and artistic copyright which come into existence during the war in enemy countries, the Allies will adopt, so far as possible, an identical procedure to be applied as soon as hostilities cease. This procedure will be elaborated by the technical delegates of the Allies.

D

Whereas for the purpose of their common defense against the enemy, the Allied Powers have agreed to adopt a common economic policy on the lines laid down in the resolutions which have been passed; and whereas it is recognized that the effectiveness of this policy depends absolutely upon these resolutions being put into operation forthwith, the representatives of the Allied Governments undertake to recommend that their respective Governments shall take, without delay, all the measures, whether temporary or permanent, requisite to giving full and complete effect to this policy forthwith, and to communicate to each other the decisions arrived at to attain the object.

Paris, June 17, 1916.

Have signed these resolutions:

FOR FRANCE.
M. E. CLEMENTEL,

Ministre du Commerce et de l'Industrie.
M. G. DOUMERGUE,

Ministre des Colonies.

M. M. SEMBAT,

Ministre des Travaux Publics. M. A. METIN,

Ministre du Travail et de la Prévoyance Sociale. M. J. THIERRY,

Sous-Secrétaire d'Etat de la Guerre (Service de l'Intendance). M. L. NAIL,

Sous-Secrétaire d'Etat de la Marine (Marine marchande). M. J. CAMBON,

Ambassadeur de France, Secrétaire Général du Ministère des

Affaires etrangères. M. A. MASSE,

Secrétaire Général du Ministère de l'Agriculture. M. J. BRANET,

Directeur Général des Douanes. M. P. DE MARGERIE,

Ministre Plénipotentiaire, Directeur des Affaires Politiques et

Commerciales au Ministère des Affaires étrangères.

FOR BELGIUM. M. DE BROQUEVILLE,

Président du Conseil, Ministre de la Guerre. M. le BARON BEYENS,

Ministre des Affaires étrangères.
M. VAN DE VYVERE,

Ministre des Finances.
M. le Comte GOBLET D'ALVIELLA,

Membre du Conseil des Ministres.

FOR GREAT BRITAIN.

M. le MARQUIS DE CREWE,

Lord President du Conseil privé. M. A. BONAR LAW,

Ministre des Colonies. M. W. M. HUGHES,

Premier Ministre d'Australie. Sir GEORGE FOSTER,

Ministre du Commerce du Canada.

FOR ITALY.

S. Exc. M. TITTONI,

Ambassadeur d'Italie à Paris. M. DANEO,

Ministre des Finances.

FOR JAPAN.

M. le BARON SAKATANI,

Ancien Ministre des Finances.

FOR PORTUGAL.

M. le Docteur ALFONSO COSTA,

Ministre des Finances.
M. le Docteur AUGUSTO SOARES,

Ministre des Affaires étrangères.

FOR RUSSIA.

M. POKROWSKY,

Contrôleur de l'Empire, Conseiller privé. M. PRILEJAIEFF,

Adjoint au Ministre du Commerce et de l'Industrie, Conseiller

privé.

FOR SERVIA.

M. MARINKOVITCH,

Ministre du Commerce.

TREATY BETWEEN HAITI AND THE UNITED STATES REGARDING THE FI

NANCES, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND TRANQUILLITY OF HAITI 1

Signed at Port-au-Prince, September 16, 1915; ratifications exchanged,

May 3, 1916

PREAMBLE

The United States and the Republic of Haiti desiring to confirm and strengthen the amity existing between them by the most cordial coöperation in measures for their common advantage;

And the Republic of Haiti desiring to remedy the present condition

its revenues and finances, to maintain the tranquillity of the Republic, to carry out plans for the economic development and prosperity of the Republic and its people;

And the United States being in full sympathy with all of these aims and objects and desiring to contribute in all proper ways to their accomplishment;

The United States and the Republic of Haiti have resolved to conclude a convention with these objects in view, and have appointed for that purpose, plenipotentiaries,

The President of the United States, Robert Beale Davis, Junior, Chargé d'Affaires of the United States;

And the President of the Republic of Haiti, Louis Borno, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Public Instruction, who, having exhibited to each other their respective powers, which are seen to be full in good and true form, have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE I The Government of the United States will, by its good offices, aid the Haitian Government in the proper and efficient development of its agricultural, mineral and commercial resources and in the establishment of the finances of Haiti on a firm and solid basis.

ARTICLE II

The President of Haiti shall appoint, upon nomination by the President of the United States, a General Receiver and such aids and employ

1 U. S. Treaty Series, No. 623.

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